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Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data






Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2017 NAICS code 2019
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 1987-2019
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compen-
sation
Hourly compen-
sation

Wholesale Trade

Wholesale trade

42

6,028.4 2.7 1.0 3.0 0.3 4.0 3.7

Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

423

3,262.2 4.1 -0.3 4.4 0.2 4.0 3.8

Motor vehicles and parts

4231

364.3 3.2 0.4 3.2 0.0 3.6 3.7

Furniture and furnishings

4232

119.5 1.7 2.1 1.8 0.1 3.9 3.9

Lumber and construction supplies

4233

254.5 1.0 1.6 1.8 0.8 3.4 2.7

Commercial equipment

4234

693.3 11.3 -6.5 11.5 0.2 4.3 4.1

Metals and minerals

4235

139.3 -0.4 3.8 -0.1 0.3 3.7 3.4

Appliances and electric goods

4236

365.3 6.9 -2.5 6.7 -0.2 4.0 4.2

Hardware and plumbing

4237

285.9 1.4 2.1 2.4 1.0 4.5 3.5

Machinery and supplies

4238

721.5 1.6 2.2 1.7 0.1 4.0 3.9

Miscellaneous durable goods

4239

318.6 1.1 2.6 1.5 0.5 4.1 3.7

Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

424

2,230.2 1.1 2.7 1.3 0.2 4.1 3.8

Paper and paper products

4241

132.2 0.6 2.6 0.0 -0.6 2.7 3.3

Druggists' goods

4242

243.5 2.2 3.5 3.5 1.2 7.1 5.9

Apparel and piece goods

4243

156.4 1.8 1.5 1.4 -0.4 3.0 3.3

Grocery and related products

4244

812.4 1.0 2.2 1.7 0.7 4.0 3.3

Farm product raw materials

4245

72.2 1.1 3.6 -0.5 -1.6 3.0 4.7

Chemicals

4246

153.3 0.0 3.4 0.7 0.6 4.1 3.4

Petroleum

4247

105.9 2.5 2.2 1.2 -1.3 3.4 4.7

Alcoholic beverages

4248

207.9 0.3 2.8 2.1 1.8 4.9 3.1

Miscellaneous nondurable goods

4249

346.4 0.0 3.3 -0.4 -0.4 2.9 3.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

425

536.0 1.5 0.8 3.0 1.5 3.8 2.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

4251

536.0 1.5 0.8 3.0 1.5 3.8 2.3

Retail Trade

Retail trade

44-45

16,410.5 2.9 0.0 3.3 0.4 3.3 2.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

441

2,093.4 2.2 0.6 3.0 0.8 3.6 2.8

Automobile dealers

4411

1,331.2 2.3 0.6 3.1 0.8 3.7 2.9

Other motor vehicle dealers

4412

177.6 2.5 0.8 3.9 1.4 4.7 3.3

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

4413

584.6 1.0 1.4 1.7 0.7 3.2 2.4

Furniture and home furnishings stores

442

498.7 3.8 -1.0 3.6 -0.2 2.6 2.8

Furniture stores

4421

231.8 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 2.4 2.6

Home furnishings stores

4422

266.9 4.6 -1.5 4.4 -0.2 2.9 3.0

Electronics and appliance stores

443

490.4 10.7 -7.2 10.9 0.2 2.9 2.7

Electronics and appliance stores

4431

490.4 10.7 -7.2 10.9 0.2 2.9 2.7

Building material and garden supply stores

444

1,329.3 2.5 0.0 3.2 0.7 3.2 2.5

Building material and supplies dealers

4441

1,163.3 2.4 0.1 3.2 0.9 3.3 2.4

Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores

4442

166.0 3.2 -0.5 3.0 -0.3 2.4 2.7

Food and beverage stores

445

3,146.7 0.7 2.1 0.7 0.0 2.8 2.8

Grocery stores

4451

2,722.8 0.5 2.4 0.6 0.1 3.0 2.9

Specialty food stores

4452

242.7 0.5 1.8 -0.3 -0.8 1.5 2.3

Beer, wine and liquor stores

4453

181.2 2.0 0.7 1.5 -0.5 2.2 2.7

Health and personal care stores

446

1,103.3 1.8 1.4 2.8 1.0 4.2 3.2

Health and personal care stores

4461

1,103.3 1.8 1.4 2.8 1.0 4.2 3.2

Gasoline stations

447

949.6 1.4 1.6 1.1 -0.2 2.8 3.0

Gasoline stations

4471

949.6 1.4 1.6 1.1 -0.2 2.8 3.0

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

448

1,398.1 4.0 -1.0 3.6 -0.4 2.5 2.9

Clothing stores

4481

1,029.2 4.3 -1.2 4.0 -0.3 2.7 3.0

Shoe stores

4482

203.8 2.9 -0.7 2.6 -0.3 1.9 2.2

Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores

4483

165.1 3.3 -0.1 2.6 -0.7 2.5 3.2

Sports, hobby, music instruments, book stores

451

602.7 3.6 -0.6 3.6 0.0 3.0 3.0

Sporting goods and musical instrument stores

4511

517.0 4.1 -1.1 4.4 0.3 3.3 3.0

Book stores and news dealers

4512

85.7 1.8 1.2 0.2 -1.6 1.3 3.0

General merchandise stores

452

3,055.2 3.0 -0.7 4.1 1.1 3.4 2.3

Department stores

4522

1,083.1 0.7 0.9 0.3 -0.4 1.3 1.7

Other general merchandise stores

4523

1,972.1 4.9 -1.7 7.2 2.1 5.3 3.1

Miscellaneous store retailers

453

981.5 3.3 -0.8 3.1 -0.2 2.3 2.5

Florists

4531

73.8 3.1 0.0 0.0 -3.1 0.0 3.1

Office supplies, stationery and gift stores

4532

257.4 5.6 -2.4 3.7 -1.8 1.2 3.1

Used merchandise stores

4533

225.2 4.4 -1.8 5.7 1.2 3.8 2.5

Other miscellaneous store retailers

4539

425.1 1.0 0.6 2.5 1.5 3.1 1.6

Nonstore retailers

454

761.6 8.4 -3.8 9.2 0.8 5.1 4.3

Electronic shopping and mail-order houses

4541

483.3 10.1 -4.7 14.2 3.7 8.9 4.9

Vending machine operators

4542

49.7 0.3 3.1 -1.8 -2.1 1.3 3.5

Direct selling establishments

4543

228.6 2.7 -0.1 1.3 -1.4 1.2 2.6

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: June 09, 2021