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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey

The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It provides a comprehensive body of data on the labor forceemploymentunemployment, persons not in the labor forcehours of workearnings, and other demographic and labor force characteristics.

Notices

  • Changes to CPS Public Use Microdata Files Read More »
  • The impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the Employment Situation Read More »
  • Supplemental data measuring the effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the labor market Read More »

Latest Numbers

RSS
Seasonally Adjusted

Unemployment Rate: 3.7% in Oct 2022 Historical Data

Change in Unemployment Level: +306,000 in Oct 2022 Historical Data

Change in Employment Level: -328,000 in Oct 2022 Historical Data

Change in Civilian Labor Force Level: -22,000 in Oct 2022 Historical Data

Civilian Labor Force Participation Rate: 62.2% in Oct 2022 Historical Data

Employment-Population Ratio: 60.0% in Oct 2022 Historical Data

Annual Averages

Unemployment Rate: 5.3% for 2021 Historical Data

Unemployment Level: 8,623,000 for 2021 Historical Data

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Regional Resources

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News Releases

//EMPSIT QCT PO Test January 30 2023// Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 223...

01/30/2023

//EMPSIT QCT PO Test January 30 2023// Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 223,000 in December, and the unemployment rate edged down to 3.5 percent. Notable job gains occurred in leisure and hospitality, health care, construction, and social assistance.
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Union membership declines by 321,000 in 2020; union membership rate is 10.8%

01/22/2021

The number of wage and salary workers belonging to unions declined by 321,000 to 14.3 million in 2020. The union membership rate was 10.8 percent, up by 0.5 percentage point from 2019, reflecting the much larger decline in employment among nonunion workers.
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Next Release

The Employment Situation for January 2023 is scheduled to be released on February 3, 2023, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time.

Publications

Spotlight on Statistics

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covid -African Americans in the U.S. Labor Force

African American or Black History Month originally began as a week of observance in February 1926. To celebrate Black History Month, 2018, this issue of Spotlight on Statistics presents some historical data and projections on Blacks in the labor force. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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COVID-19 tagging Who chooses part-time work and why?

This article focuses on part-time workers who chose to work part time in 2016 and the noneconomic reasons for doing so. read more »

BLS Reports

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Worckbench Patch 732_20200310 Test

In 2020, the overall unemployment rate (jobless rate) for the United States was 3.9 percent; however, the rate varied across race and ethnicity groups. Among the race groups, jobless rates were higher than the national rate for American Indians and Alaska Natives (6.6 percent), Blacks or African Americans (6.5 percent), people categorized as being of Two or More Races (5.5 percent), and Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (5.3 percent). read more »