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Economic News Release
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Table 1. Workers who could work at home, did work at home, and were paid for work at home, by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 1. Workers who could work at home, did work at home, and were paid for work at home, by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total workers
(in thousands)
Workers who could work at home
Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent of
total
workers
Workers who did work at home
Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent of
total
workers
Percent distribution by whether
at-home work was for pay
Total Paid Unpaid Both

Age

Total, 15 years and over

943,325 99,983 97.9 94,713 94.2 900.0 95.7 92.4 91.9

15 to 24 years

91,040 9,111 90.0 9,661 9.9 s s s s

25 to 34 years

92,522 9,905 97.4 9,324 92.5 900.0 91.9 97.2 90.9

35 to 44 years

90,382 90,848 95.7 9,820 92.3 900.0 97.2 90.2 92.6

45 to 54 years

99,130 9,158 91.4 9,037 97.6 900.0 99.9 96.9 93.2

55 to 64 years

92,753 9,919 90.4 9,005 96.4 900.0 96.4 94.8 9.7

65 years and over

9,497 9,042 97.2 9,866 94.9 900.0 91.5 94.3 94.3

Sex

Men

95,594 91,397 98.3 98,607 94.6 900.0 94.3 92.3 93.4

Women

97,730 98,585 97.4 96,106 93.8 900.0 97.3 92.5 90.2

Race(1)

White

914,497 92,815 98.7 98,574 95.0 900.0 96.2 91.0 92.8

Black or African American

98,312 9,578 99.5 9,183 97.4 900.0 97.4 93.3 9.2

Asian

9,380 9,698 96.6 9,320 91.4 900.0 96.1 90.0 9.9

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(2)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

93,573 9,498 94.8 9,782 91.8 900.0 95.1 99.0 9.9

Non-Hispanic or Latino

919,751 96,485 90.5 91,931 96.7 900.0 95.8 91.8 92.5

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

9,400 984 9.8 924 9.0 s s s s

High school graduates, no college

91,623 9,682 91.6 9,879 9.1 900.0 96.9 98.9 9.3

Some college or associate degree

98,627 9,738 93.5 9,495 99.2 900.0 91.3 96.9 91.8

Bachelor's degree and higher

94,633 97,168 99.7 94,453 94.8 900.0 92.9 94.4 92.7

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

97,629 95,297 92.1 93,586 98.5 900.0 97.6 91.0 91.4

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

9,916 9,052 90.8 9,820 98.4 900.0 90.3 96.8 92.9

Parent of a child under 13 years

97,713 92,246 92.5 90,766 98.5 900.0 99.5 99.5 91.0

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

95,695 94,686 95.8 91,127 92.1 900.0 94.5 93.2 92.3

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

91,697 92,513 97.7 90,699 99.3 900.0 96.3 91.4 92.3

Professional and related

97,333 95,657 91.9 94,174 98.0 900.0 92.1 95.1 92.8

Services

93,784 9,885 9.9 9,504 9.3 s s s s

Sales and related

92,351 9,547 98.7 9,275 96.5 900.0 99.2 97.1 93.7

Office and administrative support

99,798 9,089 95.7 9,054 90.5 900.0 91.7 92.7 9.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

9,847 975 9.4 909 9.6 s s s s

Installation, maintenance, and repair

9,939 958 9.6 925 9.7 s s s s

Production

9,001 917 9.5 993 9.3 s s s s

Transportation and material moving

9,227 904 9.7 960 9.2 s s s s

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

s s s s s s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s

Construction

9,697 993 93.3 979 90.1 s s s s

Manufacturing

96,528 9,076 90.7 9,331 96.2 900.0 91.0 99.1 9.9

Wholesale and retail trade

99,014 9,714 94.3 9,533 93.3 900.0 98.7 94.1 97.2

Transportation and utilities

9,018 980 94.0 911 93.0 s s s s

Information

9,666 9,336 90.1 9,178 94.2 s s s s

Financial activities

90,616 9,813 94.8 9,907 96.2 900.0 97.7 90.3 92.1

Professional and business services

95,942 9,058 90.5 9,156 94.9 900.0 97.4 92.2 90.4

Education and health services

96,775 9,683 96.3 9,690 93.6 900.0 91.7 92.7 95.6

Leisure and hospitality

93,226 9,192 9.0 924 9.0 s s s s

Other services

9,704 9,692 99.7 9,501 96.3 s s s s

Public administration

9,886 9,189 91.8 9,555 92.6 s s s s

Class of worker

Private sector

918,698 93,310 98.1 98,996 94.4 900.0 99.8 90.2 90.0

Private, for profit

906,193 99,114 97.4 95,210 93.7 900.0 91.2 98.4 90.4

Private, not for profit

92,505 9,196 93.6 9,786 90.3 900.0 90.7 91.8 9.5

Public sector

94,627 9,673 97.1 9,717 93.2 900.0 94.9 93.4 91.7

Federal government

9,415 9,473 93.4 9,060 94.0 s s s s

State government

9,272 9,370 90.7 9,086 97.3 900.0 99.9 93.8 96.3

Local government

91,940 9,830 95.3 9,572 93.2 900.0 98.3 96.2 95.4

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(3)

Full-time workers

903,981 92,418 91.2 97,924 96.9 900.0 93.7 93.0 93.3

Part-time workers

96,249 9,015 95.3 9,496 93.3 900.0 93.6 92.9 9.4

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers
(single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

94,145 9,212 9.2 9,731 9.2 s s s s

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

96,817 9,548 97.0 9,718 93.9 900.0 97.2 97.0 9.8

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

96,532 9,426 95.5 9,721 99.1 900.0 91.6 93.2 95.1

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

96,486 96,232 91.3 94,754 95.7 900.0 93.6 90.9 95.5

Work schedule flexibility(4)

Had flexible schedule

90,286 92,392 90.3 98,346 95.3 900.0 99.7 97.0 93.3

Did not have flexible schedule

93,038 9,591 92.0 9,367 90.1 900.0 97.9 96.3 9.8

(1) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the totals because data are not presented for all races.
(2) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(3) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(4) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: November 02, 2020