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Interview with a ...
Landscape architect

| April 2019

2016 employment: 24,700. 2016–26¬ projected growth: 6% (About as fast as average). Typical entry-level education and training: Bachelor’s degree and an internship; in addition, all states require licensure. 2016 employment distribution: Architectural, engineering, and related services 53%; Self-employed workers 20%; Landscaping services 12%; Government 10%; Other 5%. May 2018 median annual wage: $68,230 (higher than the $38,640 median annual wage for all workers.)

Learn more about this occupation in the Occupational Outlook Handbook.

Rodney Swink
Raleigh, North Carolina

What do you do?

Landscape architects design, plan, and oversee construction on projects that develop or restore outdoor spaces. I mostly do historic preservation and community development. My work involves doing research, reading city codes or permit processes, writing, and report editing. And there’s a lot of public engagement, meeting with the public to talk about what they want.

I spend a lot of my day in the office, although I also travel. There’s an element of outdoor work, too, for site visits.

Is your work typical of landscape architecture?

Landscape architecture is a broad discipline, and most landscape architects are in the private sector. A lot of that is working for a client where you’re providing design services. Master planning, park planning: It’s all design driven.

But my career has been mainly in the public sector, mostly state government. I worked initially in urban forestry but later with communities on downtown development and urban design. I’m now doing consulting, working with cities and state agencies and with nonprofits.

What makes landscape architecture eco-friendly?

Landscape architects always have been concerned about environmental stewardship, whether it relates to water, soil, air, or plants. Sustainable design and environmental aspects are central to most of the work we do.

With a lot of my work being more urban based, there is the question of how to design to be sure that we’re protecting the limited resources that we have. Certain practices encourage responsible design, such as reusing materials and protecting water. That’s a big deal in landscape architecture now.

In addition to a bachelor’s degree, what do you need to get an entry-level job as a landscape architect?

Employers are looking for someone with experience, whether they’ve had an internship or summer jobs or some exposure to an office. And they’re looking for someone who will bring a passion for the work.

It’s also helpful to complement your education with something that gives you credibility but also demonstrates a willingness to go the extra mile, like special studies or a certificate in sustainable design. (Note: All states also require landscape architects to be licensed.)

What’s a strong specialization for landscape architects?

I think a good focus is on dealing with water. There’s so much right now with localized weather patterns causing flooding and resulting in excess storm water. Traditionally, communities turned to engineering solutions. But now we’re being asked not just how fast to get rid of it, but how to capture it for reuse. Things like water management, resilient design—landscape architects are good at that.

Tell me what you like best about your work.

I’m just so fortunate to do what I do. My work has been primarily helping people, and I like doing that. It’s rewarding when someone has an issue and I can help them get beyond it.

And the colleagues I work with day to day and across the country: It’s good to be part of a group that cares so much about quality of life.

Describe some of the challenges.

The biggest challenge is that our numbers are small, but the needs are great. We need more people studying landscape architecture to help address the environmental and social problems we face.

What advice would you give to someone hoping to become a landscape architect?

It’s never too early to start networking. We are a small profession, and everybody knows everybody.

Talk to people. We’re happy to help others find their way. If someone is busy, go to the next person; you will eventually find someone who can help.

Did you always know that you wanted to do this type of work?

No. My first degree is in economics; I didn’t know landscape architecture existed when I was in college. That’s actually pretty common. People often care about the environment or public health or some other quality of life issue, and, somewhere along the way while doing something else, they stumble across landscape architecture.

For many of us, the interest starts with something like, “My grandmother always worked in the garden, and I have this feeling about how important the land is.” And to me, that’s what landscape architecture is all about.

Elka Torpey is an economist in the Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections, BLS. She can be reached at

Suggested citation:

Elka Torpey, "Landscape architect," Career Outlook, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, April 2019.

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Rodney Swink Raleigh, North Carolina