Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-9. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason 2020 2021 2022 2023
2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

17,682 10,726 7,509 6,604 5,943 4,465 3,377 3,020 2,738 2,613 2,695 2,743 2,834

On temporary layoff

14,642 6,650 3,032 2,350 1,905 1,176 899 871 834 790 824 794 773

Not on temporary layoff

3,039 4,075 4,477 4,254 4,038 3,289 2,478 2,149 1,904 1,823 1,871 1,949 2,061

Permanent job losers

2,344 3,304 3,600 3,466 3,262 2,560 1,903 1,530 1,341 1,247 1,319 1,397 1,509

Persons who completed temporary jobs

695 771 877 788 776 730 575 619 562 576 552 553 553

Job leavers

552 669 737 710 849 847 803 902 798 881 838 873 783

Reentrants

1,791 2,155 2,071 2,164 2,182 2,333 2,114 1,986 1,926 1,830 1,813 1,776 1,776

New entrants

501 538 524 554 529 498 487 446 504 459 516 512 532


PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Total unemployed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

86.1 76.1 69.3 65.8 62.5 54.8 49.8 47.5 45.9 45.2 46.0 46.5 47.8

On temporary layoff

71.3 47.2 28.0 23.4 20.0 14.4 13.3 13.7 14.0 13.7 14.1 13.5 13.0

Not on temporary layoff

14.8 28.9 41.3 42.4 42.5 40.4 36.5 33.8 31.9 31.5 31.9 33.0 34.8

Job leavers

2.7 4.7 6.8 7.1 8.9 10.4 11.8 14.2 13.4 15.2 14.3 14.8 13.2

Reentrants

8.7 15.3 19.1 21.6 23.0 28.6 31.2 31.3 32.3 31.6 30.9 30.1 30.0

New entrants

2.4 3.8 4.8 5.5 5.6 6.1 7.2 7.0 8.4 7.9 8.8 8.7 9.0


UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF
THE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

11.2 6.7 4.7 4.1 3.7 2.8 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7

Job leavers

0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.1 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1

New entrants

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

NOTE: Detail for the data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: May 21, 2024