Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Union membership by state in 2014

February 04, 2015

Nine states had union membership rates below 5.0 percent in 2014, with North Carolina having the lowest rate (1.9 percent). The next-lowest rates were in South Carolina (2.2 percent) and Mississippi and Utah (3.7 percent each). Three states had union membership rates over 20.0 percent in 2014: New York (24.6 percent), Alaska (22.8 percent), and Hawaii (21.8 percent).

Union membership rates of employed wage and salary workers by state, 2014 annual averages

14.5 percent and higher
11.0 percent to 14.4 percent
8.4 percent to 10.9 percent
5.0 percent to 8.3 percent
4.9 percent and lower
Hover over a state to see data.
Hover over legend items to see states in a category.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

In 2014, 30 states and the District of Columbia had union membership rates below the U.S. average of 11.1 percent. Nineteen states had rates above the U.S. average, and one state had a rate equal to the U.S. average. All states in the East South Central and West South Central divisions had union membership rates below the national average, and all states in the Middle Atlantic and Pacific divisions had rates above it. Union membership rates declined over the year in 27 states and the District of Columbia, rose in 18 states, and did not change in 5 states.

These data are from the Current Population Survey. To learn more, see "Union Members — 2014" (HTML) (PDF). The union membership rate is the percentage of wage and salary workers who are members of unions. The numbers exclude all self-employed workers.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Union membership by state in 2014 at (visited June 20, 2024).

Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics