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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-11. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Total White Black or African
American
Asian
2nd
2022
2nd
2023
2nd
2022
2nd
2023
2nd
2022
2nd
2023
2nd
2022
2nd
2023

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

263,691 266,621 203,049 204,346 34,081 34,613 16,851 17,520

Civilian labor force

164,206 166,944 125,750 127,309 21,332 21,840 10,857 11,387

Participation rate

62.3 62.6 61.9 62.3 62.6 63.1 64.4 65.0

Employed

158,426 161,212 121,799 123,436 20,074 20,655 10,556 11,051

Unemployed

5,780 5,732 3,951 3,873 1,258 1,185 301 336

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.4 3.1 3.0 5.9 5.4 2.8 3.0

Not in labor force

99,485 99,676 77,299 77,037 12,749 12,773 5,994 6,133

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

128,476 130,321 100,039 100,978 15,714 16,041 7,944 8,275

Civilian labor force

87,425 88,880 68,080 69,029 10,354 10,428 5,667 6,017

Participation rate

68.0 68.2 68.1 68.4 65.9 65.0 71.3 72.7

Employed

84,330 85,767 65,916 66,862 9,713 9,857 5,512 5,820

Unemployed

3,095 3,114 2,164 2,167 641 571 156 197

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.5 3.2 3.1 6.2 5.5 2.7 3.3

Not in labor force

41,051 41,440 31,959 31,949 5,360 5,613 2,277 2,258

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,837 121,566 93,683 94,585 14,486 14,778 7,503 7,799

Civilian labor force

84,203 85,622 65,595 66,462 9,964 10,073 5,569 5,902

Participation rate

70.3 70.4 70.0 70.3 68.8 68.2 74.2 75.7

Employed

81,468 82,874 63,683 64,562 9,401 9,541 5,420 5,720

Unemployed

2,734 2,749 1,912 1,900 564 532 150 182

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.2 2.9 2.9 5.7 5.3 2.7 3.1

Not in labor force

35,634 35,944 28,087 28,123 4,522 4,706 1,934 1,897

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

135,215 136,300 103,010 103,368 18,366 18,572 8,906 9,245

Civilian labor force

76,781 78,064 57,670 58,280 10,978 11,412 5,190 5,371

Participation rate

56.8 57.3 56.0 56.4 59.8 61.4 58.3 58.1

Employed

74,096 75,445 55,883 56,573 10,361 10,798 5,044 5,231

Unemployed

2,685 2,619 1,787 1,706 617 614 145 139

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.4 3.1 2.9 5.6 5.4 2.8 2.6

Not in labor force

58,434 58,236 45,340 45,088 7,388 7,160 3,717 3,874

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,807 127,846 96,890 97,251 17,118 17,304 8,457 8,778

Civilian labor force

73,574 74,827 55,150 55,829 10,630 11,007 5,094 5,236

Participation rate

58.0 58.5 56.9 57.4 62.1 63.6 60.2 59.6

Employed

71,242 72,543 53,627 54,339 10,068 10,470 4,961 5,109

Unemployed

2,332 2,284 1,523 1,490 562 537 133 127

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.1 2.8 2.7 5.3 4.9 2.6 2.4

Not in labor force

53,233 53,019 41,740 41,422 6,488 6,297 3,363 3,542

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,047 17,209 12,476 12,510 2,476 2,531 891 943

Civilian labor force

6,430 6,495 5,005 5,018 738 760 194 249

Participation rate

37.7 37.7 40.1 40.1 29.8 30.0 21.8 26.4

Employed

5,716 5,795 4,489 4,534 605 644 176 222

Unemployed

714 700 516 484 132 116 18 26

Unemployment rate

11.1 10.8 10.3 9.6 17.9 15.3 9.3 10.6

Not in labor force

10,617 10,714 7,472 7,492 1,739 1,771 697 694

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: March 04, 2024