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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2019 2020 2021 2022
2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

200,660 200,953 201,251 200,969 201,156 201,417 201,681 201,612 201,748 201,971 202,195 202,875 203,049

Civilian labor force

126,170 126,779 127,123 126,737 122,616 124,096 124,316 123,832 123,938 124,235 124,579 126,095 125,714

Participation rate

62.9 63.1 63.2 63.1 61.0 61.6 61.6 61.4 61.4 61.5 61.6 62.2 61.9

Employed

122,086 122,540 123,028 122,517 107,727 114,325 116,835 116,982 117,487 118,624 120,070 121,940 121,639

Employment-population ratio

60.8 61.0 61.1 61.0 53.6 56.8 57.9 58.0 58.2 58.7 59.4 60.1 59.9

Unemployed

4,084 4,239 4,096 4,220 14,889 9,771 7,481 6,850 6,451 5,611 4,509 4,155 4,075

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.3 3.2 3.3 12.1 7.9 6.0 5.5 5.2 4.5 3.6 3.3 3.2

Not in labor force

74,490 74,173 74,127 74,232 78,541 77,321 77,365 77,780 77,810 77,736 77,617 76,780 77,335

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,003 66,065 66,099 65,924 64,193 64,722 64,771 64,458 64,569 64,862 64,889 65,922 65,583

Participation rate

71.8 71.8 71.7 71.6 69.6 70.1 70.0 69.7 69.8 70.0 69.9 70.4 70.0

Employed

64,053 64,077 64,164 63,885 57,377 60,036 60,977 61,007 61,225 61,967 62,752 63,883 63,556

Employment-population ratio

69.7 69.6 69.6 69.4 62.2 65.0 65.9 66.0 66.2 66.9 67.6 68.2 67.8

Unemployed

1,950 1,988 1,935 2,039 6,815 4,686 3,794 3,451 3,344 2,896 2,137 2,039 2,027

Unemployment rate

3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 10.6 7.2 5.9 5.4 5.2 4.5 3.3 3.1 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,637 56,087 56,380 56,120 54,299 54,935 54,874 54,695 54,697 54,753 55,049 55,285 55,283

Participation rate

57.7 58.0 58.2 58.0 56.1 56.7 56.5 56.4 56.3 56.3 56.5 57.1 57.1

Employed

54,011 54,381 54,750 54,444 47,358 50,561 51,814 51,904 52,048 52,491 53,108 53,608 53,705

Employment-population ratio

56.0 56.3 56.6 56.3 48.9 52.2 53.4 53.5 53.6 54.0 54.5 55.4 55.4

Unemployed

1,625 1,705 1,631 1,676 6,941 4,374 3,061 2,791 2,648 2,263 1,941 1,677 1,578

Unemployment rate

2.9 3.0 2.9 3.0 12.8 8.0 5.6 5.1 4.8 4.1 3.5 3.0 2.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,530 4,627 4,644 4,693 4,124 4,440 4,671 4,679 4,672 4,619 4,641 4,887 4,848

Participation rate

37.0 37.8 38.0 38.5 33.9 36.6 38.5 38.7 38.7 38.3 38.5 39.2 38.9

Employed

4,022 4,082 4,114 4,188 2,992 3,729 4,044 4,071 4,213 4,166 4,210 4,449 4,378

Employment-population ratio

32.8 33.3 33.6 34.4 24.6 30.7 33.3 33.7 34.9 34.5 34.9 35.7 35.1

Unemployed

508 545 530 504 1,133 711 626 607 459 453 431 439 470

Unemployment rate

11.2 11.8 11.4 10.7 27.5 16.0 13.4 13.0 9.8 9.8 9.3 9.0 9.7

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

32,984 33,081 33,184 33,211 33,295 33,386 33,485 33,511 33,573 33,646 33,724 34,004 34,081

Civilian labor force

20,529 20,641 20,775 20,800 19,770 20,044 20,149 20,232 20,568 20,579 20,516 21,112 21,299

Participation rate

62.2 62.4 62.6 62.6 59.4 60.0 60.2 60.4 61.3 61.2 60.8 62.1 62.5

Employed

19,269 19,504 19,581 19,477 16,568 17,418 18,043 18,311 18,646 18,887 19,054 19,724 20,026

Employment-population ratio

58.4 59.0 59.0 58.6 49.8 52.2 53.9 54.6 55.5 56.1 56.5 58.0 58.8

Unemployed

1,260 1,138 1,194 1,323 3,202 2,626 2,106 1,920 1,921 1,692 1,462 1,388 1,273

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.5 5.7 6.4 16.2 13.1 10.5 9.5 9.3 8.2 7.1 6.6 6.0

Not in labor force

12,455 12,439 12,409 12,411 13,525 13,342 13,336 13,280 13,005 13,066 13,208 12,892 12,782

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,407 9,488 9,503 9,466 8,998 9,221 9,239 9,369 9,513 9,424 9,441 9,841 9,939

Participation rate

67.9 68.2 68.1 67.7 64.1 65.5 65.4 66.2 67.1 66.3 66.2 68.1 68.6

Employed

8,845 8,956 8,988 8,867 7,579 7,959 8,209 8,457 8,568 8,625 8,736 9,214 9,373

Employment-population ratio

63.8 64.4 64.4 63.4 54.0 56.5 58.1 59.8 60.4 60.6 61.3 63.8 64.7

Unemployed

562 532 514 600 1,419 1,262 1,030 912 946 799 704 627 566

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.6 5.4 6.3 15.8 13.7 11.1 9.7 9.9 8.5 7.5 6.4 5.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,415 10,420 10,541 10,585 10,063 10,122 10,186 10,148 10,325 10,402 10,376 10,558 10,638

Participation rate

62.5 62.3 62.8 63.0 59.7 59.9 60.1 59.8 60.7 61.1 60.8 61.8 62.1

Employed

9,875 9,938 10,007 10,039 8,491 8,909 9,265 9,267 9,453 9,623 9,756 9,945 10,052

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.4 59.7 59.8 50.4 52.7 54.7 54.6 55.6 56.5 57.1 58.2 58.7

Unemployed

540 482 534 547 1,573 1,213 921 881 872 779 620 613 586

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.6 5.1 5.2 15.6 12.0 9.0 8.7 8.4 7.5 6.0 5.8 5.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

706 733 732 748 708 701 724 715 729 753 699 713 722

Participation rate

28.6 29.8 29.8 30.7 29.3 29.1 30.1 29.9 30.5 31.6 29.3 28.8 29.2

Employed

549 610 586 572 498 550 569 587 625 639 561 566 602

Employment-population ratio

22.3 24.8 23.9 23.5 20.6 22.8 23.6 24.5 26.2 26.8 23.5 22.9 24.3

Unemployed

158 124 146 176 211 151 155 128 104 114 138 147 120

Unemployment rate

22.3 16.9 20.0 23.5 29.7 21.6 21.5 17.9 14.2 15.1 19.7 20.6 16.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,403 16,411 16,480 16,339 16,406 16,562 16,561 16,514 16,496 16,537 16,537 16,829 16,851

Civilian labor force

10,378 10,484 10,612 10,444 10,038 10,493 10,345 10,353 10,423 10,638 10,763 10,732 10,881

Participation rate

63.3 63.9 64.4 63.9 61.2 63.4 62.5 62.7 63.2 64.3 65.1 63.8 64.6

Employed

10,142 10,206 10,319 10,112 8,599 9,395 9,638 9,747 9,836 10,147 10,333 10,394 10,573

Employment-population ratio

61.8 62.2 62.6 61.9 52.4 56.7 58.2 59.0 59.6 61.4 62.5 61.8 62.7

Unemployed

236 278 293 333 1,439 1,098 707 607 587 491 430 338 308

Unemployment rate

2.3 2.7 2.8 3.2 14.3 10.5 6.8 5.9 5.6 4.6 4.0 3.1 2.8

Not in labor force

6,025 5,927 5,868 5,895 6,368 6,068 6,216 6,161 6,073 5,899 5,774 6,097 5,969

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

43,371 43,630 43,900 43,819 44,053 44,300 44,558 44,586 44,787 45,005 45,231 45,814 46,040

Civilian labor force

28,733 29,130 29,509 29,614 28,340 28,795 29,155 29,087 29,207 29,511 29,842 30,452 30,552

Participation rate

66.3 66.8 67.2 67.6 64.3 65.0 65.4 65.2 65.2 65.6 66.0 66.5 66.4

Employed

27,531 27,903 28,255 28,177 23,536 25,551 26,541 26,704 27,061 27,672 28,274 29,079 29,255

Employment-population ratio

63.5 64.0 64.4 64.3 53.4 57.7 59.6 59.9 60.4 61.5 62.5 63.5 63.5

Unemployed

1,202 1,227 1,254 1,438 4,805 3,244 2,613 2,383 2,146 1,839 1,568 1,373 1,297

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.2 4.2 4.9 17.0 11.3 9.0 8.2 7.3 6.2 5.3 4.5 4.2

Not in labor force

14,637 14,500 14,391 14,205 15,713 15,505 15,403 15,499 15,580 15,493 15,390 15,362 15,488

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,674 15,736 15,914 15,969 15,486 15,719 15,985 15,874 16,032 16,249 16,300 16,635 16,688

Participation rate

80.1 79.9 80.3 80.7 77.9 78.6 79.4 78.8 79.2 79.9 79.7 80.1 80.0

Employed

15,119 15,188 15,393 15,363 13,188 14,140 14,638 14,695 14,976 15,325 15,557 15,977 16,103

Employment-population ratio

77.2 77.1 77.7 77.7 66.3 70.7 72.7 72.9 74.0 75.4 76.1 77.0 77.2

Unemployed

556 548 521 606 2,298 1,579 1,346 1,180 1,056 923 743 658 585

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.5 3.3 3.8 14.8 10.0 8.4 7.4 6.6 5.7 4.6 4.0 3.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,836 12,087 12,247 12,308 11,619 11,796 11,811 11,842 11,915 11,976 12,171 12,421 12,428

Participation rate

59.7 60.6 61.0 61.4 57.6 58.2 57.9 58.0 58.1 58.1 58.8 59.7 59.4

Employed

11,371 11,610 11,719 11,681 9,520 10,398 10,771 10,872 11,010 11,246 11,529 11,842 11,886

Employment-population ratio

57.4 58.2 58.4 58.3 47.2 51.3 52.8 53.3 53.7 54.6 55.7 56.9 56.8

Unemployed

466 478 529 627 2,098 1,398 1,040 970 905 730 642 579 542

Unemployment rate

3.9 4.0 4.3 5.1 18.1 11.9 8.8 8.2 7.6 6.1 5.3 4.7 4.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,223 1,307 1,347 1,337 1,235 1,280 1,360 1,371 1,260 1,287 1,371 1,396 1,436

Participation rate

30.7 32.7 33.6 33.4 30.8 31.8 33.7 34.0 31.2 31.7 33.7 33.0 33.8

Employed

1,042 1,105 1,143 1,132 827 1,013 1,132 1,138 1,075 1,101 1,188 1,260 1,265

Employment-population ratio

26.2 27.7 28.5 28.3 20.6 25.2 28.0 28.3 26.6 27.2 29.2 29.8 29.7

Unemployed

181 201 204 204 408 267 227 233 185 186 183 136 171

Unemployment rate

14.8 15.4 15.1 15.3 33.0 20.9 16.7 17.0 14.7 14.5 13.3 9.8 11.9

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: July 08, 2022