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Employment Cost Index News Release

NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                      USDL-18-0637
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 27, 2018

Technical information:  (202) 691-6199  •  ncsinfo@bls.gov  • www.bls.gov/ect 
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  pressoffice@bls.gov


				  EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – March 2018

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.8 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month period 
ending in March 2018, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries (which make 
up about 70 percent of compensation costs) increased 0.9 percent, and benefits (which make up the remaining 
30 percent of compensation) increased 0.7 percent. (See tables A, 1, 2, and 3.) //ECI Auto-Suppl Test 06302021//

Civilian Workers 

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.7 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2018 
compared with a compensation costs increase of 2.4 percent in March 2017. Wages and salaries increased 2.7 
percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2018 and increased 2.5 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in March 2017. Benefit costs increased 2.6 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2018. In 
March 2017, the increase was 2.2 percent. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.8 percent over the year, a larger increase than
the 2.3-percent increase in March 2017. Wages and salaries increased 2.9 percent for the current 12-month 
period and increased 2.6 percent in March 2017. The cost of benefits rose 2.5 percent for the 12-month 
period ending in March 2018 and increased 1.9 percent in March 2017. (See tables A, 5, 
9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 1.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2018.
(For further information, see www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.pdf.)

Among occupational groups, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month period 
ending in March 2018 ranged from 2.6 percent for both management, professional, and related occupations and 
natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations to 3.3 percent for production, transportation, 
and material moving occupations. (See table 5.)

Among industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month period 
ending in March 2018 ranged from 2.3 percent for education and health services to 3.3 percent for financial 
activities. (See table 5.)

State and Local Government 

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 2.2 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in March 2018. In March 2017, the increase was 2.6 percent. Wages and salaries increased 1.8 percent 
for the 12-month period ending in March 2018, compared with 2.2 percent a year ago. Benefit costs increased 
3.0 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2018. The prior year’s increase was 3.1 percent. (See 
tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

Seasonal Factors and Updated Layout

The 2018 seasonal factors for directly adjusted series and revised seasonally adjusted series for the past 
five years were released today, see www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectsfact.htm.

With the July 31, 2018 release, the file format of tables 1-13 will be modified to improve usablity. The 
updated layout is available for review at www.bls.gov/ect/eci_table_changes_June_2018.htm.

Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.6 0.8 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7

Wages and salaries

0.5 0.9 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.7

Benefits

0.5 0.7 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.6

Private industry

Compensation(2)

0.5 1.0 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.8

Wages and salaries

0.5 1.0 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.8 2.9

Benefits

0.4 0.8 1.9 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.5

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.4 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.2

Wages and salaries

0.6 0.4 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.8

Benefits

0.9 0.5 3.1 3.2 3.0 3.2 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.

  
The Employment Cost Index for June 2018 is scheduled for release on Tuesday, July 31, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request— 
Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

BLS news releases, including the Employment Cost Index, are available through an email subscription service at 
www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.

For videos and information graphics explaining the Employment Cost Index and how it is used, 
see www.bls.gov/eci/videos.htm. 


						TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of employment
shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, coverage, methods, nonresponse
adjustment, and imputation see National Compensation Measures Handbook of Methods at
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size

Data for the March 2018 reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 27,300
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,600 private industry establishments and
approximately 8,000 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local government
establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Standard errors

To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of Employment Cost Index (ECI) series, standard errors of all
current quarter estimates except seasonally adjusted series are also available, 
see www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm. Standard errors provide users a measure of the precision ofan estimate 
to ensure that it is within an acceptable range for their intended purpose.

Historical listings

Historical listings are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. The continuous occupational and industry series
listing uses the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and Occupational Classification System series from 
1975 through 2005 and the North American Industry Classification System and Standard Occupational 
Classification from 2006 to the present. It provides the official series deemed continuous after the change 
in classification systems. For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the 
article published in the Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data

The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published in a separate news release titled "Employer
Costs for Employee Compensation" (ECEC). The ECEC release dates are available at 
www.bls.gov/schedule/2018/home.htm. Historical ECEC data are available in summary documents at 
www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights rather than the fixed 
weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually differ from those in the ECI.

Fixed Employment Weights

For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-employment-cost-index.htm.

Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2016
Jun.
2016
Sep.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

131.4 132.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

129.0 130.0 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.8

Manufacturing

129.0 129.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.7

Service-providing industries(4)

131.9 133.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.9

Education and health services

131.5 132.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7

Educational services

132.2 132.9 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

Elementary and secondary schools

132.1 132.8 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

132.3 132.9 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5

Health care and social assistance(5)

130.9 132.0 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.8

Hospitals

131.7 132.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

128.1 129.1 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8

Public administration

135.9 136.2 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.2

Private industry workers

All workers

130.6 131.9 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 1.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

130.7 131.8 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8

Management, business, and financial

131.8 133.2 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5 1.1

Professional and related

129.9 130.7 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6

Sales and office

130.4 132.0 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.2 1.0 0.5 1.2

Sales and related

125.9 128.1 0.6 1.5 -0.4 0.1 1.1 -0.2 1.4 0.4 1.7

Office and administrative support

133.6 134.8 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.4 131.8 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

131.6 132.3 0.6 0.9 0.2 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

131.1 131.3 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.3 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

131.2 132.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.9

Production

129.3 130.2 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.7

Transportation and material moving

133.7 135.3 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.7 1.2

Service occupations

131.1 132.5 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.1

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

128.9 130.0 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.9

Construction

128.7 129.9 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9

Manufacturing

129.0 129.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.7

Aircraft manufacturing

126.4 128.4 1.7 0.5 -0.8 1.2 1.5 0.7 8.4 0.5 1.6

Service-providing industries(5)

131.2 132.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

132.6 134.0 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.1

Wholesale trade(6)

128.7 130.0 0.7 0.6 -0.1 -0.1 1.5 0.3 0.8 0.4 1.0

Retail trade

133.0 134.5 1.5 0.8 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.6 1.1

Transportation and warehousing

135.0 136.7 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.8 1.3

Utilities

141.8 143.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 1.1

Information

128.6 129.4 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.6

Financial activities

130.1 132.3 0.4 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.2 1.7

Finance and insurance

130.3 132.6 0.2 0.7 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.2 1.8

Credit intermediation and related activities

129.2 130.8 0.6 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 -0.1 1.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

133.0 134.2 0.4 0.6 1.3 0.3 0.8 1.1 0.0 0.5 0.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

129.3 130.8 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.9 0.7 0.2 1.2

Professional and business services

132.1 133.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.8

Professional, scientific, and technical services

134.6 135.6 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.7

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

128.6 129.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 -0.6 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.6 0.5

Education and health services

130.4 131.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.8

Educational services

131.0 131.7 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

132.3 133.2 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7

Health care and social assistance

130.2 131.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.9

Hospitals

131.4 132.0 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

126.5 127.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

130.6 132.4 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.6 1.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.4

Accommodations and food services

131.4 133.3 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.5 1.8 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.4

Other services, except public administration

131.5 132.9 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.1

State and local government workers

All workers

134.3 134.8 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.4

Industry

Education and health services

132.9 133.6 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5

Educational services

132.6 133.2 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5

Schools

132.5 133.1 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5

Elementary and secondary schools

132.5 133.2 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5

Health care and social assistance

135.9 136.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.5

Hospitals

133.4 133.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.7 0.3

Public administration

135.9 136.2 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(6) The private wholesale trade industry compensation series is seasonal as of the 2018 seasonal adjustment revision. Historical data for this series are published beginning with 2002.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2016
Jun.
2016
Sep.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

129.9 131.1 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

129.4 130.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8

Manufacturing

129.5 130.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7

Service-providing industries(3)

130.1 131.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9

Education and health services

127.9 128.8 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7

Educational services

125.9 126.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Elementary and secondary schools

124.5 125.1 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

128.1 128.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.2

Health care and social assistance

130.2 131.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.6 1.0

Hospitals

130.9 131.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

127.3 128.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.9

Public administration

127.7 128.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.3

Private industry workers

All workers

130.7 132.0 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.5 1.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

131.2 132.4 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.9

Management, business, and financial

132.4 133.9 0.8 0.0 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.1

Professional and related

130.4 131.3 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7

Sales and office

130.1 131.9 0.6 1.2 0.1 0.3 1.0 0.1 1.2 0.5 1.4

Sales and related

126.3 128.6 0.3 1.6 -0.7 0.0 1.4 -0.5 1.7 0.5 1.9

Office and administrative support

133.1 134.3 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

130.5 131.1 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

130.5 131.2 0.7 1.1 0.0 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

130.6 131.0 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

131.0 132.3 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.0

Production

129.4 130.3 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7

Transportation and material moving

132.9 134.6 0.8 0.9 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.5 1.2 0.8 1.3

Service occupations(4)

131.5 132.8 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.0

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

129.4 130.5 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.9

Construction

128.3 129.7 0.3 0.8 0.0 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.1

Manufacturing

129.5 130.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7

Aircraft manufacturing

139.4 140.4 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7

Service-providing industries(4)

131.1 132.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

131.4 133.0 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.6 1.3 0.4 0.8 0.6 1.2

Retail trade

133.4 135.0 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.2

Transportation and warehousing

133.5 135.4 1.2 0.9 0.6 1.3 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.8 1.4

Utilities

138.8 140.0 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.9

Information

127.7 128.6 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.1 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.7

Financial activities

131.0 133.4 0.5 0.9 1.2 0.6 0.2 0.9 0.5 0.5 1.8

Finance and insurance

131.7 134.3 0.4 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.2 1.0 0.4 0.5 2.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

128.3 130.0 0.6 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.3 1.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

132.4 133.7 0.7 0.9 1.4 0.3 0.5 1.3 -0.3 0.5 0.9

Professional and business services

132.3 133.3 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.8

Professional, scientific, and technical services

134.7 135.7 0.9 0.5 -0.2 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.4 0.8

Education and health services

130.1 131.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.9

Educational services

129.8 130.3 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

130.4 131.1 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.5

Health care and social assistance

130.2 131.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.7 1.0

Hospitals

131.1 131.8 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

127.3 128.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

132.7 134.4 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.6 1.7 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.3

Accommodations and food service

133.3 135.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 0.5 1.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 1.4

Other services, except public administration

132.0 133.3 0.3 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9

State and local government workers

All workers

126.6 127.1 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.4

Industry

Education and health services

125.7 126.2 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Educational services

125.1 125.6 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Schools

125.1 125.6 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Elementary and secondary schools

124.4 125.0 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.5

Health care and social assistance

130.5 131.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.6

Hospitals

129.5 130.2 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5

Public administration

127.7 128.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2016
Jun.
2016
Sep.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

134.7 135.7 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.7

Private industry workers

All workers

130.5 131.6 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

129.5 130.4 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7

Sales and office

131.2 132.3 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.1 133.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

131.6 132.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.2 0.5 0.8

Service occupations

129.9 131.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

128.0 129.0 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.4 0.8

Manufacturing

128.1 129.1 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.5 1.7 0.3 0.8

Service-providing industries(3)

131.5 132.6 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.8

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

149.6 150.3 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

All workers(2)

129.0 131.2 132.5 0.9 0.4 1.0 2.4 2.6 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

129.3 131.5 132.7 0.9 0.5 0.9 2.5 2.6 2.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

129.1 131.2 132.2 0.8 0.4 0.8 2.1 2.4 2.4

Management, business, and financial

129.7 131.9 133.4 0.8 0.2 1.1 2.4 2.5 2.9

Professional and related

128.7 130.8 131.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 2.0 2.3 2.3

Sales and office

128.6 130.6 132.4 0.9 0.2 1.4 2.4 2.5 3.0

Sales and related

123.7 125.7 127.8 1.1 -0.1 1.7 2.3 2.8 3.3

Office and administrative support

131.6 133.7 135.2 0.8 0.5 1.1 2.5 2.5 2.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

128.9 131.6 132.2 0.6 0.5 0.5 2.2 2.7 2.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

129.4 131.8 132.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 2.6 2.5 2.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

128.3 131.4 132.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.7 2.9 2.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

128.6 131.4 132.9 0.9 0.4 1.1 2.8 3.1 3.3

Production

126.7 129.4 130.5 0.8 0.5 0.9 2.6 2.9 3.0

Transportation and material moving

131.1 133.9 135.8 1.2 0.4 1.4 3.1 3.3 3.6

Service occupations

130.3 132.7 134.2 0.9 0.7 1.1 3.2 2.8 3.0

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

126.5 128.9 129.9 0.6 0.4 0.8 2.2 2.5 2.7

Manufacturing

126.4 128.9 130.0 0.7 0.4 0.9 2.2 2.7 2.8

Service-providing industries(5)

129.4 131.6 132.9 0.9 0.4 1.0 2.5 2.6 2.7

Education and health services

129.4 131.5 132.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.3 2.2 2.2

Educational services

129.8 132.2 132.6 0.5 0.5 0.3 2.6 2.3 2.2

Elementary and secondary schools

129.5 132.1 132.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 2.6 2.4 2.3

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

130.4 132.4 132.8 0.7 0.5 0.3 2.7 2.2 1.8

Health care and social assistance

129.1 130.9 132.1 0.6 0.6 0.9 2.1 2.0 2.3

Hospitals

129.8 131.7 132.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.4 2.0 2.0

Nursing and residential care facilities

125.7 127.9 129.1 0.6 0.6 0.9 2.4 2.4 2.7

Public administration

133.2 135.7 136.2 0.9 0.7 0.4 2.5 2.8 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

All workers

128.3 130.5 131.9 0.9 0.4 1.1 2.3 2.6 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

128.7 130.8 132.2 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.4 2.6 2.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

128.5 130.5 131.8 0.9 0.4 1.0 2.0 2.4 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

128.0 129.9 131.2 0.9 0.4 1.0 1.9 2.4 2.5

Management, business, and financial

129.5 131.7 133.2 0.9 0.3 1.1 2.4 2.6 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.0 130.9 132.5 0.9 0.3 1.2 2.5 2.4 2.7

Professional and related

127.8 129.6 130.8 0.9 0.4 0.9 1.7 2.3 2.3

Sales and office

128.1 130.1 132.0 1.0 0.2 1.5 2.4 2.6 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.4 132.4 134.1 0.9 0.4 1.3 2.8 2.5 2.8

Sales and related

123.6 125.5 127.7 1.1 -0.2 1.8 2.3 2.7 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

128.4 130.5 132.3 1.1 0.4 1.4 3.1 2.8 3.0

Office and administrative support

131.4 133.3 135.0 0.9 0.4 1.3 2.6 2.4 2.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

128.5 131.2 131.8 0.6 0.5 0.5 2.2 2.7 2.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

129.2 131.6 132.2 0.6 0.4 0.5 2.7 2.5 2.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

127.7 130.9 131.3 0.5 0.5 0.3 1.7 3.0 2.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

128.3 131.0 132.5 1.0 0.5 1.1 2.9 3.1 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

128.5 131.0 132.6 1.0 0.5 1.2 2.8 3.0 3.2

Production

126.5 129.2 130.2 0.8 0.5 0.8 2.5 2.9 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

126.7 129.5 130.5 0.7 0.5 0.8 2.5 2.9 3.0

Transportation and material moving

130.6 133.4 135.4 1.2 0.3 1.5 3.2 3.3 3.7

Service occupations

128.6 130.9 132.7 1.1 0.7 1.4 3.4 2.9 3.2

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

126.5 128.9 129.9 0.6 0.4 0.8 2.2 2.5 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

126.9 129.3 130.3 0.6 0.5 0.8 2.3 2.5 2.7

Management, professional, and related

125.1 127.1 128.7 0.7 0.4 1.3 1.9 2.3 2.9

Sales and office

127.2 129.4 130.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.8 1.7 1.6 2.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

128.6 131.1 131.6 0.7 0.6 0.4 2.5 2.7 2.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

126.0 128.7 129.5 0.7 0.5 0.6 2.4 2.9 2.8

Construction

126.6 128.8 129.7 0.6 0.4 0.7 2.5 2.4 2.4

Manufacturing

126.4 128.9 130.0 0.7 0.4 0.9 2.2 2.7 2.8

Management, professional, and related

126.4 128.5 130.0 0.9 0.3 1.2 2.1 2.6 2.8

Sales and office occupations

129.0 131.3 132.4 0.4 0.3 0.8 2.0 2.2 2.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

127.3 130.7 130.8 0.1 0.8 0.1 1.6 2.8 2.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

125.6 128.3 129.2 0.6 0.4 0.7 2.4 2.8 2.9

Aircraft manufacturing

115.9 128.9 132.1 2.7 0.0 2.5 2.3 14.2 14.0

Service-providing industries(4)

128.9 131.0 132.6 0.9 0.3 1.2 2.4 2.6 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.3 131.3 132.9 1.0 0.4 1.2 2.5 2.6 2.8

Management, professional, and related

129.1 131.1 132.4 0.9 0.3 1.0 2.0 2.4 2.6

Sales and office

128.2 130.1 132.1 1.1 0.2 1.5 2.5 2.6 3.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

128.3 131.4 132.0 0.4 0.2 0.5 1.9 2.8 2.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

131.0 133.8 135.9 1.2 0.4 1.6 3.1 3.3 3.7

Service occupations

128.6 130.9 132.6 1.1 0.7 1.3 3.4 2.9 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

130.1 132.3 134.0 1.2 0.3 1.3 2.7 3.0 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.8 132.9 134.5 1.1 0.5 1.2 2.8 2.7 2.8

Wholesale trade

126.8 128.6 130.0 1.6 0.3 1.1 1.9 3.0 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.2 131.6 133.0 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.1 2.7 2.9

Retail trade

130.4 132.8 134.3 1.0 0.4 1.1 3.1 2.9 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.6 131.5 132.9 1.2 0.4 1.1 3.3 2.7 2.5

Transportation and warehousing

132.0 134.6 136.8 1.0 0.3 1.6 2.9 3.0 3.6

Utilities

139.3 141.2 143.5 1.1 0.2 1.6 2.6 2.5 3.0

Information

126.1 128.4 129.4 0.6 0.1 0.8 1.8 2.4 2.6

Financial activities

127.8 129.9 132.0 0.3 0.0 1.6 2.9 2.0 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.0 130.5 132.5 0.9 -0.1 1.5 2.5 2.1 2.7

Finance and insurance

128.0 130.1 132.2 0.3 0.0 1.6 3.0 2.0 3.3

Credit intermediation and related activities

127.8 128.8 130.6 0.8 -0.5 1.4 3.1 1.6 2.2

Excluding incentive paid

132.0 132.8 134.8 1.4 -0.4 1.5 3.0 2.0 2.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

130.8 132.6 134.1 1.0 0.1 1.1 3.1 2.4 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.8 131.5 133.0 1.1 0.2 1.1 2.4 2.4 2.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

127.1 129.3 130.9 0.3 0.1 1.2 2.5 2.1 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.2 132.3 134.0 0.3 0.1 1.3 2.1 1.9 2.9

Professional and business services

129.4 131.9 133.3 1.1 0.3 1.1 1.5 3.0 3.0

Professional, scientific, and technical services

131.9 134.1 135.9 1.3 0.1 1.3 1.6 3.0 3.0

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

125.3 128.5 129.3 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 3.1 3.2

Education and health services

128.5 130.4 131.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 2.1 2.0 2.3

Educational services

129.0 131.1 131.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 2.3 1.9 1.9

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

130.0 132.5 133.0 0.3 0.4 0.4 2.3 2.2 2.3

Health care and social assistance

128.5 130.2 131.4 0.7 0.5 0.9 2.1 2.0 2.3

Hospitals

129.6 131.3 132.1 0.7 0.5 0.6 2.5 2.0 1.9

Nursing and residential care facilities

124.3 126.5 127.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 2.6 2.4 2.7

Nursing care facilities(2)

124.0 126.3 127.1 0.3 0.6 0.6 2.1 2.2 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

128.5 130.3 132.6 2.1 0.5 1.8 4.3 3.6 3.2

Accommodations and food service

129.3 131.2 133.5 2.1 0.6 1.8 4.5 3.6 3.2

Other services, except public administration

129.2 131.3 132.9 0.8 0.2 1.2 2.9 2.4 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

Bargaining status

Union

131.9 134.5 135.4 1.0 0.6 0.7 1.8 3.0 2.7

Goods-producing industries(2)

128.4 131.8 132.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 2.0 3.0 3.0

Manufacturing

122.9 127.2 127.8 0.1 0.3 0.5 1.5 3.6 4.0

Service-providing industries(3)

134.8 137.1 138.2 1.3 0.7 0.8 1.6 3.0 2.5

Nonunion

127.8 129.9 131.4 0.9 0.3 1.2 2.5 2.6 2.8

Goods-producing industries(2)

125.9 128.1 129.2 0.6 0.4 0.9 2.2 2.4 2.6

Manufacturing

127.3 129.5 130.7 0.8 0.4 0.9 2.3 2.5 2.7

Service-providing industries(3)

128.2 130.4 132.0 0.9 0.3 1.2 2.4 2.6 3.0

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

130.2 132.0 133.7 1.2 0.2 1.3 2.3 2.6 2.7

New England

132.7 135.3 136.5 1.2 0.3 0.9 1.1 3.2 2.9

Middle Atlantic

129.3 130.9 132.7 1.2 0.2 1.4 2.7 2.4 2.6

South

127.1 129.2 130.4 0.7 0.4 0.9 1.6 2.4 2.6

South Atlantic

128.7 131.1 132.3 0.7 0.5 0.9 2.1 2.6 2.8

East South Central

126.5 128.4 130.0 0.8 -0.3 1.2 2.8 2.3 2.8

West South Central

124.4 126.4 127.4 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.2 2.1 2.4

Midwest

126.8 128.5 129.8 0.9 0.4 1.0 2.8 2.2 2.4

East North Central

125.2 127.0 128.4 0.9 0.4 1.1 2.7 2.3 2.6

West North Central

130.8 132.1 133.3 0.8 0.3 0.9 3.1 1.8 1.9

West

129.9 132.9 134.6 1.0 0.5 1.3 2.9 3.3 3.6

Mountain

127.5 130.0 131.7 0.9 0.5 1.3 2.7 2.8 3.3

Pacific

130.9 134.2 135.9 1.0 0.4 1.3 3.0 3.5 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

All workers

131.7 134.2 134.6 0.6 0.6 0.3 2.6 2.5 2.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

130.6 133.0 133.4 0.6 0.5 0.3 2.6 2.5 2.1

Professional and related

130.4 132.8 133.2 0.5 0.5 0.3 2.6 2.4 2.1

Sales and office

133.2 135.7 136.3 0.6 0.7 0.4 2.3 2.5 2.3

Office and administrative support

133.3 135.7 136.3 0.7 0.6 0.4 2.4 2.5 2.3

Service occupations

134.4 137.0 137.6 0.7 0.7 0.4 2.7 2.6 2.4

Industry

Education and health services

130.4 132.9 133.3 0.5 0.5 0.3 2.6 2.4 2.2

Educational services

130.1 132.5 132.9 0.5 0.5 0.3 2.8 2.4 2.2

Schools

130.0 132.4 132.9 0.5 0.5 0.4 2.7 2.3 2.2

Elementary and secondary schools

129.8 132.5 132.9 0.4 0.5 0.3 2.7 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

133.3 135.8 136.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.8 2.3 2.5

Hospitals

130.9 133.4 133.9 0.3 0.6 0.4 2.0 2.2 2.3

Public administration

133.2 135.7 136.2 0.9 0.7 0.4 2.5 2.8 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

All workers(1)

127.6 129.8 131.1 0.8 0.4 1.0 2.5 2.5 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

127.7 129.9 131.1 0.8 0.5 0.9 2.6 2.5 2.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

127.6 129.6 130.6 0.6 0.4 0.8 2.1 2.2 2.4

Management, business, and financial

129.3 131.7 133.0 0.5 0.4 1.0 2.2 2.3 2.9

Professional and related

126.6 128.5 129.3 0.7 0.4 0.6 1.9 2.2 2.1

Sales and office

127.4 129.5 131.4 1.1 0.2 1.5 2.6 2.8 3.1

Sales and related

123.7 125.8 128.2 1.3 -0.2 1.9 2.3 3.0 3.6

Office and administrative support

130.0 132.0 133.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.8 2.5 2.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

127.4 130.3 130.8 0.6 0.5 0.4 2.5 2.9 2.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

127.7 130.2 130.8 0.9 0.5 0.5 3.2 2.8 2.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

127.3 130.5 130.8 0.5 0.5 0.2 2.0 3.0 2.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

128.0 130.8 132.3 1.0 0.5 1.1 3.3 3.2 3.4

Production

126.8 129.5 130.6 0.9 0.5 0.8 3.1 3.0 3.0

Transportation and material moving

129.5 132.3 134.3 1.3 0.4 1.5 3.6 3.4 3.7

Service occupations

128.3 130.8 132.4 1.0 0.8 1.2 3.4 3.0 3.2

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

127.0 129.3 130.4 0.7 0.5 0.9 2.5 2.5 2.7

Manufacturing

127.1 129.3 130.4 0.7 0.5 0.9 2.5 2.5 2.6

Service-providing industries(4)

127.7 129.9 131.2 0.9 0.4 1.0 2.5 2.6 2.7

Education and health services

126.0 128.0 128.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.2 2.1 2.1

Educational services

124.1 126.0 126.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 2.2 1.9 1.8

Elementary and secondary schools

122.7 124.6 124.9 0.2 0.2 0.2 2.0 1.8 1.8

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

126.3 128.2 128.4 0.6 0.5 0.2 2.6 2.2 1.7

Health care and social assistance

128.2 130.2 131.5 0.6 0.6 1.0 2.2 2.2 2.6

Hospitals

128.8 130.9 131.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 2.5 2.3 2.1

Nursing and residential care facilities

124.8 127.3 128.5 0.7 0.6 0.9 2.7 2.7 3.0

Public administration

125.9 127.7 128.3 0.8 0.6 0.5 2.4 2.2 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

All workers

128.3 130.6 132.0 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.6 2.8 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.5 130.7 132.1 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.6 2.7 2.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

129.0 131.1 132.3 0.7 0.5 0.9 2.1 2.3 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.2 130.1 131.3 0.8 0.5 0.9 2.1 2.3 2.4

Management, business, and financial

129.9 132.3 133.7 0.5 0.4 1.1 2.2 2.4 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.9 130.8 132.3 0.7 0.4 1.1 2.4 2.2 2.6

Professional and related

128.2 130.2 131.3 0.8 0.5 0.8 1.7 2.4 2.4

Sales and office

127.7 129.8 131.8 1.2 0.2 1.5 2.7 2.9 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

129.9 132.2 133.9 1.1 0.5 1.3 3.1 2.9 3.1

Sales and related

123.8 125.9 128.2 1.3 -0.1 1.8 2.3 3.0 3.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.5 131.0 132.9 1.2 0.4 1.5 3.5 3.1 3.4

Office and administrative support

130.7 132.9 134.5 0.9 0.5 1.2 2.8 2.6 2.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

127.5 130.4 130.9 0.6 0.5 0.4 2.6 2.9 2.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

127.9 130.4 131.1 0.8 0.4 0.5 3.1 2.8 2.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

127.2 130.5 130.8 0.5 0.6 0.2 1.9 3.1 2.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

128.0 130.7 132.3 1.1 0.5 1.2 3.3 3.2 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.3 130.8 132.5 1.1 0.5 1.3 3.2 3.1 3.3

Production

126.5 129.3 130.4 0.9 0.5 0.9 2.8 3.1 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

126.8 129.5 130.7 1.0 0.5 0.9 2.9 3.1 3.1

Transportation and material moving

129.7 132.6 134.7 1.2 0.4 1.6 3.7 3.5 3.9

Service occupations

128.6 131.3 133.0 1.2 0.8 1.3 3.7 3.3 3.4

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

127.1 129.3 130.4 0.7 0.4 0.9 2.6 2.5 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

127.6 129.8 130.9 0.8 0.5 0.8 2.7 2.5 2.6

Management, professional, and related

127.7 129.0 130.7 0.8 0.4 1.3 2.2 1.8 2.3

Sales and office occupations

127.3 129.9 130.8 -0.2 -0.2 0.7 1.8 1.9 2.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

127.8 130.4 131.0 0.9 0.7 0.5 2.9 3.0 2.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

126.1 128.8 129.8 0.8 0.5 0.8 2.9 3.0 2.9

Construction

126.1 128.4 129.5 0.6 0.4 0.9 2.7 2.5 2.7

Manufacturing

127.1 129.3 130.4 0.7 0.5 0.9 2.5 2.5 2.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

128.3 129.6 130.9 0.8 0.3 1.0 2.3 1.8 2.0

Sales and office occupations

128.7 131.6 132.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 2.1 2.7 3.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

128.0 131.0 131.3 0.4 0.9 0.2 2.3 2.7 2.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

125.8 128.5 129.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 2.8 3.0 2.9

Aircraft manufacturing

137.4 138.4 141.1 2.0 -0.1 2.0 2.8 2.7 2.7

Service-providing industries(3)

128.6 131.0 132.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.5 2.8 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.8 131.0 132.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.6 2.7 2.9

Management, professional, and related

129.2 131.4 132.6 0.7 0.4 0.9 2.0 2.4 2.6

Sales and office

127.7 129.8 131.9 1.3 0.3 1.6 2.7 2.9 3.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

127.2 130.5 130.9 0.3 0.2 0.3 2.1 2.9 2.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.0 132.9 135.0 1.3 0.5 1.6 3.7 3.6 3.8

Service occupations

128.6 131.2 133.0 1.2 0.8 1.4 3.7 3.2 3.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

128.9 131.2 132.9 1.4 0.3 1.3 3.0 3.2 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

129.3 131.4 133.0 1.3 0.5 1.2 3.4 2.9 2.9

Wholesale trade

124.3 126.0 127.3 2.0 0.2 1.0 2.0 3.4 2.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

125.8 128.2 129.5 1.0 0.5 1.0 2.4 2.9 2.9

Retail trade

130.5 133.2 134.7 1.2 0.5 1.1 3.6 3.3 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

129.3 131.4 132.8 1.4 0.5 1.1 3.9 3.1 2.7

Transportation and warehousing

130.6 133.1 135.4 1.2 0.2 1.7 3.6 3.1 3.7

Utilities

136.7 138.2 140.2 1.3 0.2 1.4 2.9 2.4 2.6

Information

125.0 127.5 128.4 0.1 0.1 0.7 2.0 2.1 2.7

Financial activities

128.2 130.9 133.0 0.0 0.3 1.6 2.9 2.1 3.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

129.1 130.9 133.0 0.7 0.2 1.6 2.3 2.1 3.0

Finance and insurance

128.8 131.6 133.8 0.0 0.4 1.7 2.9 2.2 3.9

Credit intermediation and related activities

126.1 128.0 129.9 0.7 0.1 1.5 2.8 2.2 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.4 132.0 134.1 1.3 0.2 1.6 2.7 2.6 2.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

130.2 132.1 133.5 0.6 0.2 1.1 3.2 2.1 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.4 129.8 131.3 0.8 0.2 1.2 2.4 1.9 2.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

125.6 128.2 129.8 0.2 0.2 1.2 2.7 2.2 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.9 131.3 133.0 0.2 0.2 1.3 2.2 2.1 3.2

Professional and business services

129.5 132.0 133.5 0.9 0.3 1.1 1.4 2.9 3.1

Professional, scientific, and technical services

132.1 134.2 136.1 1.3 0.1 1.4 1.5 2.9 3.0

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

126.0 129.6 130.3 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 3.4 3.4

Education and health services

128.1 130.1 131.2 0.6 0.6 0.8 2.3 2.2 2.4

Educational services

127.7 130.0 130.1 0.2 0.5 0.1 2.4 2.0 1.9

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

128.0 130.7 130.9 0.2 0.5 0.2 2.5 2.3 2.3

Health care and social assistance

128.1 130.2 131.5 0.6 0.7 1.0 2.2 2.3 2.7

Hospitals

129.1 131.1 131.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 2.6 2.2 2.1

Nursing and residential care facilities

124.8 127.3 128.5 0.8 0.7 0.9 3.0 2.8 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

130.1 132.3 134.7 2.1 0.7 1.8 4.6 3.8 3.5

Accommodation and food service

130.9 133.0 135.4 2.1 0.7 1.8 4.8 3.7 3.4

Other services, except public administration

129.5 131.8 133.2 0.6 0.2 1.1 2.9 2.4 2.9

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

Bargaining status

Union

128.6 130.9 131.6 1.0 0.8 0.5 1.7 2.8 2.3

Goods-producing industries(1)

125.2 127.6 127.9 0.4 0.6 0.2 2.4 2.3 2.2

Manufacturing

122.7 125.2 125.7 0.3 0.6 0.4 2.1 2.4 2.4

Service-providing industries(2)

131.0 133.3 134.2 1.2 0.8 0.7 1.5 3.0 2.4

Nonunion

128.2 130.6 132.1 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.6 2.8 3.0

Goods-producing industries(1)

127.5 129.8 131.0 0.7 0.4 0.9 2.6 2.5 2.7

Manufacturing

128.1 130.3 131.4 0.8 0.5 0.8 2.6 2.5 2.6

Service-providing industries(2)

128.4 130.8 132.4 0.9 0.4 1.2 2.6 2.7 3.1

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

129.7 131.7 133.4 1.1 0.2 1.3 2.2 2.7 2.9

New England

134.1 136.8 138.0 1.5 0.3 0.9 0.9 3.6 2.9

Middle Atlantic

128.0 129.8 131.7 0.9 0.2 1.5 2.7 2.3 2.9

South

127.7 130.1 131.3 0.8 0.5 0.9 1.8 2.7 2.8

South Atlantic

129.2 132.0 133.3 0.7 0.7 1.0 2.2 2.9 3.2

East South Central

126.7 128.6 130.3 1.0 -0.4 1.3 3.0 2.5 2.8

West South Central

125.4 127.5 128.5 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.5 2.4 2.5

Midwest

126.4 128.1 129.4 0.9 0.5 1.0 3.2 2.2 2.4

East North Central

124.5 126.5 127.9 0.9 0.5 1.1 3.1 2.5 2.7

West North Central

131.0 132.1 133.2 0.9 0.4 0.8 3.6 1.8 1.7

West

129.8 132.9 134.6 0.9 0.5 1.3 3.2 3.3 3.7

Mountain

128.0 130.8 132.5 0.8 0.6 1.3 2.9 3.0 3.5

Pacific

130.7 133.8 135.5 0.9 0.5 1.3 3.3 3.3 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

All workers

124.7 126.7 127.0 0.5 0.5 0.2 2.2 2.1 1.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

124.0 125.9 126.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 2.1 2.0 1.8

Professional and related

123.8 125.7 126.0 0.4 0.4 0.2 2.1 1.9 1.8

Sales and office

124.6 126.2 126.6 0.6 0.6 0.3 2.1 1.9 1.6

Office and administrative support

125.0 126.6 127.0 0.6 0.6 0.3 2.1 1.9 1.6

Service occupations

127.2 129.3 130.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 2.3 2.2 2.2

Industry

Education and health services

123.9 125.8 126.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 2.1 1.9 1.8

Educational services

123.4 125.2 125.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 2.2 1.9 1.7

Schools

123.4 125.2 125.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 2.2 1.9 1.7

Elementary and secondary schools

122.6 124.6 124.9 0.2 0.2 0.2 2.0 1.9 1.9

Health care and social assistance

128.1 130.6 131.3 0.4 0.7 0.5 1.8 2.4 2.5

Hospitals

127.1 129.7 130.2 0.4 0.7 0.4 2.1 2.4 2.4

Public administration

125.9 127.7 128.3 0.8 0.6 0.5 2.4 2.2 1.9

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

132.2 134.4 135.7 0.8 0.3 1.0 2.2 2.5 2.6

Private industry workers

All workers

128.4 130.2 131.6 0.9 0.2 1.1 1.9 2.3 2.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

127.4 129.1 130.6 1.1 0.2 1.2 1.8 2.5 2.5

Sales and office

129.3 130.8 132.4 0.7 0.0 1.2 2.0 1.9 2.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

130.5 132.9 133.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 1.6 2.3 2.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

128.8 131.4 132.6 0.7 0.3 0.9 2.0 2.7 3.0

Service occupations

128.3 129.7 131.3 0.9 0.4 1.2 2.3 2.0 2.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

125.4 128.0 129.0 0.4 0.3 0.8 1.5 2.5 2.9

Manufacturing

125.0 128.0 129.1 0.6 0.2 0.9 1.5 3.0 3.3

Aircraft manufacturing

92.9 118.3 122.2 3.7 0.1 3.3 1.4 32.0 31.5

Service-providing industries(3)

129.6 131.2 132.7 1.0 0.2 1.1 2.0 2.3 2.4

Bargaining status

Union

137.4 140.6 141.7 1.0 0.5 0.8 1.8 3.3 3.1

Nonunion

126.6 128.2 129.6 0.9 0.2 1.1 1.9 2.2 2.4

State and local government workers

All workers

146.0 149.7 150.4 0.7 0.7 0.5 3.1 3.2 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH CSA

2.6 2.4 2.0 3.0 2.2 1.7

New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

2.9 2.4 2.8 3.2 2.4 3.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

3.0 2.7 2.7 3.0 2.4 2.7

South

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL CSA

2.8 1.4 1.1 3.0 1.5 1.7

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CSA

2.2 2.4 2.2 2.8 3.2 2.2

Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX CSA

1.6 1.7 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL MSA

3.2 2.2 2.4 3.1 2.3 2.7

Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV CSA

2.3 2.2 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.8

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI CSA

2.5 2.4 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.9

Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI CSA

2.9 2.8 2.6 3.5 3.2 2.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI CSA

2.9 1.4 3.5 2.9 1.1 3.9

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA CSA

2.5 3.7 3.2 2.7 3.3 3.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

2.8 2.7 3.6 3.1 3.1 4.0

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

3.0 3.4 4.4 3.3 3.6 4.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA CSA

2.4 6.9 7.2 3.6 3.4 3.6

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). For more information on metropolitan area definitions, visit the U.S. Census Bureau's Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas page at www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Last Modified Date: June 30, 2021