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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, and age
2020 2021 2022 2023
2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

260,049 260,558 261,080 260,924 261,217 261,615 262,024 263,324 263,691 264,184 264,696 266,115 266,621

Civilian labor force

158,092 160,349 160,796 160,225 160,947 161,521 162,155 163,932 164,077 164,441 164,713 166,271 166,819

Participation rate

60.8 61.5 61.6 61.4 61.6 61.7 61.9 62.3 62.2 62.2 62.2 62.5 62.6

Employed

137,554 146,202 149,915 150,275 151,446 153,287 155,337 157,680 158,113 158,605 158,788 160,448 160,915

Employment-population ratio

52.9 56.1 57.4 57.6 58.0 58.6 59.3 59.9 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.3 60.4

Unemployed

20,538 14,148 10,882 9,950 9,501 8,235 6,818 6,252 5,964 5,836 5,925 5,823 5,904

Unemployment rate

13.0 8.8 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.1 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5

Not in labor force

101,957 100,208 100,284 100,699 100,270 100,094 99,869 99,392 99,614 99,742 99,983 99,844 99,802

Persons who currently want a job

9,001 7,305 7,028 6,928 6,538 6,025 5,823 5,621 5,728 5,745 5,462 5,114 5,379

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

125,783 126,035 126,294 126,227 126,373 126,572 126,776 128,296 128,476 128,722 128,977 130,073 130,321

Civilian labor force

83,895 85,053 85,345 84,936 85,405 85,761 85,949 87,294 87,256 87,336 87,810 88,602 88,742

Participation rate

66.7 67.5 67.6 67.3 67.6 67.8 67.8 68.0 67.9 67.8 68.1 68.1 68.1

Employed

73,799 77,777 79,458 79,574 80,194 81,228 82,347 83,938 84,047 84,175 84,665 85,410 85,523

Employment-population ratio

58.7 61.7 62.9 63.0 63.5 64.2 65.0 65.4 65.4 65.4 65.6 65.7 65.6

Unemployed

10,096 7,277 5,887 5,362 5,211 4,533 3,602 3,355 3,209 3,161 3,144 3,193 3,219

Unemployment rate

12.0 8.6 6.9 6.3 6.1 5.3 4.2 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6

Not in labor force

41,888 40,982 40,948 41,291 40,968 40,812 40,827 41,002 41,220 41,385 41,167 41,471 41,579

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

117,411 117,672 117,933 117,905 118,062 118,264 118,464 119,669 119,837 120,058 120,295 121,348 121,566

Civilian labor force

81,192 82,233 82,376 81,958 82,409 82,788 82,945 84,138 84,131 84,233 84,608 85,330 85,567

Participation rate

69.2 69.9 69.8 69.5 69.8 70.0 70.0 70.3 70.2 70.2 70.3 70.3 70.4

Employed

71,817 75,486 76,945 77,065 77,533 78,613 79,679 81,126 81,259 81,421 81,836 82,516 82,685

Employment-population ratio

61.2 64.1 65.2 65.4 65.7 66.5 67.3 67.8 67.8 67.8 68.0 68.0 68.0

Unemployed

9,376 6,747 5,431 4,893 4,876 4,175 3,266 3,013 2,872 2,811 2,772 2,814 2,882

Unemployment rate

11.5 8.2 6.6 6.0 5.9 5.0 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4

Not in labor force

36,218 35,439 35,558 35,947 35,653 35,476 35,519 35,531 35,705 35,825 35,687 36,018 36,000

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

134,266 134,522 134,786 134,697 134,844 135,043 135,248 135,028 135,215 135,462 135,719 136,042 136,300

Civilian labor force

74,197 75,296 75,451 75,289 75,542 75,761 76,206 76,638 76,821 77,105 76,903 77,669 78,077

Participation rate

55.3 56.0 56.0 55.9 56.0 56.1 56.3 56.8 56.8 56.9 56.7 57.1 57.3

Employed

63,755 68,425 70,457 70,702 71,252 72,059 72,990 73,742 74,066 74,430 74,122 75,039 75,393

Employment-population ratio

47.5 50.9 52.3 52.5 52.8 53.4 54.0 54.6 54.8 54.9 54.6 55.2 55.3

Unemployed

10,442 6,871 4,994 4,587 4,290 3,702 3,216 2,896 2,755 2,675 2,781 2,630 2,684

Unemployment rate

14.1 9.1 6.6 6.1 5.7 4.9 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.4

Not in labor force

60,069 59,226 59,335 59,408 59,303 59,282 59,042 58,390 58,394 58,357 58,816 58,373 58,223

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

126,073 126,336 126,602 126,549 126,708 126,908 127,110 126,631 126,807 127,034 127,277 127,614 127,846

Civilian labor force

71,572 72,446 72,471 72,329 72,544 72,785 73,236 73,578 73,702 73,928 73,738 74,532 74,933

Participation rate

56.8 57.3 57.2 57.2 57.3 57.4 57.6 58.1 58.1 58.2 57.9 58.4 58.6

Employed

61,922 66,024 67,882 68,093 68,570 69,381 70,350 70,985 71,271 71,598 71,279 72,193 72,553

Employment-population ratio

49.1 52.3 53.6 53.8 54.1 54.7 55.3 56.1 56.2 56.4 56.0 56.6 56.8

Unemployed

9,651 6,422 4,589 4,236 3,974 3,403 2,886 2,593 2,432 2,330 2,459 2,340 2,380

Unemployment rate

13.5 8.9 6.3 5.9 5.5 4.7 3.9 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2

Not in labor force

54,500 53,890 54,131 54,220 54,163 54,124 53,874 53,053 53,105 53,106 53,539 53,082 52,913

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,566 16,550 16,545 16,470 16,447 16,443 16,450 17,024 17,047 17,091 17,123 17,153 17,209

Civilian labor force

5,327 5,670 5,950 5,938 5,993 5,949 5,974 6,215 6,243 6,280 6,367 6,409 6,319

Participation rate

32.2 34.3 36.0 36.1 36.4 36.2 36.3 36.5 36.6 36.7 37.2 37.4 36.7

Employed

3,816 4,691 5,087 5,117 5,343 5,292 5,308 5,569 5,583 5,586 5,673 5,740 5,677

Employment-population ratio

23.0 28.3 30.7 31.1 32.5 32.2 32.3 32.7 32.7 32.7 33.1 33.5 33.0

Unemployed

1,512 979 862 821 651 657 667 646 660 694 694 669 642

Unemployment rate

28.4 17.3 14.5 13.8 10.9 11.0 11.2 10.4 10.6 11.1 10.9 10.4 10.2

Not in labor force

11,239 10,880 10,595 10,532 10,454 10,494 10,475 10,809 10,804 10,811 10,757 10,744 10,889

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

Note: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: March 04, 2024