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Table 2. Average annual percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 1987-2005

Table 2.  Average annual percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 1987-2005

                                                                        Average annual percent change, 1987-2005
                                                                ---------------------------------------------------------
  NAICS                        Industry                         Output                               Labor      Unit labor
  code                                                         per hour     Output      Hours    compensation      costs

                          Mining Industries

21        Mining                                                  0.6        -0.4        -1.0         3.7           4.0
211           Oil and gas extraction                              1.7        -1.1        -2.7         4.0           5.1
212           Mining, except oil and gas                          2.7         1.1        -1.6         1.3           0.2
2121              Coal mining                                     3.4         0.1        -3.2        -0.6          -0.7
2122              Metal ore mining                                3.4         1.9        -1.5         2.8           0.9
2123              Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying        1.6         1.5         0.0         3.3           1.7

                     Service-Providing Industries

                              Utilities

2211      Power generation and supply                             3.1         1.3        -1.8         2.8           1.5
2212      Natural gas distribution                                3.4         1.3        -2.0         3.2           1.9

                    Transportation and Warehousing

481       Air transportation                                      2.9         3.6         0.6         3.4          -0.1
482111    Line-haul railroads                                     4.9         2.5        -2.3         1.0          -1.4
48412     General freight trucking, long-distance                 1.5         3.4         1.8         3.7           0.3
48421     Used household and office goods moving                 -1.0         0.6         1.6         4.4           3.8
491       Postal service                                          1.1         1.2         0.1         4.1           2.8
492       Couriers and messengers                                -1.0         2.4         3.4         6.9           4.4

                             Information

511       Publishing                                              4.3         5.0         0.7         5.8           0.8
5111          Newspaper, book, and directory publishers           0.2        -0.3        -0.5         3.6           3.9
5112          Software publishers                                17.0        25.2         7.1        12.7         -10.0
51213     Motion picture and video exhibition                     0.7         2.0         1.3         3.9           1.9
515       Broadcasting, except internet                           0.9         2.4         1.5         5.4           2.9
5151          Radio and television broadcasting                   0.2         0.5         0.3         4.3           3.8
5152          Cable and other subscription programming            2.4         8.2         5.6        11.5           3.0
5171      Wired telecommunications carriers                       5.1         3.6        -1.5         2.4          -1.1
5172      Wireless telecommunications carriers                    9.6        24.3        13.5        16.5          -6.3
5175      Cable and other program distribution                    0.3         5.8         5.5        10.2           4.2

                        Finance and Insurance

52211     Commercial banking                                      2.2         2.0        -0.2         5.7           3.6

                  Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

532111    Passenger car rental                                    1.0         3.7         2.7         6.8           3.0
53212     Truck, trailer and RV rental and leasing                5.0         4.8        -0.2         3.7          -1.0
53223     Video tape and disc rental                              4.0         6.8         2.7         5.1          -1.6

                 Professional and Technical Services

541213    Tax preparation services                                1.4         4.4         2.9         4.1          -0.2
54131     Architectural services                                  1.8         4.1         2.3         5.9           1.8
54133     Engineering services                                    1.3         3.5         2.1         6.5           2.9
54181     Advertising agencies                                    1.8         1.7         0.0         4.9           3.2
541921    Photography studios, portrait                          -0.3         2.7         3.0         4.9           2.1

                 Administrative and Support Services

56131     Employment placement agencies (1)                       2.6         5.7         3.0         8.9           3.0
56151     Travel agencies                                         4.2         3.3        -0.9         4.7           1.4
56172     Janitorial services                                     2.7         4.6         1.8         5.9           1.3

                  Health Care and Social Assistance

6215      Medical and diagnostic laboratories (1)                 3.9         7.2         3.2         6.0          -1.1
621511        Medical laboratories (1)                            3.0         5.9         2.8         5.1          -0.7
621512        Diagnostic imaging centers (1)                      5.1         9.4         4.1         8.0          -1.3

                 Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

71311     Amusement and theme parks                              -0.1         2.8         2.9         6.8           3.9
71395     Bowling centers                                         0.0        -1.2        -1.2         1.3           2.6

                   Accommodation and Food Services

7211      Traveler accommodations                                 1.7         2.9         1.1         5.6           2.7

                            Other Services

8111      Automotive repair and maintenance                       1.5         2.6         1.1         4.5           1.9
81211     Hair, nail and skin care services                       2.5         3.5         1.0         5.6           2.0
81221     Funeral homes and funeral services                     -0.6         0.3         0.9         4.9           4.6
8123      Drycleaning and laundry services                        1.2         0.6        -0.7         3.0           2.5
81292     Photofinishing                                          0.9        -4.3        -5.2        -1.1           3.4


(1) For NAICS industries 56131, 6215, 621511, and 62512, average annual percent changes cover 1994-2005.

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Last Modified Date: March 25, 2021