Figure 3. Percent distribution of creative IT jobs in IT industries, selected metropolitan areas, 2005–14 average
Occupation Silicon Valley Outside Silicon Valley

Computer programmers

11.8 7.0

Computer scientists and systems analysts, network systems analysts, and web developers

20.2 15.1

Software developers, applications and systems software

52.1 61.5

Computer and information systems managers

12.7 10.0

Computer hardware engineers

3.2 6.4

Source: IPUMS-USA and authors' calculations.