Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
ORS ORS Program Links

Occupational Requirements Survey technical note

Data in this release are from the Occupational Requirements Survey (ORS), conducted by 
the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The ORS gathers job-
related information regarding physical demands, environmental conditions, mental and 
cognitive demands, and vocational preparation requirements. This release contains 2016 
estimates on occupational requirements for jobs within the U.S. economy for all civilian 
workers. Excluded are the federal government, the military, agricultural workers, private 
household workers, and the self-employed. Additional estimates by occupational group and 
industry are available through the public database query tools at

Sample size
The 2016 estimates are from a single sample of data collected from an establishment based 
survey using a national sample design. The BLS is building the survey and combining data 
over three sample years. The full ORS sample, using the three sample years, is expected 
to reach approximately XX,XXX establishments. 

Data for the 2016 reference period were collected from a national probability sample of 
X,XXX private industry and state and local government establishments. The ORS estimates 
represent XXX,XXX civilian workers in the United States. 

Measures of reliability
To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of ORS estimates, standard errors are 
made available shortly after publication of the news release. Standard errors provide 
users a measure of the precision of an estimate to ensure that it is within an acceptable 
range for their intended purpose. The standard errors are calculated from collected and 
imputed data, the BLS is researching methods for estimating the variance excluding 
imputed values. For further information see: 

Occupational Classification
The occupational classification system used by the BLS is the Standard Occupational 
Classification (SOC) system (  The ORS classifies occupations by eight-
digit codes used by O*NET’s detailed occupational taxonomy referred to as “O*NET-SOC 2010 
Occupations”. There are 840 six-digit SOCs and 1,110 eight-digit SOCs, although military 
specific occupations (55-0000.00) are out of scope for the ORS.

Definitions of Major Terms
For definitions of major terms used in the ORS, please see the glossary beginning on page 
108 of the ORS Collections Manual. Additionally, explanation of the ORS methodology can 
be found in the ORS Handbook of Methods

Obtaining Information
For research papers on the ORS and testing activities please see information listed at
Last Modified Date: October 12, 2021