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Green Goods and Services Occupations

Green Goods and Services (GGS)

The Green Goods and Services (GGS) Survey is an annual survey that has been developed to address the need for data on the size and scope of the United State’s green economy.


The purpose of the GGS survey is to measure the employment associated with the production of green goods and services from sampled establishments.


BLS has identified 325 detailed industries (6-digit NAICS) as potential producers of green goods and services. This industry list (PDF) (XLS) constitutes the scope for the GGS survey. Within these industries, the survey will identify establishments that produce green goods and services and estimate the number of jobs associated with the production of green goods and services.


BLS has developed the following definition of green jobs for use in data collection:

Green jobs are jobs in businesses that produce goods and provide services that benefit the environment or conserve natural resources.

These goods and services are sold to customers, and include research and development, installation, and maintenance services. Green goods and services fall into one or more of the following five categories:
  1. Energy from renewable sources. Electricity, heat, or fuel generated from renewable sources. These energy sources include wind, biomass, geothermal, solar, ocean, hydropower, and landfill gas and municipal solid waste.
  2. Energy efficiency. Products and services that improve energy efficiency. Included in this group are energy-efficient equipment, appliances, buildings, and vehicles, as well as products and services that improve the energy efficiency of buildings and the efficiency of energy storage and distribution, such as Smart Grid technologies.
  3. Pollution reduction and removal, greenhouse gas reduction, and recycling and reuse. These are products and services that:
    • Reduce or eliminate the creation or release of pollutants or toxic compounds, or remove pollutants or hazardous waste from the environment.
    • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions through methods other than renewable energy generation and energy efficiency, such as electricity generated from nuclear sources.
    • Reduce or eliminate the creation of waste materials; collect, reuse, remanufacture, recycle, or compost waste materials or wastewater.
  4. Natural resources conservation. Products and services that conserve natural resources. Included in this group are products and services related to organic agriculture and sustainable forestry; land management; soil, water, or wildlife conservation; and stormwater management.
  5. Environmental compliance, education and training, and public awareness. These are products and services that:
    • Enforce environmental regulations.
    • Provide education and training related to green technologies and practices.
    • Increase public awareness of environmental issues.


The GGS survey provides data on the total number of jobs related to production of green goods and services. These green jobs will be tabulated by industry and by ownership for the nation, States, and the District of Columbia.

Technical Note

For additional information on GGS methodology and data collection, please see our Extended Technical Note (PDF).

Reference Periods

The reference period for the first Green Goods and Services Survey is calendar year 2010. The second Green Goods and Services survey results have a reference period of calendar year 2011.


  • National economic policy
  • Business cycle analysis
  • Industry growth rates
  • Economic research and planning
  • Industry studies
  • Education and job training

Forms of Publications

  • Annual news release with descriptive tables
  • BLS database repository (LABSTAT)

For additional information, please contact us.


Last Modified Date: March 19, 2013