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Occupational Requirements Survey

The Occupational Requirements Survey (ORS) is a product of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The ORS provides job-related information regarding physical demands; environmental conditions; education, training, and experience; as well as cognitive and mental requirements for jobs in the U.S. economy.


  • Link to notice on the BLS page of impact on COVID-19 on ORS. Read More »


what is it

Click the graphic to enlarge chart: what is ors.

why matters

Click the graphic to enlarge chart: why it matters.

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Latest Numbers

Physical demands of civilian workers

Sedentary work strength level 29.3% in 2023 Historical Data

Light work strength level 32.9% in 2023 Historical Data

Medium work strength level 28.6% in 2023 Historical Data

Heavy work strength level 8.2% in 2023 Historical Data

Very heavy work strength level 1.0% in 2023 Historical Data

Environmental conditions of civilian workers

Exposed to outdoors 33.0% in 2023 Historical Data

Quiet noise intensity level 13.5% in 2023 Historical Data

Moderate noise intensity level 80.2% in 2023 Historical Data

Loud noise intensity level 6.1% in 2023 Historical Data

Education, training, and experience of civilian workers

No minimum education requirement 30.0% in 2023 Historical Data

High school diploma education requirement 40.1% in 2023 Historical Data

Associate's degree education requirement 4.3% in 2023 Historical Data

Bachelor's degree education requirement 19.3% in 2023 Historical Data

Master's degree education requirement 2.5% in 2023 Historical Data

Professional degree education requirement 1.4% in 2023 Historical Data

Cognitive and mental requirements of civilian workers

Interaction with the general public 79.2% in 2023 Historical Data

Varying work pace 52.9% in 2023 Historical Data

Telework available 11.4% in 2023 Historical Data

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News Releases

//ORS Windows Maintenanc 07152024// Flexibility was available to civilian workers


//ORS Windows Maintenanc 07152024// The flexibility to pause work and take short.

Next Release

The Occupational Requirements Survey (ORS) for 2023 is scheduled to be released in late 2023 at 10:00 A.M. Eastern Time.


The Economics Daily

The Economics Daily article image

Use of personal protective equipment to mitigate noise exposure in 2020

In 2020, 71.4 percent of production workers and 78.4 percent of transportation and material moving workers were exposed to moderate noise at work. Another 25.2 percent of production workers and 19.8 percent of transportation and material moving workers were exposed to loud noise. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

Beyond the Numbers article image

Minds at work: what’s required according to the Occupational Requirements Survey

How much problem-solving time goes into an architect’s job? What types of mental capabilities are required of employees who work in a telework environment? What types of interpersonal skills are required for customer service jobs? Mental and cognitive job requirements provide job seekers with important information on the soft skills needed for specific jobs and a sense of the demands of different occupations read more »