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Bureau of Labor Statistics > Productivity > Publications > Articles and Research

Articles and Research

Trending Productivity Publications

Beyond the Numbers

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What can labor productivity tell us about the U.S. economy?

In 2013 U.S. workers worked the same number of hours as they had in 1998, but U.S. businesses managed to produced 42 percent more output in 2013 than they had in 1998. How did such a large amount of output happen? This issue of Beyond the Numbers provides an introduction to labor productivity and uses labor productivity data from the Great Recession of 2007 to 2009 to analyze cyclical changes in the economy. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Estimating the U.S. labor share

This article reviews the BLS labor share methodology, discusses the uses and limitations of the BLS labor share measure, and suggests ways that BLS might improve the measure. read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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Spotlight on State Productivity Statistics

This Spotlight looks at some short- and long-term state-level trends for labor productivity, output, and hours worked, and labor compensation. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Checking out productivity in grocery stores

In this Beyond the Numbers article, we review the timeline for the development and implementation of new retail technologies in grocery stores. Then, check out the shifts in products and services offered by grocery stores over time. Using Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data, the article looks at the trends in employment and hours to show how all of these factors influenced labor productivity in grocery stores. read more »




Labor Productivity

Articles analyzing changes in output per hours worked—a measure of economic performance and efficiency—in broad sectors of the U.S. economy and detailed industries, over business cycles and longer-term periods.


Total Factor Productivity

Articles analyzing changes in output per combined input of labor and capital—a measure of economic performance and efficiency—in broad sectors of the U.S. economy and detailed industries, over business cycles and longer-term periods.


Wage Gap and Labor Share

Articles analyzing the gap between labor compensation growth and labor productivity growth and the related labor share measure.


Concepts and Measurement

Articles detailing the BLS methodology for the estimation of productivity and related measures and the history of the BLS productivity program.



BLS Productivity Research Program

The Division of Productivity Research and Program Development (DPRPD) is part of the Productivity Program at BLS and is tasked with strengthening and improving Bureau productivity measures and on understanding the sources and effects of productivity and technical change.


Dispersion Statistics on Productivity

The Dispersion Statistics on Productivity homepage details the BLS research and data on the phenomenon of productivity dispersion, which is pervasive and exhibits substantial variation across countries, industries, and time.


BEA-BLS Integrated Industry-level Production Accounts (KLEMS)

Two of the most important statistical tools for analysis of macroeconomics and growth are the national accounts (encompassing gross domestic product, or GDP) and the total factor productivity (TFP) statistics, which measure output per unit of combined inputs. Although they share a common accounting framework, in the United States these statistics are compiled by separate agencies—the national accounts by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and the productivity statistics by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). This project focuses on integrating the national accounts.


Previous Research

View previous research that is no longer being updated by the Productivity program, including state labor productivity, government labor productivity, and international comparisons.