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Economic News Release
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Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state

Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state
[Numbers in thousands]
State 2009 2010
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

Alabama

1,763 191 10.9 212 12.0 1,809 183 10.1 203 11.2

Alaska

293 65 22.3 69 23.6 295 68 22.9 73 24.8

Arizona

2,471 162 6.5 194 7.9 2,507 161 6.4 203 8.1

Arkansas

1,103 47 4.2 55 5.0 1,082 44 4.0 59 5.4

California

14,297 2,453 17.2 2,622 18.3 13,892 2,431 17.5 2,578 18.6

Colorado

2,175 153 7.0 181 8.3 2,130 140 6.6 171 8.0

Connecticut

1,538 265 17.3 282 18.4 1,549 258 16.7 270 17.4

Delaware

367 44 11.9 47 12.8 352 40 11.4 44 12.5

District of Columbia

276 29 10.4 35 12.5 287 26 9.0 30 10.5

Florida

7,097 411 5.8 489 6.9 7,033 392 5.6 488 6.9

Georgia

3,869 177 4.6 226 5.9 3,792 153 4.0 191 5.0

Hawaii

526 123 23.5 128 24.3 511 111 21.8 120 23.5

Idaho

577 36 6.3 46 7.9 584 42 7.1 50 8.6

Illinois

5,435 951 17.5 997 18.3 5,434 844 15.5 891 16.4

Indiana

2,612 277 10.6 319 12.2 2,554 279 10.9 313 12.2

Iowa

1,398 156 11.1 185 13.3 1,393 158 11.4 192 13.8

Kansas

1,249 77 6.2 104 8.4 1,222 84 6.8 111 9.1

Kentucky

1,657 142 8.6 173 10.5 1,642 147 8.9 166 10.1

Louisiana

1,704 99 5.8 110 6.5 1,742 76 4.3 96 5.5

Maine

543 63 11.7 74 13.7 543 63 11.6 71 13.0

Maryland

2,555 323 12.6 366 14.3 2,558 296 11.6 329 12.9

Massachusetts

2,864 476 16.6 516 18.0 2,866 415 14.5 446 15.6

Michigan

3,785 710 18.8 752 19.9 3,806 627 16.5 659 17.3

Minnesota

2,400 362 15.1 377 15.7 2,468 385 15.6 397 16.1

Mississippi

1,029 49 4.8 66 6.4 1,037 46 4.5 58 5.6

Missouri

2,481 234 9.4 264 10.6 2,469 244 9.9 274 11.1

Montana

374 52 13.9 68 18.1 364 46 12.7 52 14.4

Nebraska

823 76 9.2 94 11.4 813 75 9.3 96 11.8

Nevada

1,097 173 15.7 188 17.2 1,012 151 15.0 170 16.8

New Hampshire

616 67 10.8 76 12.3 622 63 10.2 73 11.7

New Jersey

3,734 721 19.3 742 19.9 3,734 637 17.1 660 17.7

New Mexico

759 51 6.7 77 10.2 750 55 7.3 72 9.7

New York

8,021 2,019 25.2 2,182 27.2 8,078 1,959 24.2 2,099 26.0

North Carolina

3,707 115 3.1 162 4.4 3,686 117 3.2 180 4.9

North Dakota

301 21 6.8 30 9.8 313 23 7.4 28 9.1

Ohio

4,827 685 14.2 742 15.4 4,787 655 13.7 702 14.7

Oklahoma

1,456 83 5.7 107 7.3 1,418 77 5.5 99 6.9

Oregon

1,471 250 17.0 272 18.5 1,515 245 16.2 268 17.7

Pennsylvania

5,220 782 15.0 844 16.2 5,224 770 14.7 831 15.9

Rhode Island

444 80 17.9 83 18.7 456 75 16.4 79 17.4

South Carolina

1,672 75 4.5 91 5.4 1,713 80 4.6 107 6.2

South Dakota

357 20 5.5 24 6.6 357 20 5.6 24 6.6

Tennessee

2,387 121 5.1 156 6.6 2,477 115 4.7 142 5.8

Texas

9,920 508 5.1 615 6.2 10,025 545 5.4 677 6.7

Utah

1,136 79 6.9 90 8.0 1,144 75 6.5 96 8.4

Vermont

285 35 12.3 40 14.1 289 34 11.8 40 13.6

Virginia

3,503 166 4.7 191 5.4 3,473 161 4.6 196 5.7

Washington

2,847 574 20.2 612 21.5 2,837 552 19.4 605 21.3

West Virginia

699 97 13.9 108 15.4 677 100 14.8 111 16.5

Wisconsin

2,528 385 15.2 400 15.8 2,508 355 14.2 380 15.1

Wyoming

239 18 7.7 20 8.3 246 18 7.4 21 8.4

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: October 29, 2020