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Economic News Release
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Table 2. Average annual percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 1987-2009


Table 2.  Average annual percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 1987-2008

                                                                   Average annual percent change, 1987-2008
                                                             ----------------------------------------------------
 NAICS                        Industry                         Output                        Labor     Unit labor
  code                                                        per hour   Output    Hours  compensation   costs

                           Wholesale Trade

42       Wholesale trade                                         3.0       3.7       0.7       4.9       1.1

423          Durable goods                                       4.9       5.4       0.5       4.8      -0.6
4231             Motor vehicles and parts                        3.1       2.9      -0.2       3.9       0.9
4232             Furniture and furnishings                       1.2       1.7       0.6       4.9       3.1
4233             Lumber and construction supplies                0.7       1.9       1.2       3.8       1.9
4234             Commercial equipment                           14.9      15.5       0.5       5.1      -9.0
4235             Metals and minerals                            -0.9      -0.3       0.6       4.8       5.2
4236             Electric goods                                  8.5       8.5       0.0       5.1      -3.2
4237             Hardware and plumbing                           0.5       1.6       1.1       5.1       3.4
4238             Machinery and supplies                          2.5       2.6       0.2       4.6       1.9
4239             Miscellaneous durable goods                     1.4       2.7       1.3       5.7       2.9

424          Nondurable goods                                    0.9       1.3       0.4       4.9       3.5
4241             Paper and paper products                        2.1       1.5      -0.6       3.7       2.2
4242             Druggists' goods                                2.1       4.3       2.2       9.8       5.2
4243             Apparel and piece goods                         2.5       2.4      -0.1       4.0       1.5
4244             Grocery and related products                    0.7       1.7       1.0       4.8       3.0
4245             Farm product raw materials                      1.8      -0.7      -2.5       4.0       4.7
4246             Chemicals                                      -0.4       0.3       0.7       4.7       4.5
4247             Petroleum                                       2.6       0.3      -2.3       3.2       2.9
4248             Alcoholic beverages                             0.2       2.0       1.8       5.2       3.2
4249             Miscellaneous nondurable goods                 -0.2      -0.1       0.1       3.7       3.8

425          Electronic markets and agents and brokers           2.0       4.7       2.6       4.9       0.2
4251             Electronic markets and agents and brokers       2.0       4.7       2.6       4.9       0.2

                            Retail Trade

44-45    Retail trade                                            3.0       3.7       0.6       3.8       0.1

441          Motor vehicle and parts dealers                     2.0       2.8       0.8       3.8       0.9
4411             Automobile dealers                              1.8       2.7       0.8       3.7       1.1
4412             Other motor vehicle dealers                     3.3       5.3       2.0       5.7       0.3
4413             Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores        2.0       2.6       0.5       3.4       0.8

442          Furniture and home furnishings stores               3.8       4.3       0.4       3.5      -0.8
4421             Furniture stores                                3.3       3.7       0.4       3.0      -0.6
4422             Home furnishings stores                         4.6       5.1       0.5       4.0      -1.0

443          Electronics and appliance stores                   13.5      15.0       1.3       4.8      -8.9
4431             Electronics and appliance stores               13.5      15.0       1.3       4.8      -8.9

444          Building material and garden supply stores          3.0       4.4       1.3       4.1      -0.3
4441             Building material and supplies dealers          2.7       4.4       1.6       4.4       0.0
4442             Lawn and garden equipment and supplies store    5.2       4.7      -0.5       2.6      -2.0

445          Food and beverage stores                            0.4       0.3      -0.1       3.3       3.0
4451             Grocery stores                                  0.3       0.3       0.0       3.5       3.2
4452             Specialty food stores                          -0.1      -0.4      -0.3       2.1       2.6
4453             Beer, wine and liquor stores                    2.2       1.0      -1.2       2.6       1.6

446          Health and personal care stores                     2.4       3.8       1.4       5.4       1.5
4461             Health and personal care stores                 2.4       3.8       1.4       5.4       1.5

447          Gasoline stations                                   2.0       1.2      -0.7       2.5       1.3
4471             Gasoline stations                               2.0       1.2      -0.7       2.5       1.3

448          Clothing and clothing accessories stores            4.9       4.5      -0.3       3.2      -1.3
4481             Clothing stores                                 5.2       5.2      -0.1       3.5      -1.6
4482             Shoe stores                                     3.7       2.6      -1.1       1.8      -0.8
4483             Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores      3.9       3.5      -0.4       3.1      -0.4

451          Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores       4.1       4.7       0.6       3.8      -0.8
4511             Sporting goods and musical instrument stores    4.7       5.5       0.7       4.1      -1.3
4512             Book, periodical, and music stores              2.6       2.9       0.3       3.2       0.3

452          General merchandise stores                          3.4       5.3       1.8       4.0      -1.2
4521             Department stores                               0.6       2.1       1.4       2.7       0.6
4529             Other general merchandise stores                6.9       9.2       2.2       5.7      -3.2

453          Miscellaneous store retailers                       4.5       4.6       0.1       2.6      -1.9
4531             Florists                                        3.5       1.0      -2.5       0.7      -0.3
4532             Office supplies, stationery and gift stores     6.0       5.8      -0.2       2.8      -2.8
4533             Used merchandise stores                         5.8       6.6       0.7       3.5      -2.9
4539             Other miscellaneous store retailers             2.5       3.9       1.3       2.6      -1.3

454          Nonstore retailers                                  8.5       8.7       0.2       3.9      -4.5
4541             Electronic shopping and mail-order houses      11.2      15.2       3.6       7.8      -6.4
4542             Vending machine operators                       2.1      -0.7      -2.7       1.5       2.2
4543             Direct selling establishments                   3.1       1.5      -1.6       1.5       0.0

                 Food Services and Drinking Places

722          Food services and drinking places                   0.6       2.2       1.6       5.5       3.2
7221             Full-service restaurants                        0.6       2.3       1.7       6.4       4.0
7222             Limited-service eating places                   0.4       2.3       1.8       5.3       3.0
7223             Special food services                           1.5       2.6       1.1       4.1       1.4
7224             Drinking places, alcoholic beverages            0.2       0.1      -0.1       2.4       2.2


Last Modified Date: August 24, 2022