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News Release Information

Friday, July 08, 2022

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford — May 2021

Workers in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $32.28 in May 2021, 15 percent above the nationwide average of $28.01, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner William J. Sibley noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 19 of the 22 major occupational groups, including management; healthcare practitioners and technical; and life, physical, and social science.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Hartford area employment was more highly concentrated in 11 of the 22 occupational groups, including management, educational instruction and library, and office and administrative support. Nine groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including transportation and material moving, sales and related, and food preparation and serving related. (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Hartford metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2021
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Hartford United States Hartford Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $28.01 $32.28* 15


6.3 8.3* 59.31 65.51* 10

Business and financial operations

6.4 7.0* 39.72 41.24* 4

Computer and mathematical

3.3 3.8* 48.01 47.65 -1

Architecture and engineering

1.7 2.1* 44.10 44.77* 2

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.8 38.81 44.42* 14

Community and social service

1.6 2.2* 25.94 29.81* 15


0.8 1.2* 54.38 54.98 1

Educational instruction and library

5.8 7.2* 29.88 35.12* 18

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.2* 31.78 37.98* 20

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.2 6.7* 43.80 49.68* 13

Healthcare support

4.7 5.4* 16.02 17.54* 9

Protective service

2.4 2.0* 25.68 28.11* 9

Food preparation and serving related

8.0 6.4* 14.16 16.24* 15

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.9 2.8* 16.23 19.30* 19

Personal care and service

1.8 1.8 16.17 17.82* 10

Sales and related

9.4 7.8* 22.15 22.54* 2

Office and administrative support

13.0 13.8* 20.88 23.68* 13

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 (2)* 16.70 20.35* 22

Construction and extraction

4.2 3.0* 26.87 31.19* 16

Installation, maintenance, and repair

4.0 3.2* 25.66 28.30* 10


6.0 6.4* 20.71 24.95* 20

Transportation and material moving

9.0 6.7* 19.88 19.73 -1

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group— management —was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Hartford had 45,040 jobs in management, accounting for 8.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.3-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $65.51, significantly above the national wage of $59.31.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the management group included general and operations managers (11,620), financial managers (7,460), and computer and information systems managers (4,100). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were chief executives and financial managers, with mean hourly wages of $104.93 and $75.79, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare ($29.67) and food service managers ($30.30). (See chart 1.) (Detailed data for the management occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Hartford area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the management group. For instance, financial managers were employed at 2.8 times the national rate in Hartford, and social and community service managers, at 2.3 times the U.S. average. General and operations managers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Hartford, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Connecticut Department of Labor.

Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Data

With the May 2021 estimates release, the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) program has implemented a new model-based (MB3) estimation method. For more information, see the May 2021 Survey Methods and Reliability Statement at and the Monthly Labor Review article at OEWS estimates for the years 2015-19 were recalculated using the new estimation method and are available as research estimates at

The May 2021 OEWS estimates are also the first estimates based entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. To improve data quality, the OEWS program aggregates some occupations to the SOC broad occupation level or as OEWS-specific combinations of 2018 SOC detailed occupations.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels; and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 179,000 to 187,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by Internet or other electronic means, mail, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2021 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2021, November 2020, May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, and November 2018. The unweighted sampled employment of 82 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 62 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 67.2 percent based on establishments and 64.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,572 establishments with a response rate of 61 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Andover town, Ashford town, Avon town, Barkhamsted town, Berlin town, Bloomfield town, Bolton town, Bristol city, Burlington town, Canton town, Chaplin town, Colchester town, Columbia town, Coventry town, Cromwell town, East Granby town, East Haddam town, East Hampton town, East Hartford town, Ellington town, Farmington town, Glastonbury town, Granby town, Haddam town, Hartford city, Hartland town, Harwinton town, Hebron town, Lebanon town, Manchester town, Mansfield town, Marlborough town, Middletown city, New Britain city, New Hartford town, Newington town, Plainville town, Plymouth town, Portland town, Rocky Hill town, Scotland town, Simsbury town, South Windsor town, Southington town, Stafford town, Thomaston town, Tolland town, Union town, Vernon town, West Hartford town, Wethersfield town, Willington town, Windham town, and Windsor town.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for management occupations, Hartford metropolitan area, May 2021
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Management occupations

45,040 1.3 $65.51 $136,260

Chief executives

170 0.2 104.93 218,260

General and operations managers

11,620 1.0 68.13 141,720


230 1.3 (6) 41,460

Advertising and promotions managers

60 0.7 61.28 127,470

Marketing managers

1,610 1.5 70.06 145,730

Sales managers

2,490 1.4 64.10 133,320

Public relations managers

300 1.3 61.53 127,970

Fundraising managers

210 2.4 50.73 105,510

Administrative services managers

530 0.6 61.09 127,070

Facilities managers

720 1.8 49.75 103,470

Computer and information systems managers

4,100 2.2 73.30 152,470

Financial managers

7,460 2.8 75.79 157,650

Industrial production managers

970 1.3 60.37 125,560

Purchasing managers

610 2.3 63.24 131,540

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

460 0.8 54.49 113,330

Compensation and benefits managers

100 1.7 73.57 153,030

Human resources managers

1,110 1.7 67.90 141,240

Training and development managers

210 1.5 58.59 121,860

Construction managers

920 0.8 53.65 111,580

Education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare

280 1.3 29.67 61,710

Education administrators, kindergarten through secondary

1,420 1.3 (6) 131,890

Education administrators, postsecondary

690 1.1 70.99 147,650

Education administrators, all other

160 0.9 45.03 93,660

Architectural and engineering managers

1,440 2.0 71.50 148,720

Food service managers

460 0.6 30.30 63,030

Lodging managers

50 0.4 42.33 88,050

Medical and health services managers

2,720 1.6 60.65 126,150

Natural sciences managers

160 0.6 73.60 153,090

Postmasters and mail superintendents

50 1.0 41.31 85,930

Property, real estate, and community association managers

700 0.8 36.59 76,110

Social and community service managers

1,370 2.3 32.12 66,810

Emergency management directors

110 2.6 48.14 100,130

Managers, all other

1,520 0.8 67.10 139,580

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.


Last Modified Date: Friday, July 08, 2022