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Economic News Release
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Table 3. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by occupation and industry

Table 3. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by occupation and industry
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2009 2010
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

44,845 6,027 13.4 6,821 15.2 44,871 5,867 13.1 6,674 14.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

16,978 822 4.8 997 5.9 16,684 782 4.7 973 5.8

Management occupations

11,548 473 4.1 585 5.1 11,386 476 4.2 599 5.3

Business and financial operations occupations

5,430 348 6.4 412 7.6 5,299 306 5.8 373 7.0

Professional and related occupations

27,867 5,206 18.7 5,824 20.9 28,187 5,085 18.0 5,701 20.2

Computer and mathematical occupations

3,306 175 5.3 207 6.3 3,350 136 4.0 180 5.4

Architecture and engineering occupations

2,512 194 7.7 228 9.1 2,468 197 8.0 244 9.9

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,220 122 10.0 141 11.6 1,256 126 10.1 145 11.5

Community and social services occupations

2,269 366 16.1 396 17.5 2,260 362 16.0 390 17.3

Legal occupations

1,335 79 5.9 97 7.3 1,352 72 5.3 87 6.4

Education, training, and library occupations

8,318 3,172 38.1 3,503 42.1 8,415 3,123 37.1 3,441 40.9

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

1,840 136 7.4 157 8.5 1,899 112 5.9 139 7.3

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations

7,067 962 13.6 1,096 15.5 7,188 957 13.3 1,076 15.0

Service occupations

22,364 2,588 11.6 2,830 12.7 22,463 2,467 11.0 2,683 11.9

Healthcare support occupations

3,159 317 10.0 353 11.2 3,214 268 8.4 296 9.2

Protective service occupations

3,120 1,111 35.6 1,180 37.8 3,287 1,122 34.1 1,202 36.6

Food preparation and serving related occupations

7,621 334 4.4 389 5.1 7,555 297 3.9 328 4.3

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

4,592 521 11.3 570 12.4 4,549 469 10.3 518 11.4

Personal care and service occupations

3,873 306 7.9 338 8.7 3,858 311 8.0 338 8.8

Sales and office occupations

30,998 2,231 7.2 2,499 8.1 30,673 2,113 6.9 2,388 7.8

Sales and related occupations

13,331 411 3.1 480 3.6 13,033 418 3.2 496 3.8

Office and administrative support occupations

17,667 1,820 10.3 2,019 11.4 17,641 1,695 9.6 1,892 10.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

11,231 1,989 17.7 2,088 18.6 10,879 1,808 16.6 1,912 17.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

880 24 2.8 26 2.9 869 30 3.4 36 4.1

Construction and extraction occupations

5,820 1,220 21.0 1,269 21.8 5,579 1,050 18.8 1,100 19.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,531 744 16.4 793 17.5 4,431 728 16.4 776 17.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

15,052 2,492 16.6 2,666 17.7 15,186 2,460 16.2 2,633 17.3

Production occupations

7,309 1,082 14.8 1,164 15.9 7,540 1,144 15.2 1,210 16.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

7,742 1,410 18.2 1,502 19.4 7,647 1,316 17.2 1,423 18.6

INDUSTRY

Private sector

103,357 7,431 7.2 8,226 8.0 103,040 7,092 6.9 7,884 7.7

Agriculture and related industries

1,045 12 1.1 14 1.4 1,131 18 1.6 23 2.0

Nonagricultural industries

102,312 7,419 7.3 8,212 8.0 101,909 7,074 6.9 7,861 7.7

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

662 57 8.6 63 9.5 695 55 8.0 61 8.8

Construction

6,613 958 14.5 993 15.0 6,103 801 13.1 838 13.7

Manufacturing

13,454 1,470 10.9 1,595 11.9 13,252 1,418 10.7 1,538 11.6

Durable goods

8,438 907 10.8 985 11.7 8,268 835 10.1 909 11.0

Nondurable goods

5,016 562 11.2 610 12.2 4,984 584 11.7 629 12.6

Wholesale and retail trade

17,851 937 5.3 1,032 5.8 17,800 860 4.8 949 5.3

Wholesale trade

3,386 167 4.9 185 5.5 3,321 173 5.2 186 5.6

Retail trade

14,465 770 5.3 847 5.9 14,479 687 4.7 763 5.3

Transportation and utilities

5,162 1,144 22.2 1,210 23.4 5,195 1,134 21.8 1,203 23.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,256 908 21.3 960 22.6 4,286 877 20.5 928 21.6

Utilities

906 237 26.1 249 27.5 909 257 28.3 275 30.3

Information(3)

2,790 280 10.0 312 11.2 2,743 265 9.6 299 10.9

Publishing, except Internet

633 34 5.3 41 6.5 577 29 5.0 38 6.5

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

331 42 12.8 43 13.0 341 32 9.3 36 10.6

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

534 25 4.7 30 5.5 561 29 5.1 38 6.8

Telecommunications

1,088 174 16.0 192 17.7 1,054 167 15.8 177 16.8

Financial activities

8,236 150 1.8 193 2.3 8,072 160 2.0 206 2.5

Finance and insurance

6,199 88 1.4 120 1.9 6,108 79 1.3 110 1.8

Finance

4,043 56 1.4 73 1.8 3,985 44 1.1 65 1.6

Insurance

2,155 32 1.5 48 2.2 2,123 35 1.6 45 2.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,037 61 3.0 73 3.6 1,964 81 4.1 95 4.9

Professional and business services

11,325 256 2.3 314 2.8 11,738 315 2.7 388 3.3

Professional and technical services

6,915 78 1.1 107 1.5 6,980 98 1.4 134 1.9

Management, administrative, and waste services

4,410 178 4.0 207 4.7 4,757 217 4.6 254 5.3

Education and health services

19,269 1,655 8.6 1,912 9.9 19,804 1,608 8.1 1,858 9.4

Educational services

3,816 494 12.9 580 15.2 3,964 517 13.0 599 15.1

Health care and social assistance

15,454 1,161 7.5 1,332 8.6 15,840 1,091 6.9 1,259 7.9

Leisure and hospitality

11,352 349 3.1 407 3.6 11,111 301 2.7 337 3.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,143 138 6.4 152 7.1 2,111 113 5.3 126 5.9

Accommodation and food services

9,209 211 2.3 255 2.8 8,999 188 2.1 212 2.4

Accommodation

1,390 108 7.8 115 8.3 1,345 106 7.9 112 8.3

Food services and drinking places

7,819 103 1.3 140 1.8 7,654 82 1.1 100 1.3

Other services(3)

5,598 164 2.9 182 3.2 5,397 158 2.9 184 3.4

Other services, except private households

4,775 147 3.1 163 3.4 4,726 152 3.2 178 3.8

Public sector

21,133 7,896 37.4 8,677 41.1 21,033 7,623 36.2 8,406 40.0

Federal government

3,594 1,005 28.0 1,192 33.2 3,670 984 26.8 1,154 31.4

State government

6,294 2,025 32.2 2,222 35.3 6,328 1,969 31.1 2,191 34.6

Local government

11,244 4,867 43.3 5,263 46.8 11,035 4,670 42.3 5,061 45.9

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: October 29, 2020