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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Statistical summary table. Changes in selected labor force indicators with a statistical significance test at a 90% confidence level
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2023
Current 1-month change
(June23-May23)
Current 3-month change
(June23-Mar.23)
Current 6-month change
(June23-Dec.22)
Current 9-month change
(June23-Sept.22)
Current 12-month change
(June23-June22)
Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

266,801 183 - - 529 - - 1,957 - - 2,445 - - 2,966 - -

Civilian labor force

166,951 133 607 No 220 798 No 1,985 919 Yes 2,332 921 Yes 2,949 903 Yes

Participation rate

62.6 0.01 0.23 No -0.04 0.30 No 0.29 0.35 No 0.30 0.35 No 0.41 0.34 Yes

Employed

160,994 273 614 No 102 823 No 1,750 942 Yes 2,144 945 Yes 2,937 929 Yes

Employment-population ratio

60.3 0.06 0.23 No -0.08 0.31 No 0.22 0.35 No 0.25 0.36 No 0.43 0.35 Yes

Unemployed

5,957 -140 315 No 118 366 No 235 384 No 187 383 No 12 378 No

Unemployment rate

3.6 -0.09 0.19 No 0.07 0.22 No 0.10 0.23 No 0.06 0.23 No -0.06 0.22 No

Not in labor force

99,850 50 607 No 309 798 No -28 919 No 114 921 No 17 903 No

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

3.6 -0.09 0.19 No 0.07 0.22 No 0.10 0.23 No 0.06 0.23 No -0.06 0.22 No

Adult men (20 years and over)

3.4 -0.07 0.25 No 0.03 0.29 No 0.25 0.31 No 0.10 0.31 No 0.03 0.30 No

Adult women (20 years and over)

3.1 -0.17 0.26 No 0.03 0.29 No -0.09 0.31 No 0.07 0.31 No -0.16 0.31 No

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

11.0 0.77 1.73 No 1.22 1.92 No 0.61 2.02 No -0.27 2.06 No 0.08 2.05 No

White

3.1 -0.19 0.19 Yes -0.15 0.23 No 0.03 0.24 No 0.02 0.23 No -0.20 0.23 No

Black or African American

6.0 0.32 0.71 No 0.93 0.82 Yes 0.22 0.88 No 0.11 0.88 No 0.09 0.86 No

Asian

3.2 0.23 0.67 No 0.33 0.79 No 0.75 0.81 No 0.70 0.80 No 0.17 0.82 No

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4.3 0.25 0.49 No -0.29 0.58 No 0.15 0.60 No 0.35 0.59 No -0.04 0.60 No

Total, 25 years and over

3.0 -0.06 0.18 No 0.13 0.21 No 0.18 0.22 No 0.21 0.22 No 0.00 0.22 No

Less than a high school diploma

6.0 0.33 1.04 No 1.22 1.19 Yes 1.03 1.27 No 0.46 1.28 No 0.30 1.24 No

High school graduates, no college

3.9 -0.03 0.40 No -0.13 0.49 No 0.33 0.50 No 0.18 0.51 No 0.24 0.49 No

Some college or associate degree

3.1 -0.13 0.36 No 0.10 0.43 No 0.13 0.45 No 0.21 0.44 No -0.07 0.45 No

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.0 -0.09 0.21 No -0.04 0.26 No 0.06 0.27 No 0.18 0.26 No -0.12 0.27 No

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,900 -60 214 No -49 257 No 271 262 Yes 370 258 Yes 267 255 Yes

Job leavers

794 29 113 No -51 139 No -31 142 No -110 145 No -39 142 No

Reentrants

1,745 -76 178 No 80 203 No -22 213 No -89 213 No -234 216 Yes

New entrants

558 50 99 No 66 114 No 61 116 No 98 114 No 92 114 No

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,068 -15 231 No -204 237 No -165 238 No -90 236 No -191 237 No

5 to 14 weeks

1,889 24 191 No 156 213 No 250 210 Yes 246 211 Yes 313 206 Yes

15 to 26 weeks

917 59 131 No 183 144 Yes 91 149 No 16 151 No 140 145 No

27 weeks and over

1,105 -83 133 No 1 161 No 36 167 No 16 166 No -232 173 Yes

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

4,191 452 285 Yes 89 330 No 313 334 No 348 330 Yes 560 318 Yes

Slack work or business conditions

2,890 308 248 Yes 17 279 No 242 280 No 314 274 Yes 510 265 Yes

Could only find part-time work

948 124 137 No 66 155 No 37 158 No 6 160 No 38 156 No

Part time for noneconomic reasons

21,267 -597 517 Yes -166 637 No -361 677 No 7 664 No 612 634 No

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,435 -73 185 No 146 188 No 175 189 No -155 200 No -71 196 No

Discouraged workers

310 -112 95 Yes -41 94 No -100 98 Yes -174 103 Yes -59 95 No

Footnotes
(1) Needed value represents the minimum change needed to be statistically significant at a 90% confidence level. Effective with the release of January 2023 data, these values are based on standard error models that are updated monthly.

- Standard errors cannot be calculated for population levels.

NOTE: Data are seasonally adjusted except for civilian noninstitutional population. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. The over-the-month changes for January in this table include the effects of population control updates. Differences published in this table may not match differences published elsewhere due to rounding.

 

Last Modified Date: March 04, 2024