Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Statistical summary table. Changes in selected labor force indicators with a statistical significance test at a 90% confidence level
[Numbers in thousands]
Category July
2018
Current 1-month change
(July18-June18)
Current 3-month change
(July18-Apr.18)
Current 6-month change
(July18-Jan.18)
Current 9-month change
(July18-Oct.17)
Current 12-month change
(July18-July17)
Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

257,843 201 - - 571 - - 1,063 - - 2,077 - - 2,692 - -

Civilian labor force

162,245 105 538 No 718 715 Yes 1,130 825 Yes 1,874 828 Yes 1,778 816 Yes

Participation rate

62.9 -0.01 0.21 No 0.14 0.28 No 0.18 0.32 No 0.22 0.32 No 0.03 0.32 No

Employed

155,965 389 545 No 784 741 Yes 1,535 852 Yes 2,119 855 Yes 2,454 845 Yes

Employment-population ratio

60.5 0.10 0.21 No 0.17 0.29 No 0.35 0.33 Yes 0.34 0.33 Yes 0.32 0.33 No

Unemployed

6,280 -284 270 Yes -66 318 No -404 343 Yes -244 340 No -676 339 Yes

Unemployment rate

3.9 -0.18 0.17 Yes -0.06 0.20 No -0.28 0.21 Yes -0.20 0.21 No -0.46 0.21 Yes

Not in labor force

95,598 96 538 No -147 715 No -67 825 No 203 828 No 914 816 Yes

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

3.9 -0.18 0.17 Yes -0.06 0.20 No -0.28 0.21 Yes -0.20 0.21 No -0.46 0.21 Yes

Adult men (20 years and over)

3.4 -0.34 0.22 Yes -0.32 0.26 Yes -0.49 0.29 Yes -0.39 0.28 Yes -0.58 0.28 Yes

Adult women (20 years and over)

3.7 -0.05 0.24 No 0.21 0.27 No 0.03 0.29 No 0.05 0.29 No -0.35 0.29 Yes

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

13.1 0.52 1.51 No 0.23 1.73 No -0.81 1.81 No -0.55 1.81 No -0.18 1.80 No

White

3.4 -0.18 0.16 Yes -0.23 0.20 Yes -0.20 0.21 No -0.14 0.21 No -0.33 0.21 Yes

Black or African American

6.6 0.12 0.64 No 0.02 0.77 No -1.07 0.84 Yes -0.76 0.83 No -0.79 0.82 No

Asian

3.1 -0.08 0.63 No 0.31 0.74 No 0.06 0.80 No 0.06 0.79 No -0.67 0.82 No

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4.5 -0.09 0.45 No -0.38 0.53 No -0.54 0.57 No -0.37 0.56 No -0.67 0.56 Yes

Total, 25 years and over

3.2 -0.15 0.16 No -0.12 0.19 No -0.21 0.20 Yes -0.16 0.20 No -0.47 0.20 Yes

Less than a high school diploma

5.1 -0.48 0.76 No -0.79 0.93 No -0.38 0.95 No -1.03 0.98 Yes -1.92 0.98 Yes

High school graduates, no college

4.0 -0.12 0.34 No -0.26 0.42 No -0.43 0.44 No -0.23 0.44 No -0.46 0.43 Yes

Some college or associate degree

3.2 -0.16 0.29 No -0.29 0.36 No -0.25 0.38 No -0.47 0.38 Yes -0.56 0.38 Yes

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.2 -0.10 0.21 No 0.15 0.25 No 0.08 0.26 No 0.19 0.26 No -0.12 0.26 No

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,017 -48 181 No 59 217 No -256 235 Yes -197 233 No -340 231 Yes

Job leavers

844 33 100 No 29 121 No 128 121 Yes 113 121 No 84 123 No

Reentrants

1,799 -287 162 Yes -210 188 Yes -159 194 No -202 193 Yes -287 195 Yes

New entrants

591 13 90 No -32 106 No -54 110 No -35 108 No -106 111 No

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,091 -136 200 No -24 198 No -189 205 No -37 201 No -44 200 No

5 to 14 weeks

1,820 -62 163 No -197 188 Yes -123 187 No -123 188 No -186 187 No

15 to 26 weeks

971 135 114 Yes -65 137 No -10 137 No 115 131 No -51 137 No

27 weeks and over

1,435 -43 125 No 142 151 No 14 163 No -210 167 Yes -322 168 Yes

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

4,567 -176 267 No -418 306 Yes -422 313 Yes -313 310 Yes -669 309 Yes

Slack work or business conditions

2,877 -165 223 No -117 243 No -132 250 No -83 246 No -271 246 Yes

Could only find part-time work

1,431 -16 152 No -155 175 No -232 180 Yes -184 178 Yes -303 179 Yes

Part time for noneconomic reasons

21,532 228 447 No 274 559 No 665 594 Yes 635 583 Yes 221 566 No

Persons not in the labor force
(not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,498 - - - - - - - - - - - - -131 181 No

Discouraged workers

512 - - - - - - - - - - - - -24 104 No

Footnotes
(1) Needed value represents the minimum change needed to be statistically significant at a 90% confidence level. These values are based on standard error models that were updated with the release of July 2018 data.

- Standard errors cannot be calculated for population levels. Only the over-the-year change is displayed for series that are not seasonally adjusted.

NOTE: Data are seasonally adjusted except where noted. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. The over-the-month changes for January in this table include the effects of population control updates. Differences published in this table may not match differences published elsewhere due to rounding.

 

Last Modified Date: August 03, 2021