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Medical care was one of the most widespread benefits for full-time employees in small private establishments. In 1996, nearly two-thirds of workers participated in medical plans. Other health-related benefits were less widespread: 31 percent were in a dental plan and 12 percent had vision care coverage.
Participation in medical plans varied widely among occupational groups. About three-quarters of professional and technical employees were in medical care plans, as were almost seven of ten clerical and sales employees. Just over half—56 percent—of blue-collar and service workers were included in medical plans.
Among white-collar workers, 40 percent of professional and technical employees and 35 percent of sales and clerical workers had dental care plans, compared with 24 percent of blue-collar and service workers. Workers across all occupational groups were about equally likely to be participants in a vision care benefit.
The Employee Benefits Survey produces data on participation on a variety of non-wage compensation items. More information on benefits in small firms is available in Employee Benefits in Small Private Establishments, 1996 BLS Bulletin 2507, (PDF 530K).
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, In small firms, blue-collar, service workers least covered by health care benefits at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/1999/may/wk4/art02.htm (visited March 20, 2023).