Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
ATUS ATUS Program Links

Table 5. How far in advance workers knew their work schedules by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 5. How far in advance workers knew their work schedules by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total workers
(in thousands)
Percent distribution by how far in advance workers knew their work schedules
Total Less than 1 week 1 to 2 weeks 2 to 4 weeks 4 weeks or more

Age

Total, 15 years and over

943,325 900.0 90.6 96.0 9.5 93.8

15 to 24 years

91,040 900.0 98.2 97.0 93.9 90.9

25 to 34 years

92,522 900.0 97.9 97.2 9.7 95.2

35 to 44 years

90,382 900.0 99.4 93.0 9.4 99.2

45 to 54 years

99,130 900.0 99.9 91.4 9.7 91.0

55 to 64 years

92,753 900.0 90.4 93.3 9.5 97.8

65 years and over

9,497 900.0 90.1 99.3 91.1 99.5

Sex

Men

95,594 900.0 96.0 97.5 9.5 98.1

Women

97,730 900.0 94.7 94.4 90.7 90.1

Race(1)

White

914,497 900.0 90.3 95.7 9.2 94.8

Black or African American

98,312 900.0 94.8 95.9 90.6 98.7

Asian

9,380 900.0 92.7 92.5 91.9 92.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(2)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

93,573 900.0 98.0 98.2 9.3 97.5

Non-Hispanic or Latino

919,751 900.0 99.2 95.6 90.2 95.0

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

9,400 900.0 91.9 97.3 9.1 94.7

High school graduates, no college

91,623 900.0 93.7 96.2 9.8 91.3

Some college or associate degree

98,627 900.0 90.6 93.9 9.9 96.5

Bachelor's degree and higher

94,633 900.0 94.4 92.7 9.1 93.8

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

97,629 900.0 99.2 93.6 9.4 98.8

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

9,916 900.0 97.2 9.6 9.1 94.1

Parent of a child under 13 years

97,713 900.0 99.8 94.7 9.2 97.4

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

95,695 900.0 91.3 97.2 90.1 91.3

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

91,697 900.0 98.4 94.0 9.5 98.1

Professional and related

97,333 900.0 92.3 92.1 9.2 97.4

Services

93,784 900.0 90.2 92.8 9.8 97.2

Sales and related

92,351 900.0 91.0 97.2 93.3 98.6

Office and administrative support

99,798 900.0 91.8 94.6 9.4 94.1

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

9,847 900.0 90.7 94.7 9.6 93.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair

9,939 900.0 99.4 9.3 9.4 95.9

Production

9,001 900.0 99.9 93.7 9.2 92.2

Transportation and material moving

9,227 900.0 98.2 95.0 9.8 98.0

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

s s s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s

Construction

9,697 900.0 93.8 92.9 9.4 90.9

Manufacturing

96,528 900.0 91.7 92.8 9.7 98.7

Wholesale and retail trade

99,014 900.0 97.9 94.8 91.0 96.3

Transportation and utilities

9,018 900.0 91.0 93.0 9.4 90.5

Information

9,666 900.0 94.9 90.1 9.6 95.4

Financial activities

90,616 900.0 94.8 96.2 9.8 90.2

Professional and business services

95,942 900.0 94.8 93.4 9.3 94.4

Education and health services

96,775 900.0 91.4 91.2 9.4 90.0

Leisure and hospitality

93,226 900.0 92.9 99.0 93.6 94.5

Other services

9,704 900.0 99.1 99.4 9.0 92.5

Public administration

9,886 900.0 95.8 9.4 9.3 95.4

Class of worker

Private sector

918,698 900.0 92.3 97.4 90.3 90.0

Private, for profit

906,193 900.0 93.8 97.9 90.6 97.6

Private, not for profit

92,505 900.0 9.9 93.5 9.8 99.8

Public sector

94,627 900.0 92.8 9.3 9.8 92.1

Federal government

9,415 900.0 93.0 93.4 9.7 95.9

State government

9,272 900.0 95.2 9.8 9.9 92.1

Local government

91,940 900.0 91.1 9.4 9.1 94.4

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(3)

Full-time workers

903,981 900.0 99.1 93.7 9.3 98.9

Part-time workers

96,249 900.0 96.1 95.9 93.3 94.7

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers
(single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

94,145 900.0 92.3 97.6 90.6 99.6

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

96,817 900.0 96.8 91.7 9.9 93.6

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

96,532 900.0 98.9 92.0 9.1 92.0

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

96,486 900.0 98.7 93.9 9.7 99.7

Work schedule flexibility(4)

Had flexible schedule

90,286 900.0 93.9 90.4 91.3 94.5

Did not have flexible schedule

93,038 900.0 96.5 90.6 9.3 95.6

Worker had input into schedule

9,979 900.0 99.2 90.7 91.0 99.2

Employer decided schedule

92,284 900.0 96.1 90.5 9.6 96.9

Workplace flexibility(5)

Could work at home

99,983 900.0 99.9 94.7 9.6 97.9

Could not work at home

903,080 900.0 91.0 96.5 90.3 92.3

(1) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the total because data are not presented for all races.
(2) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(3) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(4) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working. Estimates for workers who did not have flexible schedules do not sum to the total because data are not presented for all response options.
(5) The subcategories do not sum to the total because a small number of workers did not provide this information.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: November 02, 2020