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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
July
2017
July
2018
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
July
2017
July
2018
July
2017
July
2018
July
2017
July
2018
July
2017
July
2018
July
2017
July
2018

Total not in the labor force

93,240 94,109 15,045 14,981 23,256 22,993 54,939 56,135 37,099 37,602 56,141 56,507

Do not want a job now(1)

87,527 88,626 13,360 13,383 20,876 20,813 53,292 54,431 34,499 35,073 53,028 53,553

Want a job(1)

5,713 5,483 1,685 1,598 2,380 2,180 1,648 1,704 2,600 2,529 3,113 2,953

Did not search for work in previous year

3,518 3,440 1,041 989 1,353 1,254 1,123 1,197 1,564 1,590 1,954 1,850

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

2,195 2,043 644 610 1,027 927 524 507 1,036 939 1,159 1,104

Not available to work now

566 545 215 163 232 294 120 88 200 212 367 333

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

1,629 1,498 429 447 796 633 404 419 837 727 792 771

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

536 512 146 122 259 214 131 176 276 327 259 184

Reasons other than discouragement

1,093 986 283 325 537 419 274 243 560 400 533 587

Family responsibilities

183 213 38 38 98 136 47 39 65 60 118 153

In school or training

124 97 78 65 47 32 0 0 75 33 50 64

Ill health or disability

152 120 5 9 67 43 79 67 107 48 45 72

Other(5)

634 557 162 213 324 207 148 137 314 260 320 298

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: August 03, 2021