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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
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CPS CPS Program Links

The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It provides a comprehensive body of data on the labor force, employment, unemployment, persons not in the labor force, hours of work, earnings, and other demographic and labor force characteristics.

Next Releases:

  • The Employment Situation for October 2020 is scheduled to be released on October 19, 2020, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

CPS News Releases

//EMPSIT Feb Red Hat Test 03112021// EMPSIT News Release QCT testing

07/02/2021

//EMPSIT Feb Red Hat Test 03112021// This is QCT testing EMPSIT.
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Featured News Releases:

Union membership declines by 321,000 in 2020; union membership rate is 10.8%

01/22/2021

The number of wage and salary workers belonging to unions declined by 321,000 to 14.3 million in 2020. The union membership rate was 10.8 percent, up by 0.5 percentage point from 2019, reflecting the much larger decline in employment among nonunion workers.
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Current CPS Economic News Releases:

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CPS Databases

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Labor Force Statistics
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Weekly & Hourly Earnings
(Current Population Survey - CPS)
  Top Picks for CPS earnings Data Finder for CPS earnings One Screen Data Search for CPS earnings   Tables for CPS earnings Text Files for CPS earnings
Union Affiliation Data
(Current Population Survey - CPS)
  Top Picks for CPS Union Data Finder for CPS Union One Screen Data Search for CPS Union   Tables for CPS Union Text Files  for CPS Union
Marital and family labor force statistics
(Current Population Survey - CPS)
  Top Picks for CPS Marital and family Data Finder for CPS Marital and family     Tables for CPS Marital and family Text Files for CPS Marital and family

 

 

Historical News Release Tables

Table Name News Release Tables
Historical 'A' Tables (Household data): Previous years and months
Employment Situation News Release (monthly)
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Historical 'A' Tables
Historical 'B' Tables (Establishment data): Previous years and months
Employment Situation News Release (monthly)
Current Employment Statistics (CES)
Historical 'B' Tables
Weekly Earnings Tables: Previous quarters
Usual Weekly Earnings of Wage and Salary Workers News Release (quarterly)
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Weekly Earnings Tables
Union Affiliation Tables: Previous years
Union Members News Release (annual)
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Union Affiliation Tables
Access to Historical Data Series by Subject: Previous years and months
Browse labor force, employment, unemployment, and other data by subject
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Historical Data Series by Subject

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Contact Us

Contact the Current Population Survey (CPS)


State, city, and county labor force data

Labor force information for Census regions and divisions, states, counties, metropolitan areas, and many cities are available separately from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program. Contact LAUS by e-mail or call (202) 691-6392.



National labor force data

CPS economists are available to assist you Monday through Friday (8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M. Eastern Time), excluding federal holidays.

  • Contact CPS by e-mail
  • Contact us by phone: (202) 691-6378
    To enable us to better serve all of our customers, please do not submit e-mail questions and then call for the same information.

For assistance with these special topics:

Written inquiries may be directed to:
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Division of Labor Force Statistics
Suite 4675
2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE
Washington, DC 20212-0001



The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide information about unemployment insurance (UI)

The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide information about income and poverty

 

Latest Numbers

RSS

Seasonally Adjusted

Unemployment Rate:
6.1% in Apr 2021 Historical Data

Change in Unemployment Level:
+102,000 in Apr 2021 Historical Data

Change in Employment Level:
+328,000 in Apr 2021 Historical Data

Change in Civilian Labor Force Level:
+430,000 in Apr 2021 Historical Data

Civilian Labor Force Participation Rate:
61.7% in Apr 2021 Historical Data

Employment-Population Ratio:
57.9% in Apr 2021 Historical Data

Annual Averages

Unemployment Rate:
8.1% for 2020 Historical Data

Unemployment Level:
12,947,000 for 2020 Historical Data

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