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Economic News Release
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Regional and State Unemployment, 2010 Annual Average Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 25, 2011             USDL-11-0239

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392 * lausinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/lau
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov
                                   
                                   
        REGIONAL AND STATE UNEMPLOYMENT -- 2010 ANNUAL AVERAGES


Annual average unemployment rates in 2010 rose in 31 states and the District
of Columbia, declined in 18 states, and remained the same in 1 state, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment-population ratios 
decreased in 43 states and the District of Columbia, increased in 3 states, 
and were unchanged in 4 states. Jobless rates increased in three regions and 
decreased in one, and employment-population ratios declined in all four 
regions in 2010. The U.S. jobless rate rose by 0.3 percentage point from the 
prior year to 9.6 percent, while the national employment-population ratio 
fell by 0.8 point to 58.5 percent. //SRGUNE ZUNI3PO Test 10292020//     
Regional Unemployment

Three of the 4 regions posted statistically significant unemployment rate 
changes from 2009, all of which were increases. The West experienced the 
largest rise (+0.9 percentage point), followed by the South (+0.4 point) 
and Northeast (+0.3 point). The West, at 11.1 percent, also registered
the only jobless rate significantly above that of the U.S., 9.6 percent
in 2010. The Northeast and South, at 8.7 and 9.3 percent, respectively,
both had rates significantly below the national figure. The rates in the
West and South set new annual series highs in 2010. (All region, division,
and state series begin in 1976.) (See table 1.)

Five of the 9 geographic divisions also reported statistically significant
over-the-year unemployment rate increases in 2010: the Mountain (+0.9 per-
centage point), Pacific (+0.8 point), West South Central (+0.7 point), 
South Atlantic (+0.5 point), and Middle Atlantic (+0.4 point). The four 
remaining divisions registered jobless rates that were not significantly 
different from those of a year earlier. The Pacific division posted the highest
unemployment rate, 11.7 percent. The divisions with the next highest rates
were the East North Central, 10.4 percent, and the East South Central, 10.0 
percent. The rates for the Pacific and East North Central divisions were 
significantly above the U.S. rate, as was the rate in the South Atlantic, 
9.9 percent. The rates in the Pacific and South Atlantic set new series 
highs, as did the 9.7 percent rate in the Mountain division. The division 
with the lowest unemployment rate was the West North Central, 7.3 percent. 
Three other divisions--the Middle Atlantic, New England, and West South 
Central--also recorded rates significantly lower than the U.S. rate.

State Unemployment

Twenty-two states reported statistically significant unemployment rate
changes from 2009 to 2010, 18 of which were increases and 4 of which
were decreases. Of those increases, six were greater than 1.0 percentage
point: Nevada (+2.4 points), Idaho (+1.6 points), New Mexico and West
Virginia (+1.4 points each), Florida (+1.3 points), and California 
(+1.1 points). Michigan and Minnesota recorded the largest rate declines
over the year (-0.8 percentage point each), closely followed by Tennessee
and Vermont (-0.7 point each); all four changes were significant. Twenty-
eight states and the District of Columbia reported annual average unem-
ployment rates for 2010 that were not appreciably different from those of
the previous year, even though some had changes that were at least as
large numerically as the statistically significant changes. (See table A.)

In 2010, 15 states reported unemployment rates of 10.0 percent or more.
Nevada recorded the highest rate, 14.9 percent, followed by Michigan,
12.5 percent, and California, 12.4 percent. (This was the first time
since 2005 that Michigan did not post the highest unemployment rate
among the states.) North Dakota again registered the lowest jobless 
rate among the states, 3.9 percent in 2010. The states with the next 
lowest rates were Nebraska and South Dakota, at 4.7 and 4.8 percent, 
respectively. Twenty-seven states had unemployment rates that were 
significantly lower than the U.S. rate of 9.6 percent, and 10 states 
recorded rates significantly above it. Eight states reported the 
highest jobless rates in their annual series: California, 12.4 percent; 
Colorado, 8.9 percent; Delaware, 8.5 percent; Florida, 11.5 percent; 
Georgia, 10.2 percent; Idaho, 9.3 percent; Nevada, 14.9 percent; and 
Rhode Island, 11.6 percent. (See table B.)

Regional Employment-Population Ratios

In 2010 all four regions registered statistically significant
deterioration in their employment-population ratios--the proportion of
the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over with
a job. The West experienced the largest over-the-year decrease in its
employment-population ratio (-1.4 percentage points), followed by the
South (-0.8 point), Northeast (-0.7 point), and Midwest (-0.4 point).
The Midwest continued to report the highest ratio, 60.3 percent, while
the South, at 57.5 percent, maintained the lowest. The South and West
posted employment-population ratios that were significantly lower than
the national figure of 58.5 percent, and the Midwest recorded a
significantly higher ratio. (See table 2.)

Six of the 9 divisions registered statistically significant changes in
their employment-population ratios in 2010, all of which were decreases.
The Mountain experienced the greatest drop (-1.5 percentage points), 
followed by the Pacific and South Atlantic (-1.3 and -1.2 points, re-
spectively). In 2010 the East South Central again recorded the lowest 
proportion of employed persons, 54.7 percent. The next lowest ratios 
were posted in the Pacific, 57.2 percent, and South Atlantic, 57.3 
percent. Ratios in all three of these divisions were significantly below
the national average. The divisions with the highest employment-popu-
lation ratios were the West North Central, 64.4 percent, and New England, 
61.7 percent. These two divisions, along with the Mountain, 59.5 percent, 
and West South Central, 59.4 percent, registered employment-population 
ratios measurably above that of the U.S. The remaining two divisions had 
ratios that were not significantly different from the national average.

State Employment-Population Ratios

In 2010, 32 states and the District of Columbia registered statistically 
significant decreases in their proportions of employed persons, while 
18 states had proportions that were not significantly different from 
those of a year earlier. Four states reported declines of 2.0 percentage 
points or more: Colorado (-2.4 points), Utah (-2.3 points), Nevada 
(-2.2 points), and Delaware (-2.1 points). Twelve other states and the 
District of Columbia recorded decreases in their employment-population 
ratios ranging from -1.0 to -1.9 percentage points. (See table C.)

West Virginia again reported the lowest employment-population ratio among 
the states, 48.8 percent, which it has done for 35 consecutive years. 
Three states in the West North Central division again posted the highest 
ratios: North Dakota, 69.8 percent, Nebraska, 67.7 percent, and South 
Dakota, 67.6 percent. Twenty-three states and the District of Columbia 
recorded employment-population ratios that were significantly above the 
U.S. ratio of 58.5 percent, and 18 states had ratios that were appre-
ciably below it. The remaining nine states reported ratios that were not 
measurably different from that of the nation. Nine states registered the 
lowest employment-population ratios in their series in 2010: California, 
56.3 percent; Colorado, 62.8 percent; Delaware, 56.2 percent; Georgia, 
57.0 percent; Hawaii, 59.4 percent; Kentucky, 55.6 percent; Nevada, 57.0 
percent; North Carolina, 56.1 percent; and South Carolina, 54.5 percent. 
(See table D.)

_________________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for
January 2011 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, March 10, 2011,
at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment
news release for January 2011 is scheduled to be released on Friday,
March 18, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



Table A.  States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes, 
2009-10 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate           |               
                                |-------------------------| Over-the-year 
             State              |            |            |  rate change  
                                |    2009    |    2010    |               
--------------------------------|------------|------------|---------------
California .....................|    11.3    |    12.4    |      1.1
Colorado .......................|     8.3    |     8.9    |       .6
Connecticut ....................|     8.3    |     9.1    |       .8
Delaware .......................|     8.0    |     8.5    |       .5
Florida ........................|    10.2    |    11.5    |      1.3
Georgia ........................|     9.7    |    10.2    |       .5
Idaho ..........................|     7.7    |     9.3    |      1.6
Iowa ...........................|     5.6    |     6.1    |       .5
Louisiana ......................|     6.6    |     7.5    |       .9
Maryland .......................|     7.1    |     7.5    |       .4
                                |            |            |         
Michigan .......................|    13.3    |    12.5    |      -.8
Minnesota ......................|     8.1    |     7.3    |      -.8
Montana ........................|     6.3    |     7.2    |       .9
Nevada .........................|    12.5    |    14.9    |      2.4
New Mexico .....................|     7.0    |     8.4    |      1.4
Pennsylvania ...................|     8.0    |     8.7    |       .7
Rhode Island ...................|    10.8    |    11.6    |       .8
Tennessee ......................|    10.4    |     9.7    |      -.7
Texas ..........................|     7.6    |     8.2    |       .6
Utah ...........................|     7.1    |     7.7    |       .6
Vermont ........................|     6.9    |     6.2    |      -.7
West Virginia ..................|     7.7    |     9.1    |      1.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------



Table B.  States with unemployment rates significantly different from that
of the U.S., 2010 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate          
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States .......................|           9.6          
                                     |                        
Alaska ..............................|           8.0          
Arkansas ............................|           7.9          
California ..........................|          12.4          
Colorado ............................|           8.9          
Delaware ............................|           8.5          
Florida .............................|          11.5          
Hawaii ..............................|           6.6          
Illinois ............................|          10.3          
Iowa ................................|           6.1          
Kansas ..............................|           7.0          
                                     |                        
Kentucky ............................|          10.5          
Louisiana ...........................|           7.5          
Maine ...............................|           7.9          
Maryland ............................|           7.5          
Massachusetts .......................|           8.5          
Michigan ............................|          12.5          
Minnesota ...........................|           7.3          
Montana .............................|           7.2          
Nebraska ............................|           4.7          
Nevada ..............................|          14.9          
                                     |                        
New Hampshire .......................|           6.1          
New Mexico ..........................|           8.4          
New York ............................|           8.6          
North Carolina ......................|          10.6          
North Dakota ........................|           3.9          
Oklahoma ............................|           7.1          
Oregon ..............................|          10.8          
Pennsylvania ........................|           8.7          
Rhode Island ........................|          11.6          
South Carolina ......................|          11.2          
                                     |                        
South Dakota ........................|           4.8          
Texas ...............................|           8.2          
Utah ................................|           7.7          
Vermont .............................|           6.2          
Virginia ............................|           6.9          
Wisconsin ...........................|           8.3          
Wyoming .............................|           7.0          
--------------------------------------------------------------



Table C.  States with statistically significant employment-population 
ratio changes, 2009-10 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Ratio          |               
                                |-------------------------| Over-the-year 
             State              |            |            | ratio change  
                                |    2009    |    2010    |               
--------------------------------|------------|------------|---------------
Alabama ........................|    54.1    |    52.8    |      -1.3     
Arizona ........................|    57.6    |    56.9    |       -.7     
California .....................|    57.8    |    56.3    |      -1.5     
Colorado .......................|    65.2    |    62.8    |      -2.4     
Connecticut ....................|    63.0    |    62.3    |       -.7     
Delaware .......................|    58.3    |    56.2    |      -2.1     
District of Columbia ...........|    61.7    |    60.6    |      -1.1     
Florida ........................|    56.3    |    55.4    |       -.9     
Georgia ........................|    58.9    |    57.0    |      -1.9     
Idaho ..........................|    60.3    |    59.1    |      -1.2     
                                |            |            |               
Indiana ........................|    58.1    |    57.2    |       -.9     
Kansas .........................|    65.8    |    65.1    |       -.7     
Maryland .......................|    63.4    |    62.1    |      -1.3     
Missouri .......................|    60.0    |    58.7    |      -1.3     
Montana ........................|    60.6    |    59.7    |       -.9     
Nebraska .......................|    68.5    |    67.7    |       -.8     
Nevada .........................|    59.2    |    57.0    |      -2.2     
New Jersey .....................|    60.8    |    59.8    |      -1.0     
New Mexico .....................|    57.8    |    56.9    |       -.9     
New York .......................|    57.7    |    57.1    |       -.6     
                                |            |            |               
North Carolina .................|    57.1    |    56.1    |      -1.0     
Ohio ...........................|    59.6    |    59.1    |       -.5     
Oklahoma .......................|    59.0    |    58.2    |       -.8     
Pennsylvania ...................|    59.1    |    58.0    |      -1.1     
South Carolina .................|    55.2    |    54.5    |       -.7     
South Dakota ...................|    68.3    |    67.6    |       -.7     
Texas ..........................|    60.8    |    60.5    |       -.3     
Utah ...........................|    65.2    |    62.9    |      -2.3     
Virginia .......................|    64.9    |    64.1    |       -.8     
Washington .....................|    62.0    |    60.8    |      -1.2     
                                |            |            |               
West Virginia ..................|    50.6    |    48.8    |      -1.8     
Wisconsin ......................|    64.1    |    63.2    |       -.9     
Wyoming ........................|    66.4    |    64.8    |      -1.6     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------



Table D.  States with employment-population ratios significantly
different from that of the U.S., 2010 annual averages
----------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Ratio           
----------------------------------------------------------------
United States .......................|           58.5           
                                     |                          
Alabama .............................|           52.8           
Alaska ..............................|           64.2           
Arizona .............................|           56.9           
Arkansas ............................|           56.1           
California ..........................|           56.3           
Colorado ............................|           62.8           
Connecticut .........................|           62.3           
Delaware ............................|           56.2           
District of Columbia ................|           60.6           
Florida .............................|           55.4           
                                     |                          
Georgia .............................|           57.0           
Illinois ............................|           60.0           
Iowa ................................|           66.8           
Kansas ..............................|           65.1           
Kentucky ............................|           55.6           
Louisiana ...........................|           56.3           
Maine ...............................|           60.2           
Maryland ............................|           62.1           
Massachusetts .......................|           60.5           
Michigan ............................|           53.9           
                                     |                          
Minnesota ...........................|           66.8           
Mississippi .........................|           53.2           
Nebraska ............................|           67.7           
Nevada ..............................|           57.0           
New Hampshire .......................|           65.8           
New Jersey ..........................|           59.8           
New Mexico ..........................|           56.9           
New York ............................|           57.1           
North Carolina ......................|           56.1           
North Dakota ........................|           69.8           
                                     |                          
Rhode Island ........................|           60.2           
South Carolina ......................|           54.5           
South Dakota ........................|           67.6           
Tennessee ...........................|           56.2           
Texas ...............................|           60.5           
Utah ................................|           62.9           
Vermont .............................|           66.3           
Virginia ............................|           64.1
Washington ..........................|           60.8           
West Virginia .......................|           48.8           
Wisconsin ...........................|           63.2           
Wyoming .............................|           64.8           
----------------------------------------------------------------



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Last Modified Date: October 29, 2020