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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-3. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment 2020 2021 2022 2023
2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

8,379 8,566 9,255 9,036 8,899 9,203 8,890 8,940 9,183 8,855 8,976 9,061 9,135

Participation rate

42.5 44.6 45.9 45.2 43.3 46.0 45.7 45.8 44.3 45.8 45.9 46.9 46.2

Employed

6,778 7,485 8,358 8,206 8,048 8,447 8,352 8,462 8,685 8,339 8,508 8,603 8,616

Employment-population ratio

34.4 39.0 41.4 41.0 39.1 42.2 42.9 43.3 41.9 43.1 43.5 44.6 43.6

Unemployed

1,602 1,081 897 830 851 755 538 478 498 516 468 458 519

Unemployment rate

19.1 12.6 9.7 9.2 9.6 8.2 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.8 5.2 5.1 5.7

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

33,693 34,543 35,210 34,252 34,889 35,226 35,597 36,772 36,109 35,491 35,289 35,906 35,937

Participation rate

55.2 55.4 55.6 54.6 55.6 55.5 55.6 56.6 56.7 56.2 56.0 56.1 56.7

Employed

28,529 31,119 32,417 31,883 32,454 33,122 33,830 35,184 34,756 34,109 33,949 34,552 34,531

Employment-population ratio

46.7 49.9 51.2 50.9 51.7 52.2 52.8 54.2 54.6 54.0 53.8 54.0 54.5

Unemployed

5,164 3,424 2,793 2,369 2,435 2,105 1,767 1,589 1,353 1,381 1,340 1,354 1,406

Unemployment rate

15.3 9.9 7.9 6.9 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.3 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,450 36,255 35,745 35,594 35,876 35,834 35,415 35,458 35,690 35,591 35,825 35,996 35,546

Participation rate

63.5 63.6 62.5 62.8 63.2 63.2 62.7 63.5 63.2 62.8 62.7 63.6 62.8

Employed

31,573 33,169 33,430 33,488 33,753 34,115 34,059 34,242 34,543 34,564 34,739 34,906 34,465

Employment-population ratio

55.0 58.2 58.5 59.1 59.5 60.1 60.3 61.3 61.1 61.0 60.8 61.6 60.9

Unemployed

4,877 3,087 2,315 2,106 2,123 1,719 1,356 1,216 1,147 1,027 1,086 1,090 1,081

Unemployment rate

13.4 8.5 6.5 5.9 5.9 4.8 3.8 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

60,824 61,092 59,734 60,697 60,710 60,716 61,175 61,804 62,103 63,491 63,168 63,209 64,184

Participation rate

72.1 72.2 72.1 72.0 72.4 72.1 72.1 72.6 73.2 72.9 72.6 72.7 73.3

Employed

56,246 57,681 57,301 58,363 58,668 59,018 59,805 60,490 60,848 62,290 61,939 61,934 62,908

Employment-population ratio

66.7 68.2 69.1 69.3 69.9 70.1 70.5 71.1 71.7 71.6 71.2 71.2 71.8

Unemployed

4,578 3,411 2,433 2,334 2,042 1,699 1,370 1,314 1,255 1,201 1,229 1,275 1,276

Unemployment rate

7.5 5.6 4.1 3.8 3.4 2.8 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: May 21, 2024