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Economic News Release
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Table 3. Workers who worked at home and how often they worked exclusively at home by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 3. Workers who worked at home and how often they worked exclusively at home by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total
workers
(in thou-
sands)
Workers who did work at home
Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent of
total
workers
Workers with days they worked exclusively at home(1)
Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent
of total
workers
Percent distribution by how often they worked exclusively at home(1)
Total Less
than
once per
month
Once a
month
Every 2
weeks
At least 1
day per
week
1 to 2
days per
week
3 to 4
days per
week
5 or more
days per
week

Age

Total, 15 years and over

943,325 94,713 94.2 90,198 94.1 900.0 97.5 93.7 93.3 9.7 96.3 93.7 95.7

15 to 24 years

91,040 9,661 9.9 9,042 9.0 s s s s s s s s

25 to 34 years

92,522 9,324 92.5 9,633 94.2 900.0 92.9 9.4 94.9 92.7 95.9 90.0 94.1

35 to 44 years

90,382 9,820 92.3 9,873 99.3 900.0 90.8 99.2 94.3 9.3 92.6 90.3 93.5

45 to 54 years

99,130 9,037 97.6 9,539 95.6 900.0 98.2 93.3 91.2 9.2 95.8 91.6 90.8

55 to 64 years

92,753 9,005 96.4 9,054 93.4 900.0 90.9 9.4 98.3 9.6 90.5 97.1 97.0

65 years and over

9,497 9,866 94.9 9,056 94.1 s s s s s s s s

Sex

Men

95,594 98,607 94.6 91,084 94.7 900.0 98.0 95.5 93.6 90.1 94.4 95.3 93.0

Women

97,730 96,106 93.8 9,114 93.5 900.0 97.0 91.6 93.0 9.1 98.6 91.7 99.0

Race(2)

White

914,497 98,574 95.0 96,415 94.3 900.0 98.3 93.6 92.9 9.2 96.0 94.5 95.5

Black or African American

98,312 9,183 97.4 9,040 91.1 900.0 93.9 90.4 95.6 90.7 95.7 9.0 90.9

Asian

9,380 9,320 91.4 9,445 99.6 s s s s s s s s

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(3)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

93,573 9,782 91.8 9,420 9.0 s s s s s s s s

Non-Hispanic or Latino

919,751 91,931 96.7 98,777 95.7 900.0 97.9 94.0 93.3 9.3 96.7 93.3 95.5

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

9,400 924 9.0 942 9.9 s s s s s s s s

High school graduates, no college

91,623 9,879 9.1 9,225 9.9 s s s s s s s s

Some college or associate degree

98,627 9,495 99.2 9,947 90.3 900.0 95.7 93.7 90.8 92.8 97.2 92.8 97.0

Bachelor's degree and higher

94,633 94,453 94.8 94,841 97.2 900.0 99.3 94.0 93.2 9.9 97.3 92.7 93.7

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

97,629 93,586 98.5 9,070 96.9 900.0 98.7 96.1 92.0 91.6 93.5 91.5 96.6

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

9,916 9,820 98.4 9,905 99.2 900.0 97.2 95.2 9.3 90.4 94.3 91.7 91.9

Parent of a child under 13 years

97,713 90,766 98.5 9,164 96.3 900.0 99.2 96.4 92.9 91.9 93.3 91.4 95.0

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

95,695 91,127 92.1 92,128 92.7 900.0 96.8 92.1 94.2 9.4 98.2 95.2 95.2

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

91,697 90,699 99.3 9,597 90.4 900.0 91.6 96.3 91.4 9.8 99.1 9.7 96.1

Professional and related

97,333 94,174 98.0 9,149 91.8 900.0 96.9 96.0 92.4 92.5 94.4 93.5 94.4

Services

93,784 9,504 9.3 932 9.5 s s s s s s s s

Sales and related

92,351 9,275 96.5 9,346 99.0 900.0 9.3 9.5 91.7 9.1 98.8 97.3 91.4

Office and administrative support

99,798 9,054 90.5 9,911 9.7 s s s s s s s s

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

9,847 909 9.6 98 9.8 s s s s s s s s

Installation, maintenance, and repair

9,939 925 9.7 91 9.3 s s s s s s s s

Production

9,001 993 9.3 923 9.4 s s s s s s s s

Transportation and material moving

9,227 960 9.2 967 9.0 s s s s s s s s

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

s s s s s s s s s s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s s s s s

Construction

9,697 979 90.1 916 9.2 s s s s s s s s

Manufacturing

96,528 9,331 96.2 9,426 94.7 900.0 96.6 90.6 92.2 91.7 91.6 9.6 90.8

Wholesale and retail trade

99,014 9,533 93.3 9,422 9.5 s s s s s s s s

Transportation and utilities

9,018 911 93.0 975 9.2 s s s s s s s s

Information

9,666 9,178 94.2 912 96.7 s s s s s s s s

Financial activities

90,616 9,907 96.2 9,394 92.0 900.0 92.8 9.1 92.2 9.7 97.9 99.0 96.3

Professional and business services

95,942 9,156 94.9 9,587 98.8 900.0 99.5 94.3 93.8 91.1 92.6 92.8 95.9

Education and health services

96,775 9,690 93.6 9,372 91.9 900.0 92.8 94.2 92.4 91.3 95.6 96.2 97.5

Leisure and hospitality

93,226 924 9.0 952 9.2 s s s s s s s s

Other services

9,704 9,501 96.3 996 94.0 s s s s s s s s

Public administration

9,886 9,555 92.6 990 94.4 s s s s s s s s

Class of worker

Private sector

918,698 98,996 94.4 97,010 94.3 900.0 97.4 93.4 93.6 9.7 96.1 93.6 97.2

Private, for profit

906,193 95,210 93.7 95,093 94.2 900.0 98.4 93.0 93.9 9.2 95.9 92.9 96.7

Private, not for profit

92,505 9,786 90.3 9,917 95.3 900.0 9.4 96.5 91.7 9.8 97.6 99.0 90.9

Public sector

94,627 9,717 93.2 9,188 92.9 900.0 98.4 95.6 91.6 94.6 97.4 94.3 9.1

Federal government

9,415 9,060 94.0 936 96.7 s s s s s s s s

State government

9,272 9,086 97.3 9,922 93.2 s s s s s s s s

Local government

91,940 9,572 93.2 929 9.4 s s s s s s s s

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(4)

Full-time workers

903,981 97,924 96.9 96,109 95.5 900.0 99.3 95.5 95.0 9.9 95.2 90.9 94.2

Part-time workers

96,249 9,496 93.3 9,088 9.0 900.0 90.0 9.0 9.7 9.9 95.3 97.2 98.8

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary
workers (single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

94,145 9,731 9.2 9,117 9.6 s s s s s s s s

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

96,817 9,718 93.9 9,570 9.9 s s s s s s s s

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

96,532 9,721 99.1 9,323 96.3 900.0 97.0 99.1 90.1 9.9 91.6 9.4 9.9

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

96,486 94,754 95.7 9,099 94.4 900.0 96.8 96.1 93.0 91.9 98.1 92.0 92.1

Work schedule flexibility(5)

Had flexible schedule

90,286 98,346 95.3 97,705 92.1 900.0 96.0 93.8 94.4 90.0 96.8 94.2 95.0

Did not have flexible schedule

93,038 9,367 90.1 9,492 9.0 900.0 98.7 93.4 9.8 9.4 92.9 90.3 91.4

(1) Includes workers who performed all of their work at home, regardless of how long they worked.
(2) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the totals because data are not presented for all races.
(3) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(4) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(5) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: November 02, 2020