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Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
JOLTS JLT Program Links

State Job Openings and Labor Turnover News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, April 20, 2022	USDL-22-0674
Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

		    STATE JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – FEBRUARY 2022

Job openings rates decreased in 13 states, increased in 6 states, and were little changed in 31 states and 
the District of Columbia on the last business day of February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Hires rates increased in 6 states, decreased in 3 states, and were little changed in 41 
states and the District of Columbia. Total separations rates increased in 6 states, decreased in 1 state, and 
were little changed in 43 states and the District of Columbia. Nationally, the job openings rate was 
unchanged in February, and hires and total separations rates were little changed. (See tables A-E.) 
//JLTST ZUNI3 QCT F5 10/16/2023// 

This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and 
layoffs and discharges for the total nonfarm sector and for all states and the District of Columbia.

Job Openings

In February, job openings rates decreased in 13 states and increased in 6 states. The largest decreases in 
job openings rates occurred in Nebraska and Pennsylvania (-1.8 percentage points each) and Delaware  
(-1.5 points). The largest increases in job openings rates occurred in Georgia and Washington (+1.0 
percentage point each) and in California and West Virginia (+0.8 point each). The national job openings 
rate was unchanged. (See table A.)

The number of job openings decreased in 13 states and increased in 7 states in February. The largest 
decreases occurred in Pennsylvania (-117,000), Minnesota (-43,000), and Colorado (-38,000). The 
largest increases in the job openings level occurred in California (+158,000), Georgia (+54,000), and 
Washington (+45,000). Nationally, the number of job openings was little changed. (See table A.)

Hires

In February, hires rates increased in 6 states and decreased in 3 states. The largest increases in hires 
rates occurred in Washington (+1.1 percentage points) and in Pennsylvania and Texas (+0.7 point each). 
Decreases occurred in Delaware and Kentucky (-0.9 percentage point each) and in Massachusetts (-0.7 
point). The national hires rate was little changed. (See table B.)

The number of hires increased in 7 states and decreased in 4 states in February. The largest increases 
occurred in Texas (+94,000), Pennsylvania (+43,000), and Washington (+41,000). The largest decreases 
occurred in Massachusetts (-25,000), Indiana (-19,000), and Kentucky (-15,000). Nationally, the number 
of hires edged up over the month (+263,000). (See table B.)

Total Separations

In February, total separations rates increased in 6 states and decreased in 1 state. The largest increases 
occurred in Mississippi (+1.7 percentage points), Illinois (+0.8 point), and Kansas (+0.7 point). The total 
separations rate decreased in Arizona (-1.0 percentage point). The national total separations rate was 
little changed over the month. (See table C.)

The number of total separations increased in 6 states in February and decreased in 2 states. The largest 
increases occurred in Illinois (+47,000), North Carolina (+24,000), and Mississippi (+20,000). 
Decreases in the total separations level occurred in Arizona (-28,000) and Michigan (-22,000). 
Nationally, the number of total separations was little changed. (See table C.)
 
Quits

In February, quits rates increased in 7 states and decreased in 5 states. The largest increases in quits 
rates occurred in North Carolina and Ohio (+0.5 percentage point each), and in Florida, Missouri, and 
Wisconsin (+0.4 point each). Decreases in the quits rate occurred in Arizona and Michigan (-0.5 
percentage point each), and in Maryland, Tennessee, and Virginia (-0.4 point each). Over the month, the 
national quits rate was little changed. (See table D.)

The number of quits increased in 7 states and decreased in 4 states in February. The largest increases in 
the quits level occurred in Florida (+40,000), Ohio (+25,000), and North Carolina (+24,000). The largest 
decreases in the quits level occurred in Michigan (-20,000), Virginia (-16,000), and Arizona (-14,000). 
Nationally, the number of quits was little changed. (See table D.)
 
Layoffs and Discharges

In February, layoffs and discharges rates increased in 6 states and decreased in 4 states. The largest 
increases in layoffs and discharges rates occurred in Mississippi (+1.6 percentage points), Maryland 
(+0.8 point), and Kansas (+0.5 point). The largest decreases in layoffs and discharges rates occurred in 
Ohio (-0.7 percentage point), Washington (-0.5 point), and Iowa (-0.4 point). The national layoffs and 
discharges rate was unchanged. (See table E.)

The number of layoffs and discharges increased in 6 states and decreased in 4 states in February. The 
largest increases in layoffs and discharges were in Maryland (+21,000), Illinois (+20,000), and New 
Jersey (+19,000). The largest decreases in layoffs and discharges were in Ohio (-40,000), Florida
 (-21,000), and Washington (-19,000). Nationally, the number of layoffs and discharges was little 
changed over the month. (See table E.)

For more information, please see the JOLTS interactive charts at www.bls.gov/charts/state-job-
openings-and-labor-turnover/state-job-openings-rates.htm#.  

	
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey State estimates for March 2022 are scheduled to 
be released on Wednesday, May 18, 2022 at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
|		Upcoming Revisions to the JOLTS State Estimates					      |
|												      |	
|State annual revisions will be released June 29, 2022. These revisions will incorporate the annual   | 
|benchmark revisions to JOLTS national estimates, the Current Employment Statistics employment	      |
|estimates, and the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages data. Seasonally adjusted and not	      |
|seasonally adjusted estimates will be revised from January 2017 forward.                             |
|_____________________________________________________________________________________________________|


Table A: States with significant changes in job openings from Jan 2022 to Feb 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Jan   |   Feb  | Over-the-month |   Jan  |   Feb  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............|11,283  |11,266  |      -17       |   7.0  |   7.0  |      0.0        
California.............|  1139  |  1297  |      158       |   6.2  |   7.0  |      0.8
Colorado...............|   248  |   210  |      -38       |   8.1  |   6.9  |     -1.2
Delaware...............|    40  |    32  |       -8       |   8.1  |   6.6  |     -1.5
Georgia................|   400  |   454  |       54       |   7.8  |   8.8  |      1.0
Illinois...............|   476  |   449  |      -27       |   7.4  |   7.0  |     -0.4
Indiana................|   252  |   219  |      -33       |   7.4  |   6.5  |     -0.9
Iowa...................|   119  |   109  |      -10       |   7.1  |   6.5  |     -0.6
Maine..................|    57  |    48  |       -9       |   8.3  |   7.0  |     -1.3
Massachusetts..........|   264  |   286  |       22       |   6.8  |   7.3  |      0.5
Michigan...............|   359  |   335  |      -24       |   7.7  |   7.2  |     -0.5
Minnesota..............|   264  |   221  |      -43       |   8.4  |   7.1  |     -1.3
Mississippi............|    81  |    89  |        8       |   6.5  |   7.1  |      0.6
Nebraska...............|    87  |    67  |      -20       |   7.9  |   6.1  |     -1.8
New Hampshire..........|    62  |    57  |       -5       |   8.5  |   7.8  |     -0.7
New York...............|   592  |   627  |       35       |   6.0  |   6.3  |      0.3*
North Dakota...........|    35  |    31  |       -4       |   7.6  |   6.8  |     -0.8
Pennsylvania...........|   499  |   382  |     -117       |   7.9  |   6.1  |     -1.8
Washington.............|   210  |   255  |       45       |   5.8  |   6.8  |      1.0
West Virginia..........|    54  |    61  |        7       |   7.2  |   8.0  |      0.8
Wisconsin..............|   245  |   231  |      -14       |   7.8  |   7.3  |     -0.5
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.


Table B: States with significant changes in hires from Jan 2022 to Feb 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Jan   |   Feb  | Over-the-month |   Jan  |   Feb  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 6,426  | 6,689  |      263       |   4.3  |   4.4  |      0.1        
Delaware...............|    28  |    24  |       -4       |   6.2  |   5.3  |     -0.9
Florida................|   397  |   433  |       36       |   4.3  |   4.7  |      0.4
Georgia................|   263  |   292  |       29       |   5.6  |   6.2  |      0.6
Idaho..................|    44  |    50  |        6       |   5.4  |   6.1  |      0.7*
Indiana................|   151  |   132  |      -19       |   4.8  |   4.2  |     -0.6*
Kentucky...............|   111  |    96  |      -15       |   5.8  |   4.9  |     -0.9
Massachusetts..........|   163  |   138  |      -25       |   4.5  |   3.8  |     -0.7
New York...............|   315  |   346  |       31       |   3.4  |   3.7  |      0.3
Pennsylvania...........|   208  |   251  |       43       |   3.6  |   4.3  |      0.7
Texas..................|   549  |   643  |       94       |   4.2  |   4.9  |      0.7
Washington.............|   123  |   164  |       41       |   3.6  |   4.7  |      1.1
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.


Table C: States with significant changes in total separations from Jan 2022 to Feb 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Jan   |   Feb  | Over-the-month |   Jan  |   Feb  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 6,044  | 6,092  |       48       |   4.0  |   4.1  |      0.1        
Arizona................|   162  |   134  |      -28       |   5.4  |   4.4  |     -1.0
Arkansas...............|    55  |    63  |        8       |   4.2  |   4.8  |      0.6*
Illinois...............|   198  |   245  |       47       |   3.3  |   4.1  |      0.8
Kansas.................|    46  |    56  |       10       |   3.3  |   4.0  |      0.7
Michigan...............|   178  |   156  |      -22       |   4.1  |   3.6  |     -0.5*
Mississippi............|    57  |    77  |       20       |   4.9  |   6.6  |      1.7
New York...............|   274  |   295  |       21*      |   2.9  |   3.2  |      0.3
North Carolina.........|   204  |   228  |       24       |   4.4  |   4.9  |      0.5
Wisconsin..............|    99  |   116  |       17       |   3.4  |   4.0  |      0.6
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.


Table D: States with significant changes in quits from Jan 2022 to Feb 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Jan   |   Feb  | Over-the-month |   Jan  |   Feb  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 4,258  | 4,352  |       94       |   2.8  |   2.9  |      0.1        
Arizona................|   112  |    98  |      -14       |   3.7  |   3.2  |     -0.5
Florida................|   264  |   304  |       40       |   2.9  |   3.3  |      0.4
Illinois...............|   152  |   167  |       15       |   2.6  |   2.8  |      0.2*
Maryland...............|    73  |    62  |      -11       |   2.7  |   2.3  |     -0.4
Michigan...............|   141  |   121  |      -20       |   3.3  |   2.8  |     -0.5
Minnesota..............|    67  |    75  |        8*      |   2.3  |   2.6  |      0.3
Missouri...............|    73  |    85  |       12       |   2.5  |   2.9  |      0.4
New York...............|   176  |   194  |       18       |   1.9  |   2.1  |      0.2
North Carolina.........|   130  |   154  |       24       |   2.8  |   3.3  |      0.5
Ohio...................|   152  |   177  |       25       |   2.8  |   3.3  |      0.5
Tennessee..............|   116  |   106  |      -10*      |   3.7  |   3.3  |     -0.4
Virginia...............|   117  |   101  |      -16       |   2.9  |   2.5  |     -0.4
Wisconsin..............|    72  |    86  |       14       |   2.5  |   2.9  |      0.4
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.


Table E: States with significant changes in layoffs and discharges from Jan 2022 to Feb 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Jan   |   Feb  | Over-the-month |   Jan  |   Feb  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 1,403  | 1,386  |      -17       |   0.9  |   0.9  |      0.0        
Florida................|    91  |    70  |      -21       |   1.0  |   0.8  |     -0.2*
Illinois...............|    47  |    67  |       20       |   0.8  |   1.1  |      0.3
Iowa...................|    21  |    14  |       -7       |   1.3  |   0.9  |     -0.4
Kansas.................|     7  |    14  |        7       |   0.5  |   1.0  |      0.5
Maryland...............|    14  |    35  |       21       |   0.5  |   1.3  |      0.8
Mississippi............|    11  |    29  |       18       |   0.9  |   2.5  |      1.6
Missouri...............|    19  |    29  |       10       |   0.7  |   1.0  |      0.3
New Jersey.............|    20  |    39  |       19       |   0.5  |   0.9  |      0.4
Ohio...................|    76  |    36  |      -40       |   1.4  |   0.7  |     -0.7
Pennsylvania...........|    65  |    50  |      -15*      |   1.1  |   0.8  |     -0.3
Washington.............|    52  |    33  |      -19       |   1.5  |   1.0  |     -0.5
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.


Technical Note

This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The JOLTS program 
provides information on labor demand and turnover. Additional information about the JOLTS program can be found at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/. Estimates are published for job openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, and separations. 
The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well as civilian federal, state, and local government 
entities in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Industries are classified in accordance with the North American 
Industry Classification System. 

Definitions and Methodology (National/State). Shared definitions and procedures for National and State JOLTS Estimates 
can be found at: www.bls.gov/news.release/jolts.tn.htm.

Data Element Definitions

Employment. Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or received pay for the pay period that 
includes the 12th day of the reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, seasonal, salaried, and 
hourly employees are included, as are employees on paid vacation or other paid leave. Proprietors or partners of 
unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or employees on strike for the entire pay period, and employees 
on leave without pay for the entire pay period are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies, 
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by 
the establishment where they are working. JOLTS does not publish employment estimates but uses the reported 
employment for validation of the other reported data elements.

Job Openings. Job openings include all positions that are open on the last business day of the reference month.

A job is open only if it meets all three of these conditions: 
* A specific position exists and there is work available for that position. The position can be full-time or part-
time, and it can be permanent, short-term, or seasonal. 
* The job could start within 30 days, whether or not the employer can find a suitable candidate during that time. 
* The employer is actively recruiting workers from outside the establishment to fill the position. Active 
recruiting means that the establishment is taking steps to fill a position. It may include advertising in 
newspapers, on television, or on the radio; posting Internet notices, posting “help wanted” signs, 
networking or making “word-of-mouth” announcements; accepting applications; interviewing candidates; 
contacting employment agencies; or soliciting employees at job fairs, state or local employment offices, or 
similar sources.

Excluded are positions open only to internal transfers, promotions or demotions, or recall from layoffs. Also 
excluded are openings for positions with start dates more than 30 days in the future, positions for which employees 
have been hired but the employees have not yet reported for work, and positions to be filled by employees of 
temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is 
computed by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying that 
quotient by 100.

Hires. Hires include all additions to the payroll during the entire reference month, including newly hired and 
rehired employees; full-time and part-time employees; permanent, short-term, and seasonal employees; employees 
who were recalled to a job at the location following a layoff (formal suspension from pay status) lasting more than 7 
days; on-call or intermittent employees who returned to work after having been formally separated; workers who 
were hired and separated during the month, and transfers from other locations. Excluded are transfers or promotions 
within the reporting location, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help agencies, employee 
leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of hires by 
employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Separations. Total Separations include all separations from the payroll during the entire reference month and is 
reported by type of separation:  quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Quits include employees who 
left voluntarily with the exception of retirements or transfers to other locations. Layoffs and discharges includes 
involuntary separations initiated by the employer including layoffs with no intent to rehire; layoffs (formal 
suspensions from pay status) lasting or expected to last more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, 
downsizing, or closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or short-term employees; 
and terminations of seasonal employees (whether or not they are expected to return the next season). Other 
separations include retirements, transfers to other locations, separations due to employee disability; and deaths. 
Excluded from other separations are transfers within the same location; employees on strike; employees of temporary 
help agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The other separations component is 
not published for states due to its comparatively high error, and because it comprises less than 8% of total 
separations. The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of separations by employment and multiplying 
that quotient by 100. The quits and layoffs and discharges rates are computed similarly.

State Estimates Methodology

The JOLTS sample of 21,000 establishments does not directly support the production of sample based state estimates. 
However, state estimates have been produced by combining the available sample with model-based estimates. 

These estimates consist of four major estimating models; the Composite Regional model, the Synthetic model, the 
Composite Synthetic model, and the Extended Composite Synthetic model. The Composite Regional model uses JOLTS 
microdata, JOLTS regional published estimates, and Current Employment Statistics (CES) employment data. The Composite 
Synthetic model uses JOLTS microdata and Synthetic model estimates derived from monthly employment changes in 
microdata from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), and JOLTS published regional data. The Extended 
Composite Synthetic extends the Composite Synthetic estimates by ratio-adjusting the Composite Synthetic by the 
ratio of the current Composite Regional model estimate to the Composite Regional model estimate from one year ago. 

The Extended Composite Synthetic model (and its major component—the Composite Regional model) is used to extend 
the Composite Synthetic estimates because all of the inputs required by this model are available at the time 
monthly estimate are produced. In contrast, the Composite Synthetic model (and its major component—the Synthetic 
model) can only be produced when the latest QCEW data are available. The current model uses the Extended Composite 
Synthetic model estimates to extend the Composite Synthetic model estimates during the annual JOLTS re-tabulation 
process. The extension of the Composite Synthetic model using current data-based Composite Regional model estimates 
will ensure that the Composite Synthetic model estimates reflect current economic trends. 

The Composite Regional model calculates state-level JOLTS estimates from JOLTS microdata using sample weights, and 
the adjustments for non-response (NRAF). The Composite Regional estimate is then benchmarked to CES state-supersector 
employment to produce state-supersector estimates. The JOLTS sample, by itself, cannot ensure a reasonably sized 
sample for each state-supersector cell. The small JOLTS sample results in quite a number of state-supersector cells 
that lack enough data to produce a reasonable estimate. To overcome this issue, the state-level estimates derived 
directly from the JOLTS sample are augmented using JOLTS regional estimates when the number of respondents is low 
(that is, less than 30). This approach is known as a composite estimate which leverages the small JOLTS sample 
to the greatest extent possible and supplements that with a model-based estimate. 

In this approach, the JOLTS microdata-based estimate is used, without model augmentation, in all state-supersector 
cells that have 30 or more respondents. The JOLTS regional estimate will be used, without a sample-based component, 
in all state-supersector cells that have fewer than five respondents. In all state-supersector cells with 5–30 
respondents an estimate is calculated that is a composition of a weighted estimate of the microdata-based estimate 
and a weighted estimate of the JOLTS regional estimate. The weight assigned to the JOLTS data in those cells is 
proportional the number of JOLTS respondents in the cell (weight=n/30, where n is the number of respondents). 

Benchmarking. The JOLTS State estimates utilize and leverage data from three BLS programs; JOLTS, CES, and QCEW. 
These state estimates are published as a historical series comprised of an historical annually 
revised benchmark component for the Composite Synthetic model and a current component Extended Composite Synthetic 
model which provides monthly "real-time" estimates between lagged benchmarks.

Seasonal adjustment. BLS uses X-13 ARIMA for seasonal adjustment. A concurrent seasonal adjustment methodology 
is used in which new seasonal adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and 
including current month data. JOLTS state seasonal adjustment includes both additive and multiplicative models 
and REGARIMA (regression with auto-correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors at the 
beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for outliers in the series. The seasonally adjusted CES 
over-the-month employment trends are applied to the seasonally adjusted JOLTS state implied employment trends 
(hires minus separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the seasonality of the 
JOLTS data.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. Sampling error occurs when a sample is 
surveyed rather than the entire population. There is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true 
population values they represent. The difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample 
selected. This variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS analysis is generally conducted 
at the 90-percent level of confidence. That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that 
an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because 
of sampling error. Sampling error estimates are available on the JOLTS Median Standard Errors page: 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons including: 
the failure to include a segment of the population; the inability to obtain data from all units in the sample; 
the inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide data on a timely basis; mistakes made by respondents; 
errors made in the collection or processing of the data; and errors from the employment benchmark data used in 
estimation.

The JOLTS State variance estimates account for both sampling error and the error attributable to modeling. A small 
area domain model uses a Bayesian model to develop estimates of JOLTS State variance. The small area model uses QCEW-
based JOLTS synthetic model data to generate a Bayesian prior distribution, then updates the prior distribution using 
JOLTS microdata and sample-based variance estimates at the State and US Census Regional level to generate a Bayesian 
posterior distribution. Once the Bayesian posterior distribution has been generated, an estimate of JOLTS State variance 
estimates is made by drawing 2,500 estimates from the Bayesian posterior distribution. This Bayesian approach thus 
indirectly accounts for sampling error and directly for model error.

Other information

Detailed information the JOLTS State methodology can be found at:   

www.bls.gov/jlt/jlt_statedata_methodology.htm

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access telecommunications relay 
services.




Table 1. Job openings levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)

TOTAL U.S.

7,860 10,922 11,448 11,283 11,266 5.2 6.8 7.1 7.0 7.0


Alabama

117 155 151 144 152 5.5 7.0 6.9 6.5 6.9

Alaska

24 30 34 30 32 7.3 8.8 9.7 8.6 9.2

Arizona

174 221 241 251 242 5.7 6.9 7.4 7.7 7.4

Arkansas

66 85 92 88 85 5.0 6.2 6.6 6.3 6.1

California

724 1,164 1,251 1,139 1,297 4.3 6.5 6.8 6.2 7.0

Colorado

139 217 236 248 210 5.0 7.3 7.8 8.1 6.9

Connecticut

76 114 105 112 109 4.6 6.6 6.0 6.4 6.2

Delaware

23 29 33 40 32 4.9 6.0 6.8 8.1 6.6

District of Columbia

30 41 42 45 43 3.9 5.1 5.2 5.6 5.3

Florida

451 623 688 701 688 5.0 6.5 7.0 7.1 6.9

Georgia

281 419 419 400 454 5.9 8.3 8.2 7.8 8.8

Hawaii

25 53 59 47 51 4.4 8.4 9.0 7.3 7.8

Idaho

43 60 69 63 67 5.2 7.1 7.9 7.2 7.6

Illinois

251 395 445 476 449 4.2 6.3 7.0 7.4 7.0

Indiana

154 241 267 252 219 4.8 7.2 7.8 7.4 6.5

Iowa

77 115 124 119 109 4.8 6.9 7.4 7.1 6.5

Kansas

74 96 97 93 90 5.2 6.4 6.6 6.3 6.1

Kentucky

110 138 166 167 160 5.6 6.8 8.0 8.0 7.6

Louisiana

105 129 147 143 152 5.4 6.5 7.2 7.0 7.4

Maine

34 44 47 57 48 5.3 6.7 7.0 8.3 7.0

Maryland

161 205 224 212 207 5.8 7.1 7.7 7.3 7.1

Massachusetts

171 290 274 264 286 4.8 7.5 7.1 6.8 7.3

Michigan

252 345 354 359 335 5.8 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.2

Minnesota

130 195 230 264 221 4.5 6.3 7.4 8.4 7.1

Mississippi

66 80 89 81 89 5.6 6.5 7.2 6.5 7.1

Missouri

145 224 238 231 222 4.9 7.3 7.6 7.4 7.1

Montana

30 41 50 43 44 5.9 7.8 9.1 7.9 8.0

Nebraska

55 73 77 87 67 5.2 6.7 7.1 7.9 6.1

Nevada

79 109 112 104 112 5.8 7.4 7.3 6.8 7.2

New Hampshire

42 60 62 62 57 6.0 8.3 8.4 8.5 7.8

New Jersey

228 280 291 301 290 5.6 6.4 6.6 6.8 6.5

New Mexico

46 63 68 71 69 5.5 7.1 7.5 7.8 7.6

New York

397 640 590 592 627 4.3 6.6 6.0 6.0 6.3

North Carolina

280 358 425 361 378 5.9 7.3 8.4 7.2 7.5

North Dakota

21 32 34 35 31 4.8 7.1 7.4 7.6 6.8

Ohio

281 426 412 394 409 5.0 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.0

Oklahoma

91 117 126 119 118 5.3 6.6 7.1 6.7 6.6

Oregon

114 139 156 150 156 5.9 6.8 7.5 7.2 7.5

Pennsylvania

304 422 490 499 382 5.1 6.8 7.7 7.9 6.1

Rhode Island

26 38 37 39 38 5.3 7.3 7.0 7.4 7.2

South Carolina

130 172 200 185 188 5.8 7.4 8.4 7.8 7.9

South Dakota

24 31 34 33 31 5.3 6.6 7.1 6.9 6.5

Tennessee

160 232 234 272 260 5.0 6.9 6.9 7.9 7.5

Texas

610 878 923 917 932 4.7 6.3 6.6 6.5 6.6

Utah

85 115 134 129 122 5.1 6.6 7.6 7.3 6.9

Vermont

16 25 26 25 26 5.3 7.8 8.0 7.7 8.0

Virginia

243 296 313 307 313 5.9 6.9 7.3 7.1 7.2

Washington

167 225 225 210 255 4.8 6.1 6.1 5.8 6.8

West Virginia

48 54 57 54 61 6.6 7.2 7.6 7.2 8.0

Wisconsin

130 218 219 245 231 4.4 7.0 7.0 7.8 7.3

Wyoming

18 21 29 22 24 6.2 7.1 9.3 7.2 7.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)

TOTAL U.S.

6,028 6,705 6,450 6,426 6,689 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.4


Alabama

87 100 97 102 103 4.3 4.9 4.7 5.0 5.0

Alaska

19 20 19 19 20 6.2 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.3

Arizona

122 135 142 159 152 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.3 5.0

Arkansas

55 62 68 63 60 4.4 4.8 5.2 4.8 4.6

California

591 700 648 646 671 3.7 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.9

Colorado

117 139 123 155 147 4.4 5.0 4.4 5.5 5.2

Connecticut

60 65 60 58 62 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.8

Delaware

20 21 22 28 24 4.5 4.6 4.9 6.2 5.3

District of Columbia

20 23 22 20 25 2.7 3.0 2.9 2.6 3.3

Florida

332 457 379 397 433 3.9 5.1 4.1 4.3 4.7

Georgia

206 241 248 263 292 4.6 5.2 5.3 5.6 6.2

Hawaii

18 37 26 26 27 3.3 6.4 4.4 4.4 4.5

Idaho

38 44 40 44 50 4.9 5.6 5.0 5.4 6.1

Illinois

247 277 261 250 255 4.3 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.3

Indiana

133 145 157 151 132 4.4 4.7 5.0 4.8 4.2

Iowa

64 62 64 60 56 4.2 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.6

Kansas

51 57 57 48 44 3.7 4.1 4.1 3.5 3.2

Kentucky

88 104 100 111 96 4.7 5.5 5.2 5.8 4.9

Louisiana

80 98 94 99 95 4.4 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.0

Maine

27 28 28 29 28 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.4

Maryland

78 101 107 101 111 3.0 3.7 4.0 3.8 4.1

Massachusetts

123 121 134 163 138 3.6 3.4 3.7 4.5 3.8

Michigan

211 203 208 192 195 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.5

Minnesota

94 110 107 105 105 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7

Mississippi

46 59 55 54 56 4.1 5.2 4.8 4.7 4.8

Missouri

109 115 114 97 98 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.4 3.4

Montana

24 27 27 28 29 5.0 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.7

Nebraska

43 45 43 42 36 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.1 3.5

Nevada

62 66 63 69 71 4.8 4.8 4.4 4.8 5.0

New Hampshire

28 32 30 33 32 4.3 4.8 4.5 4.9 4.7

New Jersey

163 154 138 164 163 4.2 3.8 3.4 4.0 3.9

New Mexico

33 38 32 39 42 4.2 4.6 3.8 4.7 5.0

New York

289 323 337 315 346 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7

North Carolina

230 234 241 271 254 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.8 5.4

North Dakota

19 20 21 19 17 4.6 4.8 5.0 4.5 4.0

Ohio

211 203 221 219 206 4.0 3.8 4.1 4.0 3.8

Oklahoma

63 81 84 81 82 3.9 4.9 5.1 4.9 4.9

Oregon

82 82 79 86 92 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.5 4.8

Pennsylvania

242 252 235 208 251 4.3 4.4 4.0 3.6 4.3

Rhode Island

22 23 22 24 24 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.9 4.9

South Carolina

92 125 119 113 119 4.4 5.8 5.5 5.2 5.4

South Dakota

18 19 20 17 17 4.2 4.4 4.5 3.8 3.8

Tennessee

122 160 158 163 168 4.0 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.3

Texas

469 638 646 549 643 3.8 4.9 4.9 4.2 4.9

Utah

74 76 68 81 81 4.7 4.7 4.2 4.9 4.9

Vermont

13 14 14 14 15 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.0

Virginia

164 149 174 164 182 4.2 3.7 4.4 4.1 4.5

Washington

124 138 125 123 164 3.8 4.0 3.6 3.6 4.7

West Virginia

33 35 36 34 38 4.9 5.0 5.2 4.9 5.4

Wisconsin

122 120 125 118 120 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.1

Wyoming

15 15 14 15 17 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.3 6.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)

TOTAL U.S.

5,400 6,197 6,042 6,044 6,092 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.1


Alabama

84 103 95 95 87 4.2 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.2

Alaska

20 17 24 21 22 6.6 5.5 7.6 6.6 7.0

Arizona

126 130 138 162 134 4.4 4.3 4.6 5.4 4.4

Arkansas

57 61 64 55 63 4.5 4.8 4.9 4.2 4.8

California

541 570 593 667 668 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.9

Colorado

107 141 137 136 137 4.0 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.8

Connecticut

48 74 50 57 59 3.0 4.6 3.1 3.5 3.6

Delaware

18 22 22 20 19 4.1 4.9 4.9 4.4 4.2

District of Columbia

23 24 26 24 26 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.4

Florida

362 427 433 371 395 4.2 4.8 4.7 4.0 4.3

Georgia

205 273 238 251 239 4.6 5.9 5.1 5.3 5.1

Hawaii

20 23 23 25 25 3.7 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.2

Idaho

34 40 39 42 38 4.3 5.1 4.8 5.2 4.7

Illinois

220 247 223 198 245 3.9 4.2 3.8 3.3 4.1

Indiana

121 143 157 137 136 4.0 4.6 5.0 4.3 4.3

Iowa

60 68 59 66 62 4.0 4.4 3.8 4.2 4.0

Kansas

48 60 54 46 56 3.5 4.3 3.9 3.3 4.0

Kentucky

75 105 97 92 91 4.0 5.5 5.0 4.8 4.7

Louisiana

86 97 89 85 82 4.7 5.2 4.7 4.5 4.3

Maine

25 32 24 24 24 4.1 5.2 3.8 3.8 3.8

Maryland

88 103 101 93 107 3.4 3.8 3.8 3.5 4.0

Massachusetts

112 123 121 113 118 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.1 3.3

Michigan

171 188 197 178 156 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.1 3.6

Minnesota

81 110 109 95 99 2.9 3.8 3.8 3.3 3.4

Mississippi

55 60 57 57 77 4.9 5.2 4.9 4.9 6.6

Missouri

110 108 125 115 119 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.0 4.1

Montana

21 31 25 26 28 4.4 6.4 5.0 5.2 5.5

Nebraska

42 42 42 45 42 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.1

Nevada

66 66 67 69 69 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8

New Hampshire

25 40 26 30 34 3.8 6.0 3.9 4.5 5.0

New Jersey

144 159 129 140 154 3.7 3.9 3.1 3.4 3.7

New Mexico

37 37 40 37 33 4.7 4.5 4.8 4.4 3.9

New York

247 284 267 274 295 2.8 3.1 2.9 2.9 3.2

North Carolina

187 238 219 204 228 4.2 5.2 4.7 4.4 4.9

North Dakota

19 24 20 20 19 4.6 5.7 4.7 4.7 4.5

Ohio

197 202 221 238 227 3.7 3.7 4.1 4.4 4.2

Oklahoma

63 87 76 73 80 3.9 5.3 4.6 4.4 4.8

Oregon

71 86 84 80 82 3.9 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2

Pennsylvania

205 209 163 211 188 3.6 3.6 2.8 3.6 3.2

Rhode Island

18 22 21 19 21 3.9 4.6 4.3 3.9 4.3

South Carolina

86 106 115 100 94 4.1 4.9 5.3 4.6 4.3

South Dakota

17 18 17 18 16 3.9 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.6

Tennessee

125 145 149 165 150 4.1 4.7 4.7 5.2 4.7

Texas

463 545 517 536 523 3.7 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.0

Utah

68 74 71 72 68 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.1

Vermont

12 16 14 13 13 4.2 5.4 4.7 4.3 4.3

Virginia

139 140 176 159 149 3.6 3.5 4.4 4.0 3.7

Washington

111 119 124 145 131 3.4 3.4 3.6 4.2 3.8

West Virginia

38 33 33 32 31 5.6 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.4

Wisconsin

114 117 118 99 116 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.4 4.0

Wyoming

16 16 14 15 16 5.8 5.8 5.0 5.3 5.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)

TOTAL U.S.

3,439 4,510 4,403 4,258 4,352 2.4 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9


Alabama

57 78 65 69 62 2.8 3.8 3.2 3.4 3.0

Alaska

12 12 17 15 16 3.9 3.9 5.4 4.7 5.1

Arizona

89 98 104 112 98 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.2

Arkansas

38 45 43 40 44 3.0 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.4

California

320 428 437 467 491 2.0 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.8

Colorado

64 91 83 97 95 2.4 3.3 3.0 3.4 3.4

Connecticut

26 47 38 37 38 1.7 2.9 2.3 2.3 2.3

Delaware

12 16 15 15 13 2.7 3.5 3.3 3.3 2.9

District of Columbia

14 17 16 17 17 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2

Florida

238 318 335 264 304 2.8 3.5 3.7 2.9 3.3

Georgia

135 199 172 175 177 3.0 4.3 3.7 3.7 3.7

Hawaii

12 16 16 19 18 2.2 2.8 2.7 3.2 3.0

Idaho

22 28 28 28 27 2.8 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3

Illinois

116 187 172 152 167 2.0 3.2 2.9 2.6 2.8

Indiana

80 115 112 105 109 2.6 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.4

Iowa

38 44 40 42 44 2.5 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.8

Kansas

31 44 39 35 39 2.3 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.8

Kentucky

47 79 63 65 66 2.5 4.2 3.3 3.4 3.4

Louisiana

54 69 64 61 57 2.9 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0

Maine

14 22 19 16 15 2.3 3.6 3.0 2.5 2.4

Maryland

52 69 67 73 62 2.0 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.3

Massachusetts

68 85 93 77 82 2.0 2.4 2.6 2.1 2.3

Michigan

115 135 149 141 121 2.8 3.2 3.5 3.3 2.8

Minnesota

52 75 80 67 75 1.9 2.6 2.8 2.3 2.6

Mississippi

36 45 41 43 41 3.2 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.5

Missouri

78 82 94 73 85 2.8 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.9

Montana

13 21 17 18 20 2.7 4.3 3.4 3.6 4.0

Nebraska

28 29 29 31 31 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.0

Nevada

42 45 46 47 51 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.6

New Hampshire

14 29 19 18 20 2.1 4.4 2.8 2.7 3.0

New Jersey

88 100 95 101 101 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.4

New Mexico

25 25 27 25 23 3.2 3.0 3.2 3.0 2.7

New York

124 196 183 176 194 1.4 2.2 2.0 1.9 2.1

North Carolina

118 181 151 130 154 2.7 4.0 3.2 2.8 3.3

North Dakota

11 17 13 14 13 2.7 4.0 3.1 3.3 3.1

Ohio

121 140 168 152 177 2.3 2.6 3.1 2.8 3.3

Oklahoma

43 60 54 54 57 2.7 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.4

Oregon

46 59 60 58 58 2.5 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0

Pennsylvania

106 143 131 135 122 1.9 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.1

Rhode Island

10 15 15 12 13 2.2 3.1 3.1 2.5 2.7

South Carolina

56 81 75 76 71 2.7 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.2

South Dakota

10 12 12 13 12 2.3 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.7

Tennessee

84 113 108 116 106 2.8 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.3

Texas

314 407 395 412 400 2.5 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.0

Utah

48 55 54 49 49 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.0

Vermont

7 12 10 8 9 2.4 4.1 3.4 2.7 3.0

Virginia

88 102 131 117 101 2.3 2.6 3.3 2.9 2.5

Washington

68 84 86 86 87 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5

West Virginia

20 25 24 24 22 2.9 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.1

Wisconsin

68 92 90 72 86 2.4 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.9

Wyoming

10 10 10 10 11 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)

TOTAL U.S.

1,641 1,295 1,262 1,403 1,386 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9


Alabama

22 19 23 22 19 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.1 0.9

Alaska

6 4 5 5 5 2.0 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.6

Arizona

32 25 26 34 29 1.1 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.0

Arkansas

15 12 16 12 14 1.2 0.9 1.2 0.9 1.1

California

194 104 116 168 144 1.2 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.8

Colorado

33 38 43 27 33 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.0 1.2

Connecticut

20 21 8 15 16 1.3 1.3 0.5 0.9 1.0

Delaware

5 4 6 4 5 1.1 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.1

District of Columbia

7 5 7 6 7 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.9

Florida

107 97 76 91 70 1.3 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.8

Georgia

61 53 57 53 49 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.0

Hawaii

6 6 5 4 5 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.8

Idaho

10 10 7 11 9 1.3 1.3 0.9 1.4 1.1

Illinois

96 47 43 47 67 1.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.1

Indiana

36 21 36 19 24 1.2 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.8

Iowa

18 20 16 21 14 1.2 1.3 1.0 1.3 0.9

Kansas

13 12 12 7 14 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.0

Kentucky

22 20 27 23 20 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.0

Louisiana

26 21 19 19 19 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0

Maine

9 7 4 6 6 1.5 1.1 0.6 0.9 0.9

Maryland

22 27 28 14 35 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.5 1.3

Massachusetts

36 27 21 29 28 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8

Michigan

50 42 37 30 28 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6

Minnesota

25 23 21 22 21 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7

Mississippi

13 11 12 11 29 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9 2.5

Missouri

26 18 22 19 29 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 1.0

Montana

7 8 5 6 6 1.5 1.7 1.0 1.2 1.2

Nebraska

12 10 10 11 9 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9

Nevada

21 17 14 19 15 1.6 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.0

New Hampshire

9 8 5 10 8 1.4 1.2 0.7 1.5 1.2

New Jersey

46 45 25 20 39 1.2 1.1 0.6 0.5 0.9

New Mexico

11 9 8 8 7 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.8

New York

106 66 68 75 80 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9

North Carolina

56 44 53 52 62 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.3

North Dakota

7 5 6 5 4 1.7 1.2 1.4 1.2 0.9

Ohio

65 47 44 76 36 1.2 0.9 0.8 1.4 0.7

Oklahoma

16 20 17 16 19 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.1

Oregon

21 20 16 16 19 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.0

Pennsylvania

85 55 18 65 50 1.5 0.9 0.3 1.1 0.8

Rhode Island

7 5 5 5 6 1.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2

South Carolina

26 20 35 18 18 1.2 0.9 1.6 0.8 0.8

South Dakota

5 4 4 4 3 1.2 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7

Tennessee

36 25 32 41 34 1.2 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.1

Texas

127 107 103 97 101 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8

Utah

17 14 10 18 15 1.1 0.9 0.6 1.1 0.9

Vermont

5 3 4 4 3 1.7 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.0

Virginia

41 29 32 35 39 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0

Washington

35 24 28 52 33 1.1 0.7 0.8 1.5 1.0

West Virginia

16 5 7 6 6 2.4 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.9

Wisconsin

29 17 22 21 26 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.9

Wyoming

5 6 3 4 4 1.8 2.2 1.1 1.4 1.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Job openings levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)

TOTAL U.S.

7,472 11,197 10,781 5.0 7.1 6.7


Alabama

120 136 151 5.6 6.3 6.8

Alaska

24 29 31 7.6 8.8 9.4

Arizona

176 264 231 5.8 8.1 7.1

Arkansas

68 88 82 5.1 6.3 5.9

California

686 1,153 1,222 4.1 6.3 6.6

Colorado

139 244 200 5.0 8.1 6.6

Connecticut

68 118 103 4.2 6.8 6.0

Delaware

21 39 28 4.6 8.0 5.8

District of Columbia

32 46 43 4.2 5.8 5.4

Florida

462 683 690 5.1 6.9 6.9

Georgia

271 393 441 5.7 7.8 8.6

Hawaii

24 47 44 4.2 7.4 6.8

Idaho

42 62 64 5.1 7.2 7.4

Illinois

246 459 426 4.2 7.3 6.8

Indiana

151 243 212 4.8 7.2 6.3

Iowa

74 116 102 4.8 7.1 6.2

Kansas

70 98 84 5.0 6.7 5.7

Kentucky

107 158 149 5.5 7.7 7.2

Louisiana

102 147 151 5.3 7.2 7.3

Maine

32 59 45 5.1 8.8 6.8

Maryland

160 210 193 5.8 7.4 6.7

Massachusetts

162 262 274 4.6 6.9 7.1

Michigan

241 339 303 5.6 7.4 6.6

Minnesota

122 255 211 4.3 8.3 6.9

Mississippi

65 76 85 5.5 6.3 6.9

Missouri

137 222 212 4.7 7.2 6.9

Montana

25 40 38 5.1 7.6 7.2

Nebraska

53 87 65 5.1 8.0 6.0

Nevada

78 104 106 5.7 6.9 6.9

New Hampshire

38 65 54 5.6 9.0 7.5

New Jersey

219 309 275 5.4 7.1 6.3

New Mexico

42 76 61 5.2 8.5 6.8

New York

376 609 616 4.2 6.3 6.3

North Carolina

275 352 370 5.8 7.1 7.3

North Dakota

20 34 29 4.8 7.6 6.5

Ohio

276 378 400 5.0 6.6 6.9

Oklahoma

86 117 110 5.1 6.7 6.2

Oregon

110 153 146 5.8 7.5 7.1

Pennsylvania

296 519 371 5.0 8.3 6.0

Rhode Island

26 39 38 5.5 7.6 7.3

South Carolina

127 191 178 5.7 8.2 7.6

South Dakota

22 30 29 4.8 6.6 6.2

Tennessee

149 267 249 4.7 7.8 7.3

Texas

582 896 899 4.5 6.4 6.4

Utah

83 138 112 5.0 7.8 6.4

Vermont

14 26 23 4.7 8.0 7.1

Virginia

236 296 307 5.8 7.0 7.1

Washington

147 211 234 4.3 5.9 6.4

West Virginia

44 51 56 6.2 6.9 7.5

Wisconsin

129 239 217 4.4 7.8 7.0

Wyoming

15 21 21 5.4 7.2 7.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 7. Hires levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)

TOTAL U.S.

4,931 6,155 5,522 3.5 4.2 3.7


Alabama

79 97 88 3.9 4.8 4.3

Alaska

16 16 16 5.5 5.3 5.2

Arizona

105 158 136 3.6 5.2 4.5

Arkansas

48 61 49 3.9 4.7 3.8

California

497 595 561 3.1 3.5 3.3

Colorado

97 149 121 3.7 5.4 4.3

Connecticut

47 57 50 3.0 3.5 3.1

Delaware

14 27 17 3.3 6.2 3.8

District of Columbia

18 22 23 2.4 2.9 3.1

Florida

321 429 389 3.8 4.7 4.2

Georgia

183 258 256 4.1 5.5 5.4

Hawaii

15 28 23 2.7 4.7 3.9

Idaho

31 39 43 4.0 4.9 5.3

Illinois

200 236 210 3.6 4.0 3.6

Indiana

112 135 104 3.8 4.3 3.3

Iowa

51 53 41 3.5 3.5 2.7

Kansas

44 48 37 3.3 3.5 2.7

Kentucky

73 104 76 4.0 5.5 3.9

Louisiana

72 105 81 3.9 5.6 4.3

Maine

20 27 21 3.4 4.4 3.4

Maryland

62 95 90 2.4 3.6 3.4

Massachusetts

91 157 101 2.7 4.5 2.8

Michigan

193 167 169 4.8 3.9 4.0

Minnesota

65 100 76 2.4 3.6 2.7

Mississippi

39 51 44 3.5 4.5 3.8

Missouri

96 93 81 3.5 3.3 2.8

Montana

17 23 21 3.6 4.7 4.2

Nebraska

36 42 29 3.6 4.2 2.9

Nevada

58 69 66 4.5 4.9 4.7

New Hampshire

21 33 24 3.3 4.9 3.6

New Jersey

138 156 137 3.6 3.9 3.4

New Mexico

26 38 35 3.3 4.6 4.1

New York

217 276 276 2.5 3.0 3.0

North Carolina

196 260 213 4.4 5.6 4.6

North Dakota

16 18 13 3.9 4.2 3.2

Ohio

170 201 160 3.3 3.8 3.0

Oklahoma

50 82 64 3.1 5.0 3.9

Oregon

69 80 78 3.9 4.3 4.1

Pennsylvania

185 179 202 3.3 3.1 3.5

Rhode Island

18 22 20 4.0 4.6 4.2

South Carolina

79 114 99 3.8 5.3 4.5

South Dakota

14 14 13 3.3 3.2 3.0

Tennessee

105 156 139 3.5 5.0 4.4

Texas

381 567 542 3.1 4.4 4.1

Utah

61 81 69 3.9 5.0 4.2

Vermont

9 13 11 3.2 4.5 3.7

Virginia

130 158 144 3.4 4.0 3.6

Washington

90 126 128 2.8 3.7 3.7

West Virginia

24 30 29 3.6 4.4 4.2

Wisconsin

94 100 94 3.4 3.5 3.3

Wyoming

10 12 12 3.6 4.5 4.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Total separations levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)

TOTAL U.S.

4,354 6,341 4,940 3.1 4.3 3.3


Alabama

73 100 74 3.6 4.9 3.6

Alaska

10 16 12 3.6 5.3 3.9

Arizona

106 175 108 3.7 5.8 3.5

Arkansas

47 57 54 3.8 4.4 4.1

California

433 685 533 2.7 4.0 3.1

Colorado

82 125 101 3.1 4.5 3.6

Connecticut

36 67 47 2.3 4.2 2.9

Delaware

15 25 16 3.5 5.6 3.5

District of Columbia

17 27 21 2.3 3.6 2.7

Florida

314 389 343 3.7 4.3 3.7

Georgia

180 255 203 4.0 5.5 4.3

Hawaii

16 28 19 2.8 4.8 3.1

Idaho

27 40 27 3.4 5.1 3.4

Illinois

188 211 205 3.4 3.6 3.5

Indiana

96 144 106 3.2 4.7 3.4

Iowa

49 67 48 3.3 4.4 3.1

Kansas

40 50 46 2.9 3.7 3.3

Kentucky

67 102 83 3.6 5.4 4.3

Louisiana

74 85 71 4.0 4.5 3.7

Maine

19 25 18 3.2 4.2 2.9

Maryland

71 108 90 2.8 4.1 3.4

Massachusetts

88 117 91 2.6 3.3 2.6

Michigan

144 181 115 3.5 4.3 2.7

Minnesota

59 92 73 2.2 3.3 2.6

Mississippi

45 58 66 4.1 5.1 5.7

Missouri

96 121 100 3.5 4.2 3.5

Montana

15 25 21 3.1 5.1 4.3

Nebraska

36 50 34 3.7 5.0 3.3

Nevada

54 68 53 4.2 4.8 3.7

New Hampshire

19 30 28 2.9 4.4 4.2

New Jersey

103 156 117 2.7 3.9 2.9

New Mexico

31 35 25 4.0 4.2 2.9

New York

173 304 238 2.0 3.3 2.6

North Carolina

161 214 202 3.6 4.6 4.3

North Dakota

15 20 14 3.8 4.9 3.4

Ohio

159 248 186 3.0 4.6 3.5

Oklahoma

51 77 69 3.2 4.7 4.2

Oregon

54 78 62 3.0 4.1 3.2

Pennsylvania

157 232 138 2.8 4.0 2.4

Rhode Island

13 21 16 2.9 4.4 3.4

South Carolina

75 111 77 3.6 5.2 3.5

South Dakota

13 18 12 3.2 4.3 2.9

Tennessee

99 188 123 3.3 6.0 3.9

Texas

372 552 433 3.0 4.2 3.3

Utah

55 81 52 3.5 5.0 3.2

Vermont

8 13 10 2.9 4.4 3.3

Virginia

114 154 125 3.0 3.9 3.1

Washington

91 155 103 2.8 4.6 3.0

West Virginia

34 34 26 5.0 5.0 3.8

Wisconsin

94 112 94 3.4 3.9 3.3

Wyoming

12 14 12 4.5 5.1 4.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Quits levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)

TOTAL U.S.

2,698 4,092 3,472 1.9 2.8 2.3


Alabama

49 68 52 2.4 3.4 2.5

Alaska

7 10 9 2.2 3.5 3.0

Arizona

76 116 76 2.6 3.8 2.5

Arkansas

33 39 38 2.6 3.0 2.9

California

251 424 376 1.6 2.5 2.2

Colorado

48 82 67 1.8 2.9 2.4

Connecticut

19 38 31 1.2 2.3 1.9

Delaware

10 17 11 2.4 3.8 2.4

District of Columbia

10 19 13 1.4 2.5 1.7

Florida

202 257 262 2.4 2.8 2.8

Georgia

116 170 145 2.6 3.6 3.1

Hawaii

10 19 14 1.8 3.2 2.3

Idaho

18 23 19 2.3 2.9 2.3

Illinois

104 138 137 1.9 2.4 2.3

Indiana

63 100 83 2.1 3.2 2.6

Iowa

32 38 36 2.2 2.5 2.3

Kansas

26 34 30 1.9 2.5 2.2

Kentucky

43 67 60 2.4 3.5 3.1

Louisiana

47 58 47 2.6 3.1 2.5

Maine

11 16 12 1.9 2.6 1.9

Maryland

44 75 52 1.7 2.8 1.9

Massachusetts

56 78 67 1.7 2.2 1.9

Michigan

93 133 85 2.3 3.1 2.0

Minnesota

40 60 57 1.5 2.1 2.0

Mississippi

31 41 33 2.8 3.6 2.9

Missouri

73 71 70 2.6 2.5 2.5

Montana

9 16 15 2.0 3.2 3.0

Nebraska

25 30 25 2.5 3.0 2.4

Nevada

32 42 37 2.5 3.0 2.6

New Hampshire

11 17 17 1.7 2.5 2.5

New Jersey

66 102 78 1.7 2.5 1.9

New Mexico

21 23 17 2.7 2.8 2.1

New York

90 170 159 1.0 1.9 1.7

North Carolina

102 127 131 2.3 2.7 2.8

North Dakota

9 12 10 2.2 3.0 2.3

Ohio

94 139 143 1.8 2.6 2.7

Oklahoma

35 53 48 2.2 3.3 2.9

Oregon

37 50 44 2.0 2.6 2.3

Pennsylvania

88 136 95 1.6 2.4 1.6

Rhode Island

7 12 10 1.6 2.6 2.2

South Carolina

48 83 56 2.3 3.8 2.6

South Dakota

8 11 9 1.9 2.7 2.1

Tennessee

67 118 85 2.2 3.8 2.7

Texas

253 411 322 2.0 3.2 2.4

Utah

38 49 35 2.4 3.0 2.1

Vermont

5 8 6 1.6 2.6 2.1

Virginia

75 108 84 2.0 2.7 2.1

Washington

61 85 68 1.9 2.5 2.0

West Virginia

18 23 18 2.6 3.4 2.6

Wisconsin

57 68 69 2.0 2.4 2.4

Wyoming

7 9 8 2.7 3.1 2.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)
Feb.
2021
Jan.
2022
Feb.
2022(p)

TOTAL U.S.

1,373 1,776 1,154 1.0 1.2 0.8


Alabama

19 25 17 0.9 1.2 0.8

Alaska

3 4 2 1.0 1.3 0.7

Arizona

26 40 25 0.9 1.3 0.8

Arkansas

12 15 13 0.9 1.1 1.0

California

161 223 128 1.0 1.3 0.7

Colorado

25 28 28 0.9 1.0 1.0

Connecticut

13 24 12 0.9 1.5 0.7

Delaware

4 6 4 0.9 1.4 0.9

District of Columbia

5 6 6 0.7 0.8 0.8

Florida

94 109 54 1.1 1.2 0.6

Georgia

56 57 45 1.3 1.2 1.0

Hawaii

4 7 4 0.8 1.2 0.6

Idaho

8 13 6 1.0 1.7 0.8

Illinois

81 71 62 1.4 1.2 1.1

Indiana

28 29 21 0.9 0.9 0.7

Iowa

14 25 11 0.9 1.6 0.7

Kansas

11 12 14 0.8 0.9 1.0

Kentucky

18 29 17 1.0 1.5 0.9

Louisiana

21 20 17 1.1 1.0 0.9

Maine

6 7 4 1.0 1.1 0.6

Maryland

14 26 30 0.5 1.0 1.1

Massachusetts

24 32 17 0.7 0.9 0.5

Michigan

48 40 26 1.2 0.9 0.6

Minnesota

15 27 14 0.6 1.0 0.5

Mississippi

10 13 27 0.9 1.1 2.3

Missouri

19 27 26 0.7 0.9 0.9

Montana

5 6 5 1.0 1.3 1.0

Nebraska

9 15 8 0.9 1.5 0.8

Nevada

19 21 13 1.5 1.5 0.9

New Hampshire

6 10 5 0.9 1.5 0.8

New Jersey

29 34 26 0.8 0.8 0.6

New Mexico

9 9 5 1.1 1.0 0.6

New York

73 110 63 0.8 1.2 0.7

North Carolina

47 60 59 1.1 1.3 1.3

North Dakota

6 7 4 1.4 1.7 0.9

Ohio

56 97 29 1.1 1.8 0.5

Oklahoma

12 18 16 0.8 1.1 1.0

Oregon

14 22 14 0.8 1.1 0.7

Pennsylvania

59 81 30 1.1 1.4 0.5

Rhode Island

5 7 4 1.1 1.4 0.9

South Carolina

22 22 16 1.1 1.0 0.7

South Dakota

4 6 3 1.0 1.3 0.6

Tennessee

27 58 29 0.9 1.9 0.9

Texas

100 108 91 0.8 0.8 0.7

Utah

14 25 14 0.9 1.5 0.8

Vermont

3 4 2 1.0 1.4 0.8

Virginia

29 36 34 0.8 0.9 0.8

Washington

23 59 25 0.7 1.7 0.7

West Virginia

14 8 5 2.1 1.2 0.7

Wisconsin

20 37 22 0.7 1.3 0.8

Wyoming

4 4 3 1.5 1.4 1.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: October 16, 2023