Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
BDM BDM Program Links

Table 5. Components of private sector gross job gains and losses by firm size, seasonally adjusted

Table 5. Components of private sector gross job gains and losses by firm size, seasonally adjusted

                                   Gross job gains and job losses              Gross job gains and job losses
                                          (in thousands)                         as a percent of employment

    Category                              3 months ended                               3 months ended

                                   June     Sept.    Dec.     Mar.     June    June    Sept.   Dec.    Mar.    June
                                   2017     2017     2017     2018     2018    2017    2017    2017    2018    2018
Total private by firm(1)

Gross job gains                   6,198    5,812    6,224    6,021    6,169     5.0     4.7     5.1     4.9     4.9
 At expanding firms               5,291    4,929    5,264    5,078    5,265     4.3     4.0     4.3     4.1     4.2
 At opening firms                   907      883      960      943      904     0.7     0.7     0.8     0.8     0.7

Gross job losses                  5,685    5,965    5,339    5,242    5,711     4.7     4.9     4.3     4.3     4.6
 At contracting firms             4,832    5,078    4,460    4,433    4,851     4.0     4.2     3.6     3.6     3.9
 At closing firms                   853      887      879      809      860     0.7     0.7     0.7     0.7     0.7

Net employment change               513     -153      885      779      458     0.3    -0.2     0.8     0.6     0.3


Firm size 1 to 49 employees

Gross job gains                   3,162    2,985    3,194    3,182    3,171     9.2     8.8     9.4     9.3     9.2
 At expanding firms               2,296    2,142    2,270    2,283    2,309     6.7     6.3     6.7     6.7     6.7
 At opening firms                   866      843      924      899      862     2.5     2.5     2.7     2.6     2.5

Gross job losses                  3,019    3,121    2,949    2,848    3,034     8.9     9.2     8.7     8.3     8.8
 At contracting firms             2,197    2,271    2,107    2,064    2,212     6.5     6.7     6.2     6.0     6.4
 At closing firms                   822      850      842      784      822     2.4     2.5     2.5     2.3     2.4

Net employment change               143     -136      245      334      137     0.3    -0.4     0.7     1.0     0.4


Firm size 50 to 249 employees

Gross job gains                   1,128    1,009    1,092    1,061    1,132     5.1     4.5     4.9     4.7     5.1
 At expanding firms               1,091      976    1,060    1,032    1,096     4.9     4.4     4.8     4.6     4.9
 At opening firms                    37       33       32       29       36     0.2     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.2

Gross job losses                    982    1,069      931      894      978     4.4     4.8     4.2     4.0     4.4
 At contracting firms               955    1,038      898      871      950     4.3     4.7     4.1     3.9     4.3
 At closing firms                    27       31       33       23       28     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1

Net employment change               146      -60      161      167      154     0.7    -0.3     0.7     0.7     0.7


Firm size 250 or more employees

Gross job gains                   1,908    1,818    1,938    1,778    1,866     2.9     2.7     2.9     2.6     2.7
 At expanding firms               1,904    1,811    1,934    1,763    1,860     2.9     2.7     2.9     2.6     2.7
 At opening firms                     4        7        4       15        6     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0

Gross job losses                  1,684    1,775    1,459    1,500    1,699     2.5     2.7     2.2     2.2     2.5
 At contracting firms             1,680    1,769    1,455    1,498    1,689     2.5     2.7     2.2     2.2     2.5
 At closing firms                     4        6        4        2       10     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0

Net employment change               224       43      479      278      167     0.4     0.0     0.7     0.4     0.2

(1) Total gross job gains and gross job losses by firm are lower than total gross job gains and gross job losses by
    establishment, as some establishment gains and losses within a firm are offset during the aggregation process.

NOTE: Net change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. Net change totals for 
the firm-level data differ from the establishment-level data due to independent seasonal adjustment. The unit of 
analysis section in the technical note provides additional detail. See www.bls.gov/bdm/bdmfirmsize.htm for more 
detailed firm size class data.





Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: October 31, 2020