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Once a traditional metropolitan area with the largest percentage of jobs concentrated in the trade, transportation, and utilities industry, Philadelphia has transformed itself into a leader in the education and health services industry.
In the first quarter of 1998, the trade, transportation, and utilities industry accounted for the largest percentage of employment (19.4 percent) in the Philadelphia metropolitan area, followed by education and health services (16.7 percent). By the first quarter of 2008, the percentage of jobs in the trade, transportation, and utilities industry had decreased to 18.8 percent of the Philadelphia workforce, while the percentage employed in the education and health services industry had increased to 18.8 percent. The increase in the percentage employed within the education and health services industry enabled the industry to join trade, transportation, and utilities as the area's top employer, with both industries employing more than a half-million workers.
Professional and business services, the highest paying industry in the area, remained in third place over the course of the decade, though it did strengthen its share of the workforce, which rose from 13.9 percent to 15.2 percent. The industry also distanced itself from the fourth-ranked employer, government, whose share of employment in 2008 (13.0 percent) was virtually unchanged from 10 years earlier.
These data are from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program. To learn more, see "Industry shifts over the decade put Philadelphia on a new road to job growth," in the Monthly Labor Review, April 2010 issue.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Industry shifts put Philadelphia on a new road to job growth at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2010/ted_20100505.htm (visited March 24, 2023).