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Employment to grow 7.7 percent from 2020 to 2030; 1.7 percent excluding COVID-19 recovery

September 23, 2021

Total U.S. employment is projected to grow from 153.5 million to 165.4 million from 2020 to 2030, an increase of 11.9 million jobs, or 7.7 percent. Excluding a projected increase of 9.3 million jobs attributed to the COVID–19 recovery from low base-year employment for 2020 and its associated recession, employment is projected to increase by 1.7 percent.

Projected percent change in employment by major occupational group, 2020–2030, including adjustments for pandemic recovery
Major occupation group Percent change in employment Percent change in employment, excluding pandemic recovery

Healthcare support

23.1% 20.5%

Personal care and service

21.7 0.0

Food preparation and serving related

19.6 0.5

Computer and mathematical

14.1 14.1

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

13.1 3.3

Community and social service

12.4 12.4

Healthcare practitioners and technical

10.8 9.5

Educational instruction and library

10.1 3.4


9.3 0.0


8.8 8.3

Transportation and material moving

8.8 5.2

Protective service

8.4 2.6

Business and financial operations

8.0 8.0

Life, physical, and social science

7.9 6.8

Total, all occupations

7.7 1.7

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

7.5 0.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair

6.7 1.9

Construction and extraction

5.7 0.3

Architecture and engineering

5.6 0.8

Farming, fishing, and forestry

2.5 0.0


-0.4 -0.4

Sales and related

-1.4 -1.4

Office and administrative support

-2.8 -2.8

Healthcare support occupations are projected for the fastest employment growth among all occupational groups. Personal care and service occupations and food preparation and serving related occupations are also projected for rapid employment growth, mainly due to recovery growth following low 2020 base-year employment.

Computer and mathematical occupations are expected to see fast employment growth as strong demand is expected for IT security and software development, in part due to increased telework spurred by COVID-19. Demand for new products associated with the Internet of Things (IoT), and for analyzing large datasets is also expected to contribute to fast employment growth for these occupations, which include statisticians, information security analysts, and data scientists.

Several of the fastest growing healthcare occupations, including nurse practitioners, physical therapist assistants, and physician assistants, are projected to see strong demand as team-based healthcare models are increasingly used to deliver healthcare services.

Fastest growing and declining occupations, projected 2020 to 2030
Occupation Percent change in employment

Wind turbine service technicians


Nurse practitioners


Solar photovoltaic installers




Physical therapist assistants


Information security analysts


Home health and personal care aides


Medical and health services managers


Data scientists and mathematical science occupations, all other


Physician assistants






Speech-language pathologists


Animal trainers


Computer numerically controlled tool programmers




Manufactured building and mobile home installers


Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants


Floral designers


Legal secretaries and administrative assistants


Shoe machine operators and tenders


Data entry keyers


Switchboard operators, including answering service


Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers


Watch and clock repairers


Telephone operators


Cutters and trimmers, hand


Nuclear power reactor operators


Parking enforcement workers


Word processors and typists


Note: Fastest growing occupations exclude occupations with above average cyclical recovery.

Technological changes facilitating increased automation are expected to result in declining employment for office and administrative support occupations, such as word processors and typists; legal secretaries and administrative assistants; and executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants.

These data are from the BLS Employment Projections program. Pandemic recovery represents the reversal of declines in employment between 2019 and 2020, for occupational groups that experienced declines during that period and that are projected to grow between 2020 and 2030. Additional information about these and many other occupations may be found in the Occupational Outlook Handbook or "Employment Projections — 2020–2030."


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Employment to grow 7.7 percent from 2020 to 2030; 1.7 percent excluding COVID-19 recovery at (visited June 15, 2024).

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