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Productivity by State News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, May 27, 2021                                               USDL-21-XXXX

Technical information: 	(202) 691-5606  •  productivity@bls.gov  • www.bls.gov/lpc 
Media contact:              	(202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


PRODUCTIVITY BY STATE—2019
 

Labor productivity in the private nonfarm sector rose in 46 states and the District of Columbia, in 
2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This is the highest number of states with 
positive productivity growth since 2007, the starting year of this series. Output increased in all 50 states 
and the District of Columbia in 2019 while hours worked increased in 33 states and the District. New 
Mexico experienced the highest rate of productivity growth, 3.8 percent.

Labor productivity growth by state, 2019

The ten states with fastest growth in productivity all saw gains of more than 3.0 percent:
	* New Mexico, 3.8 percent
	* Rhode Island, 3.6 percent
	* Virginia, 3.4 percent
	* New Hampshire, 3.4 percent
	* Colorado, 3.4 percent
	* California, 3.4 percent
	* Maryland, 3.3 percent
	* Vermont, 3.2 percent
	* Texas, 3.2 percent
	* Maine, 3.0 percent

All ten top performing states saw increases in output; seven (Rhode Island, Virginia, New 
Hampshire, California, Maryland, Vermont, and Maine) saw declines in hours worked.

Of the ten states with slowest growth (Nevada, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, North Carolina, South 
Dakota, Delaware, Alaska, Georgia, and Minnesota) all saw increases in both output and hours 
worked.
 
Each state’s annual contribution to national productivity growth is calculated by multiplying the state’s 
productivity growth rate by its average share of total current dollar regional output. The economic size of 
each state influences its contribution to national and regional estimates. For 2019, California had the 
largest contribution to national growth. The state’s 3.4 percent growth in labor productivity in 2019 
contributed nearly one quarter of the 2.2 percent growth of the nation.
 
Long term trends

Labor productivity growth by state, 2007-2019
 
* Over the long term, labor productivity rose in 47 states and the District of Columbia. 
* Output increased in 49 states during this period while hours worked increased in 37 states. 
* North Dakota experienced the highest rate of growth of 3.1 percent. Connecticut, Louisiana, and 
Wyoming each posted slight declines over the long term.
* The first year of this series coincides with a severe recession. During the recession of 2007 to 
2009, 47 states experienced increases in labor productivity, though only 10 saw growth in output. 
No states saw increases in hours worked during this period.

The states with the largest economies—California, Texas, and New 
York—contributed the most to national productivity growth, accounting for over one third of the 1.3 
percent increase.

Additional Information

Time periods for data covered by this release precede, and are therefore not impacted by, COVID-19.

The productivity and costs measures in this release incorporate data from the [insert sources and release 
date]. Accordingly, the labor productivity and output series for all states have been revised for 2019 and 
earlier years.

Access state productivity data at www.bls.gov/lpc/lpc-by-state-and-region.xlsx for
* Detailed data series: indexes of productivity and related measures; rates of change; and levels of state 
employment, hours worked, nominal value of production, and labor compensation 
* Additional years and long-term data

Subscribe to productivity news releases on the BLS website at 
subscriptions.bls.gov/accounts/USDOLBLS/subscriber/new.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with a sensory impairment upon request. 
Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 

Technical Note

Labor Productivity: Labor productivity describes the relationship between real output and the labor 
hours involved in its production. These measures show the changes from period to period in the amount 
of goods and services produced per hour worked. Although the labor productivity measures relate output 
in a state to hours worked of all persons in that state, they do not measure the specific contribution of labor 
to growth in output. Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many influences, including: changes in 
technology; capital investment; utilization of capacity, energy, and materials; the use of purchased services 
inputs, including contract employment services; the organization of production; the characteristics and 
effort of the workforce; and managerial skill. 

Output: BLS state-level measures of output for the private nonfarm sector are created using GDP by state 
and industry data published by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). BEA does not produce a private 
nonfarm sector measure of real output by state. To create the necessary output series, BLS subtracts 
several industry components — the farm sector, private households, and owner-occupied housing — from 
GDP by state using a Fisher ideal index formula. 

Labor Hours: Hours are the number of hours worked by all employed persons, including wage and salary 
workers, self-employed persons, and unpaid family workers. Hours for wage and salary workers are 
primarily from BLS Current Employment Statistics (CES) and hours for self-employed and unpaid family 
workers are from the BLS Current Population Survey (CPS). The hours are adjusted from an hours paid 
basis to an hours worked basis using data from the BLS National Compensation Survey (NCS).
	 


	


                                       Technical Note

Labor Productivity: Labor productivity describes the relationship between real output and the labor 
hours involved in its production. These measures show the changes from period to period in the amount 
of goods and services produced per hour worked. Although the labor productivity measures relate output 
in a state to hours worked of all persons in that state, they do not measure the specific contribution of labor 
to growth in output. Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many influences, including: changes in 
technology; capital investment; utilization of capacity, energy, and materials; the use of purchased services 
inputs, including contract employment services; the organization of production; the characteristics and 
effort of the workforce; and managerial skill. 

Output: BLS state-level measures of output for the private nonfarm sector are created using GDP by state 
and industry data published by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). BEA does not produce a private 
nonfarm sector measure of real output by state. To create the necessary output series, BLS subtracts 
several industry components — the farm sector, private households, and owner-occupied housing — from 
GDP by state using a Fisher ideal index formula. 

Labor Hours: Hours are the number of hours worked by all employed persons, including wage and salary 
workers, self-employed persons, and unpaid family workers. Hours for wage and salary workers are 
primarily from BLS Current Employment Statistics (CES) and hours for self-employed and unpaid family 
workers are from the BLS Current Population Survey (CPS). The hours are adjusted from an hours paid 
basis to an hours worked basis using data from the BLS National Compensation Survey (NCS).









Table 1. Recent labor productivity and related data, private nonfarm sector
Area Name 2019
Employment
(thousands)
Percent change, 2018-2019
Labor
productivity
Output Hours
worked
Unit labor
costs
Labor
compensation
Hourly
compensation

States

Alabama

1,796.497 2.3 3.0 0.7 1.3 4.3 3.6

Alaska

281.032 0.5 3.5 3.0 2.7 6.4 3.3

Arizona

2,752.211 1.5 3.6 2.0 2.8 6.4 4.3

Arkansas

1,131.365 1.6 2.5 0.9 2.0 4.6 3.7

California

16,580.879 3.4 3.1 -0.3 1.1 4.3 4.5

Colorado

2,539.051 3.4 3.9 0.4 3.0 7.0 6.6

Connecticut

1,580.984 2.9 2.1 -0.8 0.5 2.7 3.5

Delaware

420.489 0.3 0.9 0.6 3.4 4.3 3.7

District of Columbia

581.136 0.9 2.6 1.7 1.1 3.7 1.9

Florida

8,428.755 2.8 3.2 0.4 2.1 5.3 4.9

Georgia

4,193.314 0.7 2.2 1.6 2.8 5.1 3.5

Hawaii

575.984 1.9 1.0 -0.9 2.5 3.5 4.4

Idaho

694.324 1.2 2.8 1.6 3.3 6.2 4.5

Illinois

5,594.273 2.8 1.9 -0.9 1.1 3.1 4.0

Indiana

2,891.739 -0.4 1.0 1.3 2.9 3.9 2.5

Iowa

1,432.039 -0.1 0.9 1.0 3.3 4.2 3.2

Kansas

1,247.461 0.0 1.1 1.1 2.6 3.7 2.6

Kentucky

1,717.983 1.3 1.7 0.4 2.0 3.7 3.3

Louisiana

1,793.703 1.8 1.5 -0.2 1.0 2.5 2.7

Maine

601.934 3.0 2.2 -0.8 2.0 4.2 5.1

Maryland

2,425.494 3.3 2.0 -1.3 0.7 2.7 4.1

Massachusetts

3,464.550 2.3 2.9 0.5 2.5 5.4 4.9

Michigan

4,061.423 1.8 0.7 -1.1 1.9 2.6 3.7

Minnesota

2,742.487 0.8 1.4 0.6 2.9 4.4 3.8

Mississippi

992.839 0.9 1.4 0.5 1.1 2.5 2.0

Missouri

2,671.661 1.2 2.3 1.2 2.3 4.6 3.4

Montana

434.391 2.1 2.5 0.4 1.7 4.2 3.8

Nebraska

916.895 1.8 0.7 -1.0 2.2 3.0 4.0

Nevada

1,338.274 -1.3 3.2 4.6 3.0 6.2 1.6

New Hampshire

649.489 3.4 3.3 -0.1 0.3 3.6 3.7

New Jersey

3,787.010 0.8 1.7 1.0 1.5 3.3 2.3

New Mexico

728.843 3.8 4.7 0.9 0.3 5.0 4.1

New York

8,815.759 2.3 2.2 0.0 2.2 4.4 4.5

North Carolina

4,158.398 0.1 2.7 2.6 3.4 6.2 3.5

North Dakota

378.098 2.9 3.8 0.8 0.4 4.2 3.4

Ohio

5,106.732 1.5 1.9 0.4 2.3 4.2 3.8

Oklahoma

1,476.768 2.9 2.4 -0.5 -0.6 1.8 2.3

Oregon

1,819.589 2.6 3.0 0.5 0.9 3.9 3.4

Pennsylvania

5,746.152 1.6 2.6 1.0 1.8 4.4 3.4

Rhode Island

468.951 3.6 3.5 -0.1 -0.5 3.0 3.1

South Carolina

1,952.434 2.1 3.6 1.4 1.7 5.4 3.9

South Dakota

391.257 0.1 1.3 1.2 3.0 4.3 3.1

Tennessee

2,916.234 1.6 2.5 0.8 1.9 4.5 3.6

Texas

11,756.898 3.2 4.9 1.7 1.0 6.0 4.2

Utah

1,403.948 1.4 4.1 2.7 3.0 7.2 4.5

Vermont

289.258 3.2 2.9 -0.3 0.3 3.2 3.5

Virginia

3,553.261 3.4 2.5 -0.9 1.0 3.5 4.4

Washington

3,168.625 1.9 4.1 2.2 3.5 7.7 5.5

West Virginia

603.591 2.3 0.9 -1.3 -1.1 -0.1 1.2

Wisconsin

2,781.743 2.8 1.7 -1.1 1.8 3.5 4.6

Wyoming

238.736 0.9 4.0 3.1 1.8 5.8 2.7

Regions

Midwest

30,215.809 1.5 1.5 0.0 2.1 3.7 3.6

Northeast

25,404.086 2.0 2.4 0.4 1.8 4.2 3.9

South

49,899.158 2.3 3.2 0.8 1.6 4.8 3.9

West

32,555.888 2.6 3.3 0.7 1.8 5.2 4.5






Table 2. Long run labor productivity and related data, private nonfarm sector
Area Name 2019
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 2007-2019
Labor
productivity
Output Hours
worked
Unit labor
costs
Labor
compensation
Hourly
compensation

States

Alabama

1,796.497 1.2 0.9 -0.3 1.4 2.3 2.6

Alaska

281.032 0.4 0.6 0.2 2.1 2.7 2.5

Arizona

2,752.211 0.5 1.2 0.7 1.9 3.2 2.4

Arkansas

1,131.365 0.9 1.2 0.3 1.4 2.7 2.3

California

16,580.879 2.0 2.7 0.8 1.0 3.8 3.0

Colorado

2,539.051 1.7 2.6 0.9 1.3 3.9 3.1

Connecticut

1,580.984 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2 1.8 1.4 1.7

Delaware

420.489 0.2 0.3 0.0 1.9 2.2 2.2

District of Columbia

581.136 0.5 1.8 1.3 1.9 3.7 2.4

Florida

8,428.755 0.7 1.5 0.7 1.8 3.3 2.6

Georgia

4,193.314 1.1 1.7 0.7 1.5 3.3 2.6

Hawaii

575.984 1.3 1.5 0.2 1.3 2.8 2.6

Idaho

694.324 1.3 2.0 0.7 1.0 3.1 2.3

Illinois

5,594.273 1.0 1.0 0.0 1.3 2.3 2.3

Indiana

2,891.739 0.6 0.9 0.3 1.7 2.6 2.3

Iowa

1,432.039 0.7 1.0 0.3 2.0 2.9 2.6

Kansas

1,247.461 1.4 1.4 0.0 1.0 2.4 2.4

Kentucky

1,717.983 1.2 1.0 -0.2 1.7 2.7 2.9

Louisiana

1,793.703 -0.2 0.1 0.4 2.4 2.6 2.2

Maine

601.934 0.8 0.9 0.1 1.8 2.6 2.6

Maryland

2,425.494 1.6 1.8 0.3 0.8 2.7 2.4

Massachusetts

3,464.550 1.6 2.4 0.8 1.2 3.6 2.8

Michigan

4,061.423 0.7 0.8 0.2 1.4 2.3 2.1

Minnesota

2,742.487 1.1 1.7 0.6 1.3 3.1 2.5

Mississippi

992.839 0.7 0.4 -0.3 1.6 2.0 2.2

Missouri

2,671.661 1.0 1.0 -0.1 1.5 2.5 2.6

Montana

434.391 1.5 1.4 -0.1 1.8 3.2 3.3

Nebraska

916.895 1.4 1.8 0.3 1.3 3.0 2.7

Nevada

1,338.274 0.4 0.6 0.2 2.0 2.6 2.3

New Hampshire

649.489 1.4 1.8 0.4 1.0 2.9 2.4

New Jersey

3,787.010 0.6 0.9 0.3 1.2 2.1 1.8

New Mexico

728.843 1.6 1.3 -0.3 0.8 2.1 2.4

New York

8,815.759 1.1 1.8 0.7 1.0 2.8 2.0

North Carolina

4,158.398 0.7 1.4 0.7 1.8 3.3 2.6

North Dakota

378.098 3.1 5.4 2.2 0.7 6.1 3.8

Ohio

5,106.732 1.0 1.3 0.2 1.2 2.5 2.2

Oklahoma

1,476.768 1.7 2.5 0.8 0.7 3.3 2.5

Oregon

1,819.589 1.9 2.5 0.6 0.7 3.2 2.5

Pennsylvania

5,746.152 1.3 1.8 0.4 1.0 2.8 2.3

Rhode Island

468.951 1.0 0.9 -0.1 1.3 2.2 2.3

South Carolina

1,952.434 1.2 1.9 0.6 1.4 3.3 2.7

South Dakota

391.257 1.0 1.7 0.7 2.0 3.8 3.1

Tennessee

2,916.234 1.2 1.9 0.7 1.1 2.9 2.3

Texas

11,756.898 1.4 3.1 1.6 1.1 4.3 2.6

Utah

1,403.948 0.9 2.5 1.6 1.9 4.5 2.8

Vermont

289.258 1.5 1.3 -0.2 1.1 2.4 2.6

Virginia

3,553.261 1.2 1.3 0.1 1.3 2.6 2.5

Washington

3,168.625 2.0 3.2 1.1 1.5 4.7 3.6

West Virginia

603.591 1.2 0.9 -0.3 1.3 2.2 2.5

Wisconsin

2,781.743 1.0 1.4 0.4 1.3 2.7 2.3

Wyoming

238.736 -0.1 -0.6 -0.4 2.2 1.6 2.1

Regions

Midwest

30,215.809 1.0 1.2 0.2 1.4 2.6 2.3

Northeast

25,404.086 1.0 1.5 0.5 1.1 2.7 2.2

South

49,899.158 1.1 1.9 0.7 1.4 3.3 2.5

West

32,555.888 1.7 2.5 0.7 1.2 3.7 2.9






Table 3. Labor productivity in selected periods, private nonfarm sector
Area Name Average annual percent change
2007-2009 2009-2019 2007-2019

States

Alabama

3.8 0.6 1.2

Alaska

6.8 -0.8 0.4

Arizona

-1.1 0.9 0.5

Arkansas

0.9 0.9 0.9

California

3.5 1.7 2.0

Colorado

2.9 1.5 1.7

Connecticut

1.1 -0.4 -0.2

Delaware

4.4 -0.6 0.2

District of Columbia

0.9 0.5 0.5

Florida

0.7 0.7 0.7

Georgia

1.3 1.0 1.1

Hawaii

0.8 1.4 1.3

Idaho

5.2 0.5 1.3

Illinois

1.0 0.9 1.0

Indiana

0.7 0.5 0.6

Iowa

-0.6 0.9 0.7

Kansas

0.3 1.7 1.4

Kentucky

2.3 1.0 1.2

Louisiana

0.8 -0.5 -0.2

Maine

2.2 0.5 0.8

Maryland

2.7 1.3 1.6

Massachusetts

2.0 1.5 1.6

Michigan

-0.8 1.0 0.7

Minnesota

2.5 0.9 1.1

Mississippi

2.0 0.4 0.7

Missouri

4.4 0.4 1.0

Montana

6.9 0.4 1.5

Nebraska

0.7 1.6 1.4

Nevada

1.1 0.2 0.4

New Hampshire

2.1 1.2 1.4

New Jersey

1.0 0.5 0.6

New Mexico

3.1 1.3 1.6

New York

2.5 0.8 1.1

North Carolina

3.6 0.1 0.7

North Dakota

5.4 2.6 3.1

Ohio

1.1 1.0 1.0

Oklahoma

1.8 1.7 1.7

Oregon

4.7 1.3 1.9

Pennsylvania

2.2 1.1 1.3

Rhode Island

1.3 0.9 1.0

South Carolina

1.8 1.1 1.2

South Dakota

1.1 1.0 1.0

Tennessee

2.5 0.9 1.2

Texas

2.2 1.3 1.4

Utah

0.0 1.1 0.9

Vermont

3.2 1.2 1.5

Virginia

3.7 0.7 1.2

Washington

1.7 2.1 2.0

West Virginia

3.2 0.8 1.2

Wisconsin

0.6 1.0 1.0

Wyoming

3.1 -0.8 -0.1

Regions

Midwest

1.1 0.9 1.0

Northeast

2.0 0.8 1.0

South

2.3 0.9 1.1

West

2.9 1.5 1.7






Table 4. Contributions to national labor productivity, private nonfarm sector
Area Name Share Weight (percent) Average annual percent change, 2007-2019
Labor Productivity Contribution to National

National

  1.2  

Alabama

1.1 1.2 0.013

Alaska

0.3 0.4 0.001

Arizona

1.7 0.5 0.008

Arkansas

0.7 0.9 0.006

California

13.5 2.0 0.270

Colorado

1.7 1.7 0.030

Connecticut

1.5 -0.2 -0.003

Delaware

0.4 0.2 0.001

District of Columbia

0.5 0.5 0.003

Florida

4.9 0.7 0.034

Georgia

2.9 1.1 0.032

Hawaii

0.4 1.3 0.005

Idaho

0.3 1.3 0.005

Illinois

4.5 1.0 0.045

Indiana

1.9 0.6 0.012

Iowa

0.9 0.7 0.007

Kansas

0.8 1.4 0.012

Kentucky

1.1 1.2 0.013

Louisiana

1.4 -0.2 -0.003

Maine

0.3 0.8 0.003

Maryland

1.8 1.6 0.029

Massachusetts

2.8 1.6 0.045

Michigan

2.7 0.7 0.019

Minnesota

1.9 1.1 0.020

Mississippi

0.6 0.7 0.004

Missouri

1.7 1.0 0.017

Montana

0.2 1.5 0.004

Nebraska

0.6 1.4 0.008

Nevada

0.8 0.4 0.003

New Hampshire

0.4 1.4 0.006

New Jersey

3.2 0.6 0.019

New Mexico

0.5 1.6 0.007

New York

8.2 1.1 0.090

North Carolina

2.8 0.7 0.019

North Dakota

0.3 3.1 0.008

Ohio

3.5 1.0 0.035

Oklahoma

1.0 1.7 0.017

Oregon

1.1 1.9 0.021

Pennsylvania

4.1 1.3 0.053

Rhode Island

0.3 1.0 0.003

South Carolina

1.1 1.2 0.013

South Dakota

0.2 1.0 0.002

Tennessee

1.8 1.2 0.022

Texas

9.1 1.4 0.127

Utah

0.8 0.9 0.007

Vermont

0.2 1.5 0.002

Virginia

2.5 1.2 0.030

Washington

2.5 2.0 0.050

West Virginia

0.4 1.2 0.005

Wisconsin

1.7 1.0 0.017

Wyoming

0.2 -0.1 0.000






Table 5. Contributions to national labor productivity in selected periods, private nonfarm sector
Area Name Average annual percent change
2007-2009 2009-2019 2007-2019

National

2.1 1.0 1.2

Alabama

0.043 0.006 0.013

Alaska

0.024 -0.002 0.001

Arizona

-0.019 0.015 0.008

Arkansas

0.006 0.006 0.006

California

0.461 0.231 0.270

Colorado

0.051 0.026 0.030

Connecticut

0.019 -0.006 -0.003

Delaware

0.018 -0.002 0.001

District of Columbia

0.005 0.003 0.003

Florida

0.035 0.034 0.034

Georgia

0.037 0.029 0.032

Hawaii

0.003 0.005 0.005

Idaho

0.018 0.002 0.005

Illinois

0.046 0.041 0.045

Indiana

0.014 0.010 0.012

Iowa

-0.006 0.008 0.007

Kansas

0.003 0.014 0.012

Kentucky

0.025 0.011 0.013

Louisiana

0.012 -0.007 -0.003

Maine

0.007 0.002 0.003

Maryland

0.049 0.024 0.029

Massachusetts

0.055 0.043 0.045

Michigan

-0.022 0.027 0.019

Minnesota

0.046 0.017 0.020

Mississippi

0.012 0.002 0.004

Missouri

0.077 0.007 0.017

Montana

0.016 0.001 0.004

Nebraska

0.004 0.009 0.008

Nevada

0.010 0.002 0.003

New Hampshire

0.009 0.005 0.006

New Jersey

0.034 0.016 0.019

New Mexico

0.015 0.006 0.007

New York

0.196 0.067 0.090

North Carolina

0.101 0.003 0.019

North Dakota

0.011 0.007 0.008

Ohio

0.038 0.035 0.035

Oklahoma

0.019 0.017 0.017

Oregon

0.051 0.014 0.021

Pennsylvania

0.091 0.045 0.053

Rhode Island

0.004 0.003 0.003

South Carolina

0.019 0.012 0.013

South Dakota

0.003 0.002 0.002

Tennessee

0.044 0.016 0.022

Texas

0.193 0.119 0.127

Utah

0.000 0.009 0.007

Vermont

0.005 0.002 0.002

Virginia

0.095 0.017 0.030

Washington

0.040 0.053 0.050

West Virginia

0.013 0.003 0.005

Wisconsin

0.010 0.017 0.017

Wyoming

0.009 -0.002 0.000






Table 6. Contributions to regional labor productivity, private nonfarm sector
Area Name Share Weight (percent) Percent change, 2018-2019
Labor Productivity Contribution to Region

Northeast

  2.0  

Connecticut

6.6 2.9 0.193

Maine

1.5 3.0 0.044

Massachusetts

13.8 2.3 0.318

New Hampshire

2.0 3.4 0.069

New Jersey

14.8 0.8 0.118

New York

39.9 2.3 0.917

Pennsylvania

19.2 1.6 0.308

Rhode Island

1.4 3.6 0.051

Vermont

0.8 3.2 0.024

South

  2.3  

Alabama

3.1 2.3 0.071

Arkansas

1.8 1.6 0.030

Delaware

1.1 0.3 0.003

District of Columbia

1.6 0.9 0.014

Florida

15.0 2.8 0.420

Georgia

8.7 0.7 0.061

Kentucky

3.0 1.3 0.039

Louisiana

3.8 1.8 0.069

Maryland

5.3 3.3 0.174

Mississippi

1.6 0.9 0.014

North Carolina

8.1 0.1 0.008

Oklahoma

2.8 2.9 0.082

South Carolina

3.3 2.1 0.069

Tennessee

5.4 1.6 0.087

Texas

27.3 3.2 0.875

Virginia

7.0 3.4 0.240

West Virginia

1.1 2.3 0.025

Midwest

  1.5  

Illinois

21.7 2.8 0.607

Indiana

9.3 -0.4 -0.037

Iowa

4.5 -0.1 -0.004

Kansas

4.0 0.0 0.000

Michigan

13.0 1.8 0.235

Minnesota

9.2 0.8 0.073

Missouri

7.9 1.2 0.095

Nebraska

2.9 1.8 0.052

North Dakota

1.3 2.9 0.038

Ohio

16.8 1.5 0.253

South Dakota

1.2 0.1 0.001

Wisconsin

8.3 2.8 0.231

West

  2.6  

Alaska

1.0 0.5 0.005

Arizona

6.6 1.5 0.099

California

56.8 3.4 1.933

Colorado

7.1 3.4 0.243

Hawaii

1.6 1.9 0.030

Idaho

1.4 1.2 0.017

Montana

0.9 2.1 0.019

Nevada

3.3 -1.3 -0.043

New Mexico

1.7 3.8 0.063

Oregon

4.5 2.6 0.117

Utah

3.5 1.4 0.049

Washington

10.8 1.9 0.206

Wyoming

0.7 0.9 0.006

Last Modified Date: May 20, 2021