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Consumer prices in March

April 15, 2004

On a seasonally adjusted basis, the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.5 percent in March, following an increase of 0.3 percent in February.

Percent change from 12 months ago, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, not seasonally adjusted, March 1995–March 2004
[Chart data—TXT]

Energy costs advanced sharply for the third consecutive month—up 1.9 percent in March. Within energy, the index for petroleum-based energy increased 5.0 percent, while the index for energy services decreased 1.4 percent.

The index for food rose 0.2 percent in March, the same as in February. The index for all items less food and energy, which rose 0.2 percent in February, increased 0.4 percent in March.

The index for housing rose 0.3 percent in March. Shelter costs, which rose 0.1 percent in February, increased 0.6 percent in March, largely as a result of a 3.8-percent advance in the index for lodging away from home.

For the first three months of 2004, consumer prices increased at a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of 5.1 percent. This compares with an increase of 1.9 percent for all of 2003. The index for energy, which rose 6.9 percent in 2003, accelerated in the first quarter of 2004, advancing at a 38.6 percent SAAR and accounting for about half of the first quarter advance in the overall CPI-U.

For the 12-month period ended in March, the CPI-U rose 1.7 percent, as shown in the chart.

These data are from the BLS Consumer Price Index program. For more information, see Consumer Price Index: March 2004 (PDF) (TXT), news release USDL 04-664.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Consumer prices in March at (visited June 18, 2024).

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