Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Work injuries and illnesses resulting in visits to medical treatment facilities

February 05, 2020

There were 333,930 workplace injuries or illnesses in 2018 that resulted in the employee having days away from work and going to a medical treatment facility. That was 37 percent of the 900,380 cases in private industry in which an injured or ill employee needed days away from work to recover. The likelihood of visiting a medical treatment facility varies by the nature of the injury or illness.

Number of work injuries and illnesses resulting in days away from work, by medical treatment facility visit and nature of injury or illness, 2018
Visit to medical treatment facility? Sprains, strains and tears Soreness and pain Fractures Cuts and lacerations

Total cases

308,630 159,600 79,470 77,340

No medical treatment facility visit

235,790 107,370 30,970 30,550

Emergency room visit only

70,240 47,480 36,330 43,270


2,600 4,760 12,170 3,520

Sprains, strains, and tears accounted for about a third of all private industry cases involving days away from work in 2018. Of these cases, 23 percent resulted in the injured or ill worker visiting an emergency room, and 1 percent resulted in hospital admission.

A total of 159,600 cases resulted in soreness and pain in 2018. Of these cases, 30 percent resulted in an emergency room visit by the injured or ill worker, and 3 percent resulted in hospitalization.

Fractures accounted for 79,470 cases with days away from work in 2018. Of these, 46 percent required a trip to the emergency room (without hospitalization) and 15 percent required hospitalization.

Cuts and lacerations resulted in 77,340 cases requiring days away from work in 2018. Of these, 56 percent resulted in a trip to the emergency room, and 5 percent resulted in admission to a hospital.

These data are from the Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities program. To learn more, see "Employer-reported Workplace Injuries and Illnesses — 2018."


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Work injuries and illnesses resulting in visits to medical treatment facilities at (visited June 20, 2024).

Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics