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Employment Cost Index

The National Compensation Survey produces quarterly indexes measuring change over time in labor costs, Employment Cost Index (ECI), and quarterly data measuring level of average costs per hour worked, Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC).


Notices

  • Introducing 2021 fixed employment weights and 2018 SOC codes for the Employment Cost Index Read More »

Charts

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Latest Numbers

RSS
EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX (ECI)News Release
TOTAL COMPENSATION: 3-month % change (SA)

Civilian workers 1.3% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

Private industry workers 1.5% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

State and local government workers 0.8% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

TOTAL COMPENSATION: 12-month % change (NSA)

Civilian workers 5.1% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

Private industry workers 5.5% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

State and local government workers 3.4% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION (ECEC)News Release
Total compensation: per hour worked

Civilian workers $40.90 in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

Private industry workers $38.61 in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

State and local government workers $55.47 in 1st Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

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Videos

What Is the Employment Cost Index?

The Employment Cost Index, or ECI, is a Principal Federal Economic Indicator that provides data on how labor costs are changing and how the economy is performing. The ECI measures changes in labor costs by tracking the cost of employees to employers. read more »

News Releases

Compensation costs up 1.2% Jun 2022 to Sep 2022 and up 5.0% over the year ending Sep 2022

10/28/2022

Compensation costs increased 1.2 percent for civilian workers, seasonally adjusted, from June 2022 to September 2022. Over the year, total compensation rose 5.0 percent, wages and salaries rose 5.1 percent, and benefit costs rose 4.9 percent.
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Private industry union benefit costs average $21.24 per hour worked in September 2022

12/15/2022

Employer costs for private industry union workers averaged $31.95 per hour worked for wages and salaries and $21.24 for benefits in September 2022. Nonunion wage and salary costs averaged $27.56 per hour worked while benefit costs averaged $10.81.
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Next Release

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) for December 2022 is scheduled to be released on January 31, 2023 at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

The Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) December 2022 is scheduled to be released on March 17, 2023 at 10:00 A.M. Eastern Time.

Publications

Beyond the Numbers

Beyond the Numbers article image

International air passenger fares shrug off the recession

Passenger fares for flights to and from the United States recently experienced a strong recovery after recording large decreases during the recent global recession. For the United States, the recent recession began in December 2007 and ended in June 2009. read more »