Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

Friday, August 04, 2017

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Occupational Employment and Wages in Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk — May 2016

Workers in the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $31.15 in May 2016, about 31 percent above the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 20 of the 22 major occupational groups, including management; legal; and business and financial operations. No other group had an hourly wage significantly lower than its respective national average.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 8 of the 22 occupational groups, including management; business and financial operations; and building and grounds cleaning and maintenance. Conversely, eight groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including transportation and material moving; production; and construction and extraction. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Bridgeport United States Bridgeport Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $23.86 $31.15* 31


5.1 8.7* 56.74 75.53* 33

Business and financial operations

5.2 7.1* 36.09 44.23* 23

Computer and mathematical

3.0 3.5 42.25 45.62* 8

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.2* 40.53 41.20 2

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.8 35.06 42.82* 22

Community and social service

1.4 1.8* 22.69 27.98* 23


0.8 1.0* 50.95 67.66* 33

Education, training, and library

6.2 6.7* 26.21 30.80* 18

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 2.0* 28.07 30.62* 9

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 5.3* 38.06 44.96* 18

Healthcare support

2.9 2.8 14.65 16.93* 16

Protective service

2.4 2.3 22.03 24.16 10

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 8.0* 11.47 13.26* 16

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 3.8* 13.47 16.90* 25

Personal care and service

3.2 3.8* 12.74 15.17* 19

Sales and related

10.4 10.7 19.50 26.33* 35

Office and administrative support

15.7 15.9 17.91 21.66* 21

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 13.37 14.77* 10

Construction and extraction

4.0 2.3* 23.51 26.93* 15

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 2.9* 22.45 25.47* 13


6.5 4.7* 17.88 21.08* 18

Transportation and material moving

6.9 4.6* 17.34 17.99* 4

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—management—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk had 36,560 jobs in management, accounting for 8.7 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.1-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $75.53, significantly above the national wage of $56.74.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the management group included general and operations managers (9,490), financial managers (5,940), and sales managers (2,870). Among the higher paying jobs were chief executives and natural sciences managers, with mean hourly wages of $115.15 and $95.73, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were food service managers ($32.57) and education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program ($35.90). (Detailed occupational data for management are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the management group. For instance, financial managers were employed at 3.7 times the national rate in Bridgeport, and marketing managers, at 3.6 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, construction managers had a location quotient of 1.1 in Bridgeport, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Connecticut Department of Labor.


A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,452 establishments with a response rate of 62 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, Conn. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Ansonia City, Bridgeport City, Darien Town, Derby City, Easton Town, Fairfield Town, Greenwich Town, Milford City, Monroe Town, New Canaan Town, Norwalk City, Oxford Town, Redding Town, Ridgefield Town, Seymour Town, Shelton City, Southbury Town, Stamford City, Stratford Town, Trumbull Town, Weston Town, Westport Town, Wilton Town, and Woodbridge Town in Connecticut.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Management occupations

36,560 1.7 $75.53 $157,090

Chief executives

410 0.6 115.15 239,510

General and operations managers

9,490 1.5 86.39 179,690


40 0.2 (6) 69,970

Advertising and promotions managers

140 1.6 64.94 135,070

Marketing managers

2,240 3.6 83.31 173,290

Sales managers

2,870 2.6 86.76 180,470

Public relations and fundraising managers

310 1.6 61.57 128,070

Administrative services managers

1,210 1.5 54.90 114,200

Computer and information systems managers

(5) (5) 77.65 161,520

Financial managers

5,940 3.7 84.12 174,960

Industrial production managers

580 1.2 56.93 118,420

Purchasing managers

400 1.9 70.20 146,030

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

370 1.1 64.95 135,090

Compensation and benefits managers

90 1.9 70.79 147,240

Human resources managers

780 2.0 69.14 143,810

Training and development managers

310 3.2 61.19 127,270

Construction managers

800 1.1 51.06 106,210

Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program

250 1.7 35.90 74,680

Education administrators, elementary and secondary school

1,050 1.5 (6) 139,490

Education administrators, postsecondary

210 0.5 52.60 109,410

Education administrators, all other

90 0.9 44.62 92,810

Architectural and engineering managers

490 0.9 73.50 152,890

Food service managers

510 0.9 32.57 67,740

Medical and health services managers

1,190 1.2 63.40 131,870

Natural sciences managers

270 1.6 95.73 199,110

Property, real estate, and community association managers

890 1.7 39.48 82,110

Social and community service managers

820 2.2 37.24 77,470

Managers, all other

1,930 1.6 63.30 131,650

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.


Last Modified Date: Friday, August 04, 2017