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Economic News Release
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Table 6. Workers without flexible work schedules whose employers decided their schedules, and how far in advance they knew their schedules, by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 6. Workers without flexible work schedules whose employers decided their schedules, and how far in advance they knew their schedules, by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total, workers
without flexible
schedules(1) (in
thousands)
Workers
without flexible
work schedules(1)
as a percent of
total workers
Workers without flexible work schedules(1) whose employers decided their schedules
Total
(in
thousands)
Percent of
total
workers
Percent distribution by how far in advance workers knew their work
schedules
Total Less than 1
week
1 to 2 weeks 2 to 4 weeks 4 weeks or
more

Age

Total, 15 years and over

93,038 94.0 92,284 96.5 900.0 96.1 90.5 9.6 96.9

15 to 24 years

9,872 97.4 9,137 99.2 900.0 97.4 91.0 94.6 97.0

25 to 34 years

93,920 92.8 91,932 96.7 900.0 93.8 9.8 9.6 91.8

35 to 44 years

93,731 95.2 91,100 96.5 900.0 95.0 9.2 9.5 99.3

45 to 54 years

94,034 98.2 92,061 91.4 900.0 96.3 9.7 9.8 90.2

55 to 64 years

90,927 98.0 9,110 90.0 900.0 99.0 9.6 9.1 96.2

65 years and over

9,553 94.1 9,943 95.9 900.0 97.2 9.4 9.0 97.4

Sex

Men

92,056 92.4 96,775 95.4 900.0 91.8 93.9 9.1 98.3

Women

90,982 95.7 95,509 97.7 900.0 90.1 9.9 9.1 95.8

Race(2)

White

90,033 93.7 91,639 96.4 900.0 95.5 90.0 9.4 98.1

Black or African American

9,473 96.3 9,694 96.6 900.0 90.4 91.1 9.7 90.8

Asian

9,328 95.1 9,769 97.5 900.0 9.6 93.8 9.7 99.9

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(3)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

91,892 90.4 90,091 92.8 900.0 96.6 91.2 9.8 99.4

Non-Hispanic or Latino

91,146 92.7 92,192 95.2 900.0 93.6 90.3 9.5 98.6

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

9,055 98.3 9,318 98.4 900.0 95.6 90.8 9.9 90.7

High school graduates, no college

96,562 92.4 94,143 94.7 900.0 91.7 92.8 9.9 99.6

Some college or associate degree

93,371 96.7 91,252 99.3 900.0 96.2 9.3 9.7 97.8

Bachelor's degree and higher

90,178 96.9 96,434 90.1 900.0 9.6 9.2 9.1 94.1

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

91,567 95.3 98,082 98.0 900.0 93.7 9.6 9.2 92.5

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

9,872 99.1 9,152 91.9 900.0 93.4 9.0 9.6 95.0

Parent of a child under 13 years

96,695 94.3 93,931 96.9 900.0 93.8 9.9 9.5 91.8

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

91,471 93.3 94,202 95.7 900.0 97.3 91.5 9.3 93.9

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

9,678 96.2 9,946 98.2 900.0 9.0 9.2 9.1 96.7

Professional and related

96,709 94.8 94,144 97.9 900.0 9.9 9.8 9.4 91.8

Services

91,071 96.5 9,891 97.4 900.0 99.8 96.3 90.6 93.3

Sales and related

9,965 92.1 9,120 95.3 900.0 93.4 92.6 93.2 90.8

Office and administrative support

9,465 92.8 9,149 96.1 900.0 90.5 9.3 90.2 92.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

9,754 94.2 9,044 92.1 900.0 94.1 90.5 9.4 94.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair

9,330 99.2 9,934 99.1 s s s s s

Production

9,004 96.7 9,691 93.2 900.0 94.9 92.4 9.1 98.6

Transportation and material moving

9,099 99.8 9,575 93.5 900.0 96.5 90.1 9.6 91.7

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

s s s s s s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s

Construction

9,834 97.2 9,055 95.6 900.0 97.8 90.0 9.4 90.7

Manufacturing

9,989 98.3 9,073 92.8 900.0 99.6 90.4 9.7 97.2

Wholesale and retail trade

9,837 96.0 9,764 90.3 900.0 94.3 95.2 93.3 97.2

Transportation and utilities

9,604 91.4 9,925 91.7 900.0 97.9 93.9 9.0 95.2

Information

9,099 91.2 938 97.7 s s s s s

Financial activities

9,374 91.8 9,601 94.5 900.0 9.0 9.5 9.6 98.8

Professional and business services

9,293 93.2 9,634 99.1 900.0 92.4 9.1 9.1 91.5

Education and health services

99,982 94.3 97,381 97.3 900.0 9.8 9.9 9.0 91.3

Leisure and hospitality

9,771 96.1 9,313 95.0 900.0 97.3 99.2 90.1 93.4

Other services

9,031 95.6 9,409 94.7 s s s s s

Public administration

9,916 92.3 9,270 93.0 900.0 91.0 9.1 9.2 91.6

Class of worker

Private sector

98,714 91.0 90,040 93.7 900.0 98.6 92.1 9.9 92.4

Private, for profit

92,839 90.3 95,295 93.2 900.0 99.9 92.4 9.4 90.2

Private, not for profit

9,875 97.0 9,745 97.9 900.0 9.0 9.5 9.0 98.5

Public sector

94,325 98.2 92,244 99.7 900.0 9.9 9.1 9.5 91.5

Federal government

9,920 93.5 9,349 90.6 s s s s s

State government

9,242 91.3 9,513 92.5 900.0 9.2 9.4 9.4 93.0

Local government

9,163 98.4 9,382 91.8 900.0 9.9 9.4 9.0 92.7

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(4)

Full-time workers

98,657 96.8 90,579 99.0 900.0 95.1 9.6 9.4 99.9

Part-time workers

9,902 93.9 9,130 97.2 900.0 91.7 96.7 93.9 97.7

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary
workers (single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

93,968 97.9 91,933 99.4 900.0 97.5 94.3 9.6 93.5

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

94,557 94.3 92,654 97.2 900.0 90.8 9.8 9.5 92.9

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

92,023 95.3 9,707 96.6 900.0 98.2 9.8 9.3 90.8

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

9,109 90.6 9,285 93.7 900.0 94.5 9.6 9.1 94.8

Workplace flexibility(5)

Could work at home

9,591 99.0 9,184 93.0 900.0 9.6 9.8 9.3 94.3

Could not work at home

95,368 93.7 97,030 95.6 900.0 97.0 91.1 9.9 94.9

(1) Workers without flexible schedules were not able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working.
(2) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the total because data are not presented for all races.
(3) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(4) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(5) The subcategories do not sum to the total because a small number of workers did not provide this information.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: November 02, 2020