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Economic News Release
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Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, December 16, 2020		                                   USDL-20-2265
Technical information:	(202) 691-6170 • iifstaff@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/iif
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov

NATIONAL CENSUS OF FATAL OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES IN 2019

There were 5,333 fatal work injuries recorded in the United States in 2019, a 2 percent increase from the 5,250 in 2018, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See chart 1 and table 1.) The fatal work injury rate was 3.5 fatalities 
per 100,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers, which was the rate reported in 2018. (See chart 2.) These data are from the 
Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). //CFOI Charts PO Test 12062022//

(Charts 1 and 2 appear here in the printed release) 
             
Key findings from the 2019 Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

  - The 5,333 fatal occupational injuries in 2019 represents the largest annual number since 2007. 
  - A worker died every 99 minutes from a work-related injury in 2019.
  - Fatalities among workers age 55 and over increased 8 percent from 1,863 in 2018 to 2,005 in 2019, which is the largest 
    number ever recorded for this age group.
  - Hispanic or Latino worker fatalities were up 13 percent to 1,088 in 2019–a series high since 1992.
  - Workplace deaths due to suicides (307) and unintentional overdoses (313) increased slightly in 2019.
  - Fatalities in the private construction industry increased 5 percent to 1,061–the largest total since 2007.
  - Driver/sales workers and truck drivers incurred 1,005 fatal occupational injuries, the highest since this series 
    began in 2003.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|                            Changes in Industry and Occupation Classification Structure                                |
|                                                                                                                       |
| Information in this release incorporates revisions to both the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)  |
| and the Standard Occupational Classification codes (SOC). Comparison of data for 2019 to prior years should be done   |
| with caution due to these changes. More information on NAICS can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm. More          | 
| information on SOC can be found at www.bls.gov/soc/2018/home.htm.                                                     | 
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Worker demographics

  - In 2019, workers age 55 and over accounted for 38 percent of all workplace fatalities. In 1992, workers age 55 and over 
    accounted for 20 percent. (See table 1.)
  - Hispanic or Latino workers made up 20 percent of fatal occupational injuries in 2019, and 9 percent in 1992, the first 
    year of this series. 
  - A total of 28 states had more fatal injuries in 2019 than in 2018, while 21 states had fewer. Alabama and the District 
    of Columbia had the same number as 2018. (See table 6.) 

Fatal event or exposure

  - Transportation incidents increased 2 percent in 2019 to 2,122 cases, the most cases since this series began in 2011. 
    Events involving transportation incidents continued to account for the largest share of fatalities. 
    (See chart 3 and table 2.)
  - Falls, slips, and trips increased 11 percent in 2019 to 880.
  - Exposure to harmful substances or environments led to the deaths of 642 workers in 2019, the highest figure 
    since the series began in 2011. 
  - Unintentional overdoses due to nonmedical use of drugs or alcohol increased for the seventh consecutive year 
    to 313 in 2019.
  - Fatalities due to fires and explosions decreased 14 percent to 99 in 2019.

(Chart 3 appears here in the printed release)
 
Occupation

  - Nearly 1 out of every 5 fatally injured workers was employed as a driver/sales worker or truck driver. 
  - Grounds maintenance workers had 229 fatalities in 2019–the largest number since the series began in 2003. 
    (See table 3.)
  - Fatal occupational injuries among law enforcement workers fell 24 percent between 2018 and 2019 (from 127 to 97). 
  - Construction and extraction occupations increased by 6 percent in 2019 to 1,066–the highest figure since 2007. 
  - Fishing and hunting workers had a fatal injury rate of 145.0 fatal work injuries per 100,000 FTEs in 2019. 
    (See table 5 and chart 4.)
  - Resident military fatalities decreased by 21 percent to 65 in 2019. (See table 3.)
 
Fatal injury counts by occupation will be available shortly at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm. Fatality rates by occupation, 
industry, and worker demographics will be available shortly at www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2019hb.xlsx. 

(Chart 4 appears here in the printed release)

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|                   Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries                       |
|                                                                                                                             |
| Data in this news release are for reference year 2019. No changes in collection procedures or outputs were necessary        |
| due to COVID-19. Additional information is available at                                                                     |
| www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-on-workplace-injuries-and-illnesses-compensation-and-occupational-requirements.htm. |
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TECHNICAL NOTES

Background 

The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Safety and 
Health Statistics (OSHS) program, is a count of all fatal work injuries occurring in the U.S. during the calendar year. 
The CFOI uses a variety of state, federal, and independent data sources to identify, verify, and describe fatal 
work injuries. This ensures counts are as complete and accurate as possible. For the 2019 data, over 25,100 unique 
source documents were reviewed as part of the data collection process. For technical information and definitions for 
the CFOI, see the BLS Handbook of Methods on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cfoi/home.htm and the CFOI 
definitions at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Fatal injury rates are subject to sampling error as they are calculated using 
employment data from the Current Population Survey, a sample of households, and the BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics. 
For more information on sampling error, see www.bls.gov/iif/osh_rse.htm.

The Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), another component of the OSHS program, presents frequency counts 
and incidence rates by industry, detailed case circumstances, and worker characteristics for nonfatal workplace injuries and 
illnesses for cases that result in days away from work. For these data, access the BLS website: www.bls.gov/iif. 

Identification and verification of work-related fatalities
In 2019, work relationship could not be independently verified by multiple source documents for 28 fatal work injuries. 
However, the information on the initiating source document for these cases was sufficient to determine that the incident 
was likely to be job-related. Data for these fatalities are included.

Federal/State agency coverage
The CFOI includes data for all fatal work injuries, some of which may be outside the scope of other agencies or regulatory 
coverage. Comparisons between CFOI counts and those released by other agencies should account for the different coverage 
requirements and definitions used by each agency. For more information on the scope of CFOI, 
see www.bls.gov/iif/cfoiscope.htm and www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cfoi/concepts.htm. 

CFOI Methodology
Starting with the reference year 2019, CFOI modernized its disclosure methodology further strengthening its protection of 
confidential data. As a result of these necessary protections there are fewer publishable counts in CFOI. Individually 
identifiable data collected by the CFOI are used exclusively for statistical purposes and are protected under the Confidential 
Information Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act of 2002 (CIPSEA). These data are collected under a pledge of confidentiality 
and therefore require BLS to prevent disclosure of identifying information of decedents. 
For more information see www.bls.gov/iif/oshfaq1.htm.

Acknowledgements
BLS thanks the participating states, New York City, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and 
Guam for their efforts in collecting accurate, comprehensive, and useful data on fatal work injuries. Although data for 
Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam are not included in the national totals, results for these jurisdictions 
are available. Participating agencies may be contacted to request more detailed state results. 
Contact information is available at www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm. 

BLS also appreciates the efforts of all federal, state, local, and private sector entities that provided source documents 
used to identify fatal work injuries. Among these agencies are the Occupational Safety and Health Administration; the National 
Transportation Safety Board; the U.S. Coast Guard; the Mine Safety and Health Administration; the Office of Workers’ Compensation 
Programs (Federal Employees’ Compensation and Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation divisions); the Federal Railroad Administration; 
the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; state vital statistics registrars, coroners, and medical examiners; state departments 
of health, labor, and industrial relations and workers’ compensation agencies; state and local police departments; and state farm bureaus. 

Information in this release is available to sensory-impaired individuals. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.


     Table 1. Fatal occupational injuries by selected demographic characteristics, 2015-19
     ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
                      Characteristic                     |   2015   |   2016   |   2017   |   2018   |   2019   
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
     ____________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
     Total(1)                                            |   4,836  |   5,190  |   5,147  |   5,250  |   5,333  
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
                      Employee status                    |          |          |          |          |          
     Wage and salary workers(2)                          |   3,751  |   4,098  |   4,069  |   4,178  |   4,240  
     Self-employed(3)                                    |   1,085  |   1,092  |   1,078  |   1,072  |   1,093  
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
                          Gender                         |          |          |          |          |          
     Women                                               |     344  |     387  |     386  |     413  |     437  
     Men                                                 |   4,492  |   4,803  |   4,761  |   4,837  |   4,896  
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
                            Age                          |          |          |          |          |          
     Under 16 years                                      |      12  |      13  |      15  |      13  |      17  
     16 to 17 years                                      |      12  |      17  |       7  |       9  |      17  
     18 to 19 years                                      |      50  |      43  |      62  |      56  |      50  
     20 to 24 years                                      |     329  |     310  |     293  |     282  |     325  
     25 to 34 years                                      |     758  |     834  |     872  |     946  |     866  
     35 to 44 years                                      |     864  |     979  |     907  |     966  |     967  
     45 to 54 years                                      |   1,130  |   1,145  |   1,059  |   1,114  |   1,082  
     55 to 64 years                                      |   1,031  |   1,160  |   1,155  |   1,104  |   1,212  
     65 years and over                                   |     650  |     688  |     775  |     759  |     793  
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
                   Race or ethnic origin(4)              |          |          |          |          |          
     White (non-Hispanic)                                |   3,241  |   3,481  |   3,449  |   3,405  |   3,297  
     Black or African-American (non-Hispanic)            |     495  |     587  |     530  |     615  |     634  
     Hispanic or Latino                                  |     903  |     879  |     903  |     961  |   1,088  
     American Indian or Alaskan Native (non-Hispanic)    |      36  |      38  |      38  |      42  |      30  
     Asian (non-Hispanic)                                |     114  |     160  |     144  |     153  |     181  
     Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic)  |       9  |       7  |      17  |      10  |      14  
     Multiple races (non-Hispanic)                       |      12  |      15  |       9  |      14  |      22  
     Other races or not reported (non-Hispanic)          |      26  |      23  |      57  |      50  |      67  
     ____________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
       1 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries for 
     the United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data 
     elements have changed.  See the CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed 
     description of each data element.
       2 May include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation. Cases where employment status 
     is unknown are included in the counts of wage and salary workers.
       3 Includes self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and unpaid family 
     workers, and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members of partnerships.
       4 Persons identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. The race categories shown exclude data for 
     Hispanics and Latinos. Cases where ethnicity is unknown are included in counts of non-Hispanic workers.

       Note: Data for all years are revised and final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not 
     shown separately. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. N.e.c. means 
     "not elsewhere classified." CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by 
     an injury event.
       Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with state, New York City, 
     District of Columbia, and federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries


     Table 2. Fatal occupational injuries for selected events or exposures, 2015-19					
     _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                               |          |          |          |          |          
                                                               |          |          |          |          |          
                        Characteristic                         |   2015   |   2016   |   2017   |   2018   |   2019   
                                                               |          |          |          |          |          
     __________________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                                               |          |          |          |          |          
     Total(1)                                                  |   4,836  |   5,190  |   5,147  |   5,250  |   5,333  
			                                       |          |          |          |          |          
                     Event or exposure(2)                      |          |          |          |          |          
     Violence and other injuries by persons or animals         |     703  |     866  |     807  |     828  |     841  
          Intentional injury by person                         |     646  |     792  |     733  |     757  |     761  
               Homicides                                       |     417  |     500  |     458  |     453  |     454  
                    Shooting by other person—intentional       |     354  |     394  |     351  |     351  |     363  
                    Stabbing, cutting, slashing, piercing      |      28  |      38  |      47  |      44  |      42  
               Suicides	                                       |     229  |     291  |     275  |     304  |     307  
     Transportation incidents	                               |   2,054  |   2,083  | 	 2,077  |   2,080  |   2,122  
          Aircraft incidents                                   |     139  |     130  |     126 	|     133  |  	 152  
          Rail vehicle incidents                               |      50  |   	 50  |      48  |      48  |      47  
          Pedestrian vehicular incident	                       |     289  |     342  |     313  |     325  |     341  
               Pedestrian struck by vehicle in work zone       |      44  |      58  |      56  |      58  |      56  
          Water vehicle incident                               |      44  |      48  |      68  |      58  |      63  
          Roadway incident involving motorized land vehicle    |   1,264  |   1,252  |   1,299  |   1,276  |   1,270  
               Roadway collision with other vehicle            |     660  |     628  |     663  |     677  |     729  
                    Roadway collision moving in same direction |     166  |     168  |     189  |     183  |     194  
                    Roadway collision moving in opposite       |          |          |          |          |          
                      directions, oncoming                     |     224  |     199  |     214  |     243  |     258  
                    Roadway collision moving perpendicularly   |     154  |     150  |     149  |     141  |     153  
               Roadway collision with object other than vehicle|     360  |     342  |     377  |     373  |     325  
                    Vehicle struck object or animal on side    |          |          |          |          |          
                      of roadway                               |     335  |     321  |     348  |     345  |  	 301  
               Roadway noncollision incident                   |     240  |     278  |     252  |     222  |     212  
                    Jack-knifed or overturned, roadway         |     201  |     238  |     197  |     170  | 	 164  
          Nonroadway incident involving motorized land vehicle |     253  |     245  |     209  |     225  |     236  
               Nonroadway noncollision incident	               |     182  |     182  |     166  |     164  |     193  
                    Jack-knifed or overturned, nonroadway      |     131  |     120  |     111  |     105  |     128  
     Fire or explosion                                         |     121  |      88  |     123  |     115  |      99  
     Fall, slip, trip                                          |     800  |     849  |     887 	|     791  |     880  
          Fall on same level                                   |     125  |     134  | 	   151  |     154  |     146  
          Fall to lower level                                  |     648  |     697  |     713  |     615  |     711  
               Fall from collapsing structure or equipment     |      55  |      65  |      48  |      50  |      37  
               Fall through surface or existing opening	       |      87  |      87  |      85  |      83  |      95  
     Exposure to harmful substances or environments            |     424  |     518  | 	   531  |     621  |     642  
          Exposure to electricity                              |     134  |     154  |     136  |     160  |     166  
          Exposure to temperature extremes                     |      40  |      48  |      38  |      60  |      53  
          Exposure to other harmful substances                 |     215  |     268  |     317  |     355  |     379  
               Inhalation of harmful substance                 |      45  |      39  |      43  |      42  |      59  
     Contact with objects and equipment                        |     722  |     761  |     695  |     786  |     732  
          Struck by object or equipment                        |     519  |     553  |     503  |     566  |     518  
               Struck by powered vehicle nontransport          |     216  |     232  | 	   197  |     215  |     205  
               Struck by falling object or equipment	       |     247  |     255  |     237  |     278  |     241  
               Struck by discharged or flying object	       |      22  |      15  |      28  |      32  |      26  
          Caught in or compressed by equipment or objects      |      99  | 	117  |     108  |     137  |     120  
               Caught in running equipment or machinery	       |      74  |     103  |      76  |     106  |      93  
          Struck, caught, or crushed in collapsing structure,  |          |          |          |          |          
            equipment, or material                             |      90  |      82  |      70  |      73  |      83  
     __________________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
						
        1 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries for the 
     United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data elements 
     have changed.  See the CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed 
     description of each data element.
        2 Based on the BLS Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) 2.01 implemented for 2011 data forward.
						
       Note: Data for all years are revised and final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not 
     shown separately. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. N.e.c. means 
     "not elsewhere classified." CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
       Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with state, New York City, 
     District of Columbia, and federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries


     Table 3. Fatal occupational injuries for selected occupations, 2015-19      
     _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                       |          |          |          |          |          
                                                       |          |          |          |          |          
                      Characteristic                   |   2015   |   2016   |   2017   |   2018   |   2019   
                                                       |          |          |          |          |          
    ___________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                                       |          |          |          |          |          
     Total(1)                                          |   4,836  |   5,190  |   5,147  |   5,250  |   5,333  
                                                       |          |          |          |          |          
                     Occupation (SOC)(2)               |          |          |          |          |          
     Management occupations                            |     379  |     377  |     396  |     387  |     380  
     Business and financial operations occupations     |      31  |      27  |      29  |      38  |      29  
     Computer and mathematical occupations             |       8  |      16  |      11  |      12  |      15  
     Architecture and engineering occupations          |      37  |      41  |      23  |      30  |      43  
     Life, physical, and social science occupations    |      11  |      15  |      13  |      18  |      15  
     Community and social services occupations         |      28  |      27  |      37  |      23  |      31  
     Legal occupations                                 |      12  |      13  |      11  |      15  |      11  
     Educational instruction and library occupations   |      19  |      32  |      30  |      27  |      24  
     Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and          |          |          |          |          |          
       media occupations                               |      65  |      64  |      47  |      71  |      40  
     Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations|      74  |      60  |      57  |      65  |      56  
     Healthcare support occupations                    |      23  |      30  |      28  |      32  |      38  
     Protective service occupations                    |     213  |     281  |     266  |     270  |     231  
          Fire fighting and prevention workers         |      30  |      35  |      35  |      33  |      24  
          Law enforcement workers                      |     102  |     127  |     117  |     127  |      97  
     Food preparation and serving related occupations  |      56  |      92  |      89  |     100  |      99  
     Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance     |          |          |          |          |          
       occupations                                     |     289  |     329  |     326  |     350  |     333  
          Building cleaning and pest control workers   |      59  |      74  |      68  |      66  |      63  
          Grounds maintenance workers                  |     183  |     217  |     191  |     225  |     229  
     Personal care and service occupations             |      51  |      55  |      69  |      63  |      61  
     Sales and related occupations                     |     228  |     254  |     232  |     241  |     240  
          Supervisors, sales workers                   |     101  |     104  |      98  |     102  |      99  
          Retail sales workers                         |      82  |     102  |      89  |      99  |      96  
     Office and administrative support occupations     |      86  |      78  |     101  |      69  |      92  
     Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations        |     284  |     290  |     264  |     262  |     291  
          Agricultural workers                         |     180  |     157  |     155  |     158  |     183  
          Fishing and hunting workers                  |      25  |      26  |      41  |      31  |      44  
          Forest, conservation, and logging workers    |      69  |      95  |      57  |      57  |      49  
     Construction and extraction occupations           |     924  |     970  |     965  |   1,003  |   1,066  
          Supervisors of construction and              |          |          |          |          |          
            extraction workers                         |     123  |     134  |     121  |     144  |     136  
          Construction trades workers                  |     694  |     736  |     747  |     731  |     809  
          Extraction workers                           |      45  |      41  |      41  |      64  |      50  
     Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations |     392  |     470  |     414  |     420  |     438  
          Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics,      |          |          |          |          |          
            installers, and repairers                  |     129  |     154  |     143  |     152  |     155  
     Production occupations                            |     250  |     216  |     221  |     225  |     245  
     Transportation and material moving occupations    |   1,301  |   1,388  |   1,443  |   1,443  |   1,481  
          Air transportation workers                   |      57  |      75  |      59  |      71  |      85  
          Motor vehicle operators                      |     978  |   1,012  |   1,084  |   1,044  |   1,091  
          Material moving workers                      |     206  |     228  |     235  |     255  |     238  
     Military occupations(3)                           |      73  |      62  |      72  |      82  |      65  
     _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
       1 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries 
     for the United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data 
     elements have changed.  See the CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed 
     description of each data element.     
       2 CFOI has used several versions of the Standard Occupation Classification (SOC) system since 2003 to 
     define occupation. For complete information on the version of SOC used in these years, see our definitions 
     page at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Cases where occupation is unknown are included in the total.
       3 Includes fatal injuries to persons identified as resident armed forces regardless of individual 
     occupation listed.
     
       Note: Data for all years are revised and final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories 
     not shown separately. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. 
     N.e.c. means "not elsewhere classified." CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths 
     unless precipitated by an injury event.     
       Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with state, New York City, 
     District of Columbia, and federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries


     Table 4. Fatal occupational injuries for selected industries, 2015-19
     ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
                       Characteristic                    |   2015   |   2016   |   2017   |   2018   |   2019   
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
     ____________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
     Total(1)                                            |   4,836  |   5,190  |   5,147  |   5,250  |   5,333  
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
                      Industry (NAICS)(2)                |          |          |          |          |          
     Private industry(3)                                 |   4,379  |   4,693  |   4,674  |   4,779  |   4,907  
          Goods producing                                |   1,980  |   1,991  |   1,967  |   2,055  |       -  
               Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting|     570  |     593  |     581  |     574  |     573  
                    Crop production                      |     230  |     261  |     263  |     250  |     221  
                    Animal production and aquaculture    |     171  |     151  |     152  |     161  |     189  
                    Forestry and logging                 |      81  |     106  |      76  |      84  |      59  
               Mining, quarrying, and oil and            |          |          |          |          |          
                 gas extraction(4)                       |     120  |      89  |     112  |     130  |     127  
                    Mining (except oil and gas)          |      28  |      22  |      31  |      34  |      23  
                    Support activities for mining        |      86  |      56  |      73  |      83  |      82  
               Construction                              |     937  |     991  |     971  |   1,008  |   1,061  
                    Construction of buildings            |     175  |     182  |     196  |     200  |       -  
                    Heavy and civil engineering          |          |          |          |          |          
                      construction                       |     148  |     159  |     152  |     180  |     156  
                    Specialty trade contractors          |     595  |     631  |     610  |     609  |       -  
               Manufacturing                             |     353  |     318  |     303  |     343  |       -  
                    Food manufacturing                   |      44  |      40  |      51  |      41  |       -  
                    Fabricated metal product             |          |          |          |          |          
                      manufacturing                      |      66  |      41  |      50  |      56  |       -  
          Service providing                              |   2,399  |   2,702  |   2,707  |   2,724  |       -  
               Wholesale trade                           |     175  |     179  |     174  |     202  |     178  
               Retail trade                              |     269  |     282  |     287  |     274  |     291  
                    Motor vehicle and parts dealers      |      62  |      42  |      54  |      68  |      58  
                    Food and beverage stores             |      58  |      71  |      60  |      42  |      54  
               Transportation and warehousing            |     765  |     825  |     882  |     874  |     913  
                    Truck transportation                 |     546  |     570  |     599  |     607  |     617  
               Utilities                                 |      22  |      30  |      28  |      29  |      22  
               Information                               |      42  |      46  |      43  |      31  |       -  
               Finance and insurance                     |      19  |      26  |      32  |      30  |      21  
               Real estate and rental and leasing        |      64  |      91  |      69  |      78  |      87  
               Professional, scientific, and             |          |          |          |          |          
                 technical services                      |      76  |     100  |      69  |      87  |      86  
               Administrative and support and waste      |          |          |          |          |          
                 management and remediation services     |     401  |     439  |     460  |     497  |     498  
               Educational services                      |      30  |      42  |      43  |      30  |      45  
               Health care and social assistance         |     109  |     117  |     146  |     138  |     152  
               Arts, entertainment, and recreation       |      82  |      96  |      91  |      78  |      83  
               Accommodation and food services           |     143  |     202  |     171  |     175  |     188  
               Other services, except                    |          |          |          |          |          
                 public administration                   |     202  |     223  |     205  |     195  |     210  
                                                         |          |          |          |          |          
     Government(5)                                       |     457  |     497  |     473  |     471  |     426  
          Federal government(3)                          |     118  |     107  |     116  |     124  |     111  
          State government(3)                            |      81  |      97  |      91  |      69  |      75  
          Local government(3)                            |     257  |     291  |     265  |     276  |     240  
     ____________________________________________________|______________________________________________________

       1 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries for 
     the United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data elements 
     have changed. See the CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed description of 
     each data element.
       2 CFOI has used several versions of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) since 2003 
     to define industry. For complete information on the version of NAICS used in these years, see our definitions 
     page at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm.
       3 Includes all fatal occupational injuries meeting this ownership criterion across all specified years, 
     regardless of industry classification system. Cases where ownership is unknown are included in private 
     industry counts.      
       4 Includes fatal injuries at all establishments categorized as Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas 
     extraction (Sector 21) in the North American Industry Classification System, including establishments not governed 
     by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) rules and reporting, such as those in Oil and Gas Extraction.
       5 Includes fatal injuries to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry. Cases classified 
     as foreign government and other government are included in all government counts, but not displayed separately.
      
       Note: Data for all years are revised and final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not 
     shown separately. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. N.e.c. means 
     "not elsewhere classified." CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless 
     precipitated by an injury event.
       Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with state, New York City, 
     District of Columbia, and federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries


     Table 5. Fatal work injury rates(1) per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers by selected occupations, 2019
     __________________________________________________________________________
                                                       |                       
                                                       |                       
                       Characteristic                  |   Fatal injury rate   
                                                       |                       
     __________________________________________________|_______________________
                                                       |                       
     All workers(2)                                    |                  3.5  
                                                       |                       
                     Occupation (SOC)(3)               |                       
     Fishing and hunting workers                       |                145.0  
     Logging workers                                   |                 68.9  
     Aircraft pilots and flight engineers              |                 61.8  
     Roofers                                           |                 54.0  
     Helpers, construction trades                      |                 40.0  
     Refuse and recyclable material collectors         |                 35.2  
     Driver/sales workers and truck drivers            |                 26.8  
     Structural iron and steel workers                 |                 26.3  
     Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers|                 23.2  
     Grounds maintenance workers                       |                 19.8  
     __________________________________________________________________________
 
       1 Fatal injury rates are per 100,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers. Fatal injury rates exclude workers 
    under the age of 16 years, volunteers, and resident military. Complete national rates can be found 
    at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm#rates. Complete state rates can be found at www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm. 
    National and state rates are calculated using different methodology and cannot be directly compared. 
    See www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cfoi/calculation.htm#comparisons-of-national-and-state-rates for more information on 
    how rates are calculated and caveats for comparison. N/A means a rate was not published for this group.
       2 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational injuries 
    for the United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and definitions of many data 
    elements have changed.  See the CFOI Definitions page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed 
    description of each data element.
       3 CFOI has used several versions of the Standard Occupation Classification (SOC) system since 2003 to define 
    occupation. For complete information on the version of SOC used in these years, see our definitions page 
    at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Cases where occupation is unknown are included in the total.
      
       Note: Data for all years are revised and final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not 
    shown separately. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. N.e.c. means 
    "not elsewhere classified." CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless 
    precipitated by an injury event.
       Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with state, New York City, 
    District of Columbia, and federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

     Table 6. Fatal occupational injuries by state of incident, 2015-19
     ___________________________________________________________________________________________
                                         |          |          |          |          |          
                                         |          |          |          |          |          
             Characteristic              |   2015   |   2016   |   2017   |   2018   |   2019   
                                         |          |          |          |          |          
     ____________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
                                         |          |          |          |          |          
     Total(1)                            |   4,836  |   5,190  |   5,147  |   5,250  |   5,333  
                                         |          |          |          |          |          
              State of incident          |          |          |          |          |          
     Alabama                             |      70  |     100  |      83  |      89  |      89  
     Alaska                              |      14  |      35  |      33  |      32  |      51  
     Arizona                             |      69  |      77  |      90  |      82  |      94  
     Arkansas                            |      74  |      68  |      76  |      76  |      62  
     California                          |     388  |     376  |     376  |     422  |     451  
     Colorado                            |      75  |      81  |      77  |      72  |      84  
     Connecticut                         |      44  |      28  |      35  |      48  |      26  
     Delaware                            |       8  |      12  |      10  |       7  |      18  
     District of Columbia                |       8  |       5  |      13  |      10  |      10  
     Florida                             |     272  |     309  |     299  |     332  |     306  
     Georgia                             |     180  |     171  |     194  |     186  |     207  
     Hawaii                              |      18  |      29  |      20  |      22  |      26  
     Idaho                               |      36  |      30  |      37  |      45  |      36  
     Illinois                            |     172  |     171  |     163  |     184  |     158  
     Indiana                             |     115  |     137  |     138  |     173  |     146  
     Iowa                                |      60  |      76  |      72  |      77  |      76  
     Kansas                              |      60  |      74  |      72  |      61  |      83  
     Kentucky                            |      99  |      92  |      70  |      83  |      78  
     Louisiana                           |     112  |      95  |     117  |      98  |     119  
     Maine                               |      15  |      18  |      18  |      17  |      20  
     Maryland                            |      69  |      92  |      87  |      97  |      78  
     Massachusetts                       |      69  |     109  |     108  |      97  |      86  
     Michigan                            |     134  |     162  |     153  |     155  |     164  
     Minnesota                           |      74  |      92  |     101  |      75  |      80  
     Mississippi                         |      77  |      71  |      90  |      78  |      59  
     Missouri                            |     117  |     124  |     125  |     145  |     106  
     Montana                             |      36  |      38  |      32  |      28  |      38  
     Nebraska                            |      50  |      60  |      35  |      44  |      53  
     Nevada                              |      44  |      54  |      32  |      39  |      40  
     New Hampshire                       |      18  |      22  |      11  |      20  |      11  
     New Jersey                          |      97  |     101  |      69  |      83  |      74  
     New Mexico                          |      35  |      41  |      44  |      43  |      55  
     New York (including N.Y.C.)         |     236  |     272  |     313  |     271  |     273  
          New York City                  |      74  |      56  |      87  |      73  |      91  
     North Carolina                      |     150  |     174  |     183  |     178  |     186  
     North Dakota                        |      47  |      28  |      38  |      35  |      37  
     Ohio                                |     202  |     164  |     174  |     158  |     166  
     Oklahoma                            |      91  |      92  |      91  |      91  |      73  
     Oregon                              |      44  |      72  |      60  |      62  |      69  
     Pennsylvania                        |     173  |     163  |     172  |     177  |     154  
     Rhode Island                        |       6  |       9  |       8  |       9  |      10  
     South Carolina                      |     117  |      96  |      88  |      98  |     108  
     South Dakota                        |      21  |      31  |      30  |      32  |      20  
     Tennessee                           |     112  |     122  |     128  |     122  |     124  
     Texas                               |     527  |     545  |     534  |     488  |     608  
     Utah                                |      42  |      44  |      43  |      49  |      51  
     Vermont                             |       9  |      10  |      22  |      11  |      10  
     Virginia                            |     106  |     153  |     118  |     157  |     180  
     Washington                          |      70  |      78  |      84  |      86  |      84  
     West Virginia                       |      35  |      47  |      51  |      57  |      46  
     Wisconsin                           |     104  |     105  |     106  |     114  |     113  
     Wyoming                             |      34  |      34  |      20  |      31  |      32  
     ___________________________________________________________________________________________
 
       1 The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) has published data on fatal occupational 
    injuries for the United States since 1992. During this time, the classification systems and 
    definitions of many data elements have changed. See the CFOI Definitions 
    page (www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm) for a more detailed description of each data element.
      
       Note: Data for all years are revised and final. Totals for major categories may include 
    subcategories not shown separately. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet 
    publication criteria. N.e.c. means "not elsewhere classified." CFOI fatal injury counts exclude 
    illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.  
       Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with state, 
    New York City, District of Columbia, and federal agencies, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

Last Modified Date: December 06, 2022