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Table 2. Average annual percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 1987-2006


Table 2.  Average annual percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 1987-2006

                                                                   Average annual percent change, 1987-2006
                                                             ----------------------------------------------------
 NAICS                        Industry                         Output                        Labor     Unit labor
  code                                                        per hour   Output    Hours  compensation   costs

                          Mining Industries

21       Mining                                                  0.1      -0.3      -0.4       4.4       4.7
211          Oil and gas extraction                              1.2      -1.0      -2.2       4.8       5.8
2111             Oil and gas extraction                          1.2      -1.0      -2.2       4.8       5.8
212          Mining, except oil and gas                          2.5       1.1      -1.3       1.7       0.5
2121             Coal mining                                     2.9       0.1      -2.7      -0.1      -0.2
2122             Metal ore mining                                2.9       2.0      -0.9       3.6       1.6
2123             Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying        1.6       1.6       0.0       3.3       1.7

                    Service-Providing Industries

                              Utilities

2211     Power generation and supply                             3.0       1.3      -1.7       3.1       1.9
2212     Natural gas distribution                                3.0       1.0      -1.9       3.8       2.7

                   Transportation and Warehousing

481      Air transportation                                      3.0       3.4       0.4       3.1      -0.3
482111   Line-haul railroads                                     4.8       2.6      -2.1       1.2      -1.3
48412    General freight trucking, long-distance                 1.4       3.3       1.9       3.8       0.5
48421    Used household and office goods moving                 -1.1       0.5       1.6       4.4       3.9
491      Postal service                                          1.1       1.2       0.1       4.1       2.9
4911          Postal service                                     1.1       1.2       0.1       4.1       2.9
492      Couriers and messengers                                -0.7       2.3       3.1       6.7       4.3
493      Warehousing and storage (1)                             3.4       6.8       3.2       6.0      -0.7
4931         Warehousing and storage (1)                         3.4       6.8       3.2       6.0      -0.7
49311            General warehousing and storage (1)             5.4       8.6       3.1       6.7      -1.7
49312            Refrigerated warehousing and storage (1)       -0.4       3.7       4.0       4.5       0.8

                             Information

511      Publishing                                              4.3       4.8       0.5       5.8       0.9
5111         Newspaper, book, and directory publishers           0.3      -0.4      -0.7       3.6       4.0
5112         Software publishers                                16.2      24.3       6.9      12.6      -9.4
51213    Motion picture and video exhibition                     0.8       1.8       1.0       3.9       2.0
515      Broadcasting, except internet                           1.2       2.7       1.4       5.2       2.4
5151         Radio and television broadcasting                   0.6       0.9       0.3       4.3       3.4
5152         Cable and other subscription programming            2.5       8.1       5.5      10.6       2.3
5171     Wired telecommunications carriers                       5.1       3.3      -1.7       2.4      -0.8
5172     Wireless telecommunications carriers                    9.7      24.1      13.2      16.2      -6.4
5175     Cable and other program distribution                    0.3       5.8       5.5      10.4       4.3

                        Finance and Insurance

52211    Commercial banking                                      2.4       2.2      -0.2       5.9       3.5

                 Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

532111   Passenger car rental                                    1.0       3.4       2.4       6.5       3.0
53212    Truck, trailer and RV rental and leasing                5.3       4.8      -0.6       3.8      -0.9
53223    Video tape and disc rental                              4.5       6.1       1.6       4.5      -1.6

                 Professional and Technical Services

541213   Tax preparation services                                1.0       4.1       3.1       4.5       0.4
54131    Architectural services                                  1.5       4.0       2.4       6.2       2.2
54133    Engineering services                                    1.3       3.5       2.2       6.8       3.1
54181    Advertising agencies                                    1.7       2.0       0.3       5.0       2.9
541921   Photography studios, portrait                          -0.2       2.4       2.6       5.0       2.5

                  Administrative and Waste Services

56131    Employment placement agencies (2)                       2.8       5.5       2.7       9.1       3.5
56151    Travel agencies                                         4.1       3.1      -0.9       4.3       1.2
56172    Janitorial services                                     2.3       4.4       2.0       6.0       1.5

                  Health Care and Social Assistance

6215     Medical and diagnostic laboratories (2)                 3.6       7.1       3.3       6.1      -0.9
621511       Medical laboratories (2)                            2.8       5.9       3.0       5.2      -0.6
621512       Diagnostic imaging centers (2)                      4.8       9.2       4.2       8.1      -1.0

                 Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

71311    Amusement and theme parks                              -0.7       2.6       3.3       6.5       3.9
71395    Bowling centers                                         0.2      -1.0      -1.3       1.5       2.6

                   Accommodation and Food Services

7211     Traveler accommodation                                  1.4       2.7       1.3       5.6       2.8

                           Other Services

8111     Automotive repair and maintenance                       1.4       2.4       1.0       4.4       2.0
81211    Hair, nail and skin care services                       2.0       3.1       1.1       5.7       2.4
81221    Funeral homes and funeral services                     -0.2       0.2       0.4       4.6       4.4
8123     Drycleaning and laundry services                        1.1       0.6      -0.5       3.2       2.5
81292    Photofinishing                                          0.9      -4.7      -5.6      -1.7       3.1


(1) For NAICS industries 493, 4931, 49311, and 49312, average annual percent changes are for 1992-2006.
(2) For NAICS industries 56131, 6215, 621511, and 621512, average annual percent changes are for 1994-2006.

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Last Modified Date: October 30, 2020