Interview with a ...

| October 2016

            Jessie Cannizzaro         Wauwatosa, Wisconsin         Photo by Anne Michalski

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters 2014 employment: 425,000. 2014–24 projected growth: 12%, faster than average.Typical entry-level education and training: High school diploma or equivalent; apprenticeship. 2014 employment distribution: Plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning contractors 61.0% Self-employed workers 10.5% Nonresidential building construction 3.5% Other 25.0%. May 2015 median annual wage: $50,620 higher than the $36,200 median wage for all workers

Learn more about this occupation in the Occupational Outlook Handbook.  

Jessie Cannizzaro             Wauwatosa, Wisconsin

What do you do?

I run a small business that handles residential plumbing remodels and repairs. We do all the basics, from things like routine replacement of a worn or broken fixture (any device connected to a plumbing system that delivers or drains water) to dealing with calls to fix a sink backup over the weekend that can’t wait till Monday. It’s a mix of scheduled and emergency service calls.

Describe a typical day.

There’s no such thing as a “typical” day for me, because no two days are ever the same. I’m a licensed plumber, but I wear a hat for everything so I can fill in wherever I’m needed. That might mean spending a day working on quotes in the office or going on a call that happens outside normal business hours.

How did you become interested in plumbing?

I grew up around it because my mom and dad had a plumbing business. As a kid, I’d go along with my dad when he went on calls. He’d be working and would send me out to the truck to get something because I knew where all the tools were. When I was 7 years old, I learned how to solder.

Dad taught me a lot of little things that make a big difference, especially because I’m female—like how to hold a wrench for maximum torque. He was very influential in developing my mechanical aptitude. Early on in my apprenticeship, I realized that I was way ahead of where the typical apprentice was at that point.

What was your first job?

My first steady job was working for a local family-owned restaurant. That’s where I learned the importance of having a work ethic: Everyone worked hard; there was no room for being lazy. I also learned a lot about management and dealing with people.

I worked there for 13 years, first in high school and then during college. And when I lived at home and drove the family car to get to work, sometimes the “family car” was Dad’s truck. So I used to help fix the plumbing at the restaurant, since I had all the tools right there in the parking lot.

Did you always know you wanted to become a plumber?

Not at all. I didn’t have a clear career path. I guess you could say I rebelled against the family business by deciding I didn’t like plumbing and wanted to be a veterinarian. I started college as a biology major, but I hated plants! I ended up studying business.

Then, in my final year of college, I started helping my dad with plumbing jobs again. It was different this time: I had an appreciation for the work and what it was. After a year, I decided to apprentice, and Dad sponsored me in an apprenticeship program.

I was 2 years into my 5-year apprenticeship when Dad decided to retire. I finished my apprenticeship with another plumbing company and started thinking about having my own business. So I went back to school and got my MBA (master of business administration degree).

What skills are important for plumbers?

I would say math is number one, and not only for measuring and calculations: You need the critical thinking that you use in math to work through processes, especially for remodels and planning.

Customer service is so important. We try to provide the extra time and attention it takes to help our customers. And we’re conscientious. Nobody wants a plumber going through the house with muddy shoes or spreading out all over the place, making a mess.

What do you like best about being a plumber?

The hands-on, day-to-day service and customer interaction. It’s very satisfying to be out in the field when I’ve fixed a problem and taken the time to explain everything and I know I’ve made a difference for that customer.

What’s the worst part?

I hate putting in water heaters. I don’t mind doing one every once in a while, and I’m not above doing it; I just think it’s boring. It’s so repetitious. Second would be sewer cleanings. But I enjoy everything else.

Any surprises along the way?

The biggest surprise was when I stopped working for my dad and went out on my own. For the first time, I realized that being “Tommy’s daughter” gave me credibility. People trusted him, so they trusted me. But on my own, where people didn’t know me, I was nobody’s daughter. I saw the caution in people’s eyes, and it was shocking to me.

It’s also a little surprising that I do use the biology I took in college. I talk a lot about tree roots and sewers to explain how roots will attack joints in the spring and fall. In the spring, when trees are coming out of dormancy, there’s a surge of sewer backups as the roots seek nutrients.

What are your plans for the future?

I would truly love to teach someday. My plumbing instructor in my apprenticeship was so influential in helping me learn, and I would like to be that person for somebody else in some capacity.

What’s your best advice for someone who wants to become a plumber?

Find a way to stand out. Show effort that’s above average in everything you do—not just in class, not just at your job, but everything. It will come back to you tenfold. People who don’t go the extra mile get left behind.

I’m very involved talking in high schools, and one thing I tell students is "Embrace your learning style." Maybe you don’t score well in reading, maybe you’re more of a hands-on person. With plumbing, there’s a lot of hands-on problem solving. Poor grades don’t mean you can’t succeed in the trades.

Another thing I emphasize with students is wages. When you apprentice in the trades, you’re getting paid from day one. You’re learning, but you’re also working in a good job that pays well.

Kathleen Green is an economist in the Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections, BLS. She can be reached at (202) 691-5717 or .

Suggested citation:

Kathleen Green, "Plumber," Career Outlook, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, October 2016.