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Employment Cost Trends
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Employer Costs for Employee Compensation Relative Standard Errors

Because the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation is a sample survey, it is subject to sampling errors. Sampling errors are differences that occur between the results computed from a sample of observations and those computed from all observations in the population. The estimates derived from different samples selected using the same sample design may differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is the standard error. The relative standard error is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost. It can be used to measure the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the expected result of all possible samples. The chances are about 68 out of 100 that an estimate from the survey differs from a complete population figure by less than the standard error. The chances are about 90 out of 100 that this difference would be less than 1.6 times the standard error. Footnotes have been added for estimates with relative standard errors greater than 30 percent.

For a more detailed explanation of relative standard errors, see Measuring Trends in the Structure and Levels of Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, Compensation and Working Conditions, Summer 1997. For a detailed explanation of how to use standard error data to analyze differences in year-to-year changes, see Analyzing Year-to-Year Changes in Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, Compensation and Working Conditions, Spring 1998. This article supplements an article from the Summer 1997 issue of Compensation and Working Conditions, Explaining the Differential Growth Rates of the ECI and ECEC, which examined how differences in the construction of these measures contribute to differing trends.

Standard errors relate to differences that occur from sampling errors, but not from nonsampling errors. Sampling errors are differences between the results computed from a sample of observations and those computed from all observations in the population. Nonsampling errors are not measured and include survey nonresponse and data collection and processing errors. Survey nonresponse is when sample members are unwilling or unable to participate in the survey. Data collection errors include provision of inaccurate data by respondents and definitional difficulties. Processing errors include errors in recording, coding, and entering data. Although nonsampling errors are not measured, BLS quality assurance programs contain procedures for reducing such errors. These procedures include data collection reinterviews, observed interviews, computer data edits, and systematic review of reports on which data are recorded. Extensive field economist training also is conducted to maintain high data collection standards.

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Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [June 2021]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Relative
standard error
Cost ($) Relative
standard error
Cost ($) Relative
standard error

Total compensation(2)

38.91 1.1 36.64 1.2 53.59 0.8

Wages and salaries

26.85 1.0 25.89 1.1 33.09 0.7

Total benefits

12.06 1.3 10.76 1.5 20.50 1.0

Paid leave

2.88 1.8 2.70 2.2 4.03 1.7

Vacation

1.40 2.2 1.38 2.5 1.52 2.5

Holiday

0.85 1.6 0.80 1.8 1.12 2.1

Sick

0.46 1.6 0.37 2.2 1.02 1.2

Personal

0.17 2.1 0.14 2.7 0.35 3.9

Supplemental pay

1.16 2.6 1.25 2.8 0.53 3.4

Overtime and premium(3)

0.32 1.7 0.34 2.0 0.24 3.7

Shift differentials

0.07 5.3 0.08 5.7 0.05 6.7

Nonproduction bonuses

0.76 3.8 0.84 4.0 0.24 5.1

Insurance

3.25 1.2 2.79 1.6 6.26 1.0

Life

0.05 2.0 0.04 2.4 0.07 3.1

Health

3.09 1.2 2.63 1.6 6.10 1.0

Short-term disability

0.07 2.6 0.08 2.7 0.03 3.9

Long-term disability

0.04 2.3 0.04 2.6 0.05 3.3

Retirement and savings

1.98 2.0 1.25 2.8 6.74 1.5

Defined benefit

1.21 2.6 0.42 4.9 6.29 1.6

Defined contribution

0.78 2.4 0.83 2.6 0.45 5.0

Legally Required benefits

2.79 0.8 2.77 0.9 2.94 1.2

Social Security and Medicare

2.19 1.0 2.18 1.1 2.29 1.1

Social Security(4)

1.75 1.0 1.75 1.1 1.75 1.4

Medicare

0.45 1.1 0.43 1.2 0.54 0.7

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 1.0 0.03 1.0 (5)- (5)-

State unemployment insurance

0.12 1.8 0.13 1.7 0.06 8.1

Workers' compensation

0.46 1.1 0.44 1.3 0.58 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.

Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [June 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

Civilian workers(3)

38.91 1.1 26.85 1.0 12.06 1.3 2.88 1.8 1.16 2.6 3.25 1.2 1.98 2.0 2.79 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

62.77 1.0 42.86 1.0 19.92 1.1 5.50 1.5 1.83 4.4 4.99 1.3 3.71 1.9 3.89 0.8

Management, business and financial

73.30 1.4 50.23 1.5 23.07 1.7 7.12 2.1 3.02 7.8 4.98 1.8 3.47 2.7 4.48 1.2

Professional and related

58.07 1.3 39.56 1.2 18.50 1.5 4.78 2.1 1.29 4.4 5.00 1.6 3.81 2.6 3.62 1.1

Teachers(4)

64.60 2.3 43.84 2.2 20.76 2.6 3.32 3.7 0.24 6.1 6.35 2.8 7.52 3.4 3.33 2.5

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

64.05 2.9 42.44 2.7 21.61 3.5 2.95 4.3 0.21 6.8 7.00 3.7 8.41 4.6 3.04 2.8

Registered nurses

60.22 1.3 39.25 1.4 20.97 1.8 6.20 3.4 2.25 5.3 5.44 2.5 3.06 5.0 4.02 1.5

Sales and office

29.08 1.2 20.62 1.2 8.47 1.5 1.93 1.9 0.78 4.4 2.62 2.0 1.03 3.2 2.10 0.9

Sales and related

28.52 2.6 21.80 2.7 6.72 3.0 1.56 4.2 0.86 9.0 1.54 3.3 0.62 5.0 2.14 2.1

Office and administrative support

29.45 1.1 19.84 0.9 9.61 1.6 2.17 1.6 0.73 3.4 3.33 2.0 1.29 3.3 2.08 1.0

Service

21.12 1.5 15.26 1.2 5.87 2.5 1.10 3.6 0.44 4.0 1.59 3.8 0.94 5.5 1.79 1.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

39.59 1.8 26.70 1.5 12.89 2.5 2.23 2.9 1.41 3.0 3.35 3.1 2.31 6.5 3.59 1.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

40.63 2.7 27.15 2.2 13.48 3.8 1.85 4.5 1.48 4.5 3.44 4.6 2.80 9.4 3.91 1.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

38.42 2.2 26.20 1.8 12.22 3.2 2.65 3.5 1.33 3.6 3.26 4.2 1.76 6.7 3.23 1.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

31.03 2.0 20.77 1.8 10.26 2.5 1.92 3.7 1.30 3.9 3.10 2.7 1.27 6.7 2.68 1.5

Production

29.48 1.5 19.80 1.2 9.68 2.5 1.82 2.9 1.40 4.4 3.11 3.3 0.91 5.9 2.43 1.0

Transportation and material moving

32.42 3.6 21.65 3.2 10.78 4.5 2.00 6.5 1.21 6.9 3.08 5.0 1.59 9.6 2.90 2.7

Industry group

Education and health services

43.82 2.1 29.74 2.0 14.07 2.3 3.39 3.6 0.69 5.8 4.21 2.2 3.03 3.6 2.76 1.9

Educational services

55.49 0.8 36.68 0.8 18.81 1.1 3.51 1.7 0.27 6.6 5.94 1.4 6.14 2.0 2.96 1.3

Elementary and secondary schools

54.60 1.2 35.62 1.0 18.98 1.8 2.86 2.6 0.22 5.4 6.28 2.1 6.88 2.3 2.75 1.4

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

61.86 1.7 41.00 1.8 20.86 1.8 5.37 2.5 0.38 9.3 6.01 2.3 5.63 3.3 3.47 2.1

Health care and social assistance

37.44 3.6 25.96 3.4 11.48 4.1 3.32 5.6 0.92 6.2 3.26 3.6 1.33 6.8 2.65 2.9

Hospitals

52.36 1.7 34.04 1.7 18.32 2.5 5.17 2.8 1.83 4.4 5.29 3.3 2.67 7.0 3.36 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(4) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.

Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [June 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

State and local government workers

53.59 0.8 33.09 0.7 20.50 1.0 4.03 1.7 0.53 3.4 6.26 1.0 6.74 1.5 2.94 1.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

64.24 1.0 41.09 1.0 23.14 1.2 4.51 2.2 0.41 4.3 6.85 1.2 8.07 1.6 3.30 1.5

Professional and related

62.37 1.0 40.17 1.0 22.20 1.3 4.01 2.4 0.39 4.5 6.83 1.3 7.79 1.7 3.18 1.5

Teachers(3)

70.57 1.2 46.74 1.2 23.83 1.5 3.43 3.2 0.26 5.3 7.39 1.6 9.42 1.8 3.34 1.9

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

70.69 1.2 46.21 1.2 24.48 1.6 3.15 3.3 0.24 6.3 7.92 2.1 9.99 2.1 3.19 2.1

Sales and office

37.56 1.5 21.53 1.6 16.03 1.8 3.31 2.1 0.34 8.0 5.90 2.0 4.25 2.9 2.24 2.0

Office and administrative support

37.73 1.6 21.57 1.6 16.17 1.9 3.32 2.0 0.34 8.0 5.97 2.1 4.29 3.0 2.23 1.9

Service

40.03 2.7 22.76 2.3 17.28 3.4 3.39 3.8 0.87 5.9 5.00 2.1 5.55 5.7 2.47 2.4

Industry group

Education and health services

55.91 0.9 35.83 0.8 20.07 1.3 3.62 2.5 0.36 4.1 6.41 1.3 6.82 1.6 2.86 1.5

Educational services

57.44 0.8 37.06 0.7 20.38 1.3 3.43 2.6 0.26 4.2 6.54 1.3 7.30 1.6 2.85 1.5

Elementary and secondary schools

56.07 1.0 36.20 0.9 19.87 1.5 2.88 3.1 0.23 4.8 6.62 1.7 7.42 1.9 2.72 1.3

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

61.85 1.9 39.84 2.0 22.02 2.1 5.27 3.5 0.34 13.4 6.29 3.1 6.87 3.9 3.25 2.9

Health care and social assistance

47.62 4.0 29.21 4.2 18.41 4.3 4.65 6.0 0.92 7.1 5.73 4.4 4.24 6.3 2.89 4.9

Hospitals

50.52 4.8 31.59 5.0 18.92 5.1 4.93 7.2 1.06 7.3 5.70 4.9 4.20 9.6 3.03 6.0

Public administration

51.84 1.6 29.77 1.6 22.06 1.8 4.88 2.6 0.80 5.1 6.21 1.4 7.06 3.0 3.12 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.

Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [June 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

Private industry workers

36.64 1.2 25.89 1.1 10.76 1.5 2.70 2.2 1.25 2.8 2.79 1.6 1.25 2.8 2.77 0.9

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related occupations

62.31 1.3 43.42 1.3 18.89 1.5 5.82 1.8 2.28 4.7 4.40 1.7 2.32 2.7 4.07 1.1

Management, business, and financial occupations

73.05 1.6 50.70 1.7 22.35 1.8 7.07 2.3 3.34 8.0 4.73 2.0 2.67 3.2 4.55 1.2

Professional and related occupations

56.24 1.8 39.31 1.7 16.94 2.2 5.11 2.5 1.68 4.6 4.22 2.3 2.12 4.0 3.81 1.5

Sales and office occupations

28.35 1.3 20.54 1.4 7.81 1.7 1.81 2.2 0.82 4.5 2.34 2.3 0.75 4.2 2.09 1.0

Sales and related occupations

28.50 2.6 21.81 2.7 6.69 3.0 1.56 4.2 0.86 9.0 1.53 3.2 0.61 5.1 2.14 2.1

Office and administrative support occupations

28.23 1.2 19.59 1.0 8.64 1.8 2.00 1.9 0.79 3.6 2.94 2.5 0.85 5.1 2.06 1.1

Service occupations

18.40 1.9 14.18 1.5 4.22 3.4 0.77 5.2 0.38 4.8 1.10 6.4 0.27 6.4 1.69 1.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

39.06 1.9 26.66 1.6 12.40 2.8 2.08 3.3 1.45 3.2 3.14 3.5 2.09 7.5 3.63 1.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

40.22 2.9 27.19 2.4 13.04 4.0 1.68 5.1 1.54 4.7 3.21 4.9 2.62 10.4 3.98 1.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

37.77 2.4 26.08 1.9 11.69 3.7 2.53 3.8 1.35 3.9 3.06 4.9 1.51 8.4 3.24 1.7

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.57 2.1 20.63 1.9 9.94 2.6 1.87 3.9 1.32 3.9 2.98 2.9 1.11 7.5 2.67 1.6

Production occupations

29.17 1.5 19.66 1.2 9.51 2.6 1.79 3.0 1.41 4.4 3.06 3.4 0.83 6.3 2.43 1.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

31.90 3.8 21.54 3.4 10.35 4.8 1.95 6.9 1.24 7.1 2.90 5.5 1.38 11.5 2.89 2.8

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

41.01 1.6 27.84 1.7 13.17 1.7 2.67 2.3 1.76 2.0 3.59 1.8 1.79 5.4 3.36 1.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

71.35 1.7 48.94 1.6 22.41 2.2 6.50 2.5 2.79 5.9 5.13 1.8 3.28 5.1 4.72 1.2

Management, business, and financial occupations

76.14 1.7 53.21 1.8 22.93 2.0 6.96 2.9 2.88 4.9 5.00 2.0 3.10 5.4 4.99 1.5

Professional and related occupations

66.51 2.7 44.62 2.5 21.89 3.6 6.04 3.6 2.70 9.4 5.25 2.8 3.46 7.2 4.44 2.2

Sales and office occupations

34.62 4.4 24.92 5.2 9.70 3.4 2.12 5.2 1.09 7.6 2.98 4.3 0.93 8.5 2.58 2.0

Office and administrative support occupations

30.13 1.9 21.23 1.5 8.90 3.2 1.86 3.9 0.97 6.0 2.95 5.0 0.78 6.8 2.33 1.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

40.18 2.4 27.29 2.0 12.89 3.4 1.80 4.3 1.62 3.8 3.20 3.9 2.34 10.2 3.93 1.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing and forestry occupations

40.64 3.0 27.51 2.5 13.14 4.1 1.63 5.4 1.60 4.7 3.19 5.0 2.63 11.1 4.08 2.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

38.63 1.9 26.55 1.7 12.08 3.2 2.37 3.8 1.68 4.5 3.24 4.9 1.37 10.2 3.42 1.8

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.59 1.2 20.15 1.2 10.44 1.7 1.88 2.3 1.62 3.4 3.46 2.6 0.94 5.3 2.54 1.1

Production occupations

30.75 1.2 20.26 1.1 10.49 2.0 1.94 2.4 1.62 4.2 3.54 2.6 0.89 6.5 2.50 1.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

29.81 3.9 19.64 3.5 10.18 5.2 1.60 5.2 1.61 5.4 3.06 6.2 1.15 14.6 2.76 3.5

Construction industry

41.24 2.6 28.85 2.6 12.38 3.3 1.89 4.7 1.48 4.9 3.04 4.3 2.08 9.6 3.89 1.7

Manufacturing industry

40.71 1.7 27.18 1.8 13.53 2.0 3.11 2.7 1.89 3.6 3.90 1.9 1.60 6.9 3.03 1.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

73.26 1.8 49.57 1.8 23.69 2.1 6.97 2.5 2.91 6.7 5.46 1.5 3.63 5.5 4.72 1.4

Management, business, and financial occupations

79.51 1.8 54.68 2.0 24.83 2.0 7.74 2.9 3.08 7.4 5.40 1.5 3.59 6.4 5.01 1.6

Professional and related occupations

68.38 2.9 45.59 2.7 22.80 3.6 6.37 3.5 2.77 9.8 5.51 2.5 3.65 7.6 4.49 2.3

Sales and office occupations

34.22 3.9 23.76 3.9 10.46 4.5 2.40 6.8 1.23 11.0 3.29 4.8 1.08 11.6 2.46 3.2

Office and administrative support occupations

31.14 2.5 21.35 1.8 9.79 4.1 2.10 5.1 1.11 8.0 3.38 5.6 0.94 9.9 2.26 2.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

43.33 3.4 27.87 1.8 15.46 6.6 2.94 4.8 2.32 7.3 4.09 6.8 2.57 24.6 3.54 2.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

41.91 2.5 27.66 2.1 14.24 3.8 3.06 3.9 2.13 5.6 4.14 5.6 1.53 8.5 3.38 1.8

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.26 1.2 19.89 1.1 10.37 1.9 1.92 2.1 1.60 3.7 3.49 2.6 0.88 6.0 2.48 1.0

Production occupations

68.38 2.9 45.59 2.7 22.80 3.6 6.37 3.5 2.77 9.8 5.51 2.5 3.65 7.6 4.49 2.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

27.84 3.0 18.28 2.7 9.57 3.9 1.66 3.8 1.52 6.0 3.07 6.2 0.84 6.8 2.48 2.3

Aircraft manufacturing industry

78.51 3.3 48.84 3.4 29.67 3.2 7.52 4.8 4.32 3.5 7.47 2.2 5.40 5.8 4.95 2.5

Service-providing industries(4)

35.75 1.5 25.49 1.3 10.26 1.9 2.71 2.6 1.15 3.5 2.63 2.0 1.14 3.4 2.65 1.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

61.23 1.4 42.76 1.4 18.47 1.7 5.74 2.0 2.22 5.3 4.32 1.9 2.21 3.1 4.00 1.2

Management, business, and financial occupations

72.51 1.8 50.26 2.0 22.25 2.1 7.09 2.7 3.42 9.1 4.68 2.3 2.59 3.9 4.47 1.4

Professional and related occupations

55.31 2.0 38.82 1.9 16.49 2.4 5.03 2.8 1.59 5.1 4.13 2.5 2.00 4.5 3.75 1.6

Sales and office occupations

27.90 1.4 20.22 1.4 7.67 1.8 1.79 2.3 0.80 4.9 2.29 2.4 0.73 4.4 2.06 1.1

Sales and related occupations

27.74 2.6 21.23 2.7 6.50 3.1 1.51 4.3 0.84 9.4 1.48 3.4 2.09 2.2 0.58 5.2

Office and administrative support occupations

28.02 1.2 19.41 1.0 8.61 1.9 2.02 2.0 0.77 4.0 2.94 2.7 0.86 5.5 2.03 1.1

Service occupations

18.35 1.9 14.15 1.5 4.20 3.5 0.77 5.3 0.38 4.9 1.10 6.5 0.27 6.5 1.69 1.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

37.41 3.2 25.74 2.6 11.66 4.7 2.50 5.1 1.20 5.5 3.05 6.5 1.72 9.6 3.19 2.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

37.42 3.3 25.89 2.6 11.53 5.1 2.59 5.0 1.22 5.2 2.99 6.8 1.56 10.8 3.17 2.3

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.56 3.7 20.99 3.2 9.57 4.8 1.86 6.8 1.09 6.3 2.61 5.2 1.25 11.9 2.76 2.7

Production occupations

24.72 4.1 17.97 3.2 6.75 7.3 1.34 8.9 0.81 10.5 1.71 11.2 0.66 18.0 2.22 2.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

32.25 4.4 21.86 3.9 10.38 5.6 2.01 7.8 1.17 8.5 2.87 6.4 1.42 12.9 2.91 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

31.32 2.4 22.24 2.2 9.08 3.0 2.06 3.9 0.99 5.3 2.39 3.2 1.15 7.0 2.49 1.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

60.60 4.5 42.96 4.5 17.64 5.1 5.41 5.4 2.24 15.3 3.71 4.9 2.28 8.1 4.00 3.8

Management, business, and financial occupations

68.72 4.5 48.66 4.5 20.06 5.4 6.31 5.9 2.92 18.0 3.94 6.1 2.49 6.9 4.40 3.4

Professional and related occupations

49.34 6.2 35.06 6.0 14.28 7.0 4.16 8.5 1.30 14.0 3.39 5.6 1.99 12.2 3.43 5.3

Sales and office occupations

24.17 2.2 18.07 2.1 6.10 2.9 1.33 4.0 0.61 5.0 1.67 3.9 0.60 5.5 1.90 1.7

Sales and related occupations

23.16 3.0 17.94 2.9 5.22 3.7 1.13 5.5 0.59 7.3 1.19 4.2 0.46 6.2 1.85 2.3

Office and administrative support occupations

26.13 2.1 18.31 1.7 7.81 3.1 1.72 3.4 0.63 4.2 2.61 4.4 0.87 8.0 1.99 1.7

Service occupations

20.55 3.7 14.93 3.1 5.62 5.5 1.09 9.1 0.55 6.6 1.53 7.2 0.70 14.9 1.76 3.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

40.23 2.8 27.13 2.5 13.10 3.7 2.78 4.0 1.41 5.8 3.43 4.8 2.15 7.8 3.33 3.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

40.28 3.1 27.30 2.7 12.98 4.3 2.79 4.4 1.43 6.0 3.36 5.6 2.07 9.2 3.32 3.3

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

35.00 4.5 23.37 4.1 11.63 5.5 2.34 7.9 1.28 8.4 3.25 6.0 1.70 11.8 3.05 3.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

35.42 5.2 23.62 4.7 11.80 6.3 2.36 8.9 1.30 9.7 3.28 7.0 1.75 12.9 3.11 3.6

Wholesale trade industry

42.30 3.3 29.97 3.1 12.33 4.6 3.22 5.6 1.63 10.8 3.02 4.5 1.36 8.1 3.11 2.5

Sales and office occupations

41.32 4.2 30.17 4.6 11.16 3.9 2.93 5.8 1.15 8.5 2.95 4.7 1.23 7.7 2.90 3.5

Office and administrative support occupations

28.99 2.2 20.24 1.8 8.75 3.8 2.08 4.6 1.03 9.5 2.79 4.5 0.73 10.3 2.13 1.8

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

29.43 3.8 19.99 3.1 9.44 5.4 1.83 6.1 1.32 8.9 2.64 6.0 1.01 13.5 2.63 2.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

29.23 4.4 19.92 3.5 9.31 6.6 1.77 7.2 1.29 10.1 2.54 7.4 1.04 17.0 2.67 2.9

Retail trade industry

22.21 1.8 16.89 1.6 5.32 2.4 1.12 4.3 0.56 4.5 1.34 2.7 0.44 4.0 1.85 1.3

Sales and office occupations

19.71 1.2 15.22 1.1 4.49 2.2 0.88 3.2 0.49 5.7 1.14 3.3 0.35 5.2 1.63 1.1

Sales and related occupations

19.15 1.5 15.03 1.3 4.12 2.6 0.78 3.4 0.50 6.9 0.94 4.5 0.29 5.6 1.61 1.3

Office and administrative support occupations

21.57 1.6 15.85 1.4 5.73 3.1 1.22 3.6 0.43 7.2 1.83 4.9 0.56 7.1 1.68 1.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

21.94 2.6 15.73 2.3 6.21 3.7 1.08 5.0 0.55 6.0 1.85 4.9 0.57 8.7 2.16 2.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

21.53 2.8 15.48 2.6 6.05 4.0 1.04 5.1 0.55 7.4 1.76 5.2 0.52 9.3 2.18 3.5

Transportation and warehousing industry

40.87 5.2 26.94 5.0 13.94 6.0 3.01 7.9 1.34 11.4 4.05 5.9 2.23 11.9 3.31 4.4

Utilities industry

68.83 2.0 42.40 2.2 26.44 2.6 6.08 2.8 2.45 14.3 6.46 3.9 6.63 6.0 4.82 2.1

Information industry

57.30 4.1 38.35 3.8 18.95 5.1 5.31 5.2 2.53 8.5 4.89 4.5 2.49 14.2 3.73 3.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

74.56 2.7 50.49 2.7 24.08 3.6 7.31 4.7 3.55 7.3 5.76 4.5 2.77 8.2 4.69 2.4

Professional and related occupations

66.91 4.3 45.26 4.5 21.65 5.0 6.09 5.9 2.99 10.1 5.60 4.9 2.64 12.5 4.32 3.8

Sales and office occupations

37.24 7.4 24.74 7.2 12.50 10.9 3.05 9.1 1.37 12.3 3.82 9.9 (5)1.75 35.9 2.52 5.6

Financial activities industry

52.43 2.3 35.31 2.5 17.12 2.3 4.53 3.0 3.06 8.8 4.44 2.5 1.83 4.0 3.26 1.6

Financial and insurance industry

58.66 2.0 39.10 2.4 19.55 2.2 5.20 2.7 3.73 9.8 4.93 1.4 2.22 3.1 3.48 1.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

77.77 2.4 51.58 3.5 26.20 3.7 7.44 3.7 5.75 20.3 5.56 1.8 2.95 3.9 4.50 1.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

77.03 2.0 51.07 2.8 25.97 2.8 7.43 3.0 5.30 16.4 5.66 1.4 3.02 3.2 4.55 1.2

Professional and related occupations

74.64 2.7 49.41 2.8 25.23 2.6 7.42 3.3 3.87 5.1 6.00 1.8 3.25 5.0 4.68 2.5

Sales and office occupations

37.55 2.3 25.80 2.6 11.75 3.2 2.75 2.4 1.75 13.5 3.76 3.1 1.13 4.6 2.37 1.7

Sales and related occupations

52.25 7.2 38.49 7.8 13.76 9.5 3.35 6.9 (5)2.85 30.9 3.07 8.1 1.45 12.7 3.03 4.9

Office and administrative support occupations

32.26 1.2 21.23 0.9 11.03 1.9 2.53 1.8 1.35 5.6 4.01 2.5 1.01 4.1 2.13 1.2

Credit intermediation and related activities industry

52.83 3.5 35.53 4.4 17.30 2.6 4.81 2.4 2.71 8.3 4.69 2.0 1.90 3.8 3.18 2.3

Insurance carriers and related activities industry

52.26 2.1 34.56 2.0 17.70 2.5 4.64 2.5 2.80 5.3 4.83 2.4 2.12 5.2 3.30 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing industry

32.54 5.9 23.20 5.2 9.34 8.3 2.39 9.7 0.92 11.9 2.87 11.1 0.61 15.6 2.55 4.7

Professional and business services industry

44.73 3.2 32.18 3.1 12.56 3.8 3.61 5.0 1.56 6.5 2.88 4.3 1.29 7.1 3.22 2.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

67.91 2.2 48.08 2.0 19.83 3.0 6.35 3.7 2.50 7.8 4.25 2.9 2.28 6.1 4.45 1.8

Management, business, and financial occupations

75.19 3.6 53.12 3.6 22.07 3.8 7.34 5.4 3.20 6.8 4.40 3.9 2.45 5.7 4.69 2.9

Professional and related occupations

62.91 3.3 44.62 2.9 18.29 4.8 5.67 5.2 2.02 13.6 4.15 3.9 2.16 10.1 4.29 2.6

Sales and office occupations

30.96 4.0 22.63 4.0 8.33 5.3 2.03 6.0 0.90 10.2 2.43 6.5 0.67 12.6 2.29 3.6

Office and administrative support occupations

27.83 3.9 19.97 3.2 7.86 6.0 1.93 7.4 0.81 11.5 2.46 7.3 0.59 14.0 2.06 3.7

Service occupations

19.97 3.0 15.42 2.4 4.55 5.8 0.82 9.2 0.52 9.9 1.13 12.1 0.20 17.6 1.88 3.1

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

22.34 4.9 16.92 4.0 5.42 9.1 0.80 19.8 0.90 15.1 1.17 16.2 0.26 25.6 2.28 3.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

24.23 7.8 17.77 7.1 6.45 11.4 0.89 28.8 1.14 21.3 1.61 16.9 (5)0.30 31.0 2.52 7.0

Professional and technical services industry

59.10 3.8 42.20 3.5 16.90 4.6 5.27 5.4 1.99 12.0 3.86 4.0 1.80 6.9 3.98 3.1

Administrative and waste services industry

24.54 3.7 18.64 2.9 5.89 6.9 1.20 9.7 0.67 11.4 1.43 9.2 0.39 21.1 2.20 2.6

Education and health services industry

38.03 3.4 26.83 3.2 11.20 4.0 3.28 5.2 0.85 6.7 3.15 3.6 1.21 6.8 2.71 2.7

Management, professional, and related occupations

52.57 3.0 36.84 3.0 15.72 3.4 4.96 4.4 1.18 6.4 4.13 3.7 1.92 5.1 3.54 2.4

Management, business, and financial occupations

65.02 6.4 45.38 6.8 19.64 6.0 7.30 8.3 1.01 23.7 4.78 4.4 2.45 8.7 4.10 4.5

Professional and related occupations

51.24 3.1 35.93 3.0 15.31 3.6 4.71 4.6 1.20 5.9 4.07 4.1 1.86 5.4 3.48 2.6

Sales and office occupations

28.52 2.4 19.94 2.4 8.58 4.0 2.35 5.4 0.40 9.5 3.01 7.2 0.73 11.5 2.08 3.4

Office and administrative support occupations

27.63 2.2 19.12 2.2 8.52 4.1 2.26 4.3 0.43 7.8 3.05 7.5 0.78 8.1 1.99 2.0

Service occupations

21.77 3.5 15.77 2.9 6.00 6.0 1.34 7.0 0.56 8.6 1.86 9.4 0.43 10.0 1.81 3.0

Educational services industry

48.86 3.7 35.38 3.6 13.48 5.0 3.77 7.7 0.33 20.9 3.88 5.1 2.19 6.4 3.32 3.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

53.94 3.6 39.46 3.3 14.48 5.1 4.12 8.0 0.34 24.8 4.02 5.4 2.38 6.8 3.62 3.3

Management, business, and financial occupations

75.30 7.7 52.46 8.5 22.83 6.1 8.67 9.0 (5)0.80 43.9 5.51 4.8 3.31 5.2 4.55 6.2

Professional and related occupations

50.09 3.6 37.12 3.8 12.97 4.7 3.30 7.0 0.26 13.4 3.75 6.1 2.21 7.6 3.45 4.0

Sales and office occupations

33.88 3.3 22.47 2.9 11.41 5.6 2.98 6.2 0.18 15.7 4.36 8.8 1.65 8.8 2.24 2.9

Office and administrative support occupations

33.52 3.2 22.01 2.2 11.51 5.7 2.92 6.1 0.17 16.4 4.51 8.4 1.71 8.6 2.19 2.4

Service occupations

24.38 4.3 17.00 2.7 7.38 9.6 1.76 11.2 0.32 20.6 2.20 14.2 1.15 15.7 1.96 4.3

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools industry

61.86 2.2 43.20 2.4 18.66 2.2 5.55 2.9 0.45 10.3 5.48 2.5 3.29 3.6 3.89 2.1

Health care and social assistance industry

36.57 3.9 25.68 3.7 10.90 4.6 3.21 6.0 0.92 6.9 3.05 4.1 1.08 8.5 2.63 3.1

Registered nurse occupations

60.56 1.8 39.57 1.8 20.99 2.5 6.39 4.0 2.44 6.2 5.32 3.4 2.73 5.6 4.12 2.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

52.25 3.7 36.24 3.6 16.01 3.9 5.15 4.8 1.37 5.9 4.16 4.3 1.81 6.5 3.52 2.9

Professional and related occupations

51.48 3.6 35.68 3.6 15.80 4.0 5.01 4.8 1.40 5.4 4.13 4.8 1.79 6.6 3.48 3.0

Sales and office occupations

27.94 2.8 19.67 2.8 8.27 4.5 2.28 6.2 0.43 10.5 2.87 8.2 0.63 12.9 2.06 3.9

Office and administrative support occupations

26.97 2.4 18.79 2.4 8.18 4.5 2.19 4.7 0.46 8.4 2.88 8.6 0.68 9.3 1.97 2.2

Service occupations

21.68 3.6 15.73 3.0 5.95 6.2 1.32 7.2 0.57 8.8 1.85 9.8 0.40 10.5 1.81 3.1

Hospitals industry

52.75 2.1 34.56 2.1 18.19 2.9 5.22 3.2 2.00 4.6 5.20 4.2 2.34 7.8 3.43 1.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

62.92 2.9 41.72 3.0 21.20 3.6 6.45 4.1 2.31 5.8 5.59 4.7 2.83 8.4 4.03 2.3

Registered nurse occupations

63.38 2.0 40.89 1.9 22.48 2.7 6.59 3.4 2.79 6.7 5.87 3.9 3.04 6.8 4.20 2.3

Service occupations

28.98 2.0 17.89 1.7 11.09 2.8 2.24 3.7 1.54 5.6 3.99 5.0 1.26 6.8 2.05 2.3

Nursing and residential care facilities industry

25.23 2.1 18.22 1.7 7.02 3.5 1.74 3.9 0.62 6.4 2.19 4.7 0.41 8.0 2.05 2.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

38.09 2.9 27.53 2.8 10.55 4.0 3.04 4.1 0.89 9.9 3.04 4.6 0.75 16.0 2.83 2.9

Service occupations

20.06 2.4 14.48 1.8 5.57 4.4 1.21 5.7 0.54 5.5 1.81 6.5 0.28 14.5 1.74 2.2

Nursing care facilities industry

27.55 5.0 19.77 3.9 7.78 8.1 1.91 8.7 0.75 10.9 2.44 9.8 0.48 18.3 2.20 4.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

41.45 4.2 30.25 3.5 11.19 6.6 3.19 6.6 1.04 13.9 3.12 7.7 0.76 13.9 3.09 4.5

Service occupations

20.88 5.2 14.76 3.6 6.11 9.3 1.27 11.1 0.63 9.6 2.09 12.1 0.34 26.9 1.78 4.1

Leisure and hospitality industry

16.53 2.3 13.34 2.1 3.18 4.8 0.50 7.6 0.22 13.3 0.69 11.7 0.17 12.4 1.60 2.6

Sales and office occupations

19.79 7.0 15.05 4.7 4.74 18.8 0.93 16.9 0.23 23.4 (5)1.64 41.7 0.25 28.6 1.69 6.1

Service occupations

15.15 2.2 12.42 1.9 2.73 4.8 0.34 10.3 0.19 11.9 0.55 13.5 0.14 14.4 1.52 2.6

Accommodation and food services industry

15.70 3.4 12.69 2.9 3.01 6.8 0.41 12.3 0.22 16.0 0.67 14.1 0.16 18.6 1.55 3.2

Other services industry

30.34 5.2 22.58 4.8 7.76 8.1 1.91 11.0 0.48 11.4 1.85 11.5 1.08 26.6 2.44 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(4) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(5) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.

Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [June 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

Union workers

50.83 3.0 30.48 2.9 20.35 3.3 3.60 5.2 1.84 6.0 6.81 2.4 4.35 6.0 3.75 2.6

Goods-producing industries(3)

53.70 3.0 31.13 2.8 22.57 3.8 2.96 5.3 2.42 6.6 7.48 3.4 5.44 8.0 4.27 3.3

Manufacturing industry

44.56 3.7 25.62 3.4 18.94 4.8 3.23 6.1 2.72 8.9 6.90 4.2 2.83 13.2 3.25 2.8

Service-providing industries(4)

34.80 1.6 25.16 1.4 9.63 2.0 2.62 2.7 1.12 3.7 2.36 2.2 0.95 3.6 2.59 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

49.63 5.4 30.26 5.8 19.37 5.1 3.88 7.8 1.72 14.4 6.26 4.1 3.95 8.8 3.54 5.4

Retail trade industry

25.81 2.4 15.94 2.9 9.88 2.5 1.55 5.8 0.51 7.1 3.99 3.0 1.84 6.8 1.99 2.7

Transportation and warehousing industry

62.39 7.1 38.29 7.8 24.10 6.3 5.17 9.3 2.35 19.2 7.52 5.4 4.74 12.6 4.32 6.8

Education and health services industry

55.59 10.0 33.21 9.7 22.38 10.4 5.06 14.1 1.86 14.5 8.00 5.6 3.76 17.7 3.70 7.6

Health care and social assistance industry

54.92 11.1 32.56 10.9 22.36 11.5 5.04 15.6 2.01 14.8 7.96 6.2 3.70 19.7 3.66 8.5

Nonunion workers

35.44 1.3 25.50 1.2 9.94 1.7 2.62 2.3 1.20 3.0 2.45 1.8 0.98 3.0 2.69 1.0

Goods-producing industries(3)

38.91 1.7 27.30 1.8 11.61 1.7 2.62 2.5 1.65 2.4 2.95 2.0 1.18 5.1 3.21 1.2

Manufacturing industries

40.10 1.9 27.43 1.9 12.68 2.2 3.09 2.9 1.75 4.0 3.43 2.4 1.41 6.1 3.00 1.4

Service-providing industries(4)

34.80 1.6 25.16 1.4 9.63 2.0 2.62 2.7 1.12 3.7 2.36 2.2 0.95 3.6 2.59 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities industries

28.65 2.6 21.07 2.4 7.58 3.2 1.80 4.3 0.88 5.9 1.83 2.8 0.75 6.3 2.33 1.7

Retail trade industries

21.93 2.0 16.97 1.8 4.96 3.0 1.09 4.9 0.57 4.5 1.14 4.3 0.33 4.6 1.84 1.5

Transportation and warehousing industries

31.51 5.5 22.00 5.1 9.52 7.0 2.08 8.9 0.90 13.0 2.54 7.8 1.13 12.9 2.87 3.7

Education and health services industries

36.95 3.3 26.44 3.1 10.51 4.0 3.17 5.2 0.79 7.5 2.85 4.1 1.06 6.3 2.65 2.7

Health care and social assistance industries

35.41 3.9 25.24 3.6 10.17 4.7 3.09 6.0 0.85 7.7 2.74 4.8 0.92 8.3 2.57 3.0

Full-time workers

42.60 1.1 29.48 1.0 13.12 1.2 3.39 1.8 1.57 2.7 3.51 1.2 1.57 2.5 3.09 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

64.94 1.2 44.90 1.2 20.04 1.4 6.18 1.6 2.45 4.9 4.75 1.3 2.48 2.7 4.17 1.0

Management, business, and financial occupations

73.82 1.6 51.13 1.7 22.68 1.8 7.19 2.3 3.39 8.0 4.81 1.8 2.71 3.2 4.58 1.2

Professional and related occupations

59.11 1.7 40.81 1.7 18.30 2.1 5.52 2.4 1.84 5.0 4.71 1.7 2.33 4.2 3.91 1.6

Sales and office occupations

33.16 1.4 23.42 1.5 9.74 1.6 2.37 1.9 1.06 4.8 3.02 1.8 0.96 4.0 2.33 1.1

Sales and related occupations

38.69 2.8 28.79 3.0 9.91 3.0 2.52 3.6 1.35 10.2 2.40 2.5 0.96 5.8 2.68 2.6

Office and administrative support occupations

30.28 1.1 20.62 0.9 9.66 1.6 2.29 1.8 0.91 3.9 3.35 1.9 0.96 5.1 2.15 1.0

Service occupations

22.21 1.6 16.13 1.5 6.08 2.5 1.27 3.9 0.61 4.7 1.91 4.2 0.44 6.0 1.86 1.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

39.71 1.9 27.00 1.6 12.70 2.7 2.15 3.2 1.49 3.2 3.26 3.4 2.13 7.3 3.67 1.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

40.58 2.8 27.39 2.4 13.18 3.9 1.72 5.0 1.57 4.8 3.29 4.8 2.61 10.0 4.00 1.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

38.72 2.3 26.56 1.9 12.16 3.5 2.64 3.6 1.41 3.5 3.23 4.7 1.59 8.2 3.29 1.7

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.63 2.2 21.69 2.1 10.94 2.6 2.14 3.9 1.47 3.7 3.36 2.5 1.24 8.1 2.73 1.7

Production occupations

30.26 1.3 20.17 1.1 10.09 2.2 1.91 2.6 1.51 4.1 3.30 2.8 0.90 5.9 2.47 1.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

35.39 4.2 23.46 3.9 11.93 5.0 2.41 7.1 1.43 7.2 3.42 4.9 1.64 12.6 3.03 3.2

Industry group

Goods-producing industries(3)

41.49 1.5 28.10 1.6 13.39 1.5 2.73 2.2 1.79 1.9 3.68 1.6 1.81 4.7 3.38 1.3

Construction industry

41.71 2.6 29.10 2.6 12.61 3.3 1.93 4.6 1.52 4.9 3.12 4.2 2.13 9.6 3.91 1.7

Manufacturing industry

41.19 1.6 27.44 1.7 13.75 1.7 3.18 2.5 1.92 3.3 4.00 1.8 1.61 5.4 3.05 1.2

Service-providing industries(4)

42.91 1.3 29.87 1.2 13.04 1.6 3.57 2.1 1.51 3.4 3.46 1.6 1.50 3.0 3.00 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

38.19 2.2 26.43 2.2 11.75 2.5 2.86 3.3 1.32 5.4 3.15 2.6 1.54 6.9 2.88 1.9

Information industry

62.78 3.0 41.73 2.9 21.06 3.9 5.93 4.1 2.84 7.6 5.46 3.2 2.80 13.0 4.03 2.4

Financial activities industry

54.53 2.3 36.55 2.4 17.98 2.3 4.78 2.7 3.24 9.2 4.67 2.0 1.94 3.7 3.35 1.6

Professional and business services industry

49.23 2.8 35.04 2.8 14.19 3.3 4.17 4.8 1.77 7.0 3.33 3.0 1.51 6.2 3.42 2.3

Education and health services industry

40.94 3.3 28.26 3.2 12.68 3.8 3.75 4.9 0.92 7.4 3.81 3.2 1.40 6.3 2.80 2.5

Leisure and hospitality industry

22.31 2.7 16.93 2.3 5.38 5.2 1.14 8.0 0.45 13.7 1.50 9.4 0.37 12.9 1.92 2.5

Other services industry

35.35 6.5 25.43 6.1 9.92 8.9 2.59 11.6 0.62 12.9 2.52 11.3 1.51 26.8 2.68 4.1

Part-time workers

19.49 2.1 15.54 1.8 3.95 3.5 0.72 6.6 0.34 5.5 0.72 6.5 0.33 8.7 1.85 1.8

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

41.16 4.1 31.51 3.9 9.66 5.6 2.87 8.3 0.86 8.6 1.61 9.9 1.04 9.9 3.28 3.9

Professional and related occupations

41.16 4.5 31.41 4.3 9.76 6.0 2.94 8.9 0.85 8.2 1.62 10.6 1.07 10.5 3.28 4.3

Sales and office occupations

17.36 1.2 13.97 0.8 3.40 3.6 0.53 5.2 0.27 7.1 0.78 10.8 0.26 7.6 1.55 1.1

Sales and related occupations

15.64 1.4 13.01 1.3 2.64 2.9 0.34 4.9 0.25 7.2 0.42 11.9 0.17 6.9 1.46 1.6

Office and administrative support occupations

20.16 2.7 15.52 1.9 4.63 6.7 0.85 6.7 0.31 13.0 1.36 16.2 0.41 10.5 1.71 2.4

Service occupations

14.90 2.7 12.38 2.2 2.52 6.1 0.32 13.1 0.18 10.2 0.37 21.8 0.11 17.3 1.54 2.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

20.73 3.1 15.55 2.6 5.18 6.1 0.59 8.2 0.59 12.8 1.15 13.5 0.50 14.8 2.35 2.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

21.74 3.7 15.97 2.9 5.77 7.8 0.63 10.2 0.67 14.2 1.36 16.6 0.63 17.0 2.48 2.9

Industry group

Service-providing industries(4)

19.37 2.1 15.46 1.8 3.91 3.4 0.72 6.7 0.33 5.6 0.72 6.5 0.31 7.2 1.84 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

18.14 2.1 14.19 1.5 3.95 4.8 0.54 5.8 0.34 6.5 0.93 9.1 0.41 9.8 1.73 1.8

Professional and business services industry

21.13 5.1 17.16 4.6 3.97 7.7 0.70 11.8 0.45 20.0 0.52 18.7 0.14 22.6 2.16 4.7

Education and health services industry

29.74 6.0 22.76 5.8 6.99 7.5 1.94 11.9 0.64 8.1 1.26 12.3 0.68 12.3 2.47 5.3

Leisure and hospitality industry

13.53 2.8 11.49 2.5 2.04 6.6 0.16 16.3 0.09 22.5 (5)0.28 30.1 0.07 27.1 1.44 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(4) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(5) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.

Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [June 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

All workers

36.64 1.2 25.89 1.1 10.76 1.5 2.70 2.2 1.25 2.8 2.79 1.6 1.25 2.8 2.77 0.9

1-99 workers

30.51 1.5 22.68 1.4 7.83 2.0 1.90 2.7 0.76 4.9 1.95 2.5 0.74 5.0 2.49 1.2

1-49 workers

29.45 2.1 22.18 1.9 7.28 2.8 1.77 3.7 0.70 6.3 1.75 3.7 0.62 6.5 2.44 1.5

50-99 workers

34.60 3.1 24.62 2.9 9.99 3.7 2.38 5.2 0.97 5.0 2.74 4.0 1.21 8.3 2.68 2.4

100 workers or more

44.52 1.6 30.01 1.5 14.51 1.8 3.73 2.5 1.89 3.8 3.87 1.6 1.90 3.3 3.13 1.2

100-499 workers

37.33 2.1 26.03 2.1 11.30 2.4 2.83 3.4 1.31 3.6 3.08 2.6 1.27 4.4 2.81 1.6

500 workers or more

54.08 2.1 35.30 2.1 18.78 2.3 4.92 3.0 2.65 5.9 4.92 2.0 2.73 4.3 3.56 1.7

Goods-producing industries(3)

41.01 1.6 27.84 1.7 13.17 1.7 2.67 2.3 1.76 2.0 3.59 1.8 1.79 5.4 3.36 1.3

1-99 workers

35.09 2.2 25.01 2.0 10.09 3.2 1.83 3.8 1.22 3.2 2.55 4.3 1.27 12.0 3.22 1.7

1-49 workers

32.81 2.4 24.01 2.1 8.80 4.1 1.61 4.3 1.07 4.8 2.11 6.9 0.87 15.0 3.13 2.0

50-99 workers

41.60 2.9 27.84 3.0 13.76 3.4 2.45 5.7 1.64 6.3 3.81 3.3 2.39 13.6 3.46 3.3

100 workers or more

46.54 2.3 30.49 2.7 16.05 2.0 3.45 3.1 2.26 3.0 4.57 1.6 2.27 5.0 3.50 2.0

100-499 workers

43.03 2.5 28.66 2.9 14.37 2.3 2.91 3.8 1.97 3.9 4.14 2.9 1.94 6.9 3.42 2.0

500 workers or more

51.92 3.3 33.29 3.8 18.63 2.9 4.28 4.7 2.72 6.0 5.23 2.4 2.78 5.6 3.63 2.8

Manufacturing industry

40.71 1.7 27.18 1.8 13.53 2.0 3.11 2.7 1.89 3.6 3.90 1.9 1.60 6.9 3.03 1.3

1-99 workers

32.73 3.0 23.21 3.1 9.51 3.8 2.09 5.5 1.23 5.8 2.64 5.5 0.90 18.6 2.66 2.6

1-49 workers

30.00 4.0 21.89 3.9 8.12 5.3 1.73 8.1 1.06 8.7 2.18 8.2 0.60 21.0 2.55 3.4

50-99 workers

38.09 3.6 25.83 3.6 12.26 5.3 2.81 5.8 1.56 7.5 3.54 6.4 1.49 25.2 2.87 3.6

100 workers or more

45.18 2.7 29.40 2.8 15.78 2.5 3.68 3.8 2.25 4.0 4.61 1.9 1.99 6.1 3.24 2.1

100-499 workers

39.20 2.6 26.06 2.8 13.14 2.6 3.03 4.3 1.79 3.9 4.00 3.3 1.34 8.7 2.99 1.7

500 workers or more

52.30 3.7 33.37 4.2 18.92 3.2 4.45 4.8 2.81 6.2 5.34 2.6 2.78 5.9 3.55 3.2

Service-providing industries(4)

35.75 1.5 25.49 1.3 10.26 1.9 2.71 2.6 1.15 3.5 2.63 2.0 1.14 3.4 2.65 1.1

1-99 workers

29.73 1.8 22.28 1.7 7.45 2.4 1.91 3.1 0.68 5.9 1.85 3.1 0.65 5.2 2.36 1.4

1-49 workers

28.93 2.4 21.89 2.2 7.04 3.3 1.80 4.2 0.64 7.7 1.69 4.3 0.58 7.3 2.33 1.8

50-99 workers

33.03 3.9 23.89 3.6 9.14 4.9 2.37 6.3 0.82 7.1 2.50 5.2 0.95 10.3 2.50 3.0

100 workers or more

44.01 1.9 29.89 1.8 14.12 2.3 3.80 2.9 1.79 4.9 3.69 2.1 1.80 4.2 3.04 1.4

100-499 workers

35.80 2.7 25.32 2.6 10.47 3.3 2.81 4.3 1.14 4.9 2.79 3.6 1.09 5.9 2.65 2.1

500 workers or more

54.56 2.4 35.75 2.3 18.81 2.8 5.07 3.4 2.63 7.2 4.85 2.4 2.72 5.1 3.54 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

31.32 2.4 22.24 2.2 9.08 3.0 2.06 3.9 0.99 5.3 2.39 3.2 1.15 7.0 2.49 1.9

1-99 workers

28.06 2.8 21.03 2.6 7.04 3.6 1.62 4.7 0.73 9.0 1.70 4.0 0.65 7.1 2.35 2.1

1-49 workers

27.56 2.8 20.87 2.7 6.69 3.8 1.54 5.1 0.71 12.0 1.55 4.2 0.57 7.9 2.33 2.1

50-99 workers

29.80 4.4 21.57 4.0 8.23 6.4 1.89 7.4 0.83 14.6 2.20 6.9 0.92 11.8 2.39 3.8

100 workers or more

35.30 3.2 23.73 3.1 11.58 3.7 2.61 4.7 1.30 5.4 3.24 3.7 1.77 8.0 2.66 2.8

100-499 workers

29.60 3.6 20.59 3.4 9.01 4.2 2.00 5.4 1.03 7.4 2.51 3.5 1.13 8.2 2.34 2.6

500 workers or more

49.38 6.6 31.47 6.6 17.91 6.8 4.11 8.9 1.96 11.4 5.04 7.3 3.35 11.3 3.45 6.1

Wholesale trade industry

42.30 3.3 29.97 3.1 12.33 4.6 3.22 5.6 1.63 10.8 3.02 4.5 1.36 8.1 3.11 2.5

1-99 workers

42.09 3.8 30.44 3.7 11.65 5.3 3.06 6.7 1.49 16.4 2.86 4.7 1.14 8.4 3.11 2.9

1-49 workers

41.35 4.4 30.03 4.5 11.32 6.1 2.91 7.8 1.41 20.8 2.76 5.4 1.14 10.6 3.09 3.1

100 workers or more

42.73 6.2 28.99 6.0 13.74 6.9 3.55 8.6 1.92 10.3 3.34 5.6 1.83 16.1 3.10 4.7

100-499 workers

43.33 8.3 29.69 8.2 13.64 8.9 3.60 11.7 1.76 13.6 3.30 5.4 1.83 20.0 3.15 6.0

Retail trade industry

22.21 1.8 16.89 1.6 5.32 2.4 1.12 4.3 0.56 4.5 1.34 2.7 0.44 4.0 1.85 1.3

1-99 workers

23.67 2.2 17.13 2.0 6.54 3.0 1.42 4.7 0.76 4.4 1.84 3.9 0.64 4.7 1.89 1.6

1-49 workers

21.17 2.8 16.87 2.6 4.30 4.1 0.90 7.9 0.43 10.3 0.88 5.8 0.25 7.5 1.83 2.6

50-99 workers

21.30 3.8 16.24 3.7 5.07 5.7 0.97 7.2 0.43 11.9 1.43 8.1 0.45 16.1 1.79 4.1

100 workers or more

23.67 2.2 17.13 2.0 6.54 3.0 1.42 4.7 0.76 4.4 1.84 3.9 0.64 4.7 1.89 1.6

100-499 workers

23.39 1.9 16.91 1.7 6.48 2.7 1.39 3.8 0.76 4.3 1.82 3.7 0.63 5.0 1.88 1.5

Transportation and warehousing industry

40.87 5.2 26.94 5.0 13.94 6.0 3.01 7.9 1.34 11.4 4.05 5.9 2.23 11.9 3.31 4.4

1-99 workers

29.25 4.8 21.15 4.4 8.10 6.7 1.68 8.6 0.56 11.0 2.14 9.9 0.76 17.7 2.95 3.8

1-49 workers

28.09 4.7 20.58 4.4 7.51 6.8 1.55 10.3 0.48 12.1 1.97 13.7 0.60 15.5 2.91 4.6

100 workers or more

47.46 5.6 30.21 5.6 17.24 5.9 3.77 8.0 1.78 13.0 5.13 6.0 3.05 11.1 3.51 5.2

100-499 workers

39.06 8.7 25.53 8.7 13.53 8.9 2.71 12.0 1.36 19.6 4.22 8.1 1.95 16.7 3.29 5.6

Information industry

57.30 4.1 38.35 3.8 18.95 5.1 5.31 5.2 2.53 8.5 4.89 4.5 2.49 14.2 3.73 3.3

1-99 workers

43.55 8.6 30.31 8.6 13.24 9.9 3.69 11.3 1.55 28.4 3.31 8.3 1.64 25.7 3.05 7.1

100 workers or more

67.29 3.4 44.19 3.4 23.10 4.3 6.49 5.0 3.24 7.1 6.04 3.0 3.10 19.6 4.23 2.8

100-499 workers

57.00 6.9 38.51 6.8 18.49 8.2 5.32 10.6 1.99 13.8 5.34 5.3 2.04 25.2 3.80 4.8

500 workers or more

79.28 4.7 50.81 5.2 28.47 4.8 7.85 7.7 4.69 5.4 6.86 4.2 4.34 22.1 4.73 3.9

Financial activities industry

52.43 2.3 35.31 2.5 17.12 2.3 4.53 3.0 3.06 8.8 4.44 2.5 1.83 4.0 3.26 1.6

1-99 workers

42.93 5.1 30.10 4.9 12.84 6.4 3.32 5.8 1.95 19.4 3.56 5.0 1.22 9.3 2.80 3.2

1-49 workers

41.03 6.1 28.72 5.7 12.31 8.0 3.14 7.2 1.93 23.6 3.42 5.9 1.10 11.9 2.72 3.8

100 workers or more

63.90 2.5 41.61 2.2 22.29 4.3 5.99 2.5 4.41 18.6 5.50 1.4 2.58 3.5 3.81 1.6

100-499 workers

58.94 4.8 40.08 5.1 18.86 4.8 5.42 5.4 2.49 8.1 5.15 3.9 2.13 8.6 3.66 3.4

500 workers or more

68.07 2.1 42.89 2.5 25.18 5.0 6.47 3.1 6.03 24.1 5.80 1.5 2.95 3.5 3.93 1.7

Professional and business services industry

44.73 3.2 32.18 3.1 12.56 3.8 3.61 5.0 1.56 6.5 2.88 4.3 1.29 7.1 3.22 2.6

1-99 workers

41.12 3.8 30.57 3.6 10.54 4.9 3.01 5.4 1.01 9.0 2.58 6.8 0.85 10.8 3.09 3.1

1-49 workers

39.19 5.6 29.44 5.1 9.75 7.2 2.75 8.0 0.90 9.2 2.38 10.8 0.71 14.7 3.01 4.3

50-99 workers

48.90 10.2 35.15 9.7 13.75 11.8 4.08 16.8 1.42 11.7 3.37 10.6 1.43 21.6 3.44 8.0

100 workers or more

48.39 4.7 33.80 4.5 14.59 5.5 4.22 7.0 2.12 8.1 3.19 5.4 1.72 10.9 3.34 3.8

100-499 workers

42.58 6.8 30.56 6.6 12.01 8.2 3.53 10.0 1.43 12.3 2.82 9.4 1.16 16.9 3.08 5.5

500 workers or more

54.68 5.4 37.30 5.3 17.38 6.2 4.96 7.9 2.86 10.1 3.60 5.9 2.33 11.4 3.62 4.3

Education and health services industry

38.03 3.4 26.83 3.2 11.20 4.0 3.28 5.2 0.85 6.7 3.15 3.6 1.21 6.8 2.71 2.7

1-99 workers

31.16 3.9 23.33 3.8 7.82 5.1 2.35 6.6 0.34 10.5 2.10 7.8 0.64 10.1 2.39 3.2

1-49 workers

31.33 5.2 23.84 4.9 7.49 6.9 2.35 8.9 0.31 16.4 1.81 9.9 0.60 13.0 2.41 4.1

50-99 workers

30.64 4.9 21.80 4.6 8.84 6.8 2.34 9.4 0.44 15.8 2.96 10.1 0.76 13.1 2.34 3.9

100 workers or more

44.06 3.7 29.89 3.5 14.16 4.3 4.09 5.7 1.29 5.9 4.07 3.9 1.72 7.7 2.99 3.0

100-499 workers

32.94 8.4 23.88 8.0 9.06 9.9 2.70 13.6 0.69 23.3 2.55 8.5 0.67 13.8 2.45 5.8

500 workers or more

53.33 3.1 34.90 3.0 18.43 3.5 5.25 4.5 1.80 3.6 5.35 3.2 2.59 7.9 3.45 2.6

Educational services industry

48.86 3.7 35.38 3.6 13.48 5.0 3.77 7.7 0.33 20.9 3.88 5.1 2.19 6.4 3.32 3.2

1-99 workers

35.33 6.3 27.14 6.1 8.18 10.4 2.05 18.3 0.12 19.1 2.13 14.4 1.16 18.7 2.73 6.7

100 workers or more

59.47 2.7 41.84 2.7 17.64 2.7 5.13 4.2 0.49 22.4 5.25 2.6 2.99 4.2 3.77 2.3

100-499 workers

50.83 8.9 37.09 8.8 13.75 9.8 4.11 16.5 (5)0.36 60.8 4.12 8.2 1.69 14.7 3.47 7.4

500 workers or more

65.99 2.5 45.42 2.9 20.57 1.9 5.89 4.0 0.59 10.1 6.10 1.9 3.98 3.7 4.00 2.8

Health care and social assistance industry

36.57 3.9 25.68 3.7 10.90 4.6 3.21 6.0 0.92 6.9 3.05 4.1 1.08 8.5 2.63 3.1

1-99 workers

30.63 4.4 22.86 4.3 7.78 5.6 2.39 7.0 0.37 10.9 2.09 8.6 0.57 11.9 2.35 3.5

1-49 workers

31.08 5.6 23.55 5.3 7.52 7.4 2.41 9.4 0.33 16.8 1.83 10.5 0.58 14.1 2.37 4.3

50-99 workers

29.11 6.0 20.48 5.5 8.63 8.2 2.32 10.5 0.51 17.2 2.98 12.0 0.54 19.5 2.28 4.6

100 workers or more

41.86 4.5 28.19 4.3 13.67 5.1 3.94 6.7 1.41 5.8 3.91 4.5 1.53 9.6 2.88 3.6

100-499 workers

30.55 10.5 22.12 10.0 8.43 12.2 2.51 16.6 0.73 24.0 2.34 10.4 0.54 20.5 2.32 7.1

500 workers or more

51.43 3.6 33.33 3.4 18.10 4.1 5.15 5.3 1.98 3.7 5.23 3.7 2.38 9.7 3.36 3.0

Leisure and hospitality industry

16.53 2.3 13.34 2.1 3.18 4.8 0.50 7.6 0.22 13.3 0.69 11.7 0.17 12.4 1.60 2.6

1-99 workers

15.81 2.4 12.97 2.2 2.84 5.0 0.41 8.8 0.18 16.8 0.57 15.2 0.11 12.6 1.57 2.7

1-49 workers

15.48 3.7 12.76 3.1 2.72 7.9 0.36 14.6 0.18 21.5 0.54 19.8 0.08 23.2 1.55 3.5

50-99 workers

17.68 7.8 14.14 7.3 3.54 11.1 0.69 20.6 0.19 25.9 0.75 13.1 (5)0.25 38.1 1.65 7.3

100 workers or more

21.47 5.9 15.92 4.4 5.55 11.1 1.10 14.5 0.46 20.4 1.53 16.2 0.58 22.1 1.87 4.8

100-499 workers

20.37 7.3 15.59 6.3 4.78 12.0 0.89 15.0 0.53 24.5 1.07 18.8 0.40 20.2 1.89 6.5

500 workers or more

23.81 11.6 16.61 9.2 7.20 18.2 1.55 18.0 0.32 22.8 2.53 19.7 (5)0.98 35.5 1.82 10.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(4) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(5) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.

Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [June 2021]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3)

Northeast

40.93 1.5 28.30 1.3 12.63 1.9 3.18 3.4 1.45 5.9 3.28 2.5 1.57 5.2 3.15 1.1

New England

41.29 3.1 28.84 3.0 12.45 3.3 3.30 6.9 1.27 5.3 3.22 4.3 1.51 5.6 3.15 2.0

Middle Atlantic

40.80 1.9 28.10 1.7 12.70 2.5 3.14 4.0 1.51 7.7 3.30 3.0 1.59 6.6 3.16 1.5

South

32.78 2.6 23.81 2.3 8.97 3.3 2.34 4.4 1.08 5.5 2.17 3.0 0.97 5.5 2.41 2.0

South Atlantic

34.11 3.6 24.72 3.3 9.39 4.4 2.53 6.4 1.03 7.6 2.25 3.5 1.05 5.6 2.53 2.5

East South Central

29.96 2.0 21.65 1.6 8.31 3.3 2.08 2.9 0.91 3.3 2.20 7.4 0.93 9.3 2.18 1.9

West South Central

31.78 5.1 23.25 4.5 8.53 7.2 2.13 8.1 1.25 11.2 1.99 6.6 0.84 15.6 2.32 4.4

Midwest

34.99 2.7 24.26 2.6 10.73 3.1 2.49 5.3 1.31 2.6 3.02 3.1 1.31 6.1 2.61 1.7

East North Central

36.00 3.6 24.93 3.4 11.07 4.1 2.55 7.3 1.39 3.1 3.03 3.8 1.44 7.6 2.66 2.1

West North Central

32.90 3.3 22.87 3.4 10.03 3.7 2.35 5.3 1.13 4.4 3.02 5.6 1.03 9.0 2.50 2.9

West

40.74 2.3 28.75 2.2 11.99 3.0 3.07 3.9 1.30 7.3 3.11 2.9 1.34 4.9 3.17 1.7

Mountain

34.23 2.8 23.94 2.6 10.29 3.6 2.39 4.8 1.33 6.1 2.82 6.1 1.18 7.5 2.58 2.1

Pacific

43.40 2.8 30.71 2.6 12.68 3.8 3.35 4.9 1.28 10.0 3.23 3.4 1.41 6.0 3.41 2.0

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.

 

Last Modified Date: September 16, 2021