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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2022 2023
June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

203,125 203,229 203,324 203,420 203,522 203,617 203,684 204,062 204,118 204,186 204,261 204,345 204,433

Civilian labor force

125,703 125,736 126,147 126,117 126,180 125,902 126,408 126,699 126,756 126,933 127,174 127,273 127,306

Participation rate

61.9 61.9 62.0 62.0 62.0 61.8 62.1 62.1 62.1 62.2 62.3 62.3 62.3

Employed

121,582 121,851 122,125 122,261 122,063 121,807 122,556 122,776 122,738 122,831 123,224 123,112 123,389

Employment-population ratio

59.9 60.0 60.1 60.1 60.0 59.8 60.2 60.2 60.1 60.2 60.3 60.2 60.4

Unemployed

4,121 3,885 4,022 3,856 4,117 4,094 3,852 3,924 4,017 4,102 3,950 4,161 3,917

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.1

Not in labor force

77,423 77,493 77,177 77,303 77,342 77,716 77,276 77,362 77,362 77,253 77,087 77,072 77,127

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,554 65,458 65,616 65,884 66,032 65,759 66,045 66,118 66,083 66,304 66,299 66,433 66,543

Participation rate

69.9 69.8 69.9 70.2 70.3 70.0 70.3 70.0 69.9 70.2 70.1 70.2 70.3

Employed

63,532 63,500 63,592 64,012 64,026 63,767 64,189 64,210 64,125 64,287 64,363 64,343 64,545

Employment-population ratio

67.8 67.7 67.8 68.2 68.2 67.9 68.3 68.0 67.9 68.0 68.1 68.0 68.2

Unemployed

2,022 1,958 2,024 1,871 2,006 1,992 1,856 1,908 1,958 2,018 1,936 2,089 1,998

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.0 3.1 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,312 55,543 55,625 55,348 55,340 55,174 55,461 55,637 55,733 55,656 55,882 55,950 55,994

Participation rate

57.1 57.3 57.3 57.0 57.0 56.8 57.1 57.3 57.4 57.3 57.5 57.5 57.6

Employed

53,713 54,095 54,087 53,885 53,691 53,562 53,918 54,093 54,142 53,994 54,304 54,323 54,536

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.8 55.7 55.5 55.3 55.1 55.5 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.9 55.9 56.1

Unemployed

1,598 1,448 1,538 1,463 1,649 1,611 1,543 1,544 1,591 1,661 1,578 1,627 1,458

Unemployment rate

2.9 2.6 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,837 4,735 4,907 4,885 4,807 4,969 4,902 4,944 4,940 4,973 4,993 4,890 4,769

Participation rate

38.7 37.9 39.3 39.1 38.5 39.7 39.2 39.6 39.6 39.8 39.9 39.1 38.1

Employed

4,336 4,256 4,446 4,364 4,346 4,478 4,449 4,472 4,471 4,550 4,557 4,445 4,308

Employment-population ratio

34.7 34.1 35.6 34.9 34.8 35.8 35.5 35.8 35.8 36.4 36.4 35.5 34.4

Unemployed

501 480 460 521 462 491 453 472 469 423 436 445 461

Unemployment rate

10.4 10.1 9.4 10.7 9.6 9.9 9.2 9.5 9.5 8.5 8.7 9.1 9.7


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

34,107 34,138 34,171 34,204 34,237 34,272 34,301 34,487 34,519 34,550 34,583 34,613 34,644

Civilian labor force

21,209 21,174 21,129 21,260 21,247 21,365 21,418 21,697 21,893 22,152 21,790 21,874 21,695

Participation rate

62.2 62.0 61.8 62.2 62.1 62.3 62.4 62.9 63.4 64.1 63.0 63.2 62.6

Employed

19,965 19,900 19,785 20,016 19,988 20,139 20,189 20,535 20,654 21,037 20,766 20,641 20,402

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.3 57.9 58.5 58.4 58.8 58.9 59.5 59.8 60.9 60.0 59.6 58.9

Unemployed

1,245 1,274 1,344 1,244 1,259 1,226 1,229 1,162 1,239 1,114 1,025 1,234 1,292

Unemployment rate

5.9 6.0 6.4 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.0 4.7 5.6 6.0

Not in labor force

12,898 12,964 13,042 12,944 12,990 12,907 12,883 12,790 12,626 12,399 12,793 12,738 12,949

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,863 9,766 9,714 9,892 9,783 9,947 9,956 10,115 10,218 10,400 10,005 10,084 10,053

Participation rate

68.0 67.3 66.9 68.0 67.2 68.3 68.3 68.7 69.3 70.5 67.8 68.2 68.0

Employed

9,336 9,213 9,133 9,322 9,269 9,408 9,446 9,579 9,700 9,860 9,556 9,519 9,465

Employment-population ratio

64.4 63.5 62.9 64.1 63.7 64.6 64.8 65.0 65.8 66.8 64.7 64.4 64.0

Unemployed

527 553 582 570 514 539 510 535 518 539 449 565 588

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.5 5.6 5.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,624 10,683 10,640 10,637 10,696 10,633 10,679 10,804 10,877 10,986 11,054 11,051 10,886

Participation rate

62.0 62.3 62.0 61.9 62.2 61.8 62.0 62.6 63.0 63.6 63.9 63.9 62.9

Employed

10,025 10,110 10,017 10,057 10,080 10,077 10,093 10,301 10,319 10,522 10,573 10,469 10,300

Employment-population ratio

58.5 59.0 58.4 58.6 58.6 58.6 58.6 59.7 59.8 60.9 61.1 60.5 59.5

Unemployed

599 573 624 579 616 556 586 504 558 464 481 582 586

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.4 5.9 5.4 5.8 5.2 5.5 4.7 5.1 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

723 726 774 731 768 785 784 778 797 766 732 740 756

Participation rate

29.2 29.2 31.2 29.4 30.8 31.4 31.4 31.0 31.7 30.4 29.0 29.2 29.8

Employed

604 577 635 636 639 654 650 655 635 655 637 653 638

Employment-population ratio

24.4 23.3 25.6 25.6 25.7 26.2 26.0 26.1 25.2 26.0 25.2 25.8 25.1

Unemployed

119 148 139 95 128 131 134 123 163 111 95 87 118

Unemployment rate

16.5 20.4 18.0 12.9 16.7 16.7 17.1 15.8 20.4 14.5 12.9 11.7 15.6


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,910 16,920 16,989 17,132 17,129 16,980 17,005 17,541 17,444 17,545 17,557 17,511 17,491

Civilian labor force

10,895 10,976 11,084 11,106 11,106 10,995 10,918 11,240 11,348 11,390 11,396 11,408 11,435

Participation rate

64.4 64.9 65.2 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.2 64.1 65.1 64.9 64.9 65.1 65.4

Employed

10,568 10,691 10,778 10,832 10,781 10,704 10,654 10,926 10,962 11,067 11,073 11,073 11,073

Employment-population ratio

62.5 63.2 63.4 63.2 62.9 63.0 62.7 62.3 62.8 63.1 63.1 63.2 63.3

Unemployed

326 285 305 274 325 291 265 313 386 323 323 335 363

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.8 3.4 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.2

Not in labor force

6,015 5,944 5,906 6,025 6,023 5,984 6,086 6,301 6,096 6,154 6,162 6,104 6,056


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

46,119 46,200 46,287 46,373 46,459 46,545 46,624 47,010 47,103 47,194 47,288 47,380 47,473

Civilian labor force

30,686 30,390 30,920 30,673 30,725 30,600 30,893 31,153 31,444 31,517 31,589 31,690 31,943

Participation rate

66.5 65.8 66.8 66.1 66.1 65.7 66.3 66.3 66.8 66.8 66.8 66.9 67.3

Employed

29,355 29,172 29,526 29,462 29,430 29,382 29,611 29,737 29,789 30,071 30,185 30,407 30,571

Employment-population ratio

63.7 63.1 63.8 63.5 63.3 63.1 63.5 63.3 63.2 63.7 63.8 64.2 64.4

Unemployed

1,331 1,218 1,395 1,211 1,295 1,218 1,281 1,416 1,655 1,446 1,404 1,283 1,372

Unemployment rate

4.3 4.0 4.5 3.9 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.5 5.3 4.6 4.4 4.0 4.3

Not in labor force

15,433 15,810 15,367 15,700 15,734 15,944 15,731 15,857 15,659 15,677 15,699 15,690 15,530

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

16,751 16,469 16,633 16,536 16,653 16,526 16,725 16,795 16,882 16,969 16,956 17,123 17,224

Participation rate

80.2 78.7 79.3 78.7 79.1 78.4 79.2 78.6 78.8 79.1 78.9 79.5 79.8

Employed

16,148 15,864 15,967 15,967 16,000 15,925 16,047 16,073 16,036 16,293 16,260 16,434 16,576

Employment-population ratio

77.3 75.8 76.1 76.0 76.0 75.5 76.0 75.2 74.9 76.0 75.7 76.3 76.8

Unemployed

603 605 666 569 653 601 677 722 846 676 696 690 649

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.7 4.0 3.4 3.9 3.6 4.0 4.3 5.0 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,493 12,522 12,807 12,771 12,655 12,637 12,785 13,024 13,085 13,069 13,111 13,150 13,182

Participation rate

59.6 59.6 60.9 60.6 59.9 59.7 60.3 61.1 61.3 61.1 61.2 61.2 61.3

Employed

11,939 12,118 12,260 12,314 12,185 12,179 12,307 12,447 12,460 12,482 12,576 12,700 12,638

Employment-population ratio

57.0 57.7 58.3 58.4 57.7 57.6 58.1 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.7 59.1 58.7

Unemployed

554 403 546 457 469 458 478 577 626 587 534 450 544

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.2 4.3 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.7 4.4 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.4 4.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,443 1,400 1,481 1,366 1,417 1,438 1,383 1,334 1,477 1,479 1,522 1,417 1,537

Participation rate

33.8 32.7 34.6 31.8 33.0 33.4 32.0 30.8 34.0 34.0 34.9 32.4 35.0

Employed

1,268 1,190 1,299 1,181 1,245 1,279 1,257 1,217 1,294 1,296 1,349 1,273 1,357

Employment-population ratio

29.7 27.8 30.3 27.5 29.0 29.7 29.1 28.1 29.8 29.8 30.9 29.1 31.0

Unemployed

175 210 182 185 173 159 126 116 183 183 174 144 180

Unemployment rate

12.1 15.0 12.3 13.6 12.2 11.0 9.1 8.7 12.4 12.4 11.4 10.1 11.7


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 15, 2024