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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey

The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It provides a comprehensive body of data on the labor forceemploymentunemployment, persons not in the labor forcehours of workearnings, and other demographic and labor force characteristics.


  • Changes to CPS Public Use Microdata Files Read More »
  • The impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the Employment Situation Read More »
  • Supplemental data measuring the effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the labor market Read More »

Latest Numbers

Seasonally Adjusted

Unemployment Rate: 3.9% in Oct 2023 Historical Data

Change in Unemployment Level: +146,000 in Oct 2023 Historical Data

Change in Employment Level: -348,000 in Oct 2023 Historical Data

Change in Civilian Labor Force Level: -201,000 in Oct 2023 Historical Data

Civilian Labor Force Participation Rate: 62.7% in Oct 2023 Historical Data

Employment-Population Ratio: 60.2% in Oct 2023 Historical Data

Annual Averages

Unemployment Rate: 3.6% for 2022 Historical Data

Unemployment Level: 5,996,000 for 2022 Historical Data

read more »

Regional Resources

UBLS State Map washington state guam state oregon state california state alaska state idaho state nevada state montana state utah state arizona state wyoming state colorado state new_mexico state north_dakota state south_dakota state nebraska state kansas state oklahoma state texas state minnesota state iowa state missouri state arkansas state louisiana state wisconsin state michigan state illinois state indiana state ohio state kentucky state tennessee state mississippi state alabama state florida state georgia state south_carolina state north_carolina state virginia state west_virginia state pennsylvania state new_york state maine state vermont state new_hampshire state massachusetts state rhode_island state connecticut state new_jersey state maryland state delaware state district_of_columbia state puerto_rico state virgin_islands state hawaii state read more »

News Releases

//EMPSIT Resilio Test 05212024// Total nonfarm payroll employment increased


//EMPSIT Resilio Test 05212024// Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 223,000.
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///UNION2 QCT Resilio Test 10/3/2023// Union membership rate in 2010 was 11.9 percent


//UNION2 QCT Resilio Test 10/3/2023// In 2010, the union membership rate was 11.9 percent.

read more »

Next Release

The Employment Situation for May 2024 is scheduled to be released on May 24, 2024, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time.


Spotlight on Statistics

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covid -African Americans in the U.S. Labor Force

African American or Black History Month originally began as a week of observance in February 1926. To celebrate Black History Month, 2018, this issue of Spotlight on Statistics presents some historical data and projections on Blacks in the labor force. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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COVID-19 tagging Who chooses part-time work and why?

This article focuses on part-time workers who chose to work part time in 2016 and the noneconomic reasons for doing so. read more »

BLS Reports

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Worckbench Patch 732_20200310 Test

In 2020, the overall unemployment rate (jobless rate) for the United States was 3.9 percent; however, the rate varied across race and ethnicity groups. Among the race groups, jobless rates were higher than the national rate for American Indians and Alaska Natives (6.6 percent), Blacks or African Americans (6.5 percent), people categorized as being of Two or More Races (5.5 percent), and Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (5.3 percent). read more »