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Table 4. Workers with flexible schedules, how often they could vary their schedules, and presence of a formal arrangement, by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 4. Workers with flexible schedules, how often they could vary their schedules, and presence of a formal arrangement, by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total
workers
(in thou-
sands)
Workers with flexible schedules(1)
Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent of
total
workers
Percent distribution by how often
workers could vary their schedules
With formal flexible schedules
Total Fre-
quently
Occasion-
ally
Rarely Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent of
total
workers
Percent of
all workers
with flexible
schedules

Age

Total, 15 years and over

943,325 90,286 96.0 900.0 93.1 98.0 98.9 92,985 96.0 98.6

15 to 24 years

91,040 93,168 92.6 900.0 97.3 94.9 97.8 s 91.3 94.1

25 to 34 years

92,522 98,602 97.2 900.0 90.3 97.7 92.0 9,291 96.3 98.4

35 to 44 years

90,382 96,651 94.8 900.0 98.1 97.5 94.4 9,581 95.1 97.5

45 to 54 years

99,130 95,096 91.8 900.0 94.0 96.2 99.8 9,153 94.3 97.5

55 to 64 years

92,753 91,826 92.0 900.0 93.4 95.6 91.0 9,269 94.4 97.6

65 years and over

9,497 9,944 95.9 900.0 99.1 93.5 97.4 s 96.0 94.3

Sex

Men

95,594 93,538 97.6 900.0 95.5 97.3 97.3 91,204 94.8 95.7

Women

97,730 96,748 94.3 900.0 90.4 98.8 90.8 91,781 97.4 92.1

Race(2)

White

914,497 94,465 96.3 900.0 94.0 98.5 97.5 97,111 94.9 96.5

Black or African American

98,312 9,839 93.7 900.0 95.6 96.5 97.9 9,936 91.5 90.0

Asian

9,380 9,052 94.9 900.0 90.5 95.5 94.1 s 97.9 92.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(3)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

93,573 91,681 99.6 900.0 91.1 92.1 96.7 9,775 96.0 92.3

Non-Hispanic or Latino

919,751 98,605 97.3 900.0 95.2 97.3 97.6 99,209 96.0 98.0

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

9,400 9,345 91.7 900.0 91.8 96.0 92.3 s 91.6 96.6

High school graduates, no college

91,623 95,062 97.6 900.0 91.9 96.0 92.1 9,891 92.3 95.8

Some college or associate degree

98,627 95,256 93.3 900.0 99.7 92.3 98.0 9,065 94.2 96.6

Bachelor's degree and higher

94,633 94,455 93.1 900.0 92.6 93.8 93.7 9,683 97.7 98.1

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

97,629 96,062 94.7 900.0 92.6 90.0 97.4 9,758 94.2 95.9

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

9,916 9,044 90.9 900.0 90.3 97.6 92.1 s 94.2 97.8

Parent of a child under 13 years

97,713 91,018 95.7 900.0 93.2 98.2 98.6 9,354 94.2 95.5

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

95,695 94,224 96.7 900.0 93.4 97.0 99.6 96,227 97.0 99.9

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

91,697 96,019 93.8 900.0 97.6 90.1 92.4 9,233 99.5 96.4

Professional and related

97,333 90,624 95.2 900.0 93.8 90.4 95.8 9,475 97.3 91.4

Services

93,784 92,713 93.5 900.0 93.7 94.3 92.0 9,598 95.1 98.3

Sales and related

92,351 9,386 97.9 900.0 98.0 96.1 95.9 9,689 91.8 92.1

Office and administrative support

99,798 91,334 97.2 900.0 92.7 90.8 96.5 9,063 95.5 97.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

9,847 s 95.8 s s s s s 9.8 s

Installation, maintenance, and repair

9,939 s 90.8 s s s s s 9.5 s

Production

9,001 9,997 93.3 900.0 94.6 90.3 95.2 s 9.6 92.9

Transportation and material moving

9,227 9,129 90.2 900.0 93.3 94.1 92.6 s 97.5 94.9

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

s s s s s s s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s s

Construction

9,697 9,864 92.8 900.0 90.9 97.0 92.1 s 9.1 94.3

Manufacturing

96,528 9,539 91.7 900.0 98.1 94.3 97.6 9,454 94.8 98.7

Wholesale and retail trade

99,014 92,177 94.0 900.0 90.3 99.2 90.5 9,593 98.9 99.5

Transportation and utilities

9,018 9,413 98.6 900.0 95.3 97.8 96.9 s 99.8 90.7

Information

9,666 s 98.8 s s s s s 92.9 s

Financial activities

90,616 9,242 98.2 900.0 98.6 95.8 95.6 s 96.1 93.5

Professional and business services

95,942 90,649 96.8 900.0 95.8 98.4 95.7 9,676 96.8 95.1

Education and health services

96,775 96,793 95.7 900.0 92.4 96.6 91.0 9,064 93.8 90.2

Leisure and hospitality

93,226 9,455 93.9 900.0 91.9 96.5 91.6 s 96.6 95.9

Other services

9,704 9,672 94.4 900.0 98.7 95.3 96.0 s 95.6 94.2

Public administration

9,886 9,971 97.7 900.0 93.3 93.4 93.3 9,097 90.5 92.8

Class of worker

Private sector

918,698 99,984 99.0 900.0 92.8 98.7 98.4 98,484 95.6 96.4

Private, for profit

906,193 93,354 99.7 900.0 92.5 98.9 98.6 96,847 95.9 96.6

Private, not for profit

92,505 9,630 93.0 900.0 96.0 97.3 96.7 s 93.1 94.7

Public sector

94,627 90,302 91.8 900.0 95.3 92.8 91.9 9,500 98.3 93.7

Federal government

9,415 9,495 96.5 900.0 94.2 97.0 98.8 s 93.1 98.6

State government

9,272 9,030 98.7 900.0 97.2 90.0 92.8 s 90.7 92.6

Local government

91,940 9,777 91.6 900.0 93.2 99.7 97.0 s 91.1 95.0

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(4)

Full-time workers

903,981 95,324 93.2 900.0 92.4 98.3 99.4 95,751 95.1 98.5

Part-time workers

96,249 97,347 96.1 900.0 92.2 99.1 98.7 9,279 90.1 90.4

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary
workers (single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

94,145 90,177 92.1 900.0 98.2 98.6 93.2 9,579 94.8 95.2

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

96,817 92,260 95.7 900.0 92.7 93.6 93.8 9,410 92.7 97.8

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

96,532 94,509 94.7 900.0 91.9 92.3 95.8 9,749 94.1 95.8

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

96,486 98,377 99.4 900.0 97.1 91.4 91.6 9,012 98.9 97.3

Workplace flexibility(5)

Could work at home

99,983 92,392 91.0 900.0 98.5 90.0 91.4 9,718 91.8 96.9

Could not work at home

903,080 97,712 96.3 900.0 92.5 93.4 94.0 94,267 93.8 99.9

(1) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working.
(2) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the totals because data are not presented for all races.
(3) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(4) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(5) The subcategories do not sum to the totals because a small number of workers did not provide this information.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: November 02, 2020