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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-16. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 to 24 years of age by school enrollment, age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Enrollment status, age, sex, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and
educational attainment
June 2023
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
popula-
tion
Civilian labor force
Total Percent of
popula-
tion
Employed Unemployed
Total Full
time
Part
time
Total Looking
for
full-time
work
Looking
for
part-time
work
Percent of
labor
force

TOTAL ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years

14,808 5,500 37.1 4,945 1,581 3,364 555 293 261 10.1

16 to 19 years

9,163 2,658 29.0 2,305 436 1,869 353 154 199 13.3

20 to 24 years

5,645 2,842 50.3 2,640 1,145 1,495 201 139 62 7.1

Men

7,087 2,449 34.5 2,157 773 1,385 291 174 118 11.9

Women

7,721 3,052 39.5 2,788 809 1,980 263 120 144 8.6

High school

6,863 1,584 23.1 1,305 143 1,162 278 116 162 17.6

College

7,945 3,917 49.3 3,640 1,438 2,202 276 177 99 7.1

Full-time students

6,583 2,940 44.7 2,736 988 1,748 204 119 85 7.0

Part-time students

1,362 976 71.7 904 450 454 72 58 14 7.4

White

Total, 16 to 24 years

10,398 4,127 39.7 3,782 1,199 2,582 346 186 160 8.4

16 to 19 years

6,519 2,014 30.9 1,796 337 1,460 218 92 126 10.8

20 to 24 years

3,879 2,113 54.5 1,985 862 1,123 128 93 34 6.0

Men

5,019 1,855 37.0 1,641 597 1,044 213 128 85 11.5

Women

5,380 2,273 42.2 2,141 602 1,538 132 58 74 5.8

High school

4,916 1,208 24.6 1,037 124 912 171 68 102 14.2

College

5,483 2,920 53.3 2,745 1,075 1,670 175 117 57 6.0

Full-time students

4,512 2,203 48.8 2,078 742 1,336 125 74 51 5.7

Part-time students

971 716 73.8 667 333 334 49 43 7 6.9

Black or African American

Total, 16 to 24 years

2,322 678 29.2 569 176 393 109 42 67 16.1

16 to 19 years

1,450 330 22.8 248 41 207 82 30 52 24.8

20 to 24 years

872 348 39.9 320 135 186 27 12 16 7.8

Men

1,027 259 25.2 216 52 164 42 20 23 16.4

Women

1,295 419 32.4 352 124 229 67 23 44 16.0

High school

1,092 202 18.5 127 11 116 75 28 47 37.2

College

1,230 476 38.7 442 165 277 34 14 20 7.2

Full-time students

1,022 366 35.8 338 122 216 28 8 20 7.6

Part-time students

208 110 52.9 104 42 61 6 6 0 5.9

Asian

Total, 16 to 24 years

1,175 344 29.3 311 111 200 33 28 5 9.7

16 to 19 years

579 94 16.3 86 24 62 9 9 0 9.2

20 to 24 years

596 250 42.0 225 87 139 25 20 5 9.9

Men

549 152 27.8 152 63 89 0 0 0 0.0

Women

626 192 30.6 158 47 111 33 28 5 17.4

High school

378 40 10.5 36 0 36 4 4 0 -

College

797 304 38.2 275 111 164 29 24 5 9.6

Full-time students

695 227 32.6 207 76 130 20 20 0 8.9

Part-time students

102 78 76.1 69 34 34 9 4 5 11.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 16 to 24 years

3,633 1,250 34.4 1,108 335 774 142 99 43 11.4

16 to 19 years

2,378 572 24.0 487 99 388 85 51 34 14.9

20 to 24 years

1,255 679 54.1 622 236 386 57 48 9 8.4

Men

1,807 604 33.5 510 196 315 94 77 17 15.6

Women

1,826 646 35.4 598 139 459 48 22 26 7.5

High school

1,796 307 17.1 248 34 214 59 29 30 19.1

College

1,837 943 51.3 860 301 559 83 71 13 8.8

Full-time students

1,431 668 46.7 613 200 413 55 45 10 8.3

Part-time students

406 275 67.8 247 101 146 28 25 2 10.1

TOTAL NOT ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years

24,523 18,015 73.5 16,504 11,795 4,709 1,512 1,189 322 8.4

16 to 19 years

8,060 4,634 57.5 4,015 1,708 2,306 620 379 241 13.4

20 to 24 years

16,463 13,381 81.3 12,489 10,086 2,403 892 811 81 6.7

Men

12,749 9,542 74.8 8,699 6,656 2,043 844 673 171 8.8

Women

11,774 8,473 72.0 7,805 5,139 2,666 668 516 151 7.9

Less than a high school diploma

6,007 3,174 52.8 2,757 1,185 1,572 417 271 146 13.1

High school graduates, no college(1)

9,454 7,182 76.0 6,551 5,005 1,546 631 535 96 8.8

Some college or associate degree

5,481 4,496 82.0 4,246 2,965 1,281 250 180 70 5.6

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

3,580 3,164 88.4 2,950 2,639 311 214 204 10 6.8

White

Total, 16 to 24 years

18,263 13,767 75.4 12,745 9,119 3,626 1,022 778 244 7.4

16 to 19 years

5,997 3,547 59.2 3,120 1,342 1,777 428 244 183 12.1

20 to 24 years

12,267 10,220 83.3 9,625 7,776 1,849 595 534 61 5.8

Men

9,517 7,367 77.4 6,763 5,210 1,554 604 464 140 8.2

Women

8,746 6,400 73.2 5,982 3,909 2,073 418 314 104 6.5

Less than a high school diploma

4,634 2,571 55.5 2,276 1,041 1,234 295 183 112 11.5

High school graduates, no college(1)

6,892 5,404 78.4 5,006 3,855 1,152 398 326 72 7.4

Some college or associate degree

4,068 3,398 83.5 3,219 2,195 1,024 179 119 60 5.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

2,669 2,394 89.7 2,244 2,028 216 149 149 0 6.2

Black or African American

Total, 16 to 24 years

3,448 2,333 67.7 2,037 1,452 584 296 261 35 12.7

16 to 19 years

1,086 547 50.4 439 198 242 107 82 26 19.6

20 to 24 years

2,362 1,786 75.6 1,597 1,255 342 189 179 10 10.6

Men

1,806 1,194 66.1 1,065 777 288 128 121 7 10.8

Women

1,642 1,139 69.4 971 675 296 168 139 28 14.7

Less than a high school diploma

702 275 39.2 211 81 130 64 51 13 23.4

High school graduates, no college(1)

1,708 1,211 70.9 1,032 753 279 179 157 22 14.8

Some college or associate degree

737 589 80.0 553 422 132 36 36 0 6.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

301 257 85.4 241 196 44 17 17 0 6.5

Asian

Total, 16 to 24 years

1,218 845 69.4 758 549 210 87 62 25 10.3

16 to 19 years

367 211 57.4 179 74 105 32 17 15 15.1

20 to 24 years

851 634 74.5 579 475 104 55 45 10 8.7

Men

642 442 68.8 400 295 105 42 35 8 9.5

Women

576 403 70.0 358 254 105 45 27 18 11.1

Less than a high school diploma

213 108 50.5 96 29 67 11 8 3 10.4

High school graduates, no college(1)

210 117 55.8 101 77 24 17 15 2 14.1

Some college or associate degree

314 228 72.6 209 138 72 19 9 10 8.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

482 392 81.5 352 305 47 40 30 10 10.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 16 to 24 years

6,054 4,427 73.1 4,032 3,003 1,029 395 327 68 8.9

16 to 19 years

2,007 1,089 54.3 932 425 507 157 105 51 14.4

20 to 24 years

4,047 3,338 82.5 3,100 2,578 522 238 221 17 7.1

Men

3,092 2,350 76.0 2,151 1,706 445 199 161 38 8.5

Women

2,962 2,077 70.1 1,881 1,297 584 196 165 30 9.4

Less than a high school diploma

1,809 958 53.0 856 491 364 102 88 14 10.7

High school graduates, no college(1)

2,593 2,096 80.8 1,905 1,535 370 191 153 38 9.1

Some college or associate degree

1,197 969 81.0 887 625 263 82 66 16 8.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

455 404 88.8 384 351 33 20 20 0 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: In the summer months, the temporary movement of high school and college students into the not enrolled group increases the educational attainment levels of youth not enrolled in school. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).

 

Last Modified Date: May 21, 2024