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Table 3. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by production flow

Table 3. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by production flow(1) [Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Relative
Importance
Dec.
2020(2)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Oct. 2021
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
June
2021(3)
Sept.
2021(3)
Oct.
2021(3)
Oct.
2020
Sept.
2021
July to
Aug.
Aug. to
Sept.
Sept. to
Oct.

Stage 4

Stage 4 intermediate demand

  100.000 132.3 134.6 135.2 11.8 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.7

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

  31.937 129.8 133.6 135.2 15.8 1.2 1.8 0.6 1.2

Goods

  22.264 125.2 128.8 130.2 15.8 1.1 1.5 0.5 1.1

Foods

  2.970 139.1 136.2 135.3 16.0 -0.7 3.5 -1.4 -0.9

Energy

  0.161 131.5 131.9 137.0 26.6 3.9 0.4 -1.0 4.3

Goods excluding foods and energy

  19.133 123.1 127.7 129.4 15.6 1.3 1.1 0.9 1.3

Services

  9.673 145.1 149.5 151.7 16.0 1.5 2.3 0.8 1.5

Trade services

  7.630 153.5 159.1 161.6 18.4 1.6 2.7 1.1 1.6

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.477 121.9 122.9 125.1 7.0 1.8 1.9 -2.1 1.3

Transportation of passengers

  0.061 109.2 102.3 106.8 3.2 4.4 8.9 -16.9 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.416 132.5 135.1 136.9 10.0 1.3 0.7 0.7 1.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.566 117.9 118.3 119.5 6.3 1.0 0.0 0.2 1.1

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

  54.335 130.4 132.1 131.9 7.7 -0.2 0.5 0.5 0.2

Goods

  13.790 129.9 132.2 132.5 12.4 0.2 0.9 0.8 1.1

Foods

  2.286 143.5 143.4 141.7 14.3 -1.2 2.9 2.3 -1.3

Energy

  3.602 121.4 125.0 125.0 18.7 0.0 0.0 1.1 3.6

Goods excluding foods and energy

  7.902 130.0 132.4 133.2 9.0 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.7

Services

  40.456 130.5 131.9 131.5 6.0 -0.3 0.3 0.4 -0.2

Trade services

  4.563 136.8 140.1 142.0 10.9 1.4 1.7 1.2 1.4

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.239 130.2 132.5 134.3 9.0 1.4 1.1 0.0 1.0

Transportation of passengers

  0.389 109.0 102.2 106.6 3.1 4.3 8.8 -16.7 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.850 134.5 138.5 139.8 10.0 0.9 -0.1 2.9 1.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  32.654 129.2 130.2 129.3 5.0 -0.7 0.1 0.2 -0.5

Construction

  0.089 124.7 128.4 130.8 9.4 1.9 0.3 2.1 1.9

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

  13.727 144.5 145.5 147.1 19.5 1.1 0.3 -0.1 1.3

Goods

  9.555 145.2 146.2 148.0 22.6 1.2 0.1 0.0 1.4

Energy

  0.596 133.3 140.6 148.8 94.3 5.8 -0.6 3.3 7.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

  8.959 149.7 150.1 151.3 17.6 0.8 0.1 -0.3 0.9

Services

  4.172 142.1 143.0 144.4 12.8 1.0 0.5 -0.1 1.0

Trade services

  1.945 163.4 164.1 165.6 20.6 0.9 0.7 -0.5 1.0

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.596 134.1 137.3 140.3 13.7 2.2 1.0 0.3 2.0

Transportation of passengers

  0.012 113.9 106.7 111.4 4.7 4.4 8.9 -16.8 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.584 135.4 138.8 141.7 14.0 2.1 0.8 0.7 2.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.631 120.1 120.5 121.2 3.5 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.6

Stage 3

Stage 3 intermediate demand

  100.000 134.3 136.5 138.1 20.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

  46.783 147.2 150.5 152.0 28.2 1.0 2.6 0.9 0.2

Goods

  36.932 144.7 147.6 148.9 30.2 0.9 2.6 1.0 -0.1

Foods

  11.807 155.8 144.5 142.4 13.1 -1.5 3.3 -0.1 -4.3

Energy

  1.229 123.9 129.9 137.3 52.7 5.7 -0.6 1.6 6.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

  23.896 144.5 153.9 156.0 37.2 1.4 2.4 1.6 1.3

Services

  9.851 146.7 151.4 153.9 20.1 1.7 2.4 -0.1 1.6

Trade services

  5.778 153.6 160.1 162.6 25.9 1.6 3.4 -0.1 1.5

Transportation and warehousing services

  2.630 133.8 136.4 139.0 11.7 1.9 1.2 -0.1 1.8

Transportation of passengers

  0.117 116.3 109.0 113.7 5.1 4.3 8.8 -16.8 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.513 134.6 137.8 140.2 12.1 1.7 0.7 0.9 1.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  1.443 118.1 119.3 121.3 5.6 1.7 0.3 0.3 1.7

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

  51.802 123.2 125.0 126.7 12.8 1.4 -0.4 1.3 1.6

Goods

  9.293 106.6 111.1 117.0 43.4 5.3 -0.5 2.0 6.2

Foods

  0.097 140.0 141.4 141.6 -1.7 0.1 0.1 1.9 -0.1

Energy

  4.955 103.5 109.0 118.5 70.3 8.7 -1.5 2.7 10.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

  4.241 119.8 123.1 123.4 12.6 0.2 1.0 1.1 0.3

Services

  41.514 128.2 129.0 129.4 6.3 0.3 -0.5 1.1 0.4

Trade services

  2.761 160.1 166.0 167.2 13.7 0.7 0.7 2.2 0.7

Transportation and warehousing services

  9.008 150.6 155.6 155.4 13.3 -0.1 0.4 3.2 0.0

Transportation of passengers

  0.025 101.0 101.2 101.4 -4.7 0.2 0.5 0.2 -0.8

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  8.983 151.0 156.1 155.9 13.4 -0.1 0.4 3.3 0.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  29.745 120.8 120.2 120.7 3.5 0.4 -0.8 0.2 0.5

Construction

  0.995 124.7 128.4 130.8 9.4 1.9 0.3 2.1 1.9

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

  1.416 145.5 133.8 133.3 23.8 -0.4 -4.4 -2.3 -0.1

Goods

  0.560 127.5 122.4 124.0 30.0 1.3 -1.7 -1.8 1.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

  0.560 162.4 155.9 158.0 17.9 1.3 -1.7 -1.8 1.4

Services

  0.856 181.7 162.5 160.2 10.9 -1.4 -6.0 -2.6 -1.2

Trade services

  0.810 189.1 168.1 165.4 11.0 -1.6 -6.3 -2.7 -1.4

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.016 99.3 100.9 101.8 -1.6 0.9 0.7 1.1 0.9

Transportation and warehousing of goods

12/20

0.016 104.8 106.5 107.4 - 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.8

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.030 108.6 110.4 113.5 7.4 2.8 0.4 0.4 2.8

Stage 2

Stage 2 intermediate demand

  100.000 121.3 126.4 132.4 27.8 4.7 0.4 2.5 4.7

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

  50.197 113.6 120.9 131.3 51.1 8.6 0.6 3.6 8.6

Goods

  36.665 112.3 121.1 134.3 66.6 10.9 0.4 4.4 10.8

Foods

  3.401 157.6 148.8 144.2 20.9 -3.1 0.6 -0.4 -3.5

Energy

  14.616 79.0 92.4 113.6 140.2 22.9 0.0 8.6 22.9

Goods excluding foods and energy

  18.648 139.7 143.1 145.0 28.9 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.3

Services

  13.012 129.1 131.5 132.4 6.9 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.7

Trade services

  5.888 144.2 148.4 149.2 9.4 0.5 1.4 1.8 0.4

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.711 148.4 150.4 151.4 6.1 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.6

Transportation of passengers

  0.157 110.8 104.4 108.6 3.2 4.0 8.2 -15.8 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  3.554 150.7 153.2 154.0 6.4 0.5 0.3 1.1 0.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  3.413 114.9 115.6 116.6 5.3 0.9 -0.1 0.6 1.3

Construction

  0.520 124.7 128.4 130.8 9.4 1.9 0.3 2.1 1.9

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

  49.801 127.1 129.0 129.2 7.7 0.2 0.2 1.2 0.2

Goods

  5.802 127.4 131.9 133.7 19.3 1.4 0.7 1.3 1.4

Foods

  0.033 119.1 118.0 117.4 23.4 -0.5 -0.4 0.6 -0.6

Energy

  0.306 126.1 138.5 156.2 66.3 12.8 -1.4 3.4 12.8

Goods excluding foods and energy

  5.463 127.9 131.9 132.7 16.4 0.6 0.9 1.2 0.6

Services

  42.261 126.8 128.4 128.2 6.0 -0.2 0.1 1.2 -0.2

Trade services

  2.599 147.4 156.7 152.0 -1.7 -3.0 1.6 5.2 -3.1

Transportation and warehousing services

  2.809 150.6 158.0 157.8 27.0 -0.1 1.6 2.7 -0.6

Transportation of passengers

  0.356 109.8 102.9 107.3 3.2 4.3 8.8 -16.7 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.453 158.8 169.1 168.0 30.6 -0.7 0.5 5.8 -0.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  36.853 125.1 125.8 125.9 4.7 0.1 -0.1 0.7 0.2

Construction

  1.738 124.7 128.4 130.8 9.4 1.9 0.3 2.1 1.9

Stage 1

Stage 1 intermediate demand

  100.000 131.5 134.3 135.5 20.4 0.9 0.9 0.2 1.0

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

  32.075 136.7 142.1 144.1 34.9 1.4 2.2 0.7 1.3

Goods

  22.378 136.4 142.3 144.6 42.5 1.6 2.1 1.0 1.5

Foods

  2.960 159.3 148.0 145.2 27.6 -1.9 3.8 -3.5 -3.2

Energy

  3.186 107.0 113.2 122.6 46.1 8.3 -0.4 1.1 8.9

Goods excluding foods and energy

  16.232 143.0 151.9 153.5 44.4 1.1 2.3 1.8 1.0

Services

  9.696 141.0 145.1 146.4 16.8 0.9 2.6 -0.2 0.9

Trade services

  6.079 154.7 161.4 163.5 23.3 1.3 3.9 -0.3 1.3

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.505 128.3 128.6 131.2 8.4 2.0 2.6 -1.4 1.4

Transportation of passengers

  0.082 109.2 102.3 106.7 3.1 4.3 8.8 -16.8 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.423 131.7 133.8 135.9 9.2 1.6 1.2 2.4 1.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  3.112 102.7 102.9 102.9 4.7 0.0 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Construction

  0.001 124.7 128.4 130.8 9.4 1.9 0.3 2.1 1.9

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

  55.036 126.8 129.2 129.9 11.5 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.7

Goods

  17.049 123.1 127.2 130.1 24.7 2.3 0.3 1.2 3.0

Foods

  0.055 99.5 101.9 103.0 7.1 1.1 0.7 2.1 1.1

Energy

  5.079 132.1 137.2 144.1 52.8 5.0 -0.9 1.6 7.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

  11.915 125.7 129.6 130.6 10.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8

Services

  37.982 128.4 130.0 129.6 5.8 -0.3 0.6 -0.5 -0.5

Trade services

  3.936 145.0 149.3 150.1 13.8 0.5 1.2 1.8 0.5

Transportation and warehousing services

  3.705 121.7 122.1 124.6 4.9 2.0 3.0 -3.9 1.1

Transportation of passengers

  1.061 109.1 102.3 106.7 3.2 4.3 8.9 -16.9 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  2.644 141.7 146.2 147.9 9.1 1.2 0.4 2.7 1.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  30.341 126.4 127.7 126.8 4.5 -0.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.8

Construction

  0.005 124.7 128.4 130.8 9.4 1.9 0.3 2.1 1.9

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

  12.890 148.9 146.6 148.0 17.6 1.0 -1.2 -0.6 1.2

Goods

  8.268 139.0 142.0 144.8 20.6 2.0 0.5 0.2 2.2

Energy

  0.641 116.2 122.1 134.6 79.0 10.2 -2.0 2.8 11.8

Goods excluding foods and energy

  7.627 144.1 146.9 148.5 16.0 1.1 0.8 -0.1 1.2

Services

  4.622 168.5 155.6 154.3 12.4 -0.8 -4.2 -1.9 -0.8

Trade services

  3.948 180.5 164.0 161.8 11.7 -1.3 -5.0 -2.4 -1.3

Transportation and warehousing services

  0.610 110.9 113.9 116.7 10.7 2.5 0.9 0.9 2.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

  0.610 114.7 117.8 120.8 12.8 2.5 0.9 0.9 2.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

  0.064 120.9 121.6 122.2 3.7 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.5

Special groupings

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

45.609 127.9 130.5 131.6 16.2 0.8 0.9 0.5 1.2

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

54.301 133.2 135.0 135.2 8.2 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.1

Total construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

0.089 123.6 127.4 129.7 9.4 1.8 0.2 2.2 1.8

Total foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

5.256 137.8 136.2 134.9 15.1 -1.0 3.2 0.1 -1.1

Total energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

4.359 113.4 117.1 118.6 31.5 1.3 -0.1 1.4 4.2

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

35.994 129.6 132.7 134.1 14.6 1.1 0.8 0.5 1.1

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

46.785 128.1 131.2 133.6 33.1 1.8 1.9 1.2 1.1

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

52.221 130.8 132.1 132.8 9.1 0.5 0.0 0.8 0.6

Total construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

0.995 123.6 127.4 129.7 9.4 1.8 0.2 2.2 1.8

Total foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

11.904 138.5 128.5 126.8 13.1 -1.3 3.3 -0.1 -4.2

Total energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

6.184 104.7 110.1 119.1 68.0 8.2 -1.4 2.5 9.8

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

28.697 135.0 142.8 144.6 33.3 1.3 2.2 1.4 1.2

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

42.467 108.3 116.4 127.8 60.4 9.8 0.5 4.0 9.8

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

55.273 127.8 129.5 129.6 6.2 0.1 0.3 1.1 0.1

Total construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

2.258 123.6 127.4 129.7 9.4 1.8 0.2 2.2 1.8

Total foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

3.434 158.0 149.3 144.7 20.9 -3.1 0.6 -0.3 -3.5

Total energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

14.922 77.9 91.0 111.7 138.2 22.7 0.0 8.5 22.7

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

24.111 129.2 132.5 134.1 26.2 1.2 0.9 1.2 1.2

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

47.695 117.6 121.9 124.2 33.4 1.9 1.3 0.9 2.1

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

52.300 133.0 133.8 133.6 8.6 -0.1 0.5 -0.5 -0.2

Total construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

0.006 123.6 127.4 129.7 9.4 1.8 0.2 2.2 1.8

Total foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

3.015 148.6 138.3 135.8 27.2 -1.8 3.7 -3.4 -3.2

Total energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

8.906 116.6 122.0 130.0 52.4 6.6 -0.8 1.5 8.4

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

35.774 114.1 119.2 120.3 28.5 0.9 1.6 1.2 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at https://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(3) The indexes for June 2021 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

"-" Data not available.

Last Modified Date: July 13, 2022